The George Frederick Clarke Artifact Collection
Sue Blair and Gabriel Hrynick
Dr. George Frederick Clarke (1883–1974) of Woodstock, New Brunswick, dentist, author and avocational archaeologist and historian, accumulated a collection of about 2700 archaeological artifacts, most from west-central N.B. In 1968, Dr. Clarke was awarded an honorary doctorate by UNB, in recognition of his contributions to the province’s archaeology and history. In 2007, the Clarke family donated his archaeological collection to UNB. The Department of Anthropology is curating Dr. Clarke’s collection with the objective of developing its research, teaching and public outreach potentials. This page documents steps toward achieving these goals.
The George Frederick Clarke Archaeological Teaching Laboratory
The Ramah Chert artifacts in the GFC Artifact Collection are referred to in a recent publication: Loring, Stephen 2017. "To the uttermost ends of the earth... Ramah chert in time and space." In J.E. Curtis and P.M. Desrosiers (eds.), Ramah Chert: A Lithic Odyssey. Nunavic Archaeology Monograph Series No. 4, pp. 169-219 . Parks Canada and Nunavic Publications, Westmount, Quebec.
Blair, Susan E., C.E. Shaw, M.G. Hrynick, A. Pelletier-Michaud, W.J. Webb and D.W. Black 2017. “Certain Inevitable Conclusions”: Edwin Tappan Adney, George Frederick Clarke and the Lane’s Creek “Sweat Bath.” Paper presented at the 50th annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Ottawa, Ontario.
Black, D.W. 2017. Some Remarks on the Occasion of the Publication of the fourth edition of Someone Before Us.
Someone Before us Book Launch (Video)
UNB–Anthropology has contributed archival photographs and photographs of artifacts from the GFC Collection to the fourth edition of Dr. Clarke’s book, Someone Before Us, Clarke, George Frederick 2016. Someone Before Us: Buried History in Central New Brunswick. Fourth edition, edited by Mary Bernard. Afterword by David W. Black. Woodstock, N.B., Chapel street Editions.
Author Mary Bernard consulted archival material associated with the GFC Artifact Collection in researching her biography of Dr. Clarke.
Bernard, Mary 2015. The Last Romantic: The Life of George Frederick Clarke, Master Storyteller of New Brunswick. Woodstock, N.B., Chapel Street Editions.
Brzezicki, A.B. 2015. Getting a Handle on Ground Stone: A Technological Analysis of the Ground Stone Axes, Adzes, and Gouges in the George Frederick Clarke Collection. Master of Arts thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick.
Black, D. W. 2013. The George Frederick Clarke Artifact Collection: Canoe, Portage and Fishing Connections.Artist Peter Powning used casts of some of the artifacts from the The George Frederick Clarke Artifact Collection in his sculpture "Shards of Time," installed on the Saint John NB waterfront in 2014.
Woolsey, Cora A. 2013. “For My Indian Friends”: The George Frederick Clarke Artifact Collection and Its Place in New Brunswick’s Archaeological History. In P. Erickson and J. Fowler (eds.), Underground New Brunswick: Stories of Archaeology pp. 37-46. Halifax, Nimbus Publishing.
Pilger, N., E. Higgins, S. Price and S. Kingston 2012. George Frederick Clarke: Avocational Archaeologist. Poster prepared for the George Frederick Clarke Archaeological Teaching Laboratory.
- Pilger et al. 2012 (PDF download)
Howard, C., M. Cornfield, K. Elaschuk, C. Levesque and M. Wile. 2011. Encircling the Four-Sided Triangle: Making Sense of a Wayward Artifact Collection. Poster presented at the 44th annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
- Howard et al. 2011 (PDF download)
Woolsey, C.A., and D.W. Black 2011. Recent Research on the Manufacture of Pre-Contact Ceramics from Central New Brunswick using the George Frederick Clarke Collection. Paper presented at the 44th annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Woolsey, C.A. 2010. Ceramic Sherds in the George Frederick Clarke Collection: A Technological Approach. Master of Arts thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick.
- Woolsey 2010 abstract (PDF download)
Lewis, A.L., W.A. McGrath, A.J. Tims and W.J. Webb. 2009. Ones That Didn’t Get Away: George Frederick Clarke’s Story of Fishing and Archaeology. Poster prepared for the George Frederick Clarke Archaeological Teaching Laboratory.
- Lewis et al. 2009 (PDF download)
Woolsey, C.A., A.E. Thornton. C.C. Thériault, K.A. Roesler, R.A. Nicholas, A. Morrison, S.E. Little, K.R. Holyoke and S.C. Durham. 2008. Unsolved Mysteries of New Brunswick Archaeology: Selections from the George Frederick Clarke Collection. Poster presented at the 41st annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Peterborough, Ontario.
- Woolsey et al. 2008 (PDF download)
Black, D.W. 2008. The George Frederick Clarke Archaeological Collection: Canoe and Portage Connections. Paper presented at the 41st annual meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Peterborough, Ontario.
McIntosh, M. 2007. Handing Over History. Canadian Geographic 127(5):24.
The St. John River Society. 2007. UNB Receives Donation of Important Archaeological Artifacts. The River (summer edition):4.
Chapel Street Editions, Woodstock, New Brunswick
The George Frederick Clarke Project: http://www.chapelstreeteditions.com/phone/george-frederick-clarke-project.html
Atlantic Salmon Museum, Doaktown, New Brunswick
New Brunswick Public Library Service, L.P. Fisher Public Library, Woodstock, New Brunswick
Carleton County Historical Society
A Magic Road: George Frederick Clarke and His World by Mary Bernard
Canadian Museum of Civilization
The Lure of the River. Sport Fishing in New Brunswick. Everyone A Fisherman.
Canada’s Historic Places: The George Frederick Clarke House
Sammy Solo: The Maliseet Trail