Profile page for: Dave Keighley | UNB

Dave Keighley

Professor, Assistant Dean

PhD

Earth Sciences

Forestry/Geology 126

Fredericton

keig@unb.ca
1 506 453 5196



Recent research projects

Biogeochemistry, diagenesis and chemostratigraphy of shale and oil shale, eastern Uinta Basin, Utah, USA

Shale and oil shale of the Green River Formation includes several beds that have undergone phosphatization, apparently by different processes, including microbial activity. These rocks are being examined for toxic metal enrichments, and correlated by LA-ICP-MS, XRD, SEM, TEM – and likely other techniques as well!

References

Keighley, D., Boonsue, S., and Hall, D., 2018. Phosphatized tungsten-metabolizing coccoid microbes interpreted from oil shale of an Eocene lake, Green River Formation, Utah, USA. Geobiology, v. 16, pp. 610-627.

Keighley, D., McFarlane, C., and Vanden Berg, M., 2018. Diagenetic sequestration of rare earths and actinides in phosphatic oil shale from the lacustrine Green River Formation (Eocene), Utah, USA: an SEM and LA-ICP-MS study. Journey of Paleolimnology, v. 59, pp. 81-102.

Keighley, D., 2015. Phosphatic carbonate shale of the "Bird's Nest Saline Zone", upper Green River Formation, Uinta Basin, Utah. A. Carroll and M Smith (Editors), Syntheses in Limnology 1: Stratigraphy and paleolimnology of the Green River Formation, western USA. Springer, ch. 10, pp. 251-276.

Sedimentology of the fluvio-lacustrine Green River Formation, southern Uinta Basin, Utah, USA

Facies variation and correlation of clastic and carbonate shoreface intervals, determination of ancient lake-level fluctuations, and the influence of 'greenhouse' climate and tectonic controls on lake-basin sedimentation during the Eocene.

References

Keighley, D., Spinnangr, Ø., Howell, J., and Flint, S., 2019. Interpretation of mouth-bar and related lacustrine and fluvial sand bodies from the middle Green River Formation (Eocene), southern Uinta Basin, Utah. In: M. Rosen and S. Starratt (eds). From Saline to Freshwater: The Diversity of Western US Lakes in Space and Time, Geological Society of America, Special Papers 536, ch. 15, pp. 259-287.

Keighley, D., Törö, B., Vanden Berg, M.D., and Pratt, B.R., 2015. Deformation within the Mahogany Oil Shale Zone of the Green River Formation at Sand Wash, eastern Uinta Basin, USA. L.Birgenheier, R., Ressetar, and M.D. Vanden Berg (Editors), Utah Geological Association, Special Publication 44, pp. 423-438.

Sedimentology, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of sedimentary basins influenced by salt tectonics, Devonian-Carboniferous basins of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia

Investigation of facies, geochemical, and diagenetic variation in strata of different mini-basins formed by salt tectonics; the timing and kinematics of deformation (folding and faulting) of these strata, and their correlation

References

Bahr, F., and Keighley, D., in press. Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Pennsylvanian Grande Anse Formation, Cumberland Basin, eastern Canada: its relationship to salt tectonics and co-eval strata of the Joggins World Heritage Site. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences.

Craggs, S., Keighley, D., Waldron, J. and Park, A., 2017. Timing of salt tectonics affecting Pennsylvanian strata in the northern Cumberland Basin, SE New Brunswick, eastern Canada. Basin Analysis, v. 29, pp. 266-283.

Silurian crinoids of Eastern Canada. Lead Investigator: Dr. Steve Donovan, Department of Geology, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands

The fossil fauna of Silurian marine strata in New Brunswick and the Gaspe has been extensively documented, with the notable exception of the crinoids (sea-lilies).

References

Donovan, S.K., and Keighley, D., 2016. Fossil crinoids from the basal West Point Formation (Silurian), southeast Gaspé, Québec, eastern Canada. Atlantic Geology, v. 52, pp. 189-200.

Donovan, S.K., and Keighley, D., 2015. A 'British' Silurian crinoid from Quinn Point, New Brunswick, eastern Canada. Proceedings of the Geologists Association, v. 126, pp. 226-231.

Subsurface sequestration of waste carbon dioxide

A preliminary study into the suitability of the New Brunswick subsurface for storage.

References

Keighley, D., and Maher, C., 2015. A preliminary assessment of carbon storage suitability in deep underground geological formations of New Brunswick. Special Series: Environmental Geosciences. Atlantic Geology, v. 51, pp. 269-286.

Chemostratigraphy and sedimentology of post-Windsor Group red-beds, Sussex area, New Brunswick

Research involved sedimentological logging and ICP-MS analysis to produce a sedimentological model and chemostratigraphy of the Mabou Group succession.

References

Islam, N., and Keighley, D., 2018. Sedimentology and chemostratigraphy of Carboniferous redbeds in the western Moncton Basin, Sussex area, New Brunswick. Atlantic Geology, v. 54, pp. 285-314.

Teaching

“I got back from Houston recently and I thought I should thank you because I wouldn’t have had any clue what anyone was talking about without your help. From not knowing anything about the petroleum industry to being part of it, your class was a crucial step and I think you did a bang-up job of it. ...I will be moving to Houston to train as a geophysicist next summer.”
– former student, when working with a natural gas company (Texas).

“I just took a geoscience recruitment short course with Imperial Oil over this past weekend... Despite the fact most of the candidates were graduate students with advanced degrees, I was approached by instructors and highly complimented on my knowledge and skills in the petroleum geosciences. I just wanted to say thank you for preparing me so well in the course and I appreciate all the work you put into teaching me what I need to know for industry.”
– former student, before working with a petroleum consultancy firm (Alberta).

Undergraduate courses

ESCI 2211 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. Fall Term.

Lectures and labs first cover the description and classification of the physical and chemical properties of sediment and sedimentary rock. This is followed by investigation into the processes (including environmental and engineering impacts) involved in the origin of sediment, such as weathering, physico-chemical, biochemical, and biogenic sediment precipitation, and processes influencing mass movements, sediment erosion, transportation, deposition, reworking, sedimentary structures, soil formation and lithification. The course concludes with an introduction to basic sedimentary facies, stratigraphic principles, and the relative and absolute dating of strata.

ESCI 2703 2nd Year Field School, Part 1: Fredericton and Sussex/Joggins area. After Winter Term exams. Introductory methods of logging, correlating, and mapping sedimentary rocks in the field.

ESCI 3492 Petroleum Geology, Carbon Cycle, and the Environment. Winter term, alternate years (2021).

A multi-disciplinary study of petroleum and its role in global carbon cycles: its chemical composition, distribution (rock types, sedimentology and heterogeneity of reservoir rocks, subsurface conditions, overpressures), theories of petroleum generation, migration, trapping and accumulation. Aspects of the petroleum industry are reviewed, including exploration and development of conventional and unconventional resources (including oil sands and shale gas); development economics; Canadian and global petroleum resources and declining reserves. The environmental impact of the petroleum industry (groundwater, surface, and atmospheric pollution, and global warming), mitigation (carbon capture and storage/conversion), and alternative energy options are discussed. Labs or projects cover interpretation of petrophysical and seismic data, environmental and economic data assessment.

ESCI 4212 Sedimentary Environments, Landforms and Sequences: Winter term, alternate years (2020).

Lectures focus on processes active in modern sedimentary environments, landform development (geomorphology), and facies (e.g., rivers, lakes, deltas, estuaries, beaches, barrier islands, shallow and deep oceans); and their interpretation and successions in the geologic record (sequence stratigraphy). Labs cover microscopic examination of sedimentary diagenesis, introductory air photo/image analysis and interpretation, and exercises relating to paleogeography, sea-/lake-level change, and (sequence-) stratigraphic correlation.

ESCI 1006 Introduction to Geology Laboratory: Winter Term, occasional years.

Introduction to topographic and geological maps and their interpretation, construction of cross-sections. Identification of common minerals, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, and geologic structures (and their application to geologic map analysis).

Graduate courses

ESCI 6261 Advanced Sedimentology and Petroleum Geology. Graduate course, winter term, by arrangement. Topics will vary depending upon the interests of students.

ESCI 6272 Seminars in Sedimentology. Graduate course, fall term, by arrangement. Topics will vary depending upon the interests of students.

ESCI 6802 Directed Studies in Sedimentary Petrology/Diagenesis. Graduate course, winter term, by arrangement. Topics will vary depending upon the interests of students.

Selected publications

Bahr, F., and Keighley, D., in press. Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Pennsylvanian Grande Anse Formation, Cumberland Basin, eastern Canada: its relationship to salt tectonics and co-eval strata of the Joggins World Heritage Site. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences.

Keighley, D., Spinnangr, Ø., Howell, J., and Flint, S., 2019. Interpretation of mouth-bar and related lacustrine and fluvial sand bodies from the middle Green River Formation (Eocene), southern Uinta Basin, Utah. In: M. Rosen and S. Starratt (eds). From Saline to Freshwater: The Diversity of Western US Lakes in Space and Time, Geological Society of America, Special Papers 536, ch. 15, pp. 259-287.

Keighley, D., Boonsue, S., and Hall, D., 2018. Phosphatized tungsten-metabolizing coccoid microbes interpreted from oil shale of an Eocene lake, Green River Formation, Utah, USA. Geobiology, v. 16, pp. 610-627.

Keighley, D., McFarlane, C., and Vanden Berg, M., 2018. Diagenetic sequestration of rare earths and actinides in phosphatic oil shale from the lacustrine Green River Formation (Eocene), Utah, USA: an SEM and LA-ICP-MS study. Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 59, pp. 81-102.

Islam, N., and Keighley, D., 2018. Sedimentology and chemostratigraphy of Carboniferous redbeds in the western Moncton Basin, Sussex area, New Brunswick. Atlantic Geology, v. 54, pp. 285-314.

Craggs, S., Keighley, D., Waldron, J., and Park, A., 2017. Timing of salt tectonics affecting Pennsylvanian strata in the northern Cumberland Basin, SE New Brunswick, eastern Canada. Basin Research, v. 29, pp. 266-283.

Donovan, S.K., and Keighley, D., 2016. Fossil crinoids from the basal West Point Formation (Silurian), southeast Gaspé, Québec, eastern Canada. Atlantic Geology, v. 52, pp. 189-200.

Keighley, D., and Maher, C., 2015. A preliminary assessment of carbon storage suitability in deep underground geological formations of New Brunswick. Special Series: Environmental Geosciences. Atlantic Geology, v. 51, pp. 269-286.

Donovan, S.K., and Keighley, D., 2015. A British Silurian crinoid from Quinn Point, New Brunswick, eastern Canada. Proceedings of the Geologists Association, v. 126, pp. 226-231.

Keighley, D., Törö, B., Vanden Begt, M.D., and Pratt, B.R., 2015. Deformation within the Mahogany Oil Shale Zone of the Green River Formation at Sand Wash, eastern Utah, USA. L. Birgenheier, R., Ressetar, and M.D. Vanden Berg (Editors), Geology of Utah's Uinta Basin and Uinta Mountains. Utah Geological Association, Special Publication 44, pp. 423-438.

Keighley, D., 2015. Phosphatic carbonate shale of the "Bird's Nest Saline Zone", upper Green River Formation, Uinta Basin, Utah. A. Carroll and M. Smith (Editors), Syntheses in Limnogeology 1: Stratigraphy and paleolimnology of the Green River Formation, western USA. Springer, (ch 10) pp. 251-276.