Earth Sciences

Faculty: Faculty of Science
Degree(s): Bachelor of Science
Campus: Fredericton

Earth scientists, also called geoscientists and geologists, study the origin and evolution of oceans and continents. This includes the formation of mountain ranges, valleys, glaciers, and lakes. They also study the causes and effects of natural hazards, such as those created by land- and rock-slides, earthquakes, floods and droughts, sea- and lake-level changes, and volcanic eruptions.

Earth scientists also investigate:

  • the origin, migration and quality of groundwater
  • the monitoring and mitigation of river and coastal erosion or flooding
  • sea- and lake-level rise and fall
  • climate change

They study the origin of Earth's natural resources and are extensively involved in the discovery and environmentally responsible development of metallic minerals, salts, water, clay, sand, gravel, cement, coal, oil and natural gas that society uses for construction of the built environment, agriculture and drinking water, communications and energy.

Urban and land-use planning, and efforts to clean up our environment, require a sound knowledge of earth-science processes.

Faculty of Science

The Faculty of Science is one of the university’s oldest faculties and was established when UNB was founded in 1785. Our faculty has an outstanding reputation, both nationally and internationally, and as a student you will be able to benefit from its stellar accomplishments in research and its acclaimed graduate and undergraduate degree programs. 

The Bachelor of Science program in Earth Sciences is offered by the Department of Earth Sciences

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Admission requirements

For admission requirements, select "Science" in our admission requirements tool.


  • Groundwater Specialist/Geochemist - Hydrogeologist
  • Reclamation and Remediation Specialist/Contaminated Site Manager - Environmental Assessment Specialist
  • Geohazard Specialist - Glaciologist – Applied Geomorphologist – Geophysicist/Seismologist - –Structural geologist – Volcanologist
  • Geophysicist
  • Mineral or Petroleum Exploration/Development/Production Geologist - Mine Geologist
  • Marine Geologist/Oceanographer – (bio-)stratigrapher/(micro-)paleontologist
  • Teacher - Museum Curator - Geotourist Guide - Science Journalist/Technical Writer