BIOL6000Graduate Student Seminar3 ch
This required course is composed of weekly in-person or virtual seminars presented by researchers working in fields related to marine biology, coastal science, general biology, and other relevant fields who will present on topical issues in scientific research and communication. MSc students must enroll in BIOL 6000 each Fall and Winter term it is offered until they have either completed four terms (to the satisfaction of the BIOL 6000 coordinator) or completed their degree (whichever occurs sooner). PhD students must enroll in BIOL 6000 each Fall and Winter term it is offered until they have completed at least six terms (to the satisfaction of the BIOL 6000 coordinator) and also given a BIOL 6000 research seminar (usually in the third year of their degree).
BIOL6003Graduate Student Seminar (F)3 ch
This course provides practice and instruction in oral exposition skills. Students will present research background and proposal information, and research results and discussion material, receiving constructive feedback from the instructor and classmates. This course is open to MSc and PhD students.
BIOL6050Development Biology6 ch
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BIOL6051Molecular Biology3 ch
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BIOL6063Topics in Oncology 3 ch

The topics in Oncology course focuses on the basic biology of cancer. It covers key topics such as cancer epidemiology, clinical studies, and oncogenic disease pathways. The second part of the course explores various molecular biology techniques currently used in cancer research and clinical diagnosis. The final part covers various ways to treat cancer, including time-tested methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as novel cancer therapeutics, the process of their discovery and validation. The course will be offered on an ad hoc basis as needed for graduate students doing cancer research.

BIOL6103Graduate Student Seminar (PhD) (F)3 ch
PhD students are required to present two Biology 6103 seminars. The seminars for one of the PhD seminars must not be directly related to thesis work. Generally, PhD students will give their seminars in years two and three of their studies.
BIOL6149Directed Studies in Biology3 ch
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BIOL6181Advanced Wildlide Ecology3 ch
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BIOL6183River Habitats and Hydraulics3 ch

A full credit field course to provide theoretical and practical understanding of the hydrology and ecology of natural, large river ecosystems; interdisciplinary focus of abiotic-biotic interactions via group and individual study; topics to be covered include fluvial geomorphology, open-channel hydraulics, environmental perturbations, habitat survey and sampling design, benthic invertebrate identification and ecology; fish identification and ecology; nutrient/trophic dynamics; impact assessment and river habitat restoration. Emphasis will be on the form and function of large river environments as unique, complex ecosystems by using a stream reach to catchment (landscape) perspective.

Prerequisites : 3rd/4th Year Ecology, or equivalent experience.

BIOL6185Ecotoxicology3 ch
Theoretical and applied approaches to the science of ecotoxicology, including application of the tools and procedures used to understand toxicant fate and effect in ecosystems. Focuses on exposure to relevant and up-to-date material in the primary literature.
BIOL6220Phycology6 ch
Students will explore the diverse anatomical, cytological, life history and ecological attributes of local marine macroalgae through hands-on fieldwork and laboratory examination of fresh specimens. Students will compare and contrast morphological versus molecular biodiversity assessments of local species (a field cost may be associated with this course).  Prerequisites: Approval of instructor.
BIOL6292Animal Health in Aquaculture3 ch
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BIOL6345Natural Products I: Structure Determination3 ch
This hands- on course will provide students with the knowledge and skills required to elucidate the structures of new natural products through analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometric data. The ability to elucidate natural product structures will be required for all graduate students working in the Natural Products Research Group at UNB.
BIOL6355Natural Products II: Isolation, Identification and Significance3 ch
This course will focus on the strategies and techniques employed in the isolation and identification on new natural products. Examples from current literature and case studies of historically and socially important natural products will be used to illustrate the various approaches that can be applied to elucidate their structures. The uses and significance of natural products will also be discussed.
BIOL6363Plant Molecular Biology3 ch
This course examines current research in plant molecular biology with an emphasis on the regulation of gene expression and signal transduction pathways. Topics to be discussed include: plant genomics, regulation of photosynthesis, plant growth regulators, organelle molecular biology, organelle-nucleus interactions, light receptors and environmental stress responses.
BIOL6393Trophic and Food Web Ecology3 ch

This course explores the diverse trophic ecologies observed in terrestrial, freshwater and marine consumers, and how these ecologies interact to form complex food webs in each biome. Students will learn how to measure consumer niche width, trophic interactions and food web structure using consumer diet, stable isotope ratios and essential fatty acid profiles. Finally, the course examines the effects of environmental stressors such as climate change, biological invasions and land use on food web structure. Enrolling students must be undertaking a project relevant to the course. The graduate version of this course will use the same structure as the undergraduate version (BIOL4393), with an additional term paper set by the instructor worth 24% of the final mark. Limited enrolment, permission of instruction required. Students who have completed BIOL4393 are not eligible to take BIOL6393.

BIOL6403Advanced Plant Physiology3 ch
The focus of this course will be the Ecophysiology of plants. The course takes an integrative approach to understanding mechanisms plants used to adapt to harsh and changing environmental conditions. This course will cover, at an advanced level, water/solute relations, the interactions of transpiration and CO2 uptake, as well as environmental influences upon photosynthesis.
BIOL6463Scientific Writing 3 ch

A workshop and project-oriented course in scientific writing. The primary focus is on writing the journal paper. Enrolling students must have a research project with data advanced enough to be written up as part of the course activity, and must be able to share drafts with classmates. The graduate version of this course will use the same structure and assignments as the undergraduate, but performance will be expected commensurate with experience. Limited enrolment; permission of instruction required.

BIOL6523Phylogenetics 2 ch+3Labs= 5ch
Methods for inferring evolutionary trees and their applications to the fields of comparative biology, molecular evolution, and systematics. Topics to be covered include sequence alignment, phylogenetic inference, ancestral character state reconstruction, comparative methods, and molecular adaptation. Labs emphasized practical experience in data analysis.  Prerequisites: BIOL 2013, BIOL 2018, BIOL 2263, and BIOL 2268 or equivalents, or permission of the instructor. Credit cannot be obtained for both BIOL 4523 and BIOL 6523.
BIOL6549Advanced Plant Ecology3 ch
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BIOL6553Techniques of Electron Microscopy3 ch
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BIOL6666Quaternary Paleocology & Climate Change3 ch
Advanced topics in how plant and animal communities have changed over the last glacial-interglacial cycle in response to climate change.
BIOL6671Advanced Parasitology I3 ch
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BIOL6672Advanced Parasitology II3 ch
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BIOL6690Advanced Parasitology III6 ch
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BIOL6772Advanced Aquatic Ecology3 ch
Provides a foundation of understanding of ecosystem processes in freshwaters including streams, lakes, and wetlands. Physical and biological components of such systems will be presented, and concepts and theories defining aquatic ecology will be discussed.
BIOL6831Fish Physiology3 ch
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BIOL6832Fish Physiology3 ch
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BIOL6853Bioacoustics3 ch
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BIOL6855Biometrics4 ch
Students are introduced to a hands-on approach to analyzing data using R. Topics will include: fundamental statistical concepts such as visualizing data, parameter estimation, p-value interpretation, effect size, model assumptions and power, as well as specific tests including t-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA, correlation, linear regression, multiple regression, and logistic regression. If time permits we will explore more advanced tests such as generalized linear models, regression/classification trees and multivariate techniques.Prerequisite: STAT 1793 or equivalent.
BIOL6873Nutrition Aquaculture3 ch
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BIOL6883Entomology4 ch
Ecology, evolution, taxonomy, and diversity of insects, both terrestrial and aquatic. This course studies the most diverse group of animals on Earth: the Insecta. Topics include insect body, plans, growth, and development; major evolutionary groups of insects; ecological and economic importance of insects; insect collection and identification. Students will make and curate insect collections (this will be accomplished most easily by students who being the summer before taking the course; interested students should contact the instructor for more information).Prerequisite: BIOL 2093
BIOL6890Comparative Animal Physiology6 ch
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BIOL6910Research Methods (F)3 ch
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BIOL6930Aquaculture6 ch
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BIOL69323 ch
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BIOL6997MSc Thesiscr
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BIOL6998PhD Thesis cr
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