Dan Crouse

Research Associate

PhD

Sociology

Carleton Hall 135A

Fredericton

dan.crouse@unb.ca
1 506 458 7436



Dan joined UNB as a Research Associate in 2015. He is cross-appointed between the Department of Sociology and the New Brunswick Institute for Research, Data, and Training (NB-IRDT).

Prior to coming to UNB, Dan spent five years at Health Canada in Ottawa – first as a postdoctoral fellow, and then as a research analyst. He holds a Bachelor of Environmental Studies and a Masters in Environmental Studies, both from the University of Waterloo. He completed his PhD in Health Geography at McGill University

Research interests

My research is at the intersection of health geography and environmental epidemiology; that is, how characteristics of places, and where people live, influence their possibilities for health and patterns of disease outcomes.

My research bridges knowledge on the environmental and the social determinants of health. Specifically, I have been involved in a number of studies investigating the impact of exposure to ambient air pollution on adverse health outcomes, including risk of mortality, adverse birth outcomes, and incidence of cancer.

I’m very interested in social gradients in health, and how environmental exposures (broadly) can influence health differently for different subgroups of the population. Lately, I’ve been looking into benefits to health associated with living in greener areas among urban Canadians.

I am also interested in studies that explore patterns of access to health care, and health outcomes, across New Brunswick, at both local and provincial levels. I have expertise in spatial analysis using GIS and working with large, administrative datasets.

Selected publications

Crouse DL, Balram A, Hystad P, Pinault L, van den Bosch M, Chen H, Rainham D, Thomson EM, Close CH, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Ménard R, Robichaud A, Villeneuve P. Associations between living near water and risk of mortality among urban Canadians. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2018; 126(7): 1-9.

Crouse DL, Leonard PSJ, Boudreau J, McDonald JT. Associations between provider and hospital volumes and postoperative mortality following total hip arthroplasty in New Brunswick: Results from a provincial-level cohort study. Canadian Journal of Surgery. 2018. 61(2); 6917-6923.

Pinault L, Brauer M, Crouse DL, Weichenthal S, Erickson A, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Charbonneau S, Hystad P, Brook JR, Tjepkema M, Burnett RT. Diabetes status and susceptibility to the effects of PM2.5 exposure on cardiovascular mortality in a national Canadian cohort. Epidemiology. 2018; 29(6): 784-794.

Burnett R, Chen H, Szyszkowicz M, Fann N, Hubbell B, Pope CA, …Crouse DL, …et al. Global estimates of mortality associated with long-term exposure to outdoor fine particulate matter. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2018; doi:10.1073/pnas.1803222115.

Crouse DL, Pinault L, Balram A, Hystad P, Peters PA, Chen H, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Ménard R, Robichaurd A, Villeneuve P. Urban greenness and mortality in Canada’s largest cities: Results from a national cohort study. The Lancet Planetary Health. 2017; 1(7): e289-97

Pinault L, Crouse DL, Jerrett M, Brauer M, Tjepkema M. Spatial associations between socioeconomic groups and NO2 air pollution exposure within three large Canadian cities. Environmental Research. 2016; 147: 373-382.

Crouse DL, Peters, PA, Hystad P, Brook JR, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Villeneuve PJ, Jerrett M, Goldberg MS, Pope CA III, Brauer M, Brook RD, Burnett RT. Associations between ambient PM2.5, O3, and NO2 and mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) over a 16-year follow-up. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2015; 123(11): 1180-1186.

Crouse DL, Peters, PA, Villeneuve PJ, Proux M-O, Shin HH, Goldberg MS, Johnson M, Wheeler AJ, Allen RW, Atari DO, Jerrett M, Brauer M, Brook JR, Burnett RT. Within- and between-city contrasts in nitrogen dioxide and mortality in 10 Canadian cities. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015; 25: 482-489

Carrier M, Séguin A-M, Apparicio P, Crouse DL. Ambient air pollution concentration in Montreal and environmental equity: Are children at risk at school? Case Studies on Transport Policy. 2014; 2(2): 61-69.

Supervision areas

  • Social and environmental determinants of health
  • Health geography, health and place
  • Health inequalities

Please contact me to discuss possible supervision for undergraduate, MA and PhD research projects.