Competition and Antitrust Law


Canadian Competition Bureau

The Bureau is an independent law enforcement agency responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Competition Act, the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act, the Textile Labelling Act and the Precious Metals Marking Act. It promotes and maintains fair competition so that Canadians can benefit from competitive prices, product choice and quality services. Headed by the Commissioner of Competition, the organization investigates anti-competitive practices and promotes compliance with the laws under its jurisdiction.

Competition Tribunal of Canada

The Competition Tribunal was created in 1986 when Parliament enacted major reforms of Canada's competition law and replaced the Combines Investigation Act with the Competition Act. It is a specialized tribunal that combines expertise in economics and business with expertise in law. It hears and decides all applications made under Parts VII.1 and VIII of the Competition Act as informally and quickly as the circumstances and consideration of fairness allow. The Tribunal is a strictly adjudicative body that operates independently of any government department. It does not have investigative powers nor does it provide advice to government. It has no function other than that associated with the hearing of applications and issuance of orders. The Tribunal is composed of not more than six judicial members and not more than eight lay members, which are appointed by the Governor in Council.

European Commission Directorate for Competition

Deals with antitrust, mergers, cartels, liberalization of trade, and investigations to ensure that state aid does not interfere with competiton in the European Union.

U.S. Department of Justice, Antitrust Division

The mission of the Antitrust Division has been to promote and protect the competitive process and the American economy through the enforcement of the antitrust laws. The antitrust laws apply to virtually all industries and to every level of business, including manufacturing, transportation, distribution, and marketing. They prohibit a variety of practices that restrain trade, such as price-fixing conspiracies, corporate mergers likely to reduce the competitive vigor of particular markets, and predatory acts designed to achieve or maintain monopoly power.

U.S. Federal Trade Commission, Bureau of Competition

The FTC's antitrust arm, the Bureau of Competition seeks to prevent business practices that restrain competition -- including monopolistic practices, attempts to monopolize, conspiracies in restraint of trade, and anticompetitive mergers and acquisitions. The Commission's antitrust authority comes primarily from the Federal Trade Commission Act and the Clayton Act both passed by Congress in 1914. Prevention of anticompetitive practices allows for unfettered competition in the marketplace.