Paula Kristmanson

Director and Professor


Education, Faculty of

Marshall d'Avray Hall 346

1 506 458 7115

Dr. Paula Kristmanson is a Professor in the Faculty of Education and is the current Director of the Second Language Research Institute of Canada (L2RIC). Her academic interests focus on a variety of qualitative and classroom-based research in both English second/additional language (ESL/EAL) and French second language (FSL) contexts as well as teacher education. She coordinates the CTESL at UNB and teaches courses related to this certificate as well as other courses related to teaching and learning.

Paula participates in many second language associations and is the Past-President of both TESL NB and TESL Canada. Currently, she is part of a research initiative supported by the Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers (CASLT) related to FSL teacher education. She is the former co-Editor of the Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics and has also been involved in international projects such as the European Centre for Modern Languages, the Canada-Europe teacher exchange project and the Estonian Language Training project.

Prof. Paula Kristmanson est Professeure dans la Faculté de l’éducation et Directrice de l’Institut de recherche en langues secondes du Canada (IRL2C). Ses intérêts de recherche sont reliés aux contextes de l’apprentissage et de l’enseignement de l’anglais langue additionnelle/seconde et du français langue seconde ainsi que la formation des maitres. Elle est la coordinatrice du certificat d’enseignement de l’anglais langue seconde (CTESL) et elle enseigne des cours reliés au certificat ainsi que les cours généraux sur l’enseignement et l’apprentissage.

Paula participe aux plusieurs associations professionnelles de langue seconde et elle est aussi ancienne présidente de TESL-NB et TESL Canada. Actuellement, elle fait partie d’une initiative de recherche soutenue par l’Association canadienne des professeurs de langues secondes (ACPLS).  Elle est l’ancienne corédacteur de la Revue canadienne de linguistique appliquée et elle s’impliquais aux projets internationaux comme le Centre européen des langues modernes, l’échange d’enseignants Canada-Europe et le projet de formation pédagogique en Estonie.


  • Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) University of New Brunswick (2006)
  • M.Ed. (Master of Education) University of New Brunswick (1994)
  • B.Ed. (Bachelor of Education) University of New Brunswick (1989)
  • CFLS (Certificat en français langue seconde) Université Laval (1987)

Key areas of interest

  • Second language teaching and learning
  • Language portfolios
  • Teacher education
  • Teaching and learning in multilingual contexts
  • Qualitative research


  • ED5564: Introduction to second language education
  • ED5565: Advanced studies in ESL education
  • ED5566: Field experience in TESL (teaching English as a second language)
  • ED5001, ED5002, ED5003: Teaching and Learning Theories
  • ED5050: B.Ed. Practicum
  • ED3562: Initiation à la didactique du français langue seconde (2005-2007)
  • ED6821: Qualitative Research Methods

Supervisor and Committee member for MEd and PhD theses in diverse areas related to language teaching and learning.


As a researcher in the Second Language Research Institute, I am a member of a research team that includes faculty members, graduate students and faculty associates. Our projects are both local and national in scope and involve a wide range of topics related to second language learning and teaching. We are involved in several academic and pedagogical projects dealing with literacy (reading and writing), assessment, and literacy across the curriculum in both French second language and English second language contexts.

The mission of our Institute is "to play a pivotal role in second language education in Canada and abroad including teacher preparation, research, bilingual program evaluation and policy development" and to support both scholars and educators working in the field of second and additional language in our province and country.

Selected recent publications and presentations

Culligan. K. and Kristmanson, P. (June 2022). Linguistic and Professional Identity of Beginning Teachers of French as a Second Language. Sydney, NS: PLL4 (Psychology of Language Learning) International Conference.

Smith, C.W., Spiliotopoulos, V., Masson, M. and Kristmanson, P. (Spring 2022). Initiatives for Second Language Teacher Education: Cases from Canadian Universities. The Language Educator, p. 34-37.

Le Bouthillier, J., Culligan, K., Michaud, L. and Kristmanson, P. (Aug. 2021). Experiential and Embedded Professional Learning for Pre-Service French Immersion (FI) Teachers in S170 Symposium: The dynamics and challenges of teacher education for immersion and CLIL contexts: Preparing teachers to integrate language and content. Groningen, the Netherlands/Virtual Conference: World Congress of Applied Linguistics.

Kristmanson, P., Lafargue, C., Dicks, J., Le Bouthillier, J. and Culligan, K. (2021). Scaffolding to Support Language Development: Pedagogical Video Series-- Intentional Second Language Teaching. Fredericton, NB: L2RIC.

Culligan, K. and Kristmanson, P. (2021). Supporting beginning FSL teachers: Considerations for administrators. Journal de l’immersion, 43(3), 32-36.

Whynot, K. and Kristmanson, P. (Mar. 2021). English as an Additional Language: Educational Innovations in Eastern Canada (NB). Virtual Conference: TESOL International Convention.

Kristmanson, P., Whynot, K. and Thompson, S. (2020). EAL Professional Learning Modules. Fredericton, NB: Atlantic Education International.

Kristmanson, P., Burton, E., Foote, C., McKormick, K. and Sieben, L. (2020). Becoming a Teacher in the Time of COVID-19: Reflections on Active Learning in an Isolated and Online Environment. Antistasis: An Open Educational Journal, 10 (3).


Current academic service: Member of UNB Fredericton Senate; Senate Nominating Committee; Field Services, Admission, Awards and BEd Programs Committees for Faculty of Education.

Current professional service: Past-President TESL Canada and Co-Secretary-Treasurer TESL NB.

Past academic service: Chair of Senate Admissions Committee; SSP (Student Standing and Promotions) Committee for UNB Fredericton and member of Steering Committee for new Bachelor of Education program.

Past professional service: Member of Executive of the Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics (ACLA) and Co-Editor of the Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics. Co-Chair of the CASLT Language Without Borders 2019 Conference; President TESL NB and President TESL Canada.