Core Courses

FOR1001Introduction to Forestry5 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

This course provides students with an overview of field forestry skills through collection and analysis of basic stand-level inventory data. Emphasis is on developing basic mensuration and computation skills through a series of laboratory exercises and solving practical problems. Students learn how to quantify stand structure and to use basic quantitative information to make forestry decisions.

FOR2113Introduction to Wildlife and Aquatic Ecology3 ch (3C)

Emphasizes interdependence of forest organisms and the terrestrial and aquatic components of their environment, especially in the context of industrial forestry. Introduces an ecological approach to impacts of harvesting on forest ecosystems and the major groups of wildlife inhabiting forests, including species at risk. Covers identification and habitat requirements of selected wildlife species, and applicable legislation.

FOR1432Forestry Inventory and Growth4 ch (3C 3L)

This course focuses on the design and analysis of forest-level inventories. Concepts of stratification and multistage sampling are presented. Approaches to modelling and predicting stand growth and inventory updates are explored. 

Prerequisite: FOR 1001.
FOR2006Introduction to Natural Resources Management4 ch (2C 3L) (EL)

Introduces natural resources management concepts and practices for a variety of natural systems so that students can effectively work across related disciplines. Objectives: (a) introduce key concepts and issues applicable to contemporary natural resources management; (b) introduce quantitative methods to help understand and evaluate natural resources management problems and planning strategies.

Prerequisite: ENVM 1001.

FOR2281GIS with Applications in Forestry and Environmental Management3 ch (2L)

This course introduces students to core GIS terminology, tools and workflows using practical examples before proceeding to more advanced spatial analysis techniques. Material is presented in an online platform, with lab-based tutorial sessions and assumes no prior GIS knowledge.

FOR2416Structure and Development of Woody Plants4 ch (2C 3L) (EL)

Development of woody-plant structure from embryo to maturity. Topics include morphogenesis and basic anatomy, development of crown architecture, interrelationships between crown and stem development, wood and elements of wood quality, mechanisms of asexual and sexual reproduction. For each topic, differences among major genera will be considered.

Prerequisite: FOR 2425

FOR2425Autecology of Forest Vegetation5 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

Recognition and identification of species, environmental requirements, and persistence mechanisms of various life-forms of forest vegetation; interpretation of silvical characteristics of tree species; analysis of stands of trees in relation to general site conditions and relative stage of development; and evaluation of interrelationships among components of forest vegetation over time, including likely responses to perturbation or to interventions of various kinds.

Prerequisite: FOR 1001 and a university course in Biology or Botany; or permission of instructor.

FOR2435Fundamentals of Forest Tree Physiology and Genetics 3 ch (2C 3L)
The course will deal with fundamentals of forest tree physiology and genetics, especially basic physiological processes and their genetic environmental control underlying growth, development, functioning, acclimation and adaptation of forest trees. The laboratory sessions will focus on reaffirming selected concepts and material taught in the class through practical experiments and demonstrations.
FOR2505Forest Soils: Formation and Properties5 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

Students examine relationships between soils and plants, and related roles of water and nutrients. Factors that restrict root growth, and processes that influence soil development are revealed through field exercises and laboratory work. Effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on forest soils and subsequent plant responses are emphasized.

FOR2703Forest Operations4 ch (2C 3L) (EL)

This course introduces the major tree harvesting concepts in eastern Canada to students. Emphasis is on the felling, off road transport, and processing functions. A variety of machine types and functions are introduced and students explore the relationship between productivity and equipment costing and how these activities impact unit cost over time.

FOR2803Wood Technology4 ch (2C 3L) (EL)
Molecular, cell wall and anatomical structure of wood. Relative density, dimensional changes and moisture effects. Measuring industrial wood products (for example pulpwood, sawlogs, chips, pulp and lumber). Wood biodeterioration.
FOR3005Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design4 ch (2 C 3L) (EL)

Takes a design-based approach to silviculture. Students develop stand intervention plans for the main stages of stand development integrating the biology of growing trees, engineering of conducting operations, and economics of costing operations.

FOR3006Forest Management Foundations4 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

This course builds on concepts introduced in its prerequisites but concentrates more specifically on forest management as a discipline. It begins with a brief introduction and history of forest management in Canda, then explores the fundamental principles of forest management planning, including determing the scope and scale of management situations, characterizing and valuing forests to support management objectives, and estimating and projecting forest values over time to facilitate planning strategies.

Prerequisites: FOR 2006, FOR 3005, or permission of instructor. 

FOR3101Forest Economics3 ch (3C)

This course applies economic tools to help make informed forestry decisions that will most effectively meet private and social goals. 

Prerequisite: Some experience with regression analysis.

FOR3303Remote Sensing in Forestry & Environmental Management3 ch (3L*)

Introduction to current remote sensing technologies and their application in the fields of forestry and environmental management. Students explore the principles of remote sensing, acquiring a foundation in the theory of active and passive sensors, and the practice of the collection and processing of remotely sensed data at a variety of spatial scales.

Prerequisites: FOR 2281 or FOR 5281
FOR3445Ecology of Populations and Communities4 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

To understand and link processes acting on individuals, populations, and communities in space and time. To predict the response of individuals, populations, and communities to disturbance and to understand the implications of such responses for management of populations, communities, and ecosystems. 

Prerequisites: FOR2113, or permission of the instructor.

FOR3456Forest Watershed and Forest Fire Management3 ch (2C 3L)

Emphasizes the principles of management of watersheds and fire at the stand and landscape level. Influences of climate, topography/terrain, and stand and fuel types are covered. Concepts of watershed conservation are introduced as well as principles and models dealing with water retention and flow, and carbon and nutrient cycling in primary forest watersheds. Fire management concepts deal with the Fire Weather Index system, the Fire Behaviour Prediction system, fire ecology, and fire management strategies, tactics and operations.

Prerequisite: FOR 3445 or permission of instructor. 

FOR3885Non-Timber Forest Products3 ch (3C)

Provides an overview of the diversity of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Canada and North America. Introduces major classes of NTFPs including medicinal plants; maple and birch products; mushrooms, fiddleheads and other edible plants; and essential oils. Introduces the science behind the production and commercial use of selected NTFP examples. Discusses issues of stewardship, sustainability and certification of non-timber forest products, emphasizing management of forest lands for multiple products and values.

FOR4020Management Practicum8 ch (1C 3L) (EL)

Practical exercise in landscape management, designed to provide an opportunity to integrate skills and knowledge gained throughout the program. Working with a client and/or the public, students work within the management planning framework to develop an integrated landscape management plan related to natural resrouce management of the environment and ecosystems today and into the future. Learning modules are provided specific to the needs of the project. Additional topics include project management, conflict resolution, professional practice, and assocations. The project requires each group to complete a management strategy (plan) report and presentation.

Prerequisites: FOR 2281, FOR 3005, FOR 3006, ENVM 3002, and ENVM 3457

Co-requisite: FOR 4096

FOR4096Advanced Topics in Forest Management 4 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

The course builds on student abilities acquired in prerequisite courses FOR 2006 and FOR 3006. FOR 4096 will endeavour to extend beyond the basic principles of forest management to explore and learn about more advanced topics facing contemporary forest managers and researchers, from the application of ecological forestry to understanding the role of forest management in dealing with today's climage change crisis. Application of state-of-the-art computer models, both management- and research-oriented, will be emphasized during the course, as knowledge of advanced analytical tools is critical to the success of modern-day forest management. 

Prerequisites: FOR 2006 and FOR 3006, or permission of instructor. 

FOR4101Professional Internship in Forestry and Environmental Management (Cross-Listed: ENVM 4101)3 ch (3C) (LE) (W) (EL)
Under the supervision and mentorship of a senior manager with an industrial, government, environmental non-governmental organization (ENGO) or community agency, students will observe supervision, supervise others, get feedback, critically reflect on their experience by combining academic and experiential supervision knowledge, and present it in a written report and oral presentation. In addition to supervision, students will enhance their formal and informal critical thinking and communication abilities. Enrolment is limited and students need to contact the Faculty's Student Services Co-ordinator before registering. Students cannot receive credit for both ENVM 4101 and FOR 4101.

Prerequisite: Prior work experience and either ENVM 3002 or FOR 3000
FOR4303Optical, Thermal Infrared and Radar Remote Sensing3 ch (3C/L)

An introduction to remote sensing methodologies for observing the Earth's surface from different vantage points (from the ground, from airplanes, and from space). The course is fully web-based. It allows for a quantitative understanding of optical, thermal infrared, and radar images as acquired by Earth’s observation satellites like LANDSAT-TM, SPOT-HRV, NOAA-AVHRR and RADARSAT. Remote sensing applications are taken from the fields of forestry, agriculture, geology, oceanography, hydrology, and environmental studies. It does not deal with photo-interpretation. The course is recommended for students intending to do a forestry senior thesis in remote sensing. Le cours est aussi disponible en français.

FOR4304Image Processing Methods for Radarsat-2 and Polarimetric Images3 ch

Introduction to image processing methods for RADARSAT-2 images (with a particular reference to polarimetric images). The course is fully web-based. It allows the quantitative understanding of the nature of radar images and polarimetric images and how they can be processed to extract relevant information. It includes applications in forestry, agriculture, geology, oceanography, hydrology, and environmental studies. Le cours est aussi disponible en français. 

FOR4425Conservation Genetics (A)3 ch (3C)

This class will examine the application of genetic principles, concepts and biotechnologies in conservation, sustainable management and restoration of natural and managed resources. The topics will include: concepts of genetic resources, genetic biodiversity and other population genetic parameters, demography, conservation, sustainable management, ecological restoration, and minimum viable population size; indicators for population viability; exploration, evaluation, utilization, and conservation of genetic resources; genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation, resource management practices, domestication, climate change, and natural disturbance; and challenges, opportunities and strategies for conservation and sustainable management of genetic resources.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2053 or BIOL 2143 or permission of instructor. 

FOR4545Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management 4 ch (3C 3L)

To learn concepts and measurements about biophysical landscape dynamics, strategies for the maintenance of biodiversity, and ecosystem based forest management. To use contemporary examples of management of ecosystems. 

Prerequisite: Prior ecology course and (FOR 2281 or FOR 5281).

FOR4602Ecology of Forest Insects (A)3 ch (2C 3L)

Evaluates factors influencing insects in forest communities with emphasis on predator-prey, parasitoid-host and insect-plant interactions as well as natural selection, physiological constraints, behaviour and population dynamics.

FOR4615Insect Management 3 ch (2C 3L)

Taxonomy, importance and ecology of major insect families; damage assessments, insect population dynamics and control strategies and tactics.

FOR4625Natural Disturbance of Forests4 ch (3C 3L) (EL)

Presents management approaches to forest disturbances that include fire, drought, introduced species, insects and pathogen outbreaks, windstorms, and ice storms. This course will explore their interactions at the stand/population and landscape levels, including implications associated with climate change. Major components to be discussed are: monitoring and prediction of hazard and risk; damage prediction based on organism population dynamics; management strategies and tactics including acquisition and deployment of resources, control methods and cost benefit analyses. Taxonomy of major families of insects and diseases will be covered in laboratory sessions.

Prerequisites: FOR 3445 and FOR 3006, or permission of instructor. 

FOR4655Wildlife Investigational Techniques (A)3 ch (3C/L) (EL)

Designed to introduce techniques available for conducting investigations in support of management objectives. Labs will provide hands-on experience from radio telemetry to necropsy techniques.

Prerequisite: Substantial completion of Year 3, BScF, or permission of instructor.

FOR4723Ornithology (Cross-Listed: BIOL 4723)5 ch (3C 3L) (W) (EL)

Studies birds; natural selection, morphological adaptations, migration, behaviour, and reproduction, in an ecological way.

Prerequisite: BIOL 2093, or BIOL 2063, BIOL 2068, or permission of the instructor. Credit may not be obtained for both FOR 4723 and BIOL 4723.

FOR4785Urban Forest Conservation and Management 4 ch (3C 3L)
Examines the planning and management of trees and forests associated with urban areas with a focus on protection and enhancement.   Includes tree/forest resource inventories, techniques to determine the values of urban residents concerning trees and forests, assessment of the benefits and procedures for urban watershed protection, and techniques to maintain or increase the health of trees and forests in urban green spaces.
FOR4881Kiln Drying and Preserving Wood3 ch (3C/L)

Kiln drying theory and practice. Experience operating a dry kiln. Preservative treatment and sap stain control processes and chemicals. Properties of treated wood.

FOR4910Directed Studies in Forestry6 ch

With approval of the Faculty, a student may carry on directed studies of specific problems or areas in forestry.

FOR4911Directed Studies in Forestry4 ch (EL)

With approval of the Faculty, a student may carry on directed studies of specific problems or areas in forestry. 

FOR4912Directed Studies in Forestry3-5 ch (EL)

With approval of the Faculty, a student may carry on directed studies of specific problems or areas in forestry. Number of credit hours will be determined by the Faculty and based on the nature, duration, and complexity of the undertaking.

FOR4973Forestry Field Camp 2 ch (6D) (EL)

An intensive 6-day series of field exercises, starting before the Fall Term, involving low student/faculty ratios, and designed to improve integrative and quantitative-forecasting skills. Evening sessions provide overviews of the scope of forest-ecosystem management generally, and in relation to the specific field-camp situation. Students are charged for food and lodging and part of travel costs.

Prerequisite: Substantial completion of Years 1-3 core.

FOR4991Honours Research Project6 ch (W) (EL)

Forestry honours students must complete a research project that is approved by the Faculty and supervised by a Faculty member. This course involves submitting a detailed project report and an oral defense in a seminar-style presentation. Students should consult with a faculty advisor prior to the end of third year to discuss project requirements and potential topics. NOTE: Minimum CGPA for acceptance is 3.0 


A technical description and analysis of a study, employment project, or literature review developed under the guidance of a faculty member. Available only to students in their fourth year or by permission of the instructor. 

FOR5281Introduction to GIS for Forestry & Environmental Management3 ch

The course introduces GIS via the industry-standard ArcGIS Pro software and emphasizes learning GIS through applied environmental management scenarios; specifically, applications in land base inventory and mapping using data for the UNB Woodlot.
The introductory module provides basic GIS concepts and ArcGIS using generalize examples. The second (primary) learning module consists of two lessons; Environmental Asset Inventory and Environmental Asset Mapping. The Environmental Asset Inventory lesson introduces ArcGIS application in inventory, including creating and using geodatabases to store forest inventory, road & stream data and other managed assets. Students are exposed to the array of digital data typically found in forest inventories and transportation networks and how they are stored, accessed, displayed, and manipulated using GIS. The Environmental Asset Mapping lesson introduces the power of ArcGIS in composing maps commonly used in environmental management, including map layers, thematic maps, and application maps. The two lessons also expose you to basic geoprocessing techniques, data editing and updating and map overlay.

FOR5282Advanced GIS for Forestry & Environmental Management3 ch

The course teaches advanced GIS via the industry-standard ArcGIS Pro and emphasizes learning GIS through applied environmental management scenarios; specifically, applications in land base inventory and mapping using data for the UNB Woodlot.
The introductory module provides an accelerated refresher on core assumed GIS knowledge. The second (primary) learning module consists of three lessons; Forest Inventory Analysis, Landscape Analysis, and Non-Timber Forest Values. The lessons are not presented as an exhaustive treatment of their topics, but simply ones that present some obvious applications in forestry, in logical groupings. Forest Inventory Analysis introduces forest reclassifying and characterizing concepts and broadly applicable geoprocessing methods. Landscape Analysis and Non-Timber Forest Values, on the other hand, are theme-based lessons that employ the array of spatial analysis techniques introduced in Forest Inventory Analysis.

Prerequisite: FOR 2281 or FOR 5281 or permission of the instructor.
FOR5284 LiDAR for Forestry and Environmental Management 3 ch

Provides an introduction to LiDAR technology, including sensor types, platforms and acquisition parameters before springing into the use of airborne laser scanning (ALS) data for environmental management and planning. Students will use ArcGIS Pro, FUSION, and LAStools software to explore 3D point cloud data and generate useful derivative surfaces and analysis workflows including point cloud measurement & reclassification, DEM and DSM creation, point cloud stratification for landscape modelling and habitat suitability, as well as enhanced forest inventory (EFI) creation via linear regression and random forest methods.

Prerequisite: FOR 2281 or FOR 5281 or permission of the instructor.
FOR5801Structural Performance of Engineered Wood Products 3 ch (2C 3L) (EL)
Wood and engineered wood products have been widely used for construction. Understand the principles and codes relating to the structural design in timber, determine the major mechanical properties of full size engineered wood products such as bending and shear capacities, derive the design value of dimension lumber, and design structural elements (such as beams and columns), and lateral load carrying systems (such as shear walls).

Prerequisites: FOR 2803, ME 2111.
FOR5811Manufacturing of Wood Products 3 ch (2C 3L)
Wood is a natural bio-composite material, which can be processed to make primary products (such as lumber) and secondary products (such as traditional wood-based composite panels and modern structural composite panels). Emphasis is given on the manufacturing processes and applications of these secondary products, and introduction to the modern manufacturing technologies such as computer numerical control (CNC) and 3D printing.

Prerequisite: FOR 2803 or permission of the instructor.
FOR5920Forestry in Atlantic Canada (A) 2ch (3C)

This course is designed for students new to Atlantic Canada. The course provides an overview of forest history, plant distribution, forest utilization, forest conservation, and current forest management issues in Atlantic Canada. Guest lectures, small group discussions, and field tours will be used.

Prerequisite: This course is reserved for 3+1+1 forestry students, or by permission of instructor.
FOR5983International Forest Studies3 ch

This course focuses on the biophysical, historical, social and economic factors influencing forest management in a region outside of Canada. The purpose of the course is to better understand forest management practices within the Canadian context by gaining an understanding of how these factors influence forest management in a region outside of Canada. A 10 to 14-day field trip to the region is required. Prominent forestry professionals from across Canada will join with the students. Each year a new region is selected. Students will be charged for travel costs associated with this course. Limited enrolment.