Chemistry

Students should note that in the Science Faculty the minimum acceptable grade in a course which is required by a particular program or is used to meet a prerequisite, is a "C". Any student who fails to attain a "C" or better in such a course must repeat the course (at the next regular session) until a grade of "C" or better is attained. Students will not be eligible for graduation until such deficiencies are removed. The only exception may be granted for a single course with a “D” grade that is a normal part of the final year of that program, and is being taken for the first time in the final year.

Valid WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) certification is required for all students who wish to take CHEM laboratory courses. WHMIS certification workshops will be provided. Information regarding WHMIS training will be provided during the first week of classes.

NOTE: See the beginning of Section H for abbreviations, course numbers and coding.

Chemistry program description.

CHEM1001General Chemistry I3 ch (3C 1T)

An introduction to atoms and molecules, chemical equations and reactions, the periodic table, the electronic structure of atoms, and chemical bonding as well as an introduction to organic chemistry including structure and bonding, functional groups, isomers, and polymers. An adequate high school background in math, and chemistry is required.

CHEM1006General Chemistry Laboratory I2 ch (3L)

Topics include: measurements and statistics, inorganic and organic synthesis, qualitative and quantitative analysis, computer modeling, and molecular geometry. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

 Co-requisite: CHEM 1001

CHEM1012General Chemistry II3 ch (3C 1T)

An introduction to gases, thermochemistry, rates of reaction, chemical equilibrium, spontaneity of reactions, reactions in aqueous solution, acids and bases, acid-base equilibria, solubility equilibria, redox reactions, and electrochemistry. Note: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982

Prerequisite: CHEM 1001

Co-requisite: MATH 1003 or equivalent. 

CHEM1017 General Chemistry Laboratory II2 ch (3L)

Topics include: ideal gases, heats and rates of reactions, chemical equilibria, acid-base equilibria, redox titrations, and voltaic cells. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 1017 or CHEM 1987

Prerequisite: CHEM 1006.

Co-requisite: CHEM 1012

CHEM1303Introduction to Environmental Chemistry3 ch (3C)
This course examines current global environmental issues that have a basis in chemistry. The chemistry of air, water, soil and living systems is described at an introductory level, while incorporating the relevance of anthropogenic activity and impact on both the causes and solutions to these problems. Core chemical foundations, such as conservation of mass, understanding the periodic table, and molecular structure, will be discussed. NOTE: This course cannot be used as a substitute for CHEM 1001, CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982.
CHEM1982General Applied Chemistry3 ch (3C 1T)

Intended primarily for non-science majors. Building on examples from environmental chemistry, polymers, fuel cells and corrosion, this course covers chemical material properties, solutions & solubility, kinetics & equilibrium, acids & bases, thermodynamics and electrochemistry. NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982.

Prerequisite: 70% in Grade 12 Chemistry. 

CHEM1987General Applied Chemistry Laboratory2 ch (3L)

Intended primarily for non-science majors students. Topics include: ideal gases, heats and rates of reactions, chemical equilibria, acid-base equilibria, redox titrations, and voltaic cells. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 1017 or CHEM 1987. 

Prerequisite: 70% in Grade 12 Chemistry. 

 Co-requisite: CHEM 1982

CHEM2002Quantum Chemistry I4 ch (3C 1L)

Molecular symmetry. Basic quantum theory and solutions for simple models. The orbital (Hartree-Fock) model for molecules. The Huckel model. Selected contemporary topics. Includes a computer laboratory component.

Prerequisites: CHEM 1001, MATH 2003

Co-requisite: MATH 2213 or equivalent. 

CHEM2009Experience in Chemistry Research I3 ch (3L) [W]

CHEM 2009 is a project based course where students conduct research under the supervision of a chosen faculty member. Students must have declared a Science Major and must have CGPA of 3.7 or better to enter after first year or a CGPA of 3.0 or higher to enter after second year. Students will be provided with a list of projects and applicants' names will be forwarded to project supervisors. Project assignment will be made by the Director of Undergraduate Studies and enrolment may be limited. Students are encouraged to plan for alternative courses in the case that no suitable project is available. A minimum of at least 3 scheduled hours per week is required and one seminar presentation will be required at the end of the academic year, as well as a written report. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisites: CHEM 1001, CHEM 1006, CHEM 1012 and CHEM 1017

CHEM2121Analytical Chemistry I 3 ch (3C)

An introductory course. Topics include: concepts of acid-base, redox, precipitation and solvent extraction equilibria; error analysis and regression analysis; titrimetric and spectrophotometric analysis. 

Prerequisites: CHEM 1012 and CHEM 1017.
CHEM2136Analytical Chemistry Laboratory I2 ch (3L) [W]
Introduction to experimental analytical chemistry. Topics include: sample handling and preparation, calibration techniques, error analysis and regression analysis, titrimetric and spectrophotometric analysis. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisites: CHEM 1012 and CHEM 1017.

Pre- or co-requisiteCHEM 2121.
CHEM2201Inorganic Chemistry I3 ch (3C)

Periodic properties of the atoms. Bonding, structures and reactions of inorganic compounds.

Prerequisite: CHEM 1012.

CHEM2222Inorganic Chemistry II3 ch (3C)

Bonding, structures and reactions of inorganic compounds.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2201.

CHEM2237Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory I2 ch (3L) [W]

Introduction to preparation techniques in inorganic chemistry. Applications of IR and UV-Vis spectroscopies. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisites: CHEM 1017, CHEM 2201, and CHEM 2416.

Co-requisite: CHEM 2222.

CHEM2321Structural Analysis in Chemistry3 ch (3C)

This course introduces several of the more common techniques used to study the structure of molecules in the liquid and solid state. These include ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance.

Prerequisite: CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982.

CHEM2401Introductory Organic Chemistry for Non-Chemistry Majors3 ch (3C)

An introductory course intended primarily for students requiring a one-term course in organic chemistry. This course emphasizes basic organic chemistry concepts such as the naming and structures of organic compounds, functional groups and chemical reactivity, and some basic chemistry relevant to biological processes. This course is not equivalent to CHEM 2421, and is designed to provide a broader coverage of material. Students in the Biology-Chemistry or Chemistry programs must take CHEM 2421. Credit cannot be obtained for both CHEM 2401 and CHEM 2421.

Prerequisite: CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982.

CHEM2416Organic Chemistry Laboratory I2 ch (3L)

Introduction to experimental organic chemistry, with emphasis on laboratory techniques and structure determination. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisite: CHEM 1017

Co-requisite: Either CHEM 2401 or CHEM 2421.

CHEM2421Organic Chemistry I3 ch (3C)

An introductory course. Topics include: acids and bases in organic chemistry, stereochemistry and optical isomerism, functional groups and nomenclature, substitution and elimination reactions. This course is not equivalent to CHEM 2401; however, credit cannot be obtained for both CHEM 2401 and CHEM 2421. 

Prerequisite: CHEM 1012 or CHEM 1982.

CHEM2422Organic Chemistry II3 ch (3C)

A continuation of CHEM 2421. Topics include: electrophilic addition to alkenes and their synthetic utility, aromaticity, electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions, additions to the carbonyl group. 

Prerequisite: CHEM 2421

CHEM2601Physical Chemistry I3 ch (3C)
The three laws of thermodynamics, thermochemical calculations, chemical equilibria, introduction to phase rule. 

Prerequisites: MATH 1013 or equivalent and CHEM 1012.

Co-requisite: MATH 2003 or equivalent or Departmental Approval.
CHEM2882Career Skills for Chemistry Majors3 ch (3C)
This course is specifically designed for chemistry majors to equip students with the necessary skills to succeed in an ever-changing job market and to take advantage of a multitude of career options. Note that enrolment is restricted to students in the Chemistry and Medicinal Chemistry programs (Majors and Honours).
CHEM2903Work Term Report ICR
A written report on the scientific activities of the work term. A component of the grade will be based on the employer's evaluation of the student. (Students must have a GPA of 2.7 or better for CHEM Co-op placement.)
CHEM3009Experience in Chemistry Research II3 ch (3L) [W]

CHEM 3009 is a project based course where students conduct research under the supervision of a chosen faculty member. Students must have declared a Science Major and must have a CGPA of 3.7 or better to enter after first year or a CGPA of 3.0 or higher to enter after second year. Students will be provided with a list of projects and applicants' names will be forwarded to project supervisors. Project assignment will be made by the Director of Undergraduate Studies and enrolment may be limited. Students are encouraged to plan for alternative courses in the case that no suitable project is available. A minimum of at least 3 scheduled hours per week is required and one seminar presentation will be required at the end of the academic year, as well as a written report. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). 

 Prerequisites: CHEM 1001, CHEM 1006, CHEM 1012, CHEM 1017, and CHEM 2009

CHEM3122Analytical Chemistry II3 ch (3C)

Principles of both equilibrium-based and basic instrumental methods of analysis. Topics include non-aqueous and complexometric titrations, analytical separations, potentiometry, analytical spectrophotometry, gas chromatography, elementary chemometrics, sample preparation and method development.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2121

CHEM3137Analytical Chemistry Laboratory II 2 ch (3L)

Applications of both equilibrium-based and basic instrumental methods of chemical analysis. Experiments are designed to illustrate the applications of non-aqueous and advanced titration methods, analytical separations, potentiometry, analytical spectrophotometry (atomic and UV-vis), liquid chromatography (HPLC), sampling and method development. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). 

Prerequisites: CHEM 2121 and CHEM 2136.

CHEM3201Inorganic Chemistry III3 ch (3C)

Covers transition metals and introduction to organometallic chemistry. 

Prerequisites: CHEM 2002 and CHEM 2222.

CHEM3222Inorganic Chemistry IV3 ch (3C)

Selected aspects of main group inorganic chemistry emphasizing periodic trends.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2222.

CHEM3236Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory II2 ch (3L) [W]

Advanced preparative techniques in inorganic chemistry. Applications of IR and NMR spectroscopies. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisite: CHEM 2237.

CHEM3421Organic Chemistry III3 ch (3C)

Covers aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid derivatives, enolates, carbanion chemistry and organic synthesis.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2422

CHEM3422Organic Chemistry IV3 ch (3C)

Selected topics in organic chemistry.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2422

CHEM3523Medicinal Chemistry3 ch (3C) [W]

An introduction to medicinal chemistry. Sample topics include the drug discovery process, the medicinal chemistry of enzymes, receptors, and nucleic acids, as well as modern experimental and computational approaches to drug design. Chemical aspects of current protein and nucleic acids tools will also be covered. 

Prerequisites: BIOL 2023 and either CHEM 3421 or CHEM 3422.

CHEM3621Physical Chemistry II3 ch (3C)

Elementary electrochemistry, electrochemical cells, electrolysis, electromotive forces, applications of EMF measurements. Reaction kinetics and mechanisms, uni- bi-, and termolecular reactions, catalysis, enzyme catalysis, chain reactions, reaction dynamics, steric effects and transition state theory. 

Prerequisites: MATH 2003 or equivalent, CHEM 2601 (or CHE 2012 for Chemical Engineering students only). 

CHEM3622Physical Chemistry III3 ch (3C)

Probability distributions, ensembles, Maxwell-Boltzman distribution, partition functions, hard sphere collision theory, potential energy surfaces, transition state theory, reaction dynamics.

Prerequisites: MATH 2003 and MATH 2213 or equivalent, CHEM 2002 and CHEM 3621.

CHEM3637Physical Chemistry Laboratory I 2 ch (3L) [W]

Introduction to experimental physical chemistry. Topics include areas in thermochemistry, kinetics and electrochemistry. Some experiments have computational chemistry components. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisites: CHEM 2002, CHEM 2601 and CHEM 3621.

CHEM3857Organic Chemistry Laboratory II for non-Chemistry Majors2 ch (3L)

Advanced techniques and reactions in experimental organic chemistry, with an emphasis on synthetic techniques. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). 

Prerequisite: CHEM 2416.

Co-requisite: CHEM 2422. NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 3857 or CHEM 4416

CHEM3886Analytical Chemistry Laboratory for Chemical Engineers2 ch (3L)

This course teaches the basic techniques and data treatment in chemical analysis. The experimental content covers handling skills, titration methods and the applications of instrumental methods (UV-visible, and flame atomic absorption spectrophotmetry and potentiometry) to analyse real samples. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisites: CHEM 1982 and CHEM 1987.

CHEM3897Organic Chemistry Laboratory for Chemical Engineers (*)1 ch (3L)

Introduction to experimental organic chemistry, with an emphasis on purification techniques. The synthesis of commercially valuable compounds will also be addressed. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details). *one three-hour lab every other week for 10 weeks.

 Prerequisites: CHEM 1987 and CHEM 2401.

CHEM3903Work Term Report IICR

A written report on the scientific activities of the work term. A component of the grade will be based on the employer’s evaluation of the student. (Students must have a GPA of 2.7 or better for CHEM Co-op placement.)

Prerequisite: Work Term Report I in a field of Science.
CHEM4000Senior Research Projects9 ch [W]

CHEM 4000 is a project-based course where students conduct research under the supervision of a faculty member. Students must be in their final year of any Chemistry program or in any interdepartmental program involving Chemistry (including General Science) and must have a CGPA of 3.0 or better. Honours students in an interdepartmental program with chemistry may choose to complete their honours project in chemistry. A minimum of at least 9 scheduled hours per week is required throughout the year, and a thesis and seminar presentation will be required at the end of the academic year. Students must complete the application form, available from the CHEM 4000 coordinator, and submit it to the course coordinator no later than March 15th of their penultimate year. Upon consideration by the Department, applicants will be notified on May 1st of that year. Enrollment is subject to project availability. Students who are unsuccessful in procuring a CHEM 4000 project are encouraged to pursue an Honours by Course option, and should meet with the Director of Undergraduate Studies to discuss this option as soon as possible. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Co-requisite: 4th year level lecture courses in selected project area.

CHEM4013Quantum Chemistry II2 ch (2C)

Applications of group theory in chemistry. Practical computational chemistry.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2002

CHEM4112Advanced Analytical Chemistry2 ch (2C)

Advanced topics in analytical chemistry.

Prerequisite: Departmental approval.

CHEM4222Advanced Inorganic Chemistry2 ch (2C)

Advanced topics in inorganic chemistry.

Prerequisite: Departmental approval. 

CHEM4416Organic Chemistry Laboratory II2 ch (3L)

Advanced techniques and reactions in experimental organic chemistry. Topics include functional group manipulation, carbon-carbon bond formation reactions, inert atmosphere techniques, and structure determination through spectroscopy. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisite: CHEM 2416.

Co-requisite: CHEM 3421. NOTE: Credit can be obtained for only one of CHEM 3857 or CHEM 4416.

CHEM4422Advanced Organic Chemistry2 ch (2C)

Advanced topics in organic chemistry.

Prerequisite: Departmental approval. 

CHEM4513Medicinal Chemistry Seminars3 ch (3C)

Selected Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. Note that enrolment is limited to students in the Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry, and Biology-Chemistry Comprehensive programs (Majors and Honours). Students in other programs must obtain permission from the instructor to register for this course. 

Prerequisites: CHEM 3421 and CHEM 3523.

CHEM4601Physical Chemistry IV3 ch (3C)

Molecular Spectroscopy Electronic, vibrational and rotational spectra of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Radiative and non-radiative transitions. Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron-spin resonance spectroscopy.

Prerequisite: CHEM 2002

CHEM4616Physical Chemistry Laboratory II2 ch (3L) [W]

Experiments illustrating the fundamentals and applications of spectroscopy in the ultra-violet visible (UV-vis), infrared (IR) and radiofrequency (NMR) regions. Many experiments have computational chemistry components. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisite: CHEM 3637.

Co-requisite: CHEM 4601

CHEM4622Advanced Physical Chemistry2 ch (2C)

Advanced topics in physical chemistry.

Prerequisite: Departmental approval. 

CHEM4886Physical Chemistry Laboratory for Chemical Engineers2 ch (3L)

This course consists of experiments in chemical kinetics and electrochemistry. Topics include order of reaction, activation energies, reaction mechanisms, solution conductivities, enzyme kinetics and fast reaction kinetics. NOTE: WHMIS certification required (see beginning of Chemistry Courses section for details).

Prerequisite: CHEM 3621

CHEM4903Work Term Report IIICR

A written report on the scientific activities of the work term. A component of the grade will be based on the employer's evaluation of the student. (Students must have a GPA of 2.7 or better for CHEM Co-op placement.)

Prerequisite: Work Term Report II in a field of Science.
CHEM4909Directed Studies in Advanced Chemistry3 ch

Students may pursue directed studies in specific areas and topics related to chemistry. These studies may involve any of the chemistry disciplines. The content and process of each directed study will be determined through negotiation between a student and the supervising faculty member(s). Departmental approval is also required.

CHEM4919Directed Studies in Advanced Chemistry3 ch

Students may pursue directed studies in specific areas and topics related to chemistry. These studies may involve any of the chemistry disciplines. The content and process of each directed study will be determined through negotiation between a student and the supervising faculty member(s). Departmental approval is also required. 

 

CHEM4503Biocomputing in Drug Design5 ch (3C 3L)

Introduction to biocomputing in the pharmaceutical industry. Topics include molecular modeling, rational drug design, high throughput screening and combinatorial chemistry, protein modeling and 3D bioinformatics. Course includes lectures and a computer laboratory component. NOTE: This course is also cross-listed as CS 3003 and may be taken for either Computer Science or Science credit.

Prerequisites: CHEM 1001, CHEM 1012, and BIOL 1001, BIOL 1012, or permission of instructor. CHEM 2421 or BIOL 2023 is recommended.