European History

HIST3001West Meets East, 1050-1600 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examine contact and conflict among peoples of various religions, cultures, and societies in the medieval and early modern periods. Explore the histories of the Latin Kingdoms of Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic Caliphates, paying special attention to the crusades, the position of religious minorities, and the role of trade and intellectural exchange. Learn to analyze a variety of different kinds of primary sources related to the themes of the course.

HIST3011Age of Empires (O) 3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the expansion of European imperial power during the nineteenth century, focusing upon developments in Asia and Africa. Explores the reasons for the renewal of European imperialism with a focus on the role of exploration, profit, religion, technology, and violence. Focuses on Asian and African responses to European imperial expansion, and the impact that colonial rule had on structures of class, gender, and race. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3008. 

HIST3012Empires in Crisis (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines challenges to European colonialism during the twentieth century. Explores structures of colonial rule and how they affected class, gender, and race relations in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Analyses the rise of anti-colonial movements and their challenges to imperial rule, within the context of the global crises of the years between 1914 and 1945. Concludes with examinations of the struggles for national independence after the Second World War, and the legacies of colonialism.

Prerequisite: Prior completion of HIST 3011 an asset but not required. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3008. 

HIST3025History and Sexuality: Europe and the World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
This course offers students a transnational history of the changing ideas, identities, and practices associated with sexuality in the modern era, c. 1750 – present. Topics will include: religious belief and moral regulation, science, medicine, and the construction of homosexual, heterosexual and inter-sexual identities, the legal regulation of prostitution, birth control, and abortion, and sexual violence in war and genocide. We will consider the effects of competing ideologies (capitalism, communism, fascism, imperialism) on sexual life and highlight the complex interplay between gender, race, class, and intimate practices. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 3325.
HIST3033France in the Twentieth Century (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the political, social, and cultural history of France during a century of upheaval. Topics to be covered include the Dreyfus Affair; the First World War; culture and society between the wars; the Great Depression and the era of the Popular Front; the rise of French fascism; the Second World War and the Vichy regime; collaboration and resistance; postwar social and cultural change; intellectuals and politics; the government of General de Gaulle; and recent debates over immigration and identity. France’s role as a colonial and postcolonial power is also a central theme in the course.

HIST3034The Viking World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines the Scandinavian culture and society that produced arguably the most feared and respected warriors of the medieval period: the Vikings.  Beyond the infamous swift ships and brutal reputations of these raiders, the Norse themselves were farmers, settlers, artisans, and traders, whose hardscrabble lives were much richer than once thought.  We will examine many aspects of those lives, from homestead to settlement, from work to pastime, from pagan to Christian, beginning in the late Iron Age and ending with the emergence of Christian kingdoms in Norway, Denmark and Sweden (c. 700-1100).  In the process, we will engage with sources ranging from sagas and myths to material objects and archaeological finds, as well as the words of those who fought and traded with the peoples of the North.
HIST3053Berlin: From Empire to Republic (O)3 ch (3C) (W) (EL)
This course uses the city of Berlin to examine Modern German history. In visits to key historical sites, we will discuss the royal history of the Imperial period, soldiers and civilians in the two world wars, cultural innovation in the Weimar Republic, and the crimes of National Socialism. We will use the city landscape to talk about communism and capitalism during the Cold War, the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, and the challenges and opportunities of European Union in the twenty-first century. Normally taught on location.
HIST3055The Generation of the Great War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Offers a comprehensive introduction to the First World War, examining its causes, course, and aftermath within a military, political and social context. It focuses on how the war was experienced on both the war and home fronts, by soldiers and civilians alike.

HIST3063History of Modern Greece (O) (Cross-Listed: CLAS 3463)3 ch (3C) (W)
An introductory survey course of the history of Modern Greece from the Greek War of Independence in 1821 to the Second World War. Special attention is paid to events and themes such as the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 and the Greek Diaspora by utilizing literature and other historical sources and documentaries in order to present the society, culture and politics of Greece and gain a better understanding of the modern Greek identity. There are no prerequisites.
HIST3085Modern Germany 1871-1945 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Beginning with the 1871 unification of Germany and ending with the Third Reich’s defeat in the Second World War, this course explores numerous themes, including: political and cultural innovation, diplomacy, violence, gender relations, everyday life under democracy and dictatorship, memory and commemoration, war and genocide, and the changing place of Germany within Europe. We discuss the fractures and divisions within Imperial German society, the home and fighting fronts of the First World War, the short-lived but influential Weimar Republic, the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Volksgemeinschaft of the Third Reich, and the Nazi “Final Solution to the Jewish Problem” in Occupied Europe. 

HIST3095Modern Germany, 1945 to the Present (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

This course examines German history from the end of the Second World War to the present. Beginning with the Allied occupation of Germany in 1945, the course investigates the formation of two separate states: the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. Using the tools of social, cultural, political, and gender history, the course considers themes such as: everyday life under communism and capitalism, Cold War politics, protest and terrorism, the memory of Holocaust crimes, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the many challenges facing Germany in the post-unification era. 

HIST3125The Cold War: An International History (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the evolution of the Cold War from 1945 to 1991. Topics to be examined include: the debate over the origins of the Cold War; the creation of opposing alliance systems in Europe; the Asian dimensions of the Cold War; the significance of the Cold War for Africa and Latin America; the rise and fall of détente; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet bloc. Attention is paid to the social and cultural impact of the Cold War. 

HIST3133Rome: from the Baroque to the Modern Era (1527 to the Present) (O)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)

Studies the impact of the Catholic Reformation on Baroque Rome, the end of Papal Rome with the unification of the Italian nation, the urban expansion of the late nineteenth century, and Rome's emergence as the capital of Mussolini's New Empire. The creation of the Vatican City State is studied, and contemporary Roman life and politics will be experienced. Normally taught on location.

HIST3134Romanticism and Revolution in Rome (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

As the decades of faith in Enlightenment reason gave way to the emotional backlash of the Romantics, Rome provided a context for many of the aims of the new generation: the balance between Classicism and Romanticism, between the ruins of civilization and the struggle for a new political order, between nature and the imagination, between the past and the future. Designed as an interdisciplinary exploration of these subjects as they manifested themselves in late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Rome, this course considers literature, music, art and philosophy as forces of innovation that helped shape the experience of social and cultural transformation. By visiting, seeing, reading and listening to the new styles of expression embodied by Romanticism, we explore the political issues central to the new aesthetic that inspired poets and patriots in Rome’s Revolution of 1848. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3135Contemporary Italy (O)3 ch (3S) (W) (EL)

Examines the politics, society and culture of Italy from 1945 to the present. Normally taught on location.

HIST3136Rome and the Papacy in the Age of Reformation (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Beginning with an examination of the late medieval and Renaissance papacy, this course focuses on the role of the papacy in and its response to the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course gives special attention to Rome as the catalyst, locus and expression of reform. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3144Crime, Policing, and Punishment in Modern Europe (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines how European states and societies have defined and responded to criminality since the 18th century. Explores how perceptions of criminals have evolved with reference to the categories of class, gender, and race. Surveys the evolution of legal, policing, and penal systems, considering the impact of industrialization, ongoing cultural and social change, the emergence of dictatorships, and total war. Employs a comparative perspective, drawing on case studies from a variety of European nations.
HIST3203Early Modern London (O)3 ch (3S) (W)

Early modern London was an exceptional city in many ways and it played a unique and pivotal part in the history of England, Europe and increasingly during this period, in a global context. This is an advanced level course designed to explore the nature of London and Londoners from 1485-1714. Normally taught on location.

HIST3215Early Modern British History Part 1: 1485-16883 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1485-1688. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England (and, to a lesser extent, Wales, Scotland and Ireland) during the Tudor and Stuart eras. Topics include: the rise of the Tudor state; the nature of English society; the English Reformation; overseas exploration, trade, and settlement; the coming of the Stuart monarchy; the Scientific Revolution; the Civil Wars and Interregnum; the Glorious Revolution. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3170, HIST 3202, HIST 3204, or HIST 3242 . 

HIST3216Early Modern British History Part 2: 1688-18303 ch (3C) (W)

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1688-1830. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England, Scotland, and Ireland during the reign of Stuart and Hanoverian monarchs. Topics include: The Glorious Revolution; the unions of England, Scotland, and Ireland; the Enlightenment; industrialization; eighteenth-century politics; the quest for empire; the American and French Revolutions; the Napoleonic Wars. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3170 or HIST 3242 . 

HIST3226Medicine and Society in the Early Modern British World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examines the social history of health and medicine in the early modern British world, c. 1500 -1800. Focuses on the relationship between medicine and society to explore how social, cultural, intellectual, and political factors helped to shape experiences of health, illness, and healing in early modern Britain and its Empire. The perspectives of patients will be considered alongside those of practitioners in the investigation of topics such as: early modern notions of the body, health, and environment; the role of religion, medical knowledge, authority, and the marketplace; the nature of the patient-practitioner exchange; public health responses; military and imperial medicine; the rise and function of medical institutions; medical ethics and professionalization. Evaluates such topics in relation to both continuity and change over the course of three centuries.
HIST4001Heretics and Witches in Europe, 1350-1650 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

Examines popular religion and magic in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe and official efforts to transform "popular culture". Emphasizes the medieval inquisitions against heresy (twelfth to fifteenth centuries) and especially the phenomenon of European witch-hunting (fifteenth to seventeenth centuries). Explanations of the causes of the witch-hunt, its victims and eventual decline are highlighted.

HIST4002Europe in the Renaissance (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Studies society and culture in Europe, especially Italy, from the mid fourteenth century to about 1530. This was one of Europe’s greatest periods of intellectual and cultural ferment and creativity, marked by great achievements in commerce, education (humanism) and the arts. It was also a period of considerable upheaval, including the plague, political intrigue, warfare, economic and social crises, witch-hunting and the devastating effects of the conquest of the Americas. The course will also examine the lives of women and men in the urban environment.

HIST4003Women in the Early Modern Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the ways in which the lives of women from Europe, Africa, and the Americas were shaped by "Atlantic World" experiences from the sixteenth through early nineteenth centuries. Considers how race and socio-economic/legal status influenced female experiences of patriarchy, sexuality, work, and agency by placing them into the broader social, cultural, political, and religious contexts of the early modern Atlantic World. 

HIST4006The Mental World of Europeans, 1600-1800 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

This course explores the fresh emphasis that early modern Europeans placed on learning, the exploration of nature, and new critiques of the societies in which they lived.  The Scientific Revolution, social activism (such as the antislavery movement and early feminism), and the rise of republicanism are examined in the light of contemporary thought and social currents.

HIST4007The French Revolution and Napoleon (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)
Examines the history of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. Topics include: the origins of of the Revolution; the fall of the French monarchy; the Great Terror; Revolutionary culture; the impact of the Revolution upon women, religion, and slavery; the rise of Napoleon; and the impact of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic War upon Europe.
HIST4012Home Fronts at War (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Focuses on the European home fronts of the First World War, a conflict George Kennan termed the seminal catastrophe of the twentieth century. Historians increasingly refer to the First World War as the first “total war”, as entire societies were scaled toward supporting the massive armies on the fighting fronts. The course takes students deep into the everyday experiences of European men and women on the home fronts.

HIST4013The Holocaust: Victims, Perpetrators, Bystanders (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Provides a thematic survey of the Nazi destruction of the European Jews. Examines the ideological underpinnings of the genocide, the policies leading up to and including the so-called “Final Solution” of the “Jewish problem”, perpetrator motivations, Jewish responses to persecution and survival strategies in the camps. Also explores how the Holocaust unfolded in various European countries and the responses of nations, institutions and individuals to the mass murder of the Jews. Concludes with an examination of the post-war trials of war criminals and considers the definition of genocide after the Holocaust. Primary documents are discussed in the lectures, and several on-going historiographical are debates examined during class discussions. 

HIST4015The Origins of the Second World War (O)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the international history of the period between 1919 and 1941. Topics to be covered include the Paris Peace Settlement of 1919; the attempt to rebuild the international system in the 1920s; the impact of the Great Depression; the evolution of alliances in the 1930s; the role of ideology in international relations; military and strategic influences on foreign policy; and the significance of both intelligence-gathering and public opinion. The course will focus on the foreign policies of Great Britain, France, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the United States.

HIST4105Italy in the Twentieth Century (O)3 ch (2C 1T) (W)

From the crisis of Liberal Italy in the First World War, this course studies the rise and decline of Mussolini's Fascism and the establishment of the Christian Democratic hegemony after 1945. The challenge of Italian Communism is examined as are the policies of the Vatican in the twentieth century.

HIST4247Eighteenth-Century British Society and Culture (A)3 ch (3C) (W)

Examines the changing meanings and representations of social status in Britain during the ‘long eighteenth century,’ circa 1688-1832. Considers whether (and to what degree) Georgian Britons may be regarded as “a polite and commercial people”. Topics include: rank and status; gender roles; manners, politeness, and emulation; consumerism and consumption; mercantilism, trade, and the pursuit of wealth; the ‘middling sort’ and the rise of the middle class; urbanization and non-landed elites; early industrialization.

HIST3103Conquest and Conversion in the Iberian World, 1400-1700 (O)3 ch (3C) (W)
Examine conquest and conversion as interconnected processes in territories colonized by the early modern kingdoms of Spain and Portugal. Consider the period between 1400 and 1700 as an era of conversions, exploring the complexity of religious conversion as well as many social, cultural, political, economic, and material transformations. Analyze a variety of primary sources and engage with pertinent historical debates. Compare the experiences of conquest and conversion in different regions throughout Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Asia. Investigate how Catholicism, Iberian rule, and slavery reshaped local politics, economics, and societies.