Bachelor of Science in Environment and Natural Resources

Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) is a joint degree between the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management and the Faculty of Science.

 

General Office: I.U.C. - Forestry, Room 101
Mailing Address: ENR Program
Faculty of Forestry & Environmental Management,
University of New Brunswick,
P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, N.B.,
Canada, E3B 5A3 
Phone: (506) 453-4501
Fax: (506) 453-3538
Email: forem@unb.ca
Website: http://www.unb.ca/forestry/enr.php

 

NOTE: For Faculty information please see the Bachelor of Science in Forestry program section.

General Information

The Bachelor of Science in Environment and Natural Resources (BScENR) degree gives students degree options in the interdisciplinary fields of environmental studies and natural resources. The degree offers three majors: Environmental Management, Water Resources Management, and Wildlife Conservation.

BScENR graduates will learn to solve environmental and natural resource problems from a holistic, systems perspective. They will have skills required to characterize, analyze, and predict change in natural systems. Incorporating their knowledge of land, water, air, plants, animals, and people, they will be able to develop comprehensive solutions to environmental challenges that respect multiple perspectives and demonstrate appropriate stewardship of natural resources.

The BScENR program is designed to help students to acquire the following skills and abilities:

  • Technical Outcomes:
    • Characterize a resource, environment or system
    • Analyze a resource, environment or system
    • Predict change over time in a resource, environment or system
    • Synthesize information into comprehensive solutions
  • Professional Outcomes:
    • Information literacy
    • Structured problem solving
    • Computer literacy
    • Communication in a professional manner
    • Respectful social interactions
    • Managing and completing projects independently and as a team

Regulations

Students are strongly advised to read the General University Regulations, Section B of this Calendar to obtain important information not covered in the following:

  1. A minimum of 143 (Environmental Management major), 142 (Water Resources major) or 142 (Wildlife Conservation major) credit hours and completion of all core courses are required for the BScENR degree. 

  2. All entering students of the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management are required to attend the orientation program as organized by the Faculty.

  3. Students must consult with the Student Services Coordinator, or other designated advisor, to receive advice on course selection. Students who wish to register for more than 22 credit hours in a term must have a GPA of 3.0 or higher in the previous assessment period and obtain permission from the Assistant Dean. 

  4. Students will take courses in normal sequence; exceptions require a minimum 3.0 GPA average in the preceding assessment period, and permission of the Student Services Coordinator, or other designated advisor, and the instructor of the course. Courses in which a student is deficient must be taken not later than the next academic year, except by special permission of the faculty. 

  5. Degree requirements must be successfully completed in not more than 16 terms during a period of 8 consecutive calendar years from the date of first registration in the program. Transfer students will have the time limit prorated on the basis of advanced credit granted.

  6. A minimum assessment grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 is required at the end of each year. Assessment is in May following the completion of the spring examination period and includes the preceding intersession, Summer School and Spring Extensions. 

  7. A student who has been required to withdraw from the program for academic reasons once, and who reapplies for admission following the withdrawal period, may be re-admitted to the program. If re-admitted, the student will automatically be on academic probation. Failure to meet the normal academic requirements at the next time of assessment will result in final dismissal from the program. Further applications for re-admission will not be considered.

  8. C grade minimum is required for all prerequisite and core courses used for credit towards the BScENR degree.

Curriculum

The core program focuses on a wide range of environmental studies with a blend of courses in basic, biophysical, social, and management sciences. In addition, students select one major from Environmental Management, Water Resources Management, and Wildlife Conservation. Opportunity for students to pursue an education of substantial personal choice is provided by elective courses that can be organized in areas of concentration leading to minors. Students may also elect to follow minors offered by other faculties, or take a general variety of courses of personal interest.

Honours Program

Students intending to take the Honours Program must declare their intent to the Assistant Dean prior to the end of the third year of their program and have a CGPA of at least 3.0. All students in the Honours Program are required to complete ENR4991 Honours Project.

To graduate in Honours, students must meet certain minimum standards in the course work beyond second year.

  1. Maintain a CGPA of at least 3.0
  2. Achieve a minimum grade of B- in ENR 4991

Core (Required) Courses

Common Core

Core courses common to all BScENR degrees are listed below. Note that there may be alternative equivalents for introductory chemistry, geology, English, and statistics courses.

BIOL 1001 Biological Principles, Part I
BIOL 1006 Applications in Biology, Part I
BIOL 1012 Biological Principles, Part II
BIOL 1017 Applications in Biology, Part II
BIOL 2003 An Introduction to Ecology
CHEM 1303* Environmental Chemistry
CHEM 1006* General Chemistry Laboratory I
ENR 1001 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications I
ENR 1002 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications II
ENR 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENR 2021 Natural Resource Management, Institutions, Policy and Governance
ENR 3002 Applied Environmental Management
ENR 4020 Integrated Systems - Management Practicum
ENR 4973 Fall Field Camp
ESCI 1001* The Earth: Its Origin, Evolution and Age
ESCI 1006* Introduction to Geology Laboratory I
FOR 1001 Introduction to Forestry
FOR 2006 Management of Natural Systems
FOR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 2505 Soils for Plant Growth
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
FOR 2881 GIS in Forestry I
FOR 2882 GIS in Forestry II
MATH 1823 Calculus for Management Sciences
STAT 2264* Statistics for Biology Students

*Alternative equivalents for course may be available with approval of the Student Services Coordinator or another designated advisor.

Majors

Courses required for each major in addition to the above listed common core courses are shown below.

Environmental Management Major
BIOL 4233 Conservation Biology
ENR 2425 Plants and Environment
ENR 2531 Introduction to Hydrometeorological Systems

One of the following two:
ECON 3755 Environmental Economics
ECON 3766 Economics of Climate Change A

ENVS 2003 Introduction to Environmental Studies
ENVS 2023 Climate Change
ENVS 4001 Environmental Impact Assessment and Management
ENVS 4002 Stakeholder Approaches to Environmental Problem Solving
ENVS 5003 Environmental Management Tools
ENR 1611 Engineered Systems in Natural Resources


FOR 3303 Photo-interpretation, Photogrammetry, and Remote Sensing in Forestry
FOR 3457 Forest Watershed and Water Quality Management
PHIL 1101 Critical Thinking
SOCI 3553 Sociology and Environment

Water Resources Management Major
BIOL 3943 Hypothesis Testing in Biology
BIOL 4741 Fish Biology
ENR 2425 Plants and Environment
ENR 2531 Introduction to Hydrometeorological Systems

One of the following two:
ECON 3755 Environmental Economics
ECON 3766 Economics of Climate Change

ENR 3201 Urban Watershed Management
ENVS 2003 Introduction to Environmental Studies
ENVS 2023 Climate Change
ENVS 4001 Environmental Impact Assessment and Management
ENVS 4002 Stakeholder Assessment to Problem Solving
ENR 1611 Engineering Systems in Natural Environments
ENVS 5003 Environmental Management Tools

One of the following two:
FOR 3303 Photo-interpretation, Photogrammetry, and Remote Sensing in Forestry


FOR 3457 Watershed and Water Quality Management
FOR 4576 Forest Hydrology & Aquatic Habitat

Wildlife Conservation Major

Total number of credit hours from required courses (94 ch) and selections from constrained electives (27-34 ch) must equal a minimum of 121 ch, (or 127 ch with Honours Thesis). An additional 21 ch of electives is required. Minimum total credit hours needed to graduate is 142.

Required Courses (94 ch)

In addition to those listed in the core common to all ENR majors, required courses for the Wildlife Conservation Major include the following.

FOR 2425        Autoecology of Forest Vegetation (5ch)

BIOL 2063       Biological Diversity (3ch)

BIOL 2068       Lab in Biological Diversity (4ch)

BIOL 2013       Evolutionary Genetics (3ch)

BIOL 2018       Lab in Evolutionary Genetics (3ch)

FOR 3445        Populations and Communities (4ch)

BIOL 4191       Wildlife Management (3ch)

BIOL 4233       Conservation Biology (3ch)

 

Constrained Electives (ranges from 27 – 34 ch, depending on courses taken) 

1 of either:    ESCI 1012 and Lab 1036 OR

ESCI 1001 and Lab 1006 (both 5ch).

 

1 of either:    ENGL 1103 OR

 ENGL 1144 OR

 ENGL 1145 (all 3ch).

 

1 of either:    STAT 2263 OR

STAT 2264 (both 3ch).

 

Elective List A (for 6-8 credit hours, depending on courses taken)

 

2 courses from the following:

 

Critical Thinking (PHIL 1101; 3ch)

Hypothesis Testing (BIOL 3943; 3ch)

Field Course (other than ENR 4973), or comparable directed studies (either must be approved by counselor; 3-5ch)          

Conservation Genetics (FOR 4425; 3ch)

Wildlife Techniques (FOR 4655; 3ch)

Hydrometeorology (ENR 2531; 3ch)

Math Biology (BIOL 4563; 3ch)

Population Genetics (BIOL 3293; 4ch)

PhotoInterp and Remote Sensing (FOR 3303; 3 ch)

Environmental Impact Assessment (ENVS 4001; 3ch)

 

Elective List B (for 5-10 credit hours, depending on courses taken)

 

2 courses from the following: 

 

Vertebrate Zoology (BIOL 3703; 5ch)

Invertebrate Zoology (BIOL 3602; 5ch)

Botany (BIOL 3083; 5ch)

Ornithology (BIOL 4723; 5ch)

Mammalogy (BIOL 4732; 5ch)

Fish Biology (BIOL 4741; 2ch) or Advanced Ichthyology (BIOL 4746; 4ch)

Entomology (BIOL 3883; 5ch)

Parasitology (BIOL 3673; 3ch) or Applied Studies in Parasitology (BIOL 4688; 4ch)

Ethology (BIOL 3873; 3 ch)

 

Wildlife Certification: Students who take a specific suite of additional courses could apply to the Wildlife Society to become a certified Associate Wildlife Biologist. The additional courses would require an extra term or two. Contact the Faculty representative for details.

Minor Programs

Minors in Environmental Management, Water Resources Management, and Wildlife Conservation are available. No credit hours for courses in a student's major program may be counted towards a minor. Course substitutions may be made from time to time at the discretion of the Student Services Coordinator or designated faculty advisor.

Minor in Environmental Management

A grouping of courses totaling at least 24 credit hours must be taken from within from a program-specific core or required electives. Please see the Student Services Coordinator or designated faculty advisor to verify selection of courses.

Required Courses:

ECON 3755 Environmental Economics
ENR 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENR 2021 Natural Resource Mgmt., Institutions, Policy, and Governance
ENVS 4001 Environmental Problem Solving

Two courses from:
BIOL 2003 Introduction to Ecology
ENVS 2023 Climate Change
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management

Optional list:
BIOL 3459 Economic Botany
BIOL 4191 Wildlife Management
BIOL 4233 Conservation Biology
BIOL 4352 Climate Change and Environmental Responses
BIOL 4773 Aquatic Biology
BIOL 4863 Environmental Biology
CE 3403 Introduction to Environmental Engineering
CE 5421 Water Supply and Wastewater Removal
CHE 5313 Energy and the Environment
ENR 2112 Environmental Physiology
ENR 2114 Water Sustainability: Practice and Technology
ENR 3111 Estuary and Ocean Ecosystems
ENR 3112 Water Resource Management
ENVS 4002 Stakeholder Approaches to Environmental Problem Solving
ENVS 2003 Introduction to Environmental Studies
FOR 2973 Intro to Computer Software for Data Analysis
FOR 3313 Digital Image Processing in Remote Sensing
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi
FOR 4656 Wildlife: Scale and Forest Landscapes
ESCI 3442 Environmental Impact Assessment
ESCI 4452 Environmental Impact Assessment
GGE 5545 Marine Policy, Law and Administration
HIST 5342 Environmental History of North America
HIST 5345 Natural Resources, Indust. and Envir. in Atlantic Canada
PHIL 3221 Selected Topics in Environmental Philosophy
PHYS 2543 Environmental Physics
RSS 4123 Recreation and Environment
SOCI 3553 Sociology and Environment

Minor in Water Resource Management 

A grouping of courses totaling at least 24 credit hours taken from within a program-specific core or constrained electives, including four courses from the following list:

BIOL 4741 Fish Biology
BIOL 4773 Aquatic Ecology
ENR 3532 Ecohydrology
ENR 3111 Estuary & Ocean Ecosystems
ENR 3112 Water Resources Management
ESCI 2602 Principles of Geochemistry
ESCI 3631 Geochemistry of Natural Waters
 

Minor in Wildlife Conservation

Students must pass a minimum of 24ch (approx. 8 courses) taken from the following list of courses. A minimum of 5 courses must be selected from the required list (5 courses = minimum 17ch), as detailed below. The remaining credit hours (approx. 3 courses) can be selected from courses not already taken from the required list, or from the optional list.

Required list:

BIOL 4233 Conservation Biology

BIOL 2063       Biological Diversity (3ch)

BIOL 2068       Lab in Biological Diversity (4ch)

Choose two from:
BIOL 3883 Entomology
BIOL 4723 Ornithology
BIOL 4732 Mammalogy
BIOL 4741 Fish Biology

Choose one from:
BIOL 4191 Wildlife Management
FOR 4655 Wildlife Investigational Techniques


Optional list:

BIOL 2013       Evolutionary Genetics (3ch)

BIOL 2018       Lab in Evolutionary Genetics (3ch)

FOR 3445        Populations and Communities (4ch)

 


BIOL 3083 Botany
BIOL 2003 Introduction to Ecology

BIOL 3541 Plant Ecology
BIOL 3602 Invertebrate Zoology
BIOL 3703 Vertebrate Zoology
BIOL 3873 Ethology
BIOL 4641 Coastal Marine Ecology
BIOL 4746 Advanced Studies in Ichthyology
BIOL 4773 Aquatic Ecology
BIOL 4851 Ecology of Marine Birds
BIOL 4863 Environmental Biology
BIOL 4899 Population Analyses
BIOL 6183 River Habitats and Hydraulics
FOR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 3445 Forest Ecology: Populations and Communities
FOR 4425 Resource Conservation Genetics
FOR 4545 Biodiversity
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi
ESCI 1001 Earth Systems Geology
RSS 4123 Recreation and Environment

Major Program:

A Major or Secondary Major in any of the programs (Environmental Management, Water Resources Management, or Wildlife Conservation) can be arranged between any Faculty at UNB and the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management, subject to the conditions given by the home faculty. Consultation and approval of the Program Directors in each faculty are required. Completion of a Major or Secondary Major usually requires between 24 to 48 credit hours of courses.