Mathematics
See also "Statistics".
Mathematics program description.
Credit for MATH 1003
 Calculus Challenge Exam
This examination which is held in early June is open to students registered in a calculus course at a high school that has made arrangements with the Department of Mathematics & Statistics. A fee will be charged.
Students who qualify for credit will receive a certificate entitling them to credit for and therefore exemption from MATH 1003 when they register at UNB. Upon the student's acceptance of the credit (3ch), the letter grade of the exam will be recorded on their transcript. NOTE: Parttime students will be charged a fee for the MATH 1003 credit.
More information can be obtained from http://www.math.unb.ca or from the Department.  Advanced Placement Test
The Science Faculty offers Advanced Placement Tests for some first year science courses, including MATH 1003, during registration week (early September) each year.
More information can be obtained by consulting the Science section of the calendar or by contacting the Science Faculty or the Department of Mathematics & Statistics.
Students should note that in the Science Faculty the minimum acceptable grade in a course which is required by a particular program or is used to meet a prerequisite, is a "C". Any student who fails to attain a "C" or better in such a course must repeat the course (at the next regular session) until a grade of "C" or better is attained. Students will not be eligible for graduation until such deficiencies are removed. The only exception will be granted for a single course with a D grade that is a normal part of the final year of that program, and is being taken for the first time in the final year.
NOTE: See the beginning of Section H for abbreviations, course numbers and coding.
MATH0863  Precalculus Mathematics  0 ch (3C 1T) 

A review of high school mathematics topics, including basic properties of number systems, manipulation of algebraic expressions, equations and inequalities, analytic geometry, linear and quadratic functions, polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithm functions, trigonometric functions. NOTE: This course is designed to serve as preparation for calculus courses at the university level, such as MATH 1003 and MATH 1823. It carries no credit for degree programs at UNB Fredericton. 
MATH1003  Introduction to Calculus I  3 ch (4C) 

Functions and graphs, limits, derivatives of polynomial, log, exponential and trigonometric functions. Curve sketching and extrema of functions. NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of MATH 1003, MATH 1053 or MATH 1823. NOTE: Parttime students will be charged a course fee for the MATH 1003 credit. Prerequisite: A minimum grade of 60% in New Brunswick high school courses: PreCalculus A 120 and PreCalculus B 120, or equivalent courses. 
MATH1013  Introduction to Calculus II  3 ch (4C) 

Definition of the integral, fundamental theorem of Calculus, Techniques of integration, improper integrals. Ordinary differential equations. Taylor polynomials and series. NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of MATH 1013 or MATH 1063. Prerequisite: MATH 1003 or MATH 1053. Note that MATH 1823 does not fully prepare students for MATH 1013; consult the Department of Mathematics and Statistics for advice. 
MATH1053  Enriched Introduction to Calculus  3 ch (4C) 

The syllabus is similar to that for MATH 1003, with more emphasis placed both on the theory of calculus and interesting applications. The course will be of special interest to students with strong mathematical backgrounds. Any interested student (with or without high school calculus) is encouraged to consult with the Mathematics Department. NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of MATH 1003, MATH 1053 or MATH 1823. Prerequisites: Superior grades (at least 95% recommended) in each of PreCalculus A 120 and PreCalculus B 120; or a grade of 85% or higher in a Grade 12 Math course that contains some Calculus; or consent of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. 
MATH1063  Enriched Introduction to Calculus II  4 ch (4C) 

The syllabus for this course is similar to that of MATH 1013. As with MATH 1053, more emphasis is placed on theory, mathematical rigor and interesting applications. NOTE: Credit may not be for only one of MATH 1013 or MATH 1063 . Prerequisite: A grade of B or higher in MATH 1053, or MATH 1003 with consent of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. 
MATH1503  Introduction to Linear Algebra  3 ch (3C) 

Lines and planes, the geometry and algebra of vectors, systems of linear equations, matrix algebra, linear independence, linear transformations, determinants, complex numbers, eigenvectors, diagonalization, rotation matrices, quadratic forms, least squares. Prerequisites: A minimum grade of 60% in New Brunswick high school courses: PreCalculus A 120 and PreCalculus B 120, or equivalent courses. NOTE: Credit will not be given for both MATH 1503 and MATH 2213. 
MATH1823  Calculus for Management Science  3 ch (3C 1T) 

Polynomial, logarithmic and exponential functions. Limits and derivatives. Extreme values and related rates. Basic linear programming. Simple integration and differential equations, with stress on applications to business and economics. NOTE: Credit may be obtained for only one of MATH 1003 , MATH 1053 or MATH 1823. Prerequisites: A minimum grade of 60% in New Brunswick high school courses: PreCalculus A 120 and PreCalculus B 120, or equivalent courses. 
MATH1833  Finite Mathematics for Management Science  3 ch (3C) 

Matrices and systems of linear equations. Linear programming concepts; graphical solution of two variable problems. Permutations and combinations. Elementary probability. Mathematics of finance. NOTE: Credit for MATH 1833 will not be given if the student has previously taken either MATH 1503 or MATH 2213. Prerequisites: A minimum grade of 60% in New Brunswick high school courses: PreCalculus 110 or Foundations of Mathematics 120, or an equivalent course. 
MATH2003  Intermediate Mathematics I  3 ch (3C 1T) 

Analytic geometry and vectors. Parametric curves. Polar, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Functions of several variables, partial derivatives, applications to maxmin. Double and triple integrals. Prerequisite: MATH 1013 or MATH 1063. NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both MATH 2003 and MATH 2513. 
MATH2013  Intermediate Mathematics II  3 ch (3C 1T) 

Review of first order differential equations. Second order linear O.D.E.'s. Infinite series, including power series solutions to O.D.E.'s. Line and surface integrals. Theorems of Green and Stokes. Divergence Theorem. Prerequisite: MATH 2003. 
MATH2203  Discrete Mathematics  3 ch (3C) 

Logic, methods of proof, mathematical induction, elementary set theory, functions and relations. NOTE: This course is designed for students desiring a good grounding in the foundations of mathematics. Theorems and proofs are an important part of the course. Credit will not be given for both MATH 2203 and CS 1303. Students majoring in Mathematics must take MATH 2203. Prerequisite: MATH 1063 or MATH 1013 or permission of instructor. NOTE: It is strongly recommended that students should have at least a grade of B in MATH 1013 or MATH 1063 to take this course. 
MATH2213  Linear Algebra I  3 ch (3C) 

This course introduces the basic concepts of linear algebra, mainly in finite dimensional real vector spaces. Systems of linear equations, vector and matrix algebra, bases and dimension of subspaces, row and column spaces, linear transformations and matrix representations, inner products, determinants, eigenvectors and diagonalization. Applications as time permits. Prerequisite: MATH 1013, or MATH 1053, or both MATH 1823 and MATH 1833. This course may also be taken with the consent of the instructor. Interested first year students are encouraged to enquire. NOTE: Credit will not be given for both MATH 1503 and MATH 2213. 
MATH2513  Multivariable Calculus for Engineers  4 ch (4C) 

Functions of several variables, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, vector functions, Green's and Stokes' Theorems. Prerequisites: MATH 1013 and MATH 1503. NOTE: Credit may not be obtained for both MATH 2003 and MATH 2513. 
MATH2623  Introduction to Mathematical Thinking  3 ch (3C) 

An introduction to mathematical thinking. Content varies, and is focused on presenting mathematics as a living, creative discipline. A sample of topics: patterns and symmetry, tiling, nonEuclidean geometry, chaos and fractals, planetary motion, binary numerals, prime numbers, Fibonacci numbers, voting systems, the calendar. Not available for credit to students with a Major in Mathematics/Statistics. Prerequisite: Successful completion of at least one year of a university program. 
MATH2633  Fundamental Principles of Elementary School Mathematics  3 ch (3C 1L) 

This course is intended for students who anticipate a career as an elementary or middle school teacher. The course focuses on topics taken from the K8 curriculum with extensions beyond classroom topics to show the 'how' and 'why' behind school mathematics. The major topics are problem solving, number concepts, number and relationship operations, patterns and relations, shape and space, as well as data management and probability. Intended for students registered in arts programs. Not available for credit to students who would have 6ch of Level 1000 mathematics in their degree programs. Antirequisite: MATH 3633. Prerequisite: Successful completion of at least one year of a university program. 
MATH3003  Applied Analysis  3 ch (3C) 

Vector spaces of functions, convergence in normed linear spaces, orthogonal polynomials, Fourier series, Fourier transform, Fast Fourier transform, introduction to wavelets, and selected applications. Prerequisites: MATH 2013 or MATH 3503, and MATH 2213 or MATH 1503 (MATH 3213 recommended). NOTE: Credit will not be given for both MATH 3003 and MATH 3113. 
MATH3033  Group Theory  3 ch (3C) 

Groups are the mathematical objects used to describe symmetries. This course covers the fundamentals of group theory, together with applications selected from geometry, advanced algebra and physical sciences. Prerequisites: MATH 2203 or CS 1303, and MATH 2213 or MATH 1503 (MATH 3213 recommended). Other interested students are encouraged to seek consent of the instructor. 
MATH3043  Ordinary Differential Equations  3 ch (3C) 

First order equations, linear systems, variation of parameters, method of undetermined coefficients, Laplace transforms, power series solutions, fundamental matrix solution. Existence and uniqueness of solutions, properties of linear systems, eigenvalue problems, vector fields, phaseplane analysis. Liapunov method. Prerequisite: MATH 2013 or MATH 2513. NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both MATH 3043 and MATH 3503. 
MATH3063  Geometry  3 ch (3C) 

Axiomatic systems, nonEuclidean geometry, transformations in geometries, topological properties of figures. As well as serving mathematics majors, this course will be of particular benefit to prospective mathematics teachers. Prerequisite: MATH 1503 or MATH 2213, and MATH 2203 or CS 1303, or permission of the instructor. Other interested students are encouraged to enquire. 
MATH3073  Partial Differential Equations  3 ch (3C) 

Methods of solution for first order equations. Classification of second order equations. Characteristics. Analytic and numerical methods of solution for hyperbolic, elliptic and parabolic equations. 
MATH3093  Elementary Number Theory  3 ch (3C) 

Primes, unique factorization, congruences, Diophantine equations, basic number theoretic functions. As well as serving mathematics majors, this course will be of particular benefit to prospective mathematics teachers. 
MATH3103  Analysis I  3 ch (3C) 

The real number system, metric spaces, sequences and series, continuity. Prerequisites: MATH 2013, MATH 2203, and MATH 2213 or MATH 1503. 
MATH3113  Analysis II  3 ch (3C) 

Differential calculus, integration, sequences and series of functions, completeness of basis, convergence of Fourier Series, Fourier Transforms. Additional topics may include differential forms or wavelets and wavelet transforms. Prerequisite: MATH 3103. NOTE: Credit will not be given for both MATH 3003 and MATH 3113. 
MATH3213  Linear Algebra II  3 ch (3C) 

Finite and infinite dimensional vector spaces over general fields. Subspaces, independent and spanning sets, dimension, linear operators, determinants, inner product spaces. As time permits, applications selected from least squares approximation, Markov chains, data compression, traffic flow, robotics, genetics, graph theory, cryptography. Prerequisite: MATH 2213 or MATH 1503 or consent of the instructor. 
MATH3243  Complex Analysis  3 ch (3C) 

Complex analytic functions, contour integrals and Cauchy's theorems; Taylor's, Laurent's and Liouville's theorems; residue calculus. 
MATH3333  Combinatorial Theory  3 ch (3C) 

Topics selected from: Principle of inclusion and exclusion, Mobius inversion, generating functions, systems of distinct representatives, Ramsey's Theorem, duality in external problems, duality in programming, dynamic programming, block designs, introduction to matroid theory, signalflow graphs. (The course is also of interest to students in Computer Science and Engineering.) 
MATH3343  Networks and Graphs  3 ch (3C) 

Graphs, Euler paths, tournaments, factors, spanning trees, applications; graph colourings, planar graphs, Menger's theorem, flows in networks, flow algorithms. Prerequisites: MATH 2203 or CS 1303 and an additional 3ch in Mathematics and/or Statistics. 
MATH3353  Computational Algebra  3 ch (3C) 

Topics in abstract algebra are approached from the perspective of what can be computed using such software packages as Maple, Macaulay and GAP. The topics covered will be selected from: Grobner bases, resultants, solving polynomial equations, invariant theory of finite groups, and the exact solution of differential equations. The course work will include a mixture of problem sets emphasizing theory and practical lab assignments. Prerequisites: One of MATH 1013 or MATH 1063, and one of MATH 1503 or MATH 2213. 
MATH3363  Finite Mathematics (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Applications of algebraic and combinatorial methods to a selection of problems from coding theory, computability, information theory, formal languages, cybernetics and the social and physical sciences. Prerequisite: 12 ch in Mathematics and/or Statistics. 
MATH3373  Introduction to Game Theory (CrossListed: ECON 4673)  3 ch (3C) 

Strategic games, nperson games in normal form, dominated strategies, Nash equilibrium, mixed strategies and mixed strategy equilibrium, games with perfect information, games with imperfect information, Bayesian games, extensive games. The course introduces basic noncooperative game theory and analytical tools for decision makers (consumers, firms, politicians, governments). It is suitable for Mathematics, Economics, Computer Science, Management Science, Political Science, Social Science and Science students or any student with a minor in such disciplines, in particular those in the Mathematics/StatisticsEconomics option. Note: this course is crosslisted as ECON 4673. Students cannot obtain credit for both MATH 3373 and ECON 4673 (or ECON 5673). Prerequisites: MATH 1823 and MATH 1833; or MATH 1003 and MATH 1013; or MATH 1053 and MATH 1063; or ECON 3013; or permission of the instructor. 
MATH3383  Introduction to Mathematical Logic  3ch (3C) 

The course introduces the basic concepts of mathematical logic, including the Axiom of Choice and its equivalents; propositional logic; languages and structures, axioms and theories, models; elements of model theory (Completeness, Compactness, LöwenheimSkolem theorems, nonstandard models); theory of computability (ChurchTuring Thesis, recursive functions and sets, recursively enumerable sets, decision problems, the Halting Problem); Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems. 
MATH3413  Introduction to Numerical Methods  3 ch (3C) 

Intended for Mathematics, Science or Engineering students. Error analysis, convergence and stability. Approximation of functions by polynomials. Numerical quadrature and differentiation. The solution of linear and nonlinear equations and the solution of ordinary differential equations. This course will emphasize the understanding of numerical algorithms and stress applications in the applied sciences, as well as the influence of finite precision and arithmetic on computational results. Credit will not be given for both MATH 3413 and CS 3113. Prerequisites: CS 1003 or CS 1073; and MATH 1003 or MATH 1053; and MATH 2213 or MATH 1503. 
MATH3463  Special Relativity (A)  3 ch (3C) 

The course provides an introduction to the physical principles (Lorentz invariance, constancy of the speed of light, equivalence of mass and energy) and the mathematical underpinnings (Minkowski spacetime, tensors) of the theory of special relativity. This course is cross listed PHYS 3912. Credit cannot be obtained for both MATH 3463 and PHYS 3912. Prerequisites: MATH 2003, PHYS 1062 or equivalent, or permission of the instructor. 
MATH3473  Mathematical Modelling (A)  3 ch (3C) 

This course is intended to develop skills in translating a problem in the real world to a well formulated mathematical problem. The basic techniques and tools for model formulation, model analysis, numerical simulation and model interpretation will be offered. Project topics will be chosen from Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Mechanics, Engineering, Economics and elsewhere. Prerequisites: MATH 1013 and permission of the instructor. 
MATH3503  Differential Equations for Engineers  3 ch (3C 1T) 

Nonhomogeneous differential equations, undetermined coefficients, variation of parameters, systems of 1st and 2nd order ordinary differential equations, Laplace transforms, Fourier series. Corequisite: MATH 2513 or MATH 2003. NOTE: Credit cannot be obtained for both MATH 3503 and MATH 3043. 
MATH3543  Differential Geometry for Geomatics Engineers  3 ch (3L 1T) 

Basic analytic geometry, spherical trigonometry, geometry of curves in space, measurements on surfaces, Gaussian surface geometry. Prerequisite: MATH 2513. 
MATH3623  History of Mathematics (A)  3 ch (3C) [W] 

Prerequisite: 12 ch in Mathematics and/or Statistics. 
MATH3633  Fundamental Principles of School Mathematics I.  3 ch (3C) 

A course for undergraduate students who anticipate a career as teachers. Topics build around the K12 syllabus, with extensions beyond the classroom, to show the 'how' and 'why' behind school mathematics. Mathematical language; real numbers and other mathematical structures; Euclidean geometry; functions; mathematical connections; problem solving. Prerequisite: 6 ch of university mathematics.

MATH3803  Introduction to Mathematics of Finance  3 ch (3C) 

Measurement of interest, compound interest, annuities, amortization schedules and sinking funds, bonds. Prerequisite: MATH 1013 or a grade of B or better in MATH 1823. 
MATH3813  Mathematics of Finance II (O)  3 ch (3C) 

A more advanced study of the topics in MATH 3803 including varying and continuous annuities and yield rates. Prerequisite: MATH 3803 with a grade of B or better. 
MATH3843  Introduction to Life Contingencies  3 ch (3C) 

Survival distributions, general life insurances and life annuities, reserves. Joint annuities and last survivor annuities. Prerequisites: One term of statistics and MATH 3803. 
MATH4023  Functional Analysis  3 ch (3C) 

Normed spaces, the HahnBanach theorem, uniform boundedness theorem. The contraction mapping theorem. Existence and uniqueness for nonlinear differential equations. Further topics may include Wavelets or Banach spaces. Prerequisites: Any two of MATH 3003, MATH 3103, MATH 3113, or permission of the instructor. 
MATH4043  Advanced Algebra (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Prime fields and characteristic, extension fields, algebraic extensions, theory of finite fields, Galois theory, and topics which may include some of: rings, topological algebra, multilinear and exterior algebra, quadratic forms. Prerequisite: MATH 3033. 
MATH4063  Advanced Geometry (O)  3 ch (3C) 

A deeper investigation of Euclidean and NonEuclidean spaces of any dimension. Topics selected from: axiom systems, linear and affine transformations, conformal and linear models for Euclidean and hyperbolic spaces and their isometry groups, basic theory of convexity, combinatorial properties of polytopes. Prerequisite: One of MATH 2213, MATH 2003, MATH 2513 or MATH 3063. 
MATH4100  Honours Project  6 ch [W] 

Mathematics Honours students must complete a project under the supervision of a faculty member. The project is to include a written report and an oral presentation. Prior to being admitted into MATH 4100, the student must have been admitted to the Honours Program and have submitted an acceptable project proposal to the department. Normally students would begin preparation and research for the project during their third year of study, submit the proposal by October of their fourth (final) year of study, and complete the written and oral presentation by the end of the winter term, to graduate in May of that year. Honours students in an interdepartmental program with mathematics may choose to complete their honours project in mathematics. 
MATH4103  Measure Theory and Wavelets (O)  3 ch (3C) 

Brief review of Riemann integration. Algebras of sets, outer measure, measure, measurable sets, measurable functions, the Lebesgue integral, properties of the Lebesgue integral, abstract measure spaces, integrals and derivatives, sequences of integrals, Fubini's theorem. Properties of Fourier transforms, multiresolution analysis, Daubechies wavelets. Prerequisites: One of MATH 3003, MATH 3103, or permission of the instructor. 
MATH4123  Advanced Linear Algebra (O)  3 ch (3C) 

The theory of vector spaces and linear transformations, dual spaces, multilinear maps (including tensors and determinants); further topics chosen from canonical forms, metric vector spaces, algebras, etc. Prerequisite: MATH 3213. 
MATH4142  Introduction to Dynamical Systems (O)  3 ch (3C) 

Many of the processes studied in science, engineering and economics are described by nonlinear differential equations. This course introduces qualitative methods to find essential information about the solutions of nonlinear equations without necessarily attempting to find the solution completely. Topics include flows, stability, phase plane analysis, limit cycles, bifurcations, chaos, attractors, maps, fractals. Applications throughout. Prerequisite: MATH 3043, or both MATH 2513 and MATH 3503, or permission of the instructor. 
MATH4153  Topology (O)  3 ch (3C) 

A continuation of the topological concepts introduced in MATH 3103. Basic results in pointset topology. Prerequisite: MATH 3103. 
MATH4413  Fluid Mechanics (O)  3 ch (3C) 

Derivation of the Equations of Motion: Euler's equations, rotation and vorticity, NavierStokes equations. Potential Flow: complex potentials, harmonic functions, conformal mapping, potential flow in three dimensions. Slightly Viscous Flow: boundary layers and Prandtl boundary layer equations. Gas Flow in one dimension: characteristics and shocks. 
MATH4433  Calculus of Variations (O)  3 ch (3C) 

Introduction to functionals and function spaces. Variation of a functional. Euler's equations, necessary condition for an extremum, case of several variables, invariance of Euler's equation, fixed end point problem for unknown functions, variational problems in parametric form, functionals depending on high order derivatives. Prerequisite: MATH 2013 or equivalent. 
MATH4443  Introduction to Quantum Field Theory (O)  3 ch (3C) 

Relativistic quantum mechanics. The negative energy problem. Classical field theory, symmetries and Noether's theorem. Free field theory and Fock space quantization. The interacting field: LSZ reduction formula, Wick's theorem, Green's functions, and Feynman diagrams. Introduction to Quantum electrodynamics and renormalization. This course is crosslisted as PHYS 4938. Credit cannot be obtained for both MATH 4443 and PHYS 4953. Prerequisites: MATH 3003, PHYS 3351, MATH 3463/PHYS 3912 and one of MATH 3043, MATH 3503, PHYS 2312, PHYS 3331, or permission of instructor. 
MATH4473  Introduction to Differential Geometry (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Geometry of embedded curves and surfaces, ndimensional manifolds, tensors, Riemannian geometry. 
MATH4483  Introduction to General Relativity (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Along with quantum theory, general relativity is one of the central pillars of modern theoretical physics with wideranging implications for astrophysics and high energy physics. The essential idea is that gravitation is a manifestation of the curvature of spacetime rather than a force in the Newtonian sense. This course will provide students with a basic working understanding of general relativity and an introduction to important applications such as black holes and cosmology. Contents: review and geometric interpretation of special relativity, foundations of general relativity, linearized gravity and classical tests, black holes, cosmology. Note: this course is crosslisted as PHYS 4983. Credit cannot be obtained for both MATH 4483 and PHYS 4983. Prerequisites: MATH 3463/PHYS 3912 and MATH 4473 or permission of instructor. 
MATH4503  Numerical Methods for Differential Equations  3 ch (3C) 

The numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equations of elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic type. The course is a basic introduction to finite difference methods, including the associated theory of stability, accuracy and convergence. Students will gain practical experience using stateoftheart numerical solvers and visualization tools, while solving practical problems from the physical and biological sciences. Crosslisted as CS 4115. Prerequisite: One of MATH 3043, MATH 3073, MATH 3413, MATH 3503, CS 3113, CHE 3418 , or ME 3522. 
MATH4563  Mathematical Biology (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Overview of the field of Mathematical Biology. Development, simulation and analysis of mathematical models describing biological systems. Equal emphasis is placed on developing simple models and case studies of successful models. The principal mathematical tools are differential and difference equations, finite mathematics, probability and statistics. This course is intended for students in their third or fourth year having an interest in biological research. Prerequisite: A course in statistics, MATH 2003 or MATH 2013 or equivalent, or permission of the instructor. This course is crosslisted as BIOL 4563. Credit may not be obtained for both MATH 4563 and BIOL 4563. 
MATH4633  Calculus Revisited (O)  3 ch (3C) 

A course for high school mathematics teachers. The course is built around a set of optimization problems, whose solution requires review of topics in first and second year calculus and linear algebra. Connections are made with topics in the Common Atlantic High School Mathematics Curriculum. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. 
MATH4853  Mathematics for Financial Derivatives (A)  3 ch (3C) 

Basics of options, futures, and other derivative securities. Introduction to Arbitrage. Brief introduction to partial differential equations. Stochastic calculus and Ito's Lemma. Option pricing using the BlackScholes model. Putcall parity and Hedging. Pricing of European and American call and put options. Numerical methods for the BlackScholes model: binary trees, moving boundary problems, and linear complementarity. The barrier, and other exotic options. Prerequisites: CS 1073 or experience with a computer programming language, and either MATH 3503 and STAT 2593, or MATH 2013, MATH 2213, and STAT 3083. 
MATH4903  Independent Study in Mathematics  3 ch 

Topics to be chosen jointly by student, advisor, and Department Chair. May be taken for credit more than once. Title of topic chosen will appear on transcript. Prerequisite: Permission of Department. 