Environmental Geosciences

Faculty: Faculty of Science
Degree(s): Bachelor of Science
Campus: Fredericton

The environmental geosciences provide earth-science students who have environmental or interdisciplinary interests with a background to pursue careers or graduate studies in environmentally related geoscience fields, especially in areas related to water resources, water contamination and remediation, oceanography and climate change.

Many earth scientists are interdisciplinary.

  • Geochemists deal with the chemical make-up of everything from surface and ground waters to magmas and rocks in the earth's crust; with using geochemical techniques in the discovery of new mineral and energy reserves; and in addressing environmental concerns with the extraction of these reserves.
  • Biogeochemists investigate the cycling through the global environment of chemical elements, from essential "nutrients" such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, to toxic metals such as mercury and uranium.
  • Geobiologists are concerned with the paleontology, biogeography, and morpho-behavioural functional evolution of fossils; paleoecological aspects of ancient life forms, their history, and the evolution of life; and establishing a relative time frame for past geological and climatic events.
  • Geophysicists measure and study the gravity, magnetic, and electrical fields of the earth; record and analyze seismic waves generated by earthquakes and man-made sources; and image subsurface water and hydrocarbon reservoirs and leakage.

Faculty of Science

The Faculty of Science is one of the university’s oldest faculties and was established when UNB was founded in 1785. The Bachelor of Science option in Environmental Geosciences is offered by the Department of Earth Sciences.

Professional registration

Geoscience is a regulated profession in most of Canada, and Geoscientists Canada has developed a set of guidelines for the academic training that are used by most provinces. The professional stream programs offered by this department meet these current guidelines.

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Admission requirements

For admission requirements, select "Science" in our admission requirements tool.


  • Groundwater Specialist/Geochemist - Hydrogeologist
  • Reclamation and Remediation Specialist/Contaminated Site Manager - Environmental Assessment Specialist – Hazardous Waste Manager
  • Geohazard Specialist - Glaciologist – Applied Geomorphologist – Geophysicist/Seismologist
  • Hazardous Waste Manager
  • Marine Geologist/Oceanographer – (bio-)stratigrapher/(micro-)paleontologist
  • Teacher - Museum Curator - Geotourist Guide - Science Journalist/Technical Writer