Land is not merely a commodity; it is a cultural and socio-economic asset. As an asset, “Land is arguably one of the most important assets for people throughout the world. This is particularly true for the rural and urban poor, where land may form the most significant part of their asset base” (ARD 2006). 

While income is almost invariably used as a measure of poverty, it is merely a consequence rather than the cause of poverty. The true underlying cause is a lack of assets or the inability to capitalize on existing assets (ID 1998; World Bank 2001; Attanasio and Székely 2001; Birdsall and Londono 1997a, b; de Janvry and Sadoulet 2000).

Informal Settlement in Northern Malawi

 “We have learned that asset ownership is one of the most powerful tools to attack poverty and close the divide” (Chatterjee 2000); or “Initial inequalities in the distribution of land and of human capital have a clear negative effect on economic growth, and the effects are almost twice as great for the poor as for the population as a whole” (Birdsall and Londono 1997a).

The following selected projects/courses completed by the CPS were designed and implemented to enhance awareness, knowledge and action relating to land administration and management.



  • Governance Framework for Customary Land Secretariats, Ghana (Ministry of Lands Ghana), 
  • Building Higher Education in Malawi (AUCC / CIDA)
  • Sustainable Land Management in Senegal (World Bank), 
  • Land Reform and Governance in South Africa (CIDA and AUCC), 
  • Land Information Systems in the Knowledge Economy for Africa (UNECA / NRCan).
  • E-Strategy for the City of Durban, South Africa (Industry Canada)
  • Capacity Building in Southern Africa (CIDA)
  • Land Administration Capacity Building Project, Mozambique (Sida)

Middle East:

  • Training of Department of Land Registration and Cadastre  (Errant Inc.)


  • Land Registration and Titling Evaluation in Cambodia (CIDA), 
  • Kazakhstan Land Registration Project (World Bank)
  • Evaluation of Land Registration Projects, Russia / Ukraine (Sida)


  • Legal and Institutional Analysis for Land Administration (ID)

Eastern Europe:

  • Impact of Land Reform on Agriculture in Kyrgistan (GRM), 

Latin America:  

  • Land policy Development in Peru (World Bank); 
  • The Geodetic Framework for Brazil (CIDA), 
  • Benefits and Requirements of an Effective Municipal Geospatial Information Systems Using GIS Technology (Industry Canada – SCI) 
  • Municipal Cadastre and Capacity Building in Costa Rica (CIDA INC), 
  • Workshop on Property. . . A Concept, an Institution and a Right, Costa Rica  (CIDA)
  • Workshop on  Property . . . A Concept, an Institution and a Right, Mexico (INSTRUCT)
  • The Fiscal Cadastre - A Public-Private Alliance for San Salvador (CIDA)

North America:

  • Title Insurance and the Canadian Land Conveyancing Systems (CMHC)
  • Land Title Conveyance Practices and Fraud (CMHC)
  • Seminar - Building Property Systems: From Theory to Practice (World Bank)
  • A Review of Secured Lending Theory (World Bank)
  • Secured Credit: A Review of Selected Foreign/ Comparative Law Sources (World Bank)
  • Land Acquisition Strategies for First Nations in Nova Scotia (Confederacy of Mainland Micmacs)
  • Strategies for Improving Land Records Management in Nova Scotia (Government of Nova Scotia)
  • Boundary Resolution  in New Brunswick (Association of New Brunswick Land Surveyors)
  • Property Infrastructure on Canada Lands - Strategies for the 21s Century (Legal Surveys, NRCan)
  • Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in New Brunswick (Province of New Brunswick)  
  • Proposal for A Land Security Act in New Brunswick (NB Geographic Information Corporation)