History Program Requirements.

Introductory Level Courses

Foundation Level Courses

Advanced Level Courses

Honours Seminars

  • HIST 5900 series courses

All Courses

HIST1001Past into Present (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

History starts here, with the news and public debates of today. This general interest course examines how our understanding of the world we live in is shaped by our knowledge of history. The course is divided into two or three modules (depending on available instructors), which will vary from year to year, and will range in focus from world crises to popular culture.

HIST1002The World Since 1945 (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course examines major themes in global history since the end of the Second World War. Topics to be examined include the origins, evolution, and end of the Cold War; the emergence of new nations in Africa and Asia; comparative social change; cultural revolutions and the status of women; and recent responses to globalization and armed conflict. 

HIST1004War in the Modern World (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course analyzes the history of a current conflict by exploring the domestic and international contexts and options for ending the conflict. Combines lectures, discussion and simulations, to examine the role of allies, armies, paramilitaries, agents provocateurs, multinational corporations, non-government organizations and the United Nations.

HIST1007History of the Body (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course examines how the body has been imagined, experienced, controlled, and understood, both historically and today, by art, medicine, technology, religion, science and popular culture. Considers the sexualized and pregnant body, the sinful and diseased body, the aesthetic and the medicalized body, and the body as machine from Galen and Descartes to the age of the computer, the cyborg and the gene.

HIST1008Belief Systems in Medieval Europe (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys the 'mental worlds' of Europeans between the fall of the Roman Empire (c. 400 A.D.) and the beginning of the early modern period (c. 1500). What were the beliefs and worldviews of medieval people? What did they value? What did they fear? What were they willing to do to stay safe, to feel their lives mattered, to be happy? And how did this change over time? While the Christian faith was the lodestone of most Europeans' lives, some took paths that were feared or condemned by the Church and society. The focus is on the ways in which such heterodox ideas and practices laid the groundwork for the formation of a more modern mindset.

HIST1009Epidemic Disease from the Middle Ages to the Present (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the changing perceptions of epidemic disease from the 14th Century to the present day. By focusing on infectious illnesses such as plague, smallpox, cholera, influenza, and COVID-19, our examination considers various socio-cultural, medical, and governmental responses to epidemics (and pandemics). Particular attention is given to both change and continuity over time, posing (and seeking answers to) questions such as: how have explanations of and responses to epidemic disease changed over time; how have they remained the same; to what extent, and why?

HIST1133Rome: The Eternal City II (O)3 ch (3C) (W) (EL)

This general interest course provides an introduction to the history of Rome from the Baroque period to the modern age. Normally taught on location. May not be taken by students who have taken HIST 2133 or HIST 3133.

HIST1135Italy Today (O)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)
An introduction to the politics, society, and culture of Italy since 1945. Normally taught on location. May not be taken by students who have taken HIST 3135.
HIST1305Prohibition and Rum-running in Canada, 1827-1948 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course introduces the historical method while exploring the controversial theme of prohibition. Examines both protagonists in the struggle: prohibitionists, whose ideology was rooted in evangelical religion and an early strain of feminism, and the "Rummies" who fought to preserve a recreational drinking culture and the economic opportunities that it made possible.

HIST1315Canadian History on Film (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course introduces the challenges of studying history on film by examining selected themes in Canadian history and their representation in documentary and dramatic films.

HIST1325Canada since 1945 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This general interest course addresses the major issues of contemporary Canadian history, including post-war reconstruction, the emergence of the welfare state, the Quiet Revolution in Quebec, Canadian external relations, immigration policy, regional disparity, political leadership, and national identity. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2325 . 

HIST1415"Cowboys and Indians?" A History of Native People in Canadian and American Popular Culture (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This general interest course examines the conflict between Native people and the Canadian and US settler societies by focusing on how Native people have been and are still being portrayed within the popular culture of those settler societies through film, television, literature, music, material culture, sports, etc This course will examine the underlying beliefs and values of these portrayals and how they have changed over time as well as the various responses by Native people. The course also explores the concept of "popular culture", the relationship between stereotypes and racism, the romanticization of Native Cultures, and the extent to which the "Cowboys and Indians" ideology continues to manifest itself in the rhetoric of resource development. Normally taught online.
HIST1451The American Presidential Election in Historial Context (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This political history course introduces students to some of the key issues surrounding each U.S. presidential campaign. Offered every four years to correspond with the American Presidential election cycle, it will normally be co-taught with Political Science. Students who take this course cannot take POLS 1451.

HIST1615 Resist, Rebel, Revolt: A Global History of Uprisings (O) 3 ch (W)
This course explores the forms, causes, and outcomes of resistance, rebellion, and revolution in a variety of different historical contexts. Beginning with pre-modern forms of insurrection and extending to present day-day revolutionary activity, we will examine how historical actors mobilized or confronted categories of race, ethnicity, gender, and class. We set out to answer the following questions: How do people overthrow their rulers? Do radical upheavals require violence and terror? Do the outcomes of resistance ever match initial expectations? What does the act of revolt or rebellion tell us about power in a given historical moment? With a particular focus on histories of uprisings in Global south countries, we will examine how resistance, rebellion, and revolution not only mark transitions in world history, but also show continuities in histories, ideas and national mythologies through their legacies and impact.
HIST1625The Spy in History (O)3 ch (3C)
This general interest course considers history of spying. It traces the evolution of espionage from the Middle Ages to contemporary times. In this class we will focus on some of the world's most infamous spies, and we will chronicle the role that these men and women played in our histories.
HIST1715Looking at the Past: Art, Culture, and Activism (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the history of art, artists, and culture in resisting colonialism, heterosexism, and capitalism. Considers a variety of artists across historical periods who use traditional artforms such as painting and drawing; contemporary forms such as performance art, video, film, television, and internet art; installation art in museums and public exhibitions; site-specific and environmental art; and radical activist art to challenge the status quo in a variety of historical and geographic contexts. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2715 . 

HIST1825"Nothing Civil About It" : Civil Wars Since 1900 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This general interest course considers the phenomenon of civil war with a particular focus on the 20th and 21st century. We will consider multiple perspectives on individual conflicts in an attempt to understand the complexities and consequences of civil war. How do such wars begin, evolve, and end? What is their impact on individuals, organizations, societies, nations, and the world?
HIST2013The Middle Ages I: Fall of Rome to 1100 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
HIST2014The Middle Ages II: 1100-1500 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Continues the broad examination of the medieval world, beginning c. 1000 AD and ending with the Age of Exploration. Explores the emerging social, political, intellectual, artistic, and religious currents and conflicts that led to the dawn of the modern world c. 1500. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 1006 or HIST 1010.

HIST2023Early Modern Europe Part I, 1300-1600 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry-level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys Western European history by examining aspects of the Italian and Northern Renaissances, early contact with Non-Western peoples, the Protestant and Catholic Reformations and the growth of nation states. Emphasizes developments in the economy and society, education, religion, culture and government. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 1020 . 

HIST2024Early Modern Europe Part II: 1600-1800 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second-year students, continues the survey of Western European history by examining aspects of the rise of absolutist states, the Scientific Revolution, the Witch Hunts, the Enlightenment, overseas expansion and the French Revolution. Stresses developments in the economy and society, government, secular thought, culture, international relations and war. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 1020 . 

HIST2103Modern Europe Part I: 1789-1914 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second-year students, surveys European history from the era of the French and Industrial Revolutions to the eve of the First World War. Topics to be covered include: the French Revolution and Napoleon; the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the working class; evolving political ideologies and movements; the forging of new nation states; changing class and gender relations; cultural upheaval; the motives for imperialism; the origins of the First World War. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 1100 or HIST 2100 . 

HIST2104Modern Europe Part II: 1914 to Present (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys European history from the First World War to the present. Topics to be covered include: the First World War; the Russian Revolution; interwar cultural and social change; the Great Depression and political upheaval; the origins and course of the Second World War; Europe and the Cold War; social change after 1945; the impact of decolonization; the rise of the European Union; European debates over national identity. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 1100 or HIST 2100 . 

HIST2301Canada: Empires and Imperialism, to 1876 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Examines the interaction between European empires and Indigenous nations and the formation of the Canadian settler state. Begins with Indigenous lifeworlds before ‘contact’ and ends with the 1876 Indian Act. Topics include the ‘Doctrine of Discovery,’ the system of racialized chattel slavery, early treaty relationships, British and French colonialism, westward imperialism, resource extraction, and confederation. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1300 or HIST2300.
HIST2302Canada: Empires and Imperialism, from 1876 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Examines the relationship between Canadian imperialism and Indigenous nations. Begins with the 1876 Indian Act, the legislation which set the stage for the expansion of Canadian jurisdiction over Indigenous spaces. Topics include policing, the reserve system, residential schools, Canadian capitalism, Indigenous resistance, the revitalization of Indigenous societies, ‘modern’ treaties, European settlements, and our contemporary moment.
HIST2403Understanding 'America' I: The United States to the Civil War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry-level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys American history from the earliest European settlement through the Civil War. Topics include exploration and expansion, the European-Aboriginal encounter, colonization and Christianity, revolutionary ideas and independence, the early Republic, the frontier experience, slavery and resistance, antebellum culture, and sectional discord and conflict.

HIST2404Understanding 'America' II: The United States since the Civil War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This entry-level course which is recommended for first-and second-year students, surveys the modern history of the United States. The course considers national reconstruction following the Civil War, late nineteenth century industrial and geographic expansion, social unrest and progressive reform in the early twentieth century, the "roaring twenties", the "dirty thirties", the New Deal, the "Good War" of the 1940s, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, liberalism and conservatism, the "Bad War" in Vietnam, the rebellions of the sixties, the Reagan era and beyond. Completion of HIST 2403 recommended but not required. 

HIST2453Cold War Histories (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Introduces students to the American historiography of the Cold War. Concentrating on the interpretive differences among historians of this conflict illuminates a variety of historical approaches and methodologies. Features interactive learning and scholarly debates. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 4453.

HIST2603Indigenous and Early Colonial Caribbean History (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This survey course introduces students to a history of the Caribbean region from the indigenous era, beginning around 6000BC, to the late-eighteenth century. Topics covered include: indigenous politics, cosmology, and culture; European conquest and indigenous responses and resistance to conquest; Variations in politics and cultures between empires; the Middle Passage; plantation and urban slavery; the everyday lives of the enslaved.

HIST2604Revolution and Emancipation in the Colonial Caribbean (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Introduces students to a history of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century Caribbean, from the Haitian Revolution to the U.S. occupating of Cuba and Puerto Rico and the Cuban war of independence in the late nineteenth century. Topics covered include slave rebellion, the struggle to abolish the slave trade, anti-slavery and the abolitionist movement, slave emancipation and struggles to define freedom, Indian indentureship, and nationalist and independence struggles.
HIST2815Military History from Plato to NATO (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Provides a general introduction to the study of tactics, technology, battle control, logistics, and management. Illuminates historical developments through the investigation of select campaigns and battles. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 1815.

HIST3001West Meets East, 1050-1600 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examine contact and conflict among peoples of various religions, cultures, and societies in the medieval and early modern periods. Explore the histories of the Latin Kingdoms of Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic Caliphates, paying special attention to the crusades, the position of religious minorities, and the role of trade and intellectural exchange. Learn to analyze a variety of different kinds of primary sources related to the themes of the course.

HIST3011Age of Empires (O) 3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the expansion of European imperial power during the nineteenth century, focusing upon developments in Asia and Africa. Explores the reasons for the renewal of European imperialism with a focus on the role of exploration, profit, religion, technology, and violence. Focuses on Asian and African responses to European imperial expansion, and the impact that colonial rule had on structures of class, gender, and race. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3008. 

HIST3012Empires in Crisis (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines challenges to European colonialism during the twentieth century. Explores structures of colonial rule and how they affected class, gender, and race relations in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Analyses the rise of anti-colonial movements and their challenges to imperial rule, within the context of the global crises of the years between 1914 and 1945. Concludes with examinations of the struggles for national independence after the Second World War, and the legacies of colonialism.

Prerequisite: Prior completion of HIST 3011 an asset but not required. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3008. 

HIST3025History and Sexuality: Europe and the World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This course offers students a transnational history of the changing ideas, identities, and practices associated with sexuality in the modern era, c. 1750 – present. Topics will include: religious belief and moral regulation, science, medicine, and the construction of homosexual, heterosexual and inter-sexual identities, the legal regulation of prostitution, birth control, and abortion, and sexual violence in war and genocide. We will consider the effects of competing ideologies (capitalism, communism, fascism, imperialism) on sexual life and highlight the complex interplay between gender, race, class, and intimate practices. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 3325.
HIST3033France in the Twentieth Century (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the political, social, and cultural history of France during a century of upheaval. Topics to be covered include the Dreyfus Affair; the First World War; culture and society between the wars; the Great Depression and the era of the Popular Front; the rise of French fascism; the Second World War and the Vichy regime; collaboration and resistance; postwar social and cultural change; intellectuals and politics; the government of General de Gaulle; and recent debates over immigration and identity. France’s role as a colonial and postcolonial power is also a central theme in the course.

HIST3034The Viking World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines the Scandinavian culture and society that produced arguably the most feared and respected warriors of the medieval period: the Vikings.  Beyond the infamous swift ships and brutal reputations of these raiders, the Norse themselves were farmers, settlers, artisans, and traders, whose hardscrabble lives were much richer than once thought.  We will examine many aspects of those lives, from homestead to settlement, from work to pastime, from pagan to Christian, beginning in the late Iron Age and ending with the emergence of Christian kingdoms in Norway, Denmark and Sweden (c. 700-1100).  In the process, we will engage with sources ranging from sagas and myths to material objects and archaeological finds, as well as the words of those who fought and traded with the peoples of the North.
HIST3053Berlin: From Empire to Republic (O)3 ch (3C) (W) (EL)
This course uses the city of Berlin to examine Modern German history. In visits to key historical sites, we will discuss the royal history of the Imperial period, soldiers and civilians in the two world wars, cultural innovation in the Weimar Republic, and the crimes of National Socialism. We will use the city landscape to talk about communism and capitalism during the Cold War, the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, and the challenges and opportunities of European Union in the twenty-first century. Normally taught on location.
HIST3055The Generation of the Great War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Offers a comprehensive introduction to the First World War, examining its causes, course, and aftermath within a military, political and social context. It focuses on how the war was experienced on both the war and home fronts, by soldiers and civilians alike.

HIST3063History of Modern Greece (O) (Cross-Listed: CLAS 3463)3 ch (3C) (W)
An introductory survey course of the history of Modern Greece from the Greek War of Independence in 1821 to the Second World War. Special attention is paid to events and themes such as the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 and the Greek Diaspora by utilizing literature and other historical sources and documentaries in order to present the society, culture and politics of Greece and gain a better understanding of the modern Greek identity. There are no prerequisites.
HIST3085Modern Germany 1871-1945 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Beginning with the 1871 unification of Germany and ending with the Third Reich’s defeat in the Second World War, this course explores numerous themes, including: political and cultural innovation, diplomacy, violence, gender relations, everyday life under democracy and dictatorship, memory and commemoration, war and genocide, and the changing place of Germany within Europe. We discuss the fractures and divisions within Imperial German society, the home and fighting fronts of the First World War, the short-lived but influential Weimar Republic, the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Volksgemeinschaft of the Third Reich, and the Nazi “Final Solution to the Jewish Problem” in Occupied Europe. 

HIST3095Modern Germany, 1945 to the Present (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This course examines German history from the end of the Second World War to the present. Beginning with the Allied occupation of Germany in 1945, the course investigates the formation of two separate states: the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. Using the tools of social, cultural, political, and gender history, the course considers themes such as: everyday life under communism and capitalism, Cold War politics, protest and terrorism, the memory of Holocaust crimes, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the many challenges facing Germany in the post-unification era. 

HIST3125The Cold War: An International History (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the evolution of the Cold War from 1945 to 1991. Topics to be examined include: the debate over the origins of the Cold War; the creation of opposing alliance systems in Europe; the Asian dimensions of the Cold War; the significance of the Cold War for Africa and Latin America; the rise and fall of détente; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet bloc. Attention is paid to the social and cultural impact of the Cold War. 

HIST3133Rome: from the Baroque to the Modern Era (1527 to the Present) (O)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)

Studies the impact of the Catholic Reformation on Baroque Rome, the end of Papal Rome with the unification of the Italian nation, the urban expansion of the late nineteenth century, and Rome's emergence as the capital of Mussolini's New Empire. The creation of the Vatican City State is studied, and contemporary Roman life and politics will be experienced. Normally taught on location.

HIST3134Romanticism and Revolution in Rome (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

As the decades of faith in Enlightenment reason gave way to the emotional backlash of the Romantics, Rome provided a context for many of the aims of the new generation: the balance between Classicism and Romanticism, between the ruins of civilization and the struggle for a new political order, between nature and the imagination, between the past and the future. Designed as an interdisciplinary exploration of these subjects as they manifested themselves in late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Rome, this course considers literature, music, art and philosophy as forces of innovation that helped shape the experience of social and cultural transformation. By visiting, seeing, reading and listening to the new styles of expression embodied by Romanticism, we explore the political issues central to the new aesthetic that inspired poets and patriots in Rome’s Revolution of 1848. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3135Contemporary Italy (O)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)

Examines the politics, society and culture of Italy from 1945 to the present. Normally taught on location.

HIST3136Rome and the Papacy in the Age of Reformation (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Beginning with an examination of the late medieval and Renaissance papacy, this course focuses on the role of the papacy in and its response to the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course gives special attention to Rome as the catalyst, locus and expression of reform. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3144Crime, Policing, and Punishment in Modern Europe (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines how European states and societies have defined and responded to criminality since the 18th century. Explores how perceptions of criminals have evolved with reference to the categories of class, gender, and race. Surveys the evolution of legal, policing, and penal systems, considering the impact of industrialization, ongoing cultural and social change, the emergence of dictatorships, and total war. Employs a comparative perspective, drawing on case studies from a variety of European nations.
HIST3203Early Modern London (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Early modern London was an exceptional city in many ways and it played a unique and pivotal part in the history of England, Europe and increasingly during this period, in a global context. This is an advanced level course designed to explore the nature of London and Londoners from 1485-1714. Normally taught on location.

HIST3215Early Modern British History Part 1: 1485-16883 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1485-1688. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England (and, to a lesser extent, Wales, Scotland and Ireland) during the Tudor and Stuart eras. Topics include: the rise of the Tudor state; the nature of English society; the English Reformation; overseas exploration, trade, and settlement; the coming of the Stuart monarchy; the Scientific Revolution; the Civil Wars and Interregnum; the Glorious Revolution. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3170, HIST 3202, HIST 3204, or HIST 3242 . 

HIST3216Early Modern British History Part 2: 1688-18303 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1688-1830. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England, Scotland, and Ireland during the reign of Stuart and Hanoverian monarchs. Topics include: The Glorious Revolution; the unions of England, Scotland, and Ireland; the Enlightenment; industrialization; eighteenth-century politics; the quest for empire; the American and French Revolutions; the Napoleonic Wars. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3170 or HIST 3242 . 

HIST3226Medicine and Society in the Early Modern British World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines the social history of health and medicine in the early modern British world, c. 1500 -1800. Focuses on the relationship between medicine and society to explore how social, cultural, intellectual, and political factors helped to shape experiences of health, illness, and healing in early modern Britain and its Empire. The perspectives of patients will be considered alongside those of practitioners in the investigation of topics such as: early modern notions of the body, health, and environment; the role of religion, medical knowledge, authority, and the marketplace; the nature of the patient-practitioner exchange; public health responses; military and imperial medicine; the rise and function of medical institutions; medical ethics and professionalization. Evaluates such topics in relation to both continuity and change over the course of three centuries.
HIST4001Heretics and Witches in Europe, 1350-1650 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Examines popular religion and magic in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe and official efforts to transform "popular culture". Emphasizes the medieval inquisitions against heresy (twelfth to fifteenth centuries) and especially the phenomenon of European witch-hunting (fifteenth to seventeenth centuries). Explanations of the causes of the witch-hunt, its victims and eventual decline are highlighted.

HIST4002Europe in the Renaissance (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Studies society and culture in Europe, especially Italy, from the mid fourteenth century to about 1530. This was one of Europe’s greatest periods of intellectual and cultural ferment and creativity, marked by great achievements in commerce, education (humanism) and the arts. It was also a period of considerable upheaval, including the plague, political intrigue, warfare, economic and social crises, witch-hunting and the devastating effects of the conquest of the Americas. The course will also examine the lives of women and men in the urban environment.

HIST4003Women in the Early Modern Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the ways in which the lives of women from Europe, Africa, and the Americas were shaped by "Atlantic World" experiences from the sixteenth through early nineteenth centuries. Considers how race and socio-economic/legal status influenced female experiences of patriarchy, sexuality, work, and agency by placing them into the broader social, cultural, political, and religious contexts of the early modern Atlantic World. 

HIST4006The Mental World of Europeans, 1600-1800 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This course explores the fresh emphasis that early modern Europeans placed on learning, the exploration of nature, and new critiques of the societies in which they lived.  The Scientific Revolution, social activism (such as the antislavery movement and early feminism), and the rise of republicanism are examined in the light of contemporary thought and social currents.

HIST4007The French Revolution and Napoleon (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Examines the history of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. Topics include: the origins of of the Revolution; the fall of the French monarchy; the Great Terror; Revolutionary culture; the impact of the Revolution upon women, religion, and slavery; the rise of Napoleon; and the impact of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic War upon Europe.
HIST4012Home Fronts at War (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Focuses on the European home fronts of the First World War, a conflict George Kennan termed the seminal catastrophe of the twentieth century. Historians increasingly refer to the First World War as the first “total war”, as entire societies were scaled toward supporting the massive armies on the fighting fronts. The course takes students deep into the everyday experiences of European men and women on the home fronts.

HIST4013The Holocaust: Victims, Perpetrators, Bystanders (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Provides a thematic survey of the Nazi destruction of the European Jews. Examines the ideological underpinnings of the genocide, the policies leading up to and including the so-called “Final Solution” of the “Jewish problem”, perpetrator motivations, Jewish responses to persecution and survival strategies in the camps. Also explores how the Holocaust unfolded in various European countries and the responses of nations, institutions and individuals to the mass murder of the Jews. Concludes with an examination of the post-war trials of war criminals and considers the definition of genocide after the Holocaust. Primary documents are discussed in the lectures, and several on-going historiographical are debates examined during class discussions. 

HIST4015The Origins of the Second World War (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the international history of the period between 1919 and 1941. Topics to be covered include the Paris Peace Settlement of 1919; the attempt to rebuild the international system in the 1920s; the impact of the Great Depression; the evolution of alliances in the 1930s; the role of ideology in international relations; military and strategic influences on foreign policy; and the significance of both intelligence-gathering and public opinion. The course will focus on the foreign policies of Great Britain, France, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the United States.

HIST4105Italy in the Twentieth Century (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

From the crisis of Liberal Italy in the First World War, this course studies the rise and decline of Mussolini's Fascism and the establishment of the Christian Democratic hegemony after 1945. The challenge of Italian Communism is examined as are the policies of the Vatican in the twentieth century.

HIST4247Eighteenth-Century British Society and Culture (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the changing meanings and representations of social status in Britain during the ‘long eighteenth century,’ circa 1688-1832. Considers whether (and to what degree) Georgian Britons may be regarded as “a polite and commercial people”. Topics include: rank and status; gender roles; manners, politeness, and emulation; consumerism and consumption; mercantilism, trade, and the pursuit of wealth; the ‘middling sort’ and the rise of the middle class; urbanization and non-landed elites; early industrialization.

HIST3103Conquest and Conversion in the Iberian World, 1400-1700 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examine conquest and conversion as interconnected processes in territories colonized by the early modern kingdoms of Spain and Portugal. Consider the period between 1400 and 1700 as an era of conversions, exploring the complexity of religious conversion as well as many social, cultural, political, economic, and material transformations. Analyze a variety of primary sources and engage with pertinent historical debates. Compare the experiences of conquest and conversion in different regions throughout Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Asia. Investigate how Catholicism, Iberian rule, and slavery reshaped local politics, economics, and societies.
HIST3311Acadie and the Atlantic World, 1604 - 1763 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Early modern Acadie is often discussed as backwater, a remote border territory with isolated residents. Yet beyond the image of pastoral farmland and simple villagers, the pre-deportation history of Acadians is rich and diverse. It includes torrid family dramas, political intrigues, a witchcraft trial, and connections throughout the Atlantic world. Examines the development of Acadie from the first French settlement in 1604 through its expansion and eventual destruction by British colonial officials.
HIST3316Immigration and Identity in Canadian History3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Examines the changing pattern of immigration to Canada from the early seventeenth century to the present, and the contribution of the various immigrant groups to the creation of a sense of Canadian identity.

HIST3326Gender, Health and Medicine (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the social history of health, disease, caregiving, and medical practice from a gender perspective. Will focus on nineteenth- and twentieth-century Canada and the United States. Classes will be arranged to allow for the thematic discussions on the topics such as changing beauty ideals and their link to "wellness", notions of physical "fitness" and health promotion, the medicalization of life cycle events such as puberty and child bearing/rearing, as well as the gendered experiences of a wide variety of health care-providers and patients involved in clinical encounters over the last two centuries. Intended for a multi-disciplinary cohort of students.

HIST3327Science, Medicine and Health Care in Canada (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

This course explores the history of health and health care in Canada, from the era of the First Nations' initial contact with Europeans, to the present day. Topics include: Aboriginal and European conceptions of health and illness; the impact of western infectious diseases on First Nations society; the health implications of rapid industrialization in the nineteenth century; the role of the state in sanitary reform and public health; the emergence of the medical and nursing professions; Canadian scientific research in medicine; the Canadian eugenics movement; and the origins and development of universal health care in the twentieth century. Race, class, gender, alternative medicine, and regional inequality will feature in small group discussions.

HIST3331Canadian Capitalism (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the emergence of a distinct Canadian capitalism from the Royal Proclamation of 1763 (that in part established a system to appropriate Indigenous homelands) to our contemporary moment. Topics include racialized chattel slavery, the creation of private property, treaties and treaty rights, industrialisation and workers’ rights, class and soldiers in the two world wars, labour movements and general strikes, class-based eugenics movements, policing, and the struggles of Indigenous land and water defenders.

HIST3344Exploring the Rural in Canadian History (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Canada was a predominantly rural society until the mid-20th century, and rural life, work, and culture have left an indelible mark on it. Explores the history of rural Canada on its own terms and in the various ways it influenced Canadian history more broadly. Focuses particularly on the development of rural economies, political and class tensions in rural society, the rural response to industrialization and technological innovation, and the impact of the rural on Canadian culture.
HIST3355Nature, Culture and the Canadian Environment (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the relationship of humans in their environment from the end of the last glacial period to the late 20th century. Topics include the impact of climate on the development of Canadian society, the evolution of human-animal relationships, changing ideas about nature, and political discourse on and regulatory solutions to pollution and other forms of environmental degradation. 

HIST3364History of Canadian-American Relations (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys the evolving relationship between Canada and the United States from the American Revolution to the Free Trade Agreement. Stresses the twentieth century when Canada gained autonomy over external affairs. Beside the major political and economic components of the relationship, the course also examines cultural, social and environmental issues. Restriction: Credit may not be obtained for both HIST 3364 and POLS 3242 (Canadian-American Relations). 

HIST3374Truth & Reconciliation in Canada: Working to Overcome the Legacy of Residential Schools (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Situating the truth and reconciliation in process in Canada within similar efforts in other countries such as Rwanda and South Africa, this course focuses on the work of Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission to bring to light the nature and extent of the policies aimed at promoting the assimilation of Indigenous peoples into the Canadian settler society since the mid-19th century - particularly through the residential schools - and the varied and often harmful impact that these policies have had. The course also examines the diversity of reactions to the work of the commission, the extent of the success in implementing the commission's 94 "Calls to Action", and the potential of these Calls to Action to meet the challenges currently facing Indigenous People in Canada.

HIST3378First Nations and Canadian Settler Society I: Pre-Contact to the 1876 Indian Act (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the complex relationship between First Nations and Canadian settler society, including in New France, in British North America, and during the first years after Confederation. Emphasizes the efforts of First Nations people to preserve their cultures and independence in the face of an increasingly powerful colonial state. Topics include pre-contact First Nation and European societies, early contact, the fur trade, treaties of peace and friendship, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, land surrender treaties, and the policy of the assimilation of First Nations people into Canadian settler society. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3374.

HIST3379First Nations and Canadian Settler Society II: The 1876 Indian Act to the 2008 Apology for Residential Schools (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the complex relationship between First Nations and Canadian settler society, and emphasizes the federal government’s attempts to assimilate First Nations people into Canadian settler society and the resistance by First Nations people to these efforts through such means as court cases, protests, and cultural revitalization movements. Topics include the Indian Act and subsequent amendments, Indian residential schools, government agricultural policies, First Nations political organizations, the 1969 White Paper, the push for First Nations rights and self-government, land claims, and the federal government’s apology for residential schools. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3374.

HIST3651Growing up: Histories of Children, Youth and Family (A)3 ch (3C)
Explores various historical aspects of childhood, adolescence and family life that may include education, health, child labour, child migration, juvenile delinquency, amusements, and/or institutionalization. Discusses changes over time in both adult perceptions of childhood and the lived experience of growing up, as well as the intersections of race, class, gender, and  age-based identities. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 3351.
HIST4313A History of Women in Canadian Society3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

A course in social history focusing on the changing roles of women in the public and private spheres in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with special emphasis on the role of women in the work force.

HIST4326Revolutionary and Loyalist Era Medicine3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores the social, cultural, and geo-political dimensions of medicine throughout the British Atlantic World between the 1760s and 1830s - a time of imperial expansion, revolutionary fervor, and intense warfare. It focuses on the experiences of patients and practitioners across multiple locations, including the British Isles, North America, the West Indies, and Africa. Particular attention is assigned to civilian, imperial, and military contexts during the American and French Revolutions and the Napoleonic Wars. Among other resources, this course draws upon The Loyalist Collection at the Harriet Irving Library.
HIST4341History of the Atlantic Provinces to Confederation3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Surveys the region from before the advent of written records to its entry into Confederation. It treats the impact of immigrant cultures, struggles for empire, the development of a cultural mosaic, the emergence of distinctive provincial societies and the forces that led to union.

HIST4342History of the Atlantic Provinces after Confederation3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Surveys the history of the region from Confederation to the present day, with focus on the vicissitudes of the Maritimes within Confederation and movements for social, economic and political reform.

HIST4351New Brunswick, Past into Present (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Begins with the 18th century relationships between the Wabanaki Confederacy and the British and French Empires. Examines the emergence of New Brunswick as a distinct colony and then province within Canadian Confederation, focusing particularly on the role of global capitalism in shaping its history. Topics include racialized chattel slavery, the Peace and Friendship Treaties, Crown lands and settler colonialism, the University of New Brunswick, resource extraction and environmental history, Acadian settlements, Kouchibouguac National Park, land claims settlements, and Indigenous movements to defend the environment.

HIST3315The October Crisis, 1970 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
In October 1970, a group of Quebec nationalists kidnapped two men to further the cause of independence. In response, Ottawa marshalled state security power to quell what it perceived as a terrorist insurrection. Explore the background, unfolding, and aftermath of this crisis. How has nationalism shaped French and English Canada? What were the implications of the turn to violence by the Front de Libération du Québec? In what ways has the crisis shaped subsequent political confrontations between Quebec and Ottawa? How has it influenced debates over the appropriate role of state security forces in modern societies?
HIST3402The American Revolution (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the causes, results and nature of the American Revolution. Themes include imperial relations, the internal development of the colonies and states, the development of revolutionary ideas, and the formation of the federal government.

HIST3403The Loyalists (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Studies the American Loyalists before, during and after the American Revolution. The first half deals with their emergence, 1763-1776, their role in the War of Independence, their treatment by the rebels, and the Peace Treaty of 1783. The second half deals with their exile in Britain, Sierra Leone, the West Indies, the Bahamas, Bermuda and what became Canada, to about 1814. An epilogue traces their myths, revivals and long-term effects down to the present.

HIST3408American Radicalism and Reform (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

A survey of American social and political movements for change from the founding of the United States to the present. Considers the radical legacy of the revolutionary era, the women's suffrage and abolitionist movements, utopianism, populism, progressivism, radical unionism, anarchism, socialism, communism, African American struggles for civil rights, the new social movements of the sixties, identity politics, and recent resistance to capitalist globalization. 

HIST3414Imperial America (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys the history of the foreign relations of the United States from its emergence as a world power late in the nineteenth century to its current global pre-eminence. Topics include the "New Imperialism", Wilsonian idealism, inter-war isolationism, the "Good War", the Cold War, Vietnam, "realpolitik", the "New World Order", globalization, and the "War on Terror". 

HIST3415Screening Blackness: African America at the Movies (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Analyzes the image of African Americans projected by Hollywood from the silent-film era to the present. Students will learn to ‘read’ films as historical documents. How do the movies both reflect and construct understandings of race and race relations? How have African Americans resisted Hollywood’s racist stereotypes? Addresses these and other questions through the critical analysis of select films in historical context.

HIST3418North American Slavery (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the cultures and economies of Black slavery in North America and the Caribbean, and the role of the American Revolution in creating a slavery diaspora in such disparate locations as Nova Scotia, London, Sierra Leone, and Australia. Particular attention is given to slavery in Canada, including Canada’s role in the Underground Railroad movement, and the larger legacy of slavery and anti-Black racism in Canada and in North America more generally. A central theme is slave resistance, embodied in such actions as talking back, running away, committing arson, and participating in slave revolts and insurrections.

HIST3452 The Vietnam War (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Introduces the historical controversies over the Vietnam War. Scholars remain divided on key questions including: why did the US go to war; what American president was most responsible for how the conflict unfolded; could the US have “won” the war if it had adopted a different strategy; did public opinion and the anti-war movement play a role in ending the war; and why did some Americans support the war while others did not? Prominently features seminar discussions and group debates. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 4452.
HIST3455The Harlem Renaissance (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Begins by considering some of the major themes, controversies and personalities in African American history, 1865-1920, in an attempt to contextualize the surge of Black cultural production known as the Harlem Renaissance. The course then focuses on the Renaissance itself, and particularly on the racial, class and gender politics that informed the creation of literature, music and art by African Americans in New York City in the 1920s and 1930s. Normally taught on location in New York City. Restriction: Students cannot obtain credit for both HIST 3455 and HIST 4455.

HIST3457Culture and Modernity in Twentieth - Century America (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores the emergence and spread of modern American culture in historical context. In addition to considering cultural forms and practices such as music, literature, film, television, the visual arts, comedy, advertisement, shopping, driving, dating, play childrearing, exercise, and nightlife, the course will examine such pervasive themes as the rise of a culture of consumption, the 'therapeutic' culture, culture and violence, the cultural construction of gender, minority and resistance cultures, culture and ideology, and culture globalization.
HIST3461The CIA in American History (O) 3 ch (3C) (W)

Introduces the history of the CIA. [Hi]stories of the CIA and its use of “related activities” have long remained in the shadows. While a number of new books and articles have been published, many historians have argued that because the vast majority of documents are still classified, we still do not have an accurate understanding of the past. In this course we will examine a number of intelligence related topics and reflect on whether recently declassified documents have changed our understanding of these events.   

HIST3475Removal, Allotment, Termination, Self-Determination: American Indian Policy, 1824-2004 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the nature and evolution of American policies toward the Native peoples within its borders. Topics include the forcible seizure of Indian lands through war, the treaties and the creation of reserves, the drastic reduction of the reserves by the mid-20th century through “allotment,” subsequent federal government attempts to end its trusteeship of Indian lands and relocate Native people to the cities, and how – beginning in the 1960s – Native people began to assert significant control over their lives and lands. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3375. 

HIST4465The Cuban Missile Crisis (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Introduces students to some of the ways scholars have approached the histories of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Considers the historiography of the missile crisis and the different interpretations historians have offered to explain what is often characterized as the most dangerous period of the Cold War. Students participate in a crisis simulation and cultivate the skills necessary to think critically about how scholars historicize the past. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 5465.

HIST4495America in the Sixties (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the most tumultuous period in the recent history of the United States. Topics include the Cold War, the African American freedom movement and Black Power, the sexual revolution, the new left and the counterculture, the psychedelic movement, women’s liberation, Vietnam and the anti-war movement, the conservative backlash, and the sixties in myth and memory. How do the events of this watershed decade continue to shape American culture and politics?

HIST3701The Cultural Turn: Cultural Studies in Historical Context (O) (Cross-Listed: CCS 3701)3 ch (3C) (W)

Traces the history of cultural studies from its debated foundation through the Birmingham school in post-war Britain, to its reshaping by post-Marxist, postmodernist, feminist, postcolonial, and diasporic perspectives. Analyzes the key debates in cultural studies at the onset of the twenty-first century, which include the field’s reorientation towards the study of popular culture, activism through cultural politics, the politicization of knowledge and of the academy, and “the cultural turn” of the humanities and social sciences.

HIST3725Baroque Art and Culture in Rome (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores the art and architecture of the 15th to the 17th centuries in Rome. Through visits to churches, palaces, galleries, museums, and public spaces such as fountains, monuments, and piazzas, participants consider a range of key issues including artistic styles and techniques, the display of religious belief, the assertion of social and political authority, the status of female artists, and the representation of the body. Normally taught on location.
HIST3735The History of Modern Art (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the development of painting, sculpture and architecture from 1863 until approximately 1950 in Europe and the United States.

HIST3736Decolonizing Art History (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines art and art history in settler colonial societies, including Argentina, Canada, the United States, Australia, Aotearoa/New Zealand, South Africa, India, and Palestine. Using Lorenzo Veracini's concept of "the settler colonial global present," we look at anti-colonial and Indigenous-led movements from settler colonial societies around the world as they pertain to art and culture. We will pay particular attention to the use of land, water, and relations with plants and animals in art production.

HIST3745Visual Culture and Colonialism (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This course examines visual culture produced in the context of colonial and imperial histories. Students consider twentieth- and twenty-first-century interpretations of colonization from non-European perspectives. We will focus on art and film, but will also draw upon literary, political, and theoretical texts.
HIST3765History of Music in Medieval and Renaissance Periods (A) (Cross-Listed: MUS 3765)3 ch (3C) (W)

Introduction to music between 800 and 1600, studying representative styles and putting this music in a historical perspective.

HIST3775History of Music in the Late Baroque and Classical Period (A) (Cross Listed: MUS 3775)3 ch (3C) (W)

Begins with an examination of the stylistic background of music of the Baroque Period, and follows the development of musical form and style through the late Baroque and Classical eras, i.e., from c. 1700 - c. 1830. Some attention will be given to the role of the musician in the context of the social history of the time.

HIST3785History of Music in the Romantic Era (A) (Cross-Listed: MUS 3785)3 ch (3C) (W)

Traces musical development in nineteenth century Europe in its cultural-historical milieu, mainly in France and Germany. Examines the development of the orchestra, and the French and Austro-German contribution to that development, the role of nationalism in music and the role of the opera.

HIST3795A History of Music in the Twentieth Century (O)(Cross Listed: MUS 3785)3 ch (3C) (W)

Begins with an examination of the Post-Romantic composers, particularly Mahler and Strauss. Studies Debussy and the Impressionists, the Second Viennese School (Berg, Schoenberg, Webern) and its impact on twentieth-century music and the tonalist composers of the first half of the century. Examines music as an art form in North America.

HIST3796History of the Music Dramas of Richard Wagner (O) (Cross-Listed: MUS 3796)3 ch (3C) (W)

An examination of the theoretical constructs behind Wagner's music dramas, the compositional histories of some of the dramas of the 1840's, and then of the Ring Cycle itself. Some attention will be given to the performance history of the dramas as well.

HIST4705Art Histories and Critical Theories (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores global critical theory as it has shaped art history, artists, and art production from the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries. Theories examined include those located in art formalism, Marxism, feminism, gender and sexuality studies, queer studies, material culture studies, psychoanalysis, post-structuralism, the Anthropocene and environmentalism, postmodernism, Indigenous studies, Black studies, and postcolonial, anti-colonial, and decolonial studies. Examines critical shifts in theory as they relate to narrating the histories of art and to the work and lives of artists. 

HIST4735History and the Graphic Novel (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines the graphic novel as a medium for historical narratives and as a document produced in a specific historical context. Explores public engagement with history, history and memory, representations of the past, and the experience of history.
HIST4755HIstory and the Video Game (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Uses the medium of the video game to expore historical narratives and examine video games in historical context. Centering on historical research with respect to games and gaming, students will learn to read and play critically through in-class interactions with video games. Topics include Indigenous histories as portrayed in Never Alone, depictions of capitalism in Portal 2, and representations of settler colonialism in Assassin's Creed 3.
HIST3803War Through Film (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines how selected themes in the history of war have been represented in both documentary and dramatic films, how film has shaped our understanding of the nature of war, and how it is used as an historical document by military historians.

HIST3806The Mediterranean in the Second World War: Strategic Crossroad of a Global War (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Introduces the military and diplomatic history of the Second World War through an in-depth look at the Mediterranean campaigns, intrigues and deception conducted by the Western Allies against Italy and Germany. These campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and the Balkans generated a mixture of tension and compromise between American, British and Russian decision makers as well as the 27 separate contributing nations from Commonwealth Canada and India to free Poland, France and lesser known Brazil and Palestine. Focuses on the formulation of grand strategy, the links between civil and military war objectives, the problems of multi-national coalition warfare, and the planning and execution of combat operations in some of the most difficult and rugged terrain of the war.

HIST3807History of the Canadian Forces, 1867-1953 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

After sketching the period of British military responsibility, this course traces the development of Canadian defence policy and the emergence of Canada’s military forces from Confederation to the Korean War. The primary focus of the course is on the way in which hastily mobilized citizen armies fought the two world wars of the twentieth century and developed a high degree of professionalism in the process.

HIST3808History of the Canadian Forces, 1953-Present (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This course traces the evolution of Canadian defence policy and the Canadian Forces through the Cold War and its aftermath. Special attention is paid to Canada’s role in conflict zones around the world as part of the United Nations, NATO and other international coalitions, and to the often vexed relationship between Canada and its professional Armed Forces

HIST3810The Second World War in Italy (O)6 ch (6S) (W)

This team-taught course explores the rise of Fascist Italy, its alliance with Nazi Germany and the bitter struggle waged against them by the Allies and anti-fascist Italians from 1943-45. Will be taught on location throughout Italy, and centres on visiting historic sites, monuments and battlefields. Italy's unique geography made the campaign especially difficult for its participants and provides students with the subject for much of their study. Although the course addresses the campaign as a whole, special attention is paid to the highly successful, yet little-known, Canadian contribution to the battles at Ortona, the Liri Valley and the Gothic Line. 

HIST3811Unconventional War in the Modern World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This course explores the rise to prominence of unconventional warfare since 1945. It discusses the reasons for dominance of these forms of warfare and the implications of it for governments, military forces and civilian populations. The course introduces students to the concepts of revolutionary war, guerrilla warfare, terrorism, covert action, and counter-insurgency, the theories and their theorists. These themes will be illustrated through a series of case studies, from the insurgencies of the post-1945 anti-colonial period to the ethnic conflicts and genocides of the post-Cold War era.

HIST3814 Conventional War since 1945 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This course examines the causes, conduct, and consequences of the major conventional wars fought since 1945. It will explain reasons for the shift of war from Europe to the non-European world; changes in the way war has been conducted, with particular emphasis on technological change and the impact on the battlefield and on non-combatants; and changes in the way military forces are created, commanded and used. These themes will be illustrated through a series of case studies from the Korean War to the war in Iraq. 

HIST3825The Nature and Limits of Military Power, 1500-2000 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the uses, abuses and development of military power within Western society since 1500. Focuses on how military power is shaped and limited by the technological, social, political, ideological and economic factors of the day. Restriction: Credit will not be given for both HIST 1004 and HIST 3825; and this course is not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2825. 

HIST3835Canada and the Experience of War, 1600-2000 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines how Canadian history has been shaped by military action or the threat of it. Studies Canada as a battleground for European empires in the colonial period, later as an element of British imperial defense policy against the United States, and finally Canada's emergence as an independent player in the major conflicts of the twentieth century. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2835 . 

HIST4803The First World War (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

A military history of the First World War, relating events on the various fronts to their social, political and strategic contexts and looking at tactical, technological and doctrinal developments in the use of arms.

HIST4804The Second World War: The Sea, Land and Air Campaigns (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Examines the campaigns, their technical and tactical developments, and principal personalities.

HIST4835Soldiering Through the Ages (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the military experience of the soldier from the Greek hoplite to the modern warrior. Focuses on such subjects as recruitment, training and preparation for battle and wartime experience, through the vast primary literature that chronicles the life of the soldier.

HIST4851Law and War (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines legal restraints on armed combat since circa 1500. Explores, among other topics, the recent influence of international legal regimens on military strategy, on land, sea and air action, and on peace-keeping. 

HIST4861Terrorism in History (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the evolution of terrorism, primarily by non-state groups, as an agent of historical change. While considering debates over the definition, nature, and causes of terrorism, the course also explores the theories and theorists which shaped terrorist activities. Attention is devoted to the impact of terrorism on victims and societies and to the evolution of and controversies surrounding counter-terrorism policies. Case studies will derive primarily from the period between the late nineteenth century and the present. 

HIST3807Hisotry of the Canadian Forces, 1867-1953 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
After sketching the period of British miliary responsibility, this course traces the development of Canadian defence policy and the emergence of Canada's military forces from Confederation ot the Korean War. The primary focus of the course is on the way in which hastily mobilized citizen armies fought the two world wars of the twentieth century and developed a high degree of professionalism in the process.
HIST3808History of the Canadian Forces, 1953-Present (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
This course traces the evolution of Canadian defence policy and the Canadian Forces through the Cold War and its aftermath. Special attention is paid to Canada's role in conflict zones around the world as part of the United Nations, NATO and other international coalitions, and to the often vexed relationship between Canada and its professional Armed Forces.
HIST3925Technology and Society (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines contemporary ideas about how technology shapes and is shaped by society and culture, historically and today. Considers theories of technological determinism, technology and religious thought, the role of innovation in industrialization and economic growth; the problems of regulating risky technologies; the impact of Information Technology, and the shaping of Canadian science and technology policy. Restriction: Not open to students who have taken HIST 2925. 

HIST3975History of the Life Sciences (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the struggle between vitalistic and mechanistic conceptions of life in the development of biology, the emergence of evolutionary theory and its social and religious consequences, and the technological influence of the life sciences on the rise of modern medicine and genetic engineering. No scientific background expected. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2915. 

HIST3608Histories of Madness (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores histories of madness in Britain and the Americas from early modern madhouses to present day mass incarceration. This course considers the greate range of ideas aobut madness, efforts to treat and contan it, and the lived experiences of individuals deemed 'mad'. Topics include community, grassroots, and medical understandings of madness; madhouses, asylums, and institutional treatment; psychiatric care and rehabilitation; addiction and recovery; advocacy, activism, and rights.
HIST3550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) (W)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST3554Directed Reading Courses/Practicum3 ch (3C) (W)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST4550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) (W)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements. 

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST4554Directed Reading Course/Practicum3 ch (3C) (W)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST3015Inventing Race: A Global History to 1804 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the history of race and racism from a global perspective from the Crusades to the end of the Haitian Revolution. Some topics of discussion include the creation of religious ‘others,’ anti-Judaism and early conspiracy theories, the ‘Doctrine of Discovery’ and European Empires, the legitimation of racism by the Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution, the system of racialized chattel slavery, and the Haitian Revolution.

HIST3016Inventing Race: A Global History Since 1804 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the history of race and racism from a global perspective from the end of the Haitian Revolution to our contemporary moment. Some topics of discussion include the shift from anti-Judaism to anti-Semitism, the creation of race as a scientific category, the rise of nationalism, eugenics, the Holocaust, punk as a grassroots anti-racism movement, and race and the global pandemic.

HIST3615A History of Slavery through Film and Literature (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Explores the history of race, slavery, and freedom in the Atlantic World through autobiography, literature, and film. Central themes include the emergence of race as a justification for slavery, the Middle Passage, the construction of slave narratives and the developing genre of autobiography, the politics of abolition, and the changing depictions of slavery in the modern world. 

HIST3616Caribbean History to 1886 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This course is a survey of the history of the Caribbean region from the indigenous era, beginning around 6000BC, to the final abolition of slavery in Cuba in 1886. Topics include the society, politics, and culture of the indigenous Caribbean; European trade and settlement; indigenous responses and resistance to conquest; variations in European imperial systems; the transatlantic slave trade; slave law; creolization, plantation slavery and slave society; the politics and culture of the enslaved; enslaved resistance; the Haitian Revolution; agriculture and society beyond the plantation; and slave emancipation.
HIST3624A History of Climate Movement (On-Line Course) (O)3 ch (W)
Examines the origins and evolution of the global climate movement from its beginnings during the 1970s until the present day. The focus will be on the agency of climate activists (both as individuals and within nongovernmental organizations), how the climate movement fits within the history of social movements, the various tactics utilized by activists – e.g., fossil fuel divestment, climate strikes, and “distributed action” – and the success and shortcomings of such efforts, how grassroots climate action has evolved over time and within specific countries, and the factors that have contributed to the recent rapid expansion of the climate movement (e.g., the clear scientific consensus on the looming catastrophe, “climate anxiety” among particularly the young, and the differential impact of climate change on the Global South and the Global North).
HIST3625 Disability History (A) 3ch (3C) (W)
This course uncovers a history of disability on North America from pre-conquest to the twentieth century. Its traces the experiences of individuals and communities of people with a wide range of visible and invisible conditions now understood as "disabilities". Rather than treating disability as merely a medical impairment, we will explore the historical and cultural variability of disability. Topics covered include: indigenous notions of ability and disability; disability and colonialism; education and institutions; gender, sexuality, and race; eugenics; freak shows; social welfare and charitable programs; disability and war; the Deaf community; and the disability rights and/independent living movement.
HIST3662Black Diasporas (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores Africans and their descendants in various geographic spaces, including Latin America, the Caribbean, Europe, and North America, from the16th Century to the present. Lectures, readings, discussions, and assignments emphasize several key themes: the indispensability of slavery to the colonial development of the Americas and Europe; the entrenchment of race as a mode of categorical belonging and discrimination; the continuity of multivalent struggles for dignity, freedom, and equality; and the role of gender, geography, and imperial warfare in the shaping of the black diasporas.
HIST4606Gender, Race, and Disability in Colonial Contexts (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores the historical intersections between gender, race, and disability in colonial contexts from 1492 to the present, with a focus on the British Empire. Examines the connections between imperial power and ideas and practices of the body, the role of colonial science in the formulation of ideas about race, sex, and difference, and the role of the penal state in producing disability. We will consider a wide range of themes including conflict and displacement, colonial medicine and health, disability and poverty, slavery and the slave trade, forced migration, state violence and incarceration, resistance and resurgence, and Indigenous, Black, and decolonizing methodologies.
HIST4608Beastly Histories: Humans and Other Animals (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
What defines a human? What defines an animal? Throughout the course of human history, people have interacted with other animals, not only using them for food, clothing, labour and entertainment, but also associating with them as pets and companions, and even appreciating their behaviours intrinsically. Non-human animals have been our symbols and models, and they have even channeled the sacred for us. This course will explore the interactions of humans with other animals from roughly the fifteenth to the nineteenth century. A key theme of this course is the use of animality as a trope to justify the subjugation and dispossession of certain groups of peoples.
HIST4625Gender and Slavery in the Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
The course examines the relationship between gender and the experience of slavery, abolition, and post emancipation in different societies in the Atlantic World from the early 17th century to the late 19th century. Geographic regions covered include Brazil, the Caribbean, Spanish America, the U.S. South, West Africanism and Western Europe. The course discusses themes relating to the impact of slavery and emancipation on the social construction of race, gender identities, class relations, and political authority, in several slaveholding and slavery-based Atlantic world societies. Gender's impact on labour and familial experiences in slaveholding and slavery-based societies is also a major focus. The course is designed to give the students transnational, trans-imperial, and comparative insight into how slavery and gender have shaped relations within and between communications in the Atlantic region.
HIST3675Abolition: From the Slave Trade to Mass Incarceration (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explores the history of abolition in the Americas from the slave trade and slavery to the emergence of the modern prison abolition movement and recent developments concerning policing, immigration detention, and carceral spaces of containment. Considers the Atlantic origins of mass incarceration, the resistnaces it spawned, and the consequences of abolition in West Africa, Latin America, North America, and the Caribbean.
HIST5007Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Europe (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Discusses themes and theories in the history of gender and sexuality in twentieth-century Europe.  Examines such topics as “deviant” sexualities at the fin-de-siècle; gender upheaval in the First World War; the “New Woman” of the 1920s; gender and race in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy; sexual violence in war and genocide; the evolution of the homosexual rights movement; prostitution and the international sex trade; and debates over birth control and maternalism in modern society.
HIST5028Fascism (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the rise of fascist movements and the development of fascist regimes in twentieth-century Europe. Topics to be covered include: the social and cultural roots of fascism, the impact of the First World War, the structures of dictatorship, society and culture under the fascist regimes, racial policy, foreign policy and war, and neo-fascism after 1945. While the course pays particular attention to Italian Fascism and German Nazism, other movements and regimes will be considered. Students who have taken HIST 5026 and HIST 5027 may not take this seminar for credit. 

HIST5032France in Crisis, 1930 - 1945 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Examines the history of France during the "Dark Years", when the country was beset with sharp political divisions and faced Nazi invasion and occupation. Topics to be covered include: political conflict in the 1930s; explaining the defeat of 1940; the rise of the Vichy Regime and the National Revolution; collaboration with the Third Reich and the persecution of minorities; the lives of women and men under foreign occupation; the fate of the French colonial empire; the rise of the Resistance; and the Liberation of France and its aftermath.
HIST5035The Holocaust (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

A study of "the Final Solution to the Jewish Problem", the program of genocide developed by German National Socialists against the Jews of Europe from 1933 to 1945.

HIST5102The Mental World of Europeans, 1300-1600 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the "mental world" of late medieval/early modern Europeans using the most recent research in the field. Introduces students to the latest studies of popular culture, mentalité, and the "new social history", as applied to Europe. Topics of interest include: the debate over popular vs. elite culture; the universe as conceived by both learned and unlearned; the differences between "popular" Christianity and official religion; the relationship between magic, religion and science; beliefs about illness, health and medicine; views of death and the afterlife; and others.

HIST5103Gender, Race and Disease in the Early Modern Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Investigates early modern gender, race and disease through the movements, interactions, and exchanges between peoples of the Atlantic World (specifically, Europe, Africa, and the Americas) during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Themes include: disease and "the body"; climates and geographies of ill health; trade, empire, and disease environments; constitution, complexion and "race"; gender and sexuality. 

HIST5104Atlantic Revolutions, 1763-1848 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Between 1763 and 1848 social and political upheavals – including the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Haitian Revolution, and revolutions in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires – shook the Atlantic World. Slave revolts in the Caribbean and North America fed debates on slavery, and reformers in British North America debated local democracy and responsible government. This course focuses on the revolutions and reform movements that transformed the Americas, the imperial circumstances that engendered them, and the diverse communities and constituencies that shaped them and were in turn shaped by them:  rebels and loyalists, reformers and conservatives, indigenous nations, and enslaved Africans and their descendants.
HIST5275Health and Medicine in Early Modern England (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Investigates the social, intellectual, and economic dimensions of early modern English health and medicine, circa 1500-1800. Themes include: knowledge and practice; medical expertise (lay and commercial); the medical marketplace; patient-doctor relationships; the role of the hospital. Considers how factors such as age, gender, and socio-economic status, as well as family and community, shaped various aspects of health and healthcare in England from the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries. 

HIST5305Capitalism in Canada, 1763-1990 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explores the cultural, economic, and social aspects of capitalism in Canada from the 1763 Royal Proclamation to the 1990 "Oka Crisis." Topics include: settler colonial appropriation of Indigenous territories, global finance capitalism in Canada, resource extraction and development, and market cultures.
HIST5312Native Peoples and Canadian and American State Policy, 1824-1982 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the different ways in which the Canadian and American governments have attempted to deal with Native peoples living inside their borders. Particular attention is paid to the ideological underpinnings of government policy, the various legislative acts defining the relationship between the immigrant societies and Native peoples, and the responses of Native peoples to government initiatives. 

HIST5315Working to Live and Living to Work: Community, Family and Labour in Canada (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explores major themes in the formation of Canadian society through a critical examination of issues and debates around family, work and community. We review the pre-industrial, industrial and post-Second World War periods to provide a framework for analyzing recurrent issues around labour and family life in Canada. More specifically, we consider how these historical moments were experienced by diverse groups of people living in Canada. We will work within the broader context of Canadian Studies, Social, Labour and Women’s histories.
HIST5334Policing in Canada, 1763 - present (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Examines the rise of the Canadian settler state through the lens of surveillance and policing. Looks at the relationship between capitalism, liberalism, and settler colonialism. Topics include state surveillance of labour movements, Indigenous resistance to Canadian imperialism, and Black liberation. Also examines settler state methods used to quell resistance such as appropriating sites of resistance into dominant power structures, violent suppression, restriction of movement, and the creation of a security apparatus to police Black, Indigenous, and otherwise racialized people.
HIST5342Environmental History of North America (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the interaction of the peoples of Canada and the United States with the natural environment. Topics include the theory and methodology of environmental history, changing patterns of land use, resource depletion and industrial migration, the environmental implications of urbanization, and the intellectual and institutional development of the conservation/environmental movement.


HIST5345Natural Resources, Industrialization and the Environment in Atlantic Canada (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

Explores the political, economic and environmental implications of the dependence on natural resources in Atlantic Canada, through an examination of the historical development of the forest, fishing, agricultural and mining industries from the eighteenth century to the post-Second World War period.

HIST5353Canadian Women's History (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

This seminar is designed to encourage students to think about relevant topics and approaches to the history of women in Canada. Using both primary and secondary materials, the seminar focuses on themes drawn from the 19th and 20th century. Themes include, but are not limited to: major approaches to Canadian women’s history; historiography; women’s work and family lives; women and politics, migration/immigration; aboriginal women’s lives; women’s experiences of war; social reform movements; women in professions; women and health; feminism. 

HIST5381Health and Disease in Historical Perspective (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Focuses on nineteenth and twentieth century understandings of health and disease in North America. Stresses how gender, class, race/ethnicity affect historical understandings of disease. 

HIST5388Understanding the Virtual Past; Making Digital History (A)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)

Introduces students to the emerging fields of digital history and virtual museum studies by combining theoretical readings with practical content on the creation and maintenance of digital archives and web design. At the end of this course students will be familiar with the ways in which historical documents, artifacts and other materials can be framed and reframed digitally to allow for new readings and interactions between them. Depending on enrollments from year to year, this course will have students digitize historical sources; create interactive websites; and prepare written assignments on the digitization process and the ways in which new media create and shape historical consciousness.

HIST5403The Loyalists3 ch (3S) (W)

Studies the Loyalists during the American Revolution and in exile in British North America, Great Britain, Sierra Leone, Bermuda, the Bahamas, the British West Indies and Central America. Also considers their long-term political and social role particularly in Canada, including the Loyalist myth. One week devoted to local Loyalist remains such as - houses, and museum and art gallery holdings, etc.

HIST5445The United States in the Progressive Era, 1890-1920 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Considers a variety of themes in the history of the United States in the late-19th and early 20th Centuries. These include populism, imperialism, progressivism, radical politics, and the controversy surrounding the intervention of the United States in the First World War. How did Americans and their institutions respond to the rapid industrialization and modernization of these years?

HIST5449Salem 1692-1693 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explores the different scholarly interpretations of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, focusing on the ways in which historians have analyzed the trials. Compares and contrasts the approaches of social, gender, economic, intellectual, and cultural historians as they have tried to make sense of this fascinating episode in North American colonial history.
HIST5455African American Culture and Politics, 1890-1940 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Explore the intellectual, cultural, and political history of African America during the Jim Crow Era. Topics include the Atlanta Compromise, the Niagara Movement, the rise of civil rights organizations (e.g., the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Urban League), the Great Migration, the Black Left, Marcus Garvey and Black nationalism, spirituals, the blues, ragtime, jazz, the Harlem Renaissance, and African America during the Great Depression. Our focus is on resistance and resilience, both as shaped by 'race leaders' such as Ida B. Wells, W.E.B. DuBois, and A. Philip Randolph, and as experienced by ordinary African Americans.
HIST5456African American Culture and Politics, 1940-1990 (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explores the intellectual, cultural, and political history of African America during the Civil Rights era and beyond. Topics include the March on Washington Movement, the Black church, the mainstream Freedom Movement, non-violent direct action, the Nation of Islam, anti-colonialism, Black Power and Afrocentrism, as well as such cultural phenomena as freedom songs, free jazz, the Black Arts Movement, soul and funk, blaxploitation, and hip hop. Considers the ideas and influence of a variety of African American luminaries, including Martin Luther King, Jr., Ella Baker, James Baldwin, Nina Simone, Malcolm X, Muhammad Ali, Archie Shepp, Amiri Baraka, Marvin Gaye, Larry Neal, Angela Davis, Jesse Jackson, bell hooks, and Mumia Abu-Jamal.
HIST5459Watergate: Political Scandal in Contemporary America (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
On June 17, 1972 five men were arrested after they broke into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate Office complex in Washington, D.C. The investigation that followed and the cover-up in response to it eventually brought down the presidency of Richard M. Nixon. This course examines the stories of Watergate at they evolved in historical consciousness of Americans. Throughout the semester we will explore the various interpretations of the scandal as it unfolded, and the ways in which these interpretations have changed over the course of the 20th and 21st centuries.
HIST5469The Surveillance State: A History in National Security Agency (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explores the history of the National Security Agency. The NSA is an American intelligence and counter-intelligence organization responsible for the global monitoring, collection and processing of signals intelligence (SIGINT). President Harry Truman set up the NSA in 1952. Today it is probably the largest intelligence organization in the world. However, until recently, very little was known about the organization. Indeed, until the mid 1970s very few people knew of its existence. This course will focus on how and why our understanding of the agency has evolved over the last thirty years.
HIST5475Modernist Manhattan (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Explores the innovations and institutions that made New York City the epicentre of North American modernism. Considers a range of cultural products and processes, including bohemianism, literary and visual culture, the cross-fertilization of "black" and "white" forms and traditions, improvisation and the jazz scene, the grounding of critical authority, the politics of authenticity, and the interplay between the avant-garde and the popular. 

HIST5555Directed Research Seminar (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
This Honours Seminar provides an in-depth introduction to primary source research in a field of history using a body of documents from the professor's area of specialization and of his or her choosing.
HIST5605Freedom on Trial: Slavery, Violence, and the Law (O) 3 ch (3S) (W)

This course explores histories of slavery and the law throughout the Caribbean and North America from European conquest in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries to the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. We will read primary sources, including slave laws, trial transcripts, treatises, and first-person narratives. Topics include: indigenous forced labour regimes; slave laws; crime and punishment; manumission; the legal position of free persons of African descent; abolition and the meaning of freedom; the transatlantic slave trade and international law; and the origins of human rights.

HIST5606The African Diaspora and the Atlantic World, 1492-Present (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
What is the African Diaspora? What is the Atlantic World? How do these approaches to the histories of colonialism, slavery, and trade complement and/or differ from each other? Is the Black Atlantic synonymous with the African Diaspora? This Honours seminar will engage with critiques of the concepts of the ‘Atlantic World’ and ‘Black Atlantic’ and question whether such terms are useful in conceptualizing blackness in transnational and global terms. The course will introduce students to thinking about the relationship between historiography on the one hand, and the context for the production of that historiography: 20th- and 21st-century political struggles and the race, class, and gender transformations of academia.
HIST5607The Haitian Revolution (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
This honours seminar examines the Haitian (Saint Domingue) Revolution (1791-1804), the largest and arguably only successful anti-colonial slave rebellion in the western hemisphere, which transformed the French colony of Saint Domingue, the richest colony in the Caribbean, into the independent state of Haiti. It places the Haitian Revolution within the "Age of Revolutions" (1776-1848), while re-centering it within its own narrative, not as an echo of those that preceded it. By reading a combination of primary and secondary sources, we will trace how the revolution unfolded and the ideologies that inspired it,  anti-colonialism, anti-slavery, democracy, freedom, and university of human rights. This course will explore this enormously complex event, its powerful impact on the modern world, including Latin America, the US, France, and Britain, and its place in modern historical memory.
HIST5702Histories of Art, Place, and Popular Culture (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the interconnected histories of place, artistic practice, and popular resistance. Focuses on rural, poor, and racialized experiences of place and popular culture, to centre the ways in which resistant populations across the globe have used art and culture to critique and resist capitalism, war and violence, colonialism, and heterosexism, and to foreground ecological, feminist, queer, Indigenous, Black, and racialized creative practice according to their site-specific contexts. Explores everyday intersections and solidarities across varied popular resistances and historical periods. 

HIST5725Colonialism on Display (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Traces colonial histories of display and representation by entering the experiences of Indigenous, Black, and racialized individuals and communities. Critiques the racist colonial histories of European and European-descended collecting practices, such as "cabinets of curiosities," public museums, world's fairs, art galleries, and educational and scientific venues, moving to more contemporary contexts that include ethnographic film and internet culture. Focuses on creative strategies of anti-colonial and decolonial resistance in the work of artists, curators, museum professionals, and filmmakers.

HIST5803The First World War (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Reviews the key points of controversy surrounding the origins, personalities and conduct of the war on the Western Front. Particular attention will be paid to the role of the British Expeditionary Force, of which the Canadian Expeditionary Force was an increasingly important part.

HIST5804The Second World War (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines key events and issues of the military campaigns of the Second World War, and wrestles with how historians and writers of memoirs have portrayed them. Provides a survey of the major historical problems surrounding the conduct of the war, including: the collapse of the West, the German invasion of Russia, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, area bombing, Normandy, and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

HIST5815The Study of War since 1945 (A)3 ch (3S) (W)

Examines the conduct of war since 1945 through an exploration of the literature on war in theory and practice. Course will focus on the interaction of strategic theory and doctrine, technology, and society in conventional and revolutionary war.

HIST5901The Nature of History3 ch (3S) (W)

This course is compulsory for third-year Single Honours students. It introduces them to the nature of historical discipline, examining the evolution of historical writing and method, research skills and techniques, questions relating to the philosophy of history and the application of history in the community. Normally open to History Honours students only. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 5900. NOTE: Requires the permission of the Director of Honours.

HIST5915Fourth-Year Advanced Seminar3 ch (3S) (W)
The advanced seminar allows select students to participate in one of the seminars offered to History graduate students for Honours credit. Normally open to History Honours students in the final year of the their studies with the approval of the course instructor and the Department.
HIST5920Honours Thesis6 ch (R) (W)

A reading and research course open to exceptional Honours students in their fourth year which should be used to produce an Honours Thesis. Permission to take this course must be sought from the professor in the desired field and the project must be approved by the Department. This course may be used as an alternative to a seminar in the fourth year. It requires a CGPA of at least 3.6 in History courses for admission.

HIST5013German Empires from Settler Colonialsim to Nazism (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Explore the German global empire to investigate themes in the history of settler colonialism, including power and governance, violence and war, race, science and eugenics, and gender and sexuality. Examine connections between genocide in Namibia and Europe and consider scholarly debates around chage and continuity in German history. Consider contemporary debates in Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Samoa, and Germany around financial restitution and official apoligies, educaiton curricula, public memory, and museum exhibits.
HIST5125Making Race in the Early Modern Spanish World (O)3 ch (3S) (W)
Examine how the concept of race was naturalized and documented in the early modern Spanish world using sources from Iberia, Mexico, South America, and the Philippines from the fifteenth through eighteenth centruies. Explore topics of religious difference, colonization, slavery and resistance, legal status, and racialized thinking about bodies, sex, gender, and society. Analyze contemporary ideas about blood purity, Blackness, indigeneity, mestizaje, and connections between claims of whiteness and structures of power. Consider ongoing scholarly debates on histories of race, such as how race operates as a category in diverse colonial settings.
HIST5550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) (W)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST5554Directed Reading Course/Practicum3 ch (3C) (W) (EL)

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements. 

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the Department.