Environmental Engineering

A grade of C or higher is required in all prerequisites for Environmental Engineering courses.

NOTE: See the beginning of Section F for abbreviations, course numbers and coding.

ENVE2011Introduction to Environmental Engineering4 ch (3C 2L) (W)
Mass and energy balance for reacting and non-reacting environmental engineering systems under steady state and unsteady state conditions. Fundamentals of momentum, heat and mass transfer as applied in air and water pollution. Thermodynamic and phase equilibria considerations. Contaminant partitioning and transport in air, surface water and groundwater. Chemical reaction kinetics. Application of ideal continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and plug flow reactor (PFR) concepts in environmental engineering. Residence time distribution (RTD) and reactor non-idealities. Introduction to life cycle analysis. Students will participate in a design project.

Prerequisite: CHEM 1872 and CHEM 1877.

Co-requisite: MATH 2513.
ENVE3121Water Resources Engineering4 ch (3C 1T)
A quantitative analysis of natural water systems and the development of these systems as a resource. Components of the hydrologic cycle. Quantitative analysis of stream flow. Probability concepts in water resources. Reservoir design and operation. Hydraulic properties and availability of groundwater. Storm water management.

Prerequisite: ENVE 2011.
ENVE3123Water Treatment Principles and Design4 ch (3C 1T 3L*) (W)
Theoretical aspects of unit operations for water treatment with design applications. Topics include water characteristics and contaminants, coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, adsorption, ion exchange, membrane processes, disinfection and disinfection by-products, and management of water treatment residuals. Laboratory procedures: settling operations, filtration, aeration, and adsorption.

Prerequisite: ENVE 2011.
ENVE3133Hydraulics and Hydrology3 ch (3C 1T)
The hydrologic processes of precipitation and snowmelt, evapotranspiration, ground water movement, and surface and subsurface runoff are examined. Water resource sustainability issues are discussed, including water usage and water shortages, climate change impacts, land use impacts, and source water protection. Conceptual models of the hydrologic cycle and basics of hydrologic modelling are developed, including precipitation estimation, infiltration and abstraction models, runoff hydrographs, the unit hydrograph method and the Rational method. Methods for statistical analysis of hydrologic data, concepts of risk and design, and hydrological consequences of climate change for design are introduced. Principles of open channel hydraulics are introduced. Energy and momentum principles are studied with application tochannel transitions, critical flow, choked flow, and hydraulic jumps.

Prerequisite: CE 2703.
ENVE3231Contaminants and Pollutants Transport in the Environment4 ch (3C 1T)
Physical phenomena governing the transport of contaminants in the environment: diffusion, advection, dispersion, sorption, interphase transfer. Derivation and application of transport equations in air, surface and groundwater pollution; analytical and numerical solutions. Equilibrium partitioning of contaminants among air, water, sediment, and biota.

Prerequisite: ENVE 2011.
ENVE3322Wastewater Treatment Principles and Design4 ch (3C 1T 3L*) (W)
Theoretical aspects of unit operations and processes for wastewater treatment with design applications. Topics include wastewater characteristics, flow rates, primary treatment, chemical unit processes, biological treatment processes, advanced wastewater treatment, disinfection, biosolids treatment and disposal. Laboratory procedures: activated sludge, anaerobic growth, chemical precipitation, disinfection.

Prerequisites: ENVE 3121 and ENVE 3123.
ENVE3513Soil Mechanics4 ch (3C 3L*)
The course covers essential concepts in soil mechanics. Topics include compaction, seepage theory, groundwater, stresses and strains in soils, effective stress concept, consolidation, shear strength of soils, and earth pressure theory. The course emphasizes the learning of soil mechanics concepts. Some examples of application of these concepts to geotechnical engineering practice are also provided to reinforce these concepts. Laboratory practicum component of the course provides hands-on experience of laboratory tests that are commonly used for determination of geotechnical properties of soils. Credit cannot be obtained for both ENVE 3513 and CE 2113.

GEOL 1044.

Co-requisite: CE 2703.
ENVE3665Introduction to Environmental Law3 ch (3C)
This course will provide a general overview of the different concepts that surround environmental law. Recent events have focused our attention on the fragility of the environment, and there is evidence of its deterioration in the forms of harmful pollution, resource depletion, thinning of the earth's ozone layer, global warming, ground water contamination and the decline or even extinction of species. We will look at the legislation, the common law, and the different remedies they provide in cases of environmental crisis. Credit cannot be obtained for both ENVE 3665 and BIOL 3665.

 Prerequisite: A minimum of 60 ch.

ENVE4040Environmental Engineering Design Project7 ch (W)
Teams of students develop professional level experience through a design project that incorporates fundamentals acquired in previous mathematics, science, engineering, and complementary studies courses. A final report and oral presentations are required. 

Prerequisites: ENVE 3121, ENVE 3231, and at least 100 credit hours of ENVE core courses.
ENVE4231Contaminant Hydrogeology4 ch (3C 1T)
Theory of flow through porous media. Site investigation: geology, hydrology and chemistry. Contaminant transport. Unsaturated and multiphase flow. Numerical modeling. Site remediation and remediation technologies.

Prerequisites: ENVE 2011 and ENVE 3231.
ENVE4322Waste Management4 ch (3C 1T)
Municipal, hazardous, and mine waste management. Waste composition and potential impacts, collection and transport, recycling and reuse, biological and thermal treatments, isolation. Integrated waste management planning.

Prerequisite: ENVE 3123 and ENVE 3231.
ENVE4432Air Pollution and Emission Control4 ch (3C 1T 3L*) (W)

Air pollutants, classification, sources, and effects. Ambient air quality objectives and monitoring. Pollutant formation mechanisms in combustion. Major pollutant categories and control methods. Indoor air quality. Laboratory procedures: emissions from boilers and IC engines, particulate size distribution and control, IAQ parameters.

Prerequisite: CHE 2012 and ENVE 3121.