Bachelor of Science in Forestry

The Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management offers the degrees of Bachelor of Science in Forestry.

Faculty of Forestry & Environmental Management


General Office: I.U.C.-Forestry, Room 101
Mailing Address: Faculty of Forestry & Environmental Management,
University of New Brunswick,
P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, N.B.,
Canada, E3b 5A3 
Phone: (506) 453-4501
Fax: (506)453-3538


Acting Dean: Ted Needham, BScF, MScF, PhD
Assistant Dean:
Thom A. Erdle, PhD 

  • Arp, Paul A., BSc (Car), PhD (McG), Prof - 1978
  • Beckley, Thomas, AB (Boudoin), MS, PhD (Wisconsin-Madison), Prof – 2000
  • Benoy, Glenn, BSc (Tor), MSc (McGill), PhD (Guelph), Adjunct Prof - 2009
  • Bourque, Charles, BSc (Dal), BSc (Alta), MScF, PhD (UNB), Prof – 1994
  • Cameron, Stewart, BSc (Mount Allison), MScF (SUNY College of Forestry at Syracuse), PhD (Griffith Univ), Adjunct Prof - 2010
  • Cunjak, Richard, BSc (Guelph), MSc (Nfld), PhD (Wat), Can. Res. Chair in River Ecosystem Science  (Joint Biology) - 1997
  • Curry, Allen, BES (Wat), MSc (Trent), PhD (Guelph), Prof , Canadian Rivers Institute , (Joint Biology) - 1997
  • Diamond, Antony W., BA (Cantab), MSc, PhD (Aberd.), Prof, Atlantic Laboratory for Avian Research, (Joint Biology) Professor Emeritus - 1994
  • Erdle, Thom, BScF (UNB), MF (UBC), PhD (UNB), Prof - 1995
  • Forbes, Graham, BA (York), MA, PhD (Wat), Prof,  (Joint Science) - 1994
  • Golding, Jason, BScBiol(Dalhousie), MScFE(UNB), BScF (UNB), Senior Instructor - 2005
  • Gong, Meng, BScE, MScE (Nanjing, China), PhD (UNB), Assistant Professor – 2007
  • Gray, Michelle, BSc (Trent), MSc (Trent), PhD (UNB), Assistant Professor - 2015
  • Kershaw, John A., BS, MS (Purdue), PhD (Wash), Prof – 1991
  • Klenk, Nicole, BSc, MSc (McGill), PhD (UBC), Adjunct Prof - 2013
  • Krasowski, Marek, BSc (Academy of Agricultural Sciences), MSc, PhD (Vic), Prof - 1999
  • Lantz, Van, BA (Car.), MA (Dal), PhD (S.Fraser), Prof (Joint Economics) – 2000
  • Leblon, Brigitte, Dip Agricultural Eng (Universite Catholique de Louvain), PhD (Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Agronomie),  Prof - 1994
  • Li, Xiu-Qing, BSc (Shandong Argiculture), MSc, PhD (Paris), Adjunct Prof - 1998
  • MacLean, David, BSc, PhD (UNB), Prof - 1999
  • Meng, Fan-Rui, BS, MS (Northeast Forestry Univ.), PhD (UNB), Prof and Dir, Ctr for Watershed Mgmt & Conversation Research - 1995
  • Methven, Ian, BScF (UNB), PhD (Duke), Prof & Dean Emeritus - 1999
  • Needham, Ted, BScF, MScF, PhD (VPI & SU), Prof – 1987
  • Nocera, Joseph, BSc (Connecticut), MSc (Acadia), PhD (UNB), Assistant Professor - 2016
  • Powell, Graham R., BSc (Edin), MSc (UNB), PhD (Edin), Prof Emeritus - 1996
  • Rajora, Om. BSc, MSc, LLB (India), PhD (Tor)  Prof - 2004
  • Sergeant, Brian, BScF (UNB), Sr Teaching Assoc. - 1986
  • Smith, Ian, BSc (Sund Polyt), MSc (Durh), PhD, (Polyt S Bank), DSc (S Bank), PEng, Professor Emeritus – 1986
  • Sweeney, Jonathan D, BSc (S.Fraser), PhD (UNB), Adjunct Prof 1999
  • Wang, Brad, BSc, MEng (Nanjing), MSc, PhD (UBC), Adjunct Prof -2008
  • White, Barry, BScF, MScF (UNB), PhD (UBC) – Adjunct Prof – 2009

General Information

Forests are a source of environmental, economic and social values for all of society. Continued maintenance of these values requires knowledge of natural dynamics at the scale of landscapes, and design skills that extend to large land areas over very long time horizons. The BScF program prepares professionals to work in complex situations where the goals of management must be determined by present society, and the actions to reach these goals must be designed for implementation over time horizons of centuries, in order that future societies will have continued enjoyment of values from forest landscapes. Graduates have the necessary skills to:

a. interact with society to define goals for the forest environment;

b. take a leadership role in the design and implementation of plans to ensure achievement of those goals;

c. help resolve social conflicts associated with issues of environmental and forested landscape management; and

d. assess changes in forested landscapes over time and present this information for public evaluation of progress and review of goals.


Students are strongly advised to read the General University Regulations, Section B of this Calendar, for information not covered in the following:

  1. A minimum of 147 credit hours is required for the BScF degree.
  2. All entering students of the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental management are required to attend the orientation program organized by the Faculty.
  3. Students must consult with the Student Services Coordinator to receive advice on course selection. Students may only register for 22 or more credit hours in a semester if they have a GPA of 3.0 or higher in the previous assessment period and have obtained permission from the Assistant Dean.
  4. FOR 1001 , FOR 2006 , FOR 3006 , FOR 4096 , and FOR 4020 cover subject matter that is delivered in increasing degree of complexity; these courses must be taken in sequence.
  5. Degree requirements must be successfully completed in not more than 16 terms during a period of 8 consecutive calendar years from the date of first registration in the program.
  6. A minimum assessment grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 is required at the end of each year. Refer to the University Regulations section of this calendar, for regulations regarding the Calculation of Grade Point Averages, and standing and promotion requirements.
  7. A student who has been required to withdraw from the program for academic reasons once, and who reapplies for admission following the withdrawal period, may be re-admitted to the program. If re-admitted, the student will automatically be on academic probation. Failure to meet the normal academic requirements at the next time of assessment will result in final dismissal from the program. Further applications for re-admission will not be considered.
  8. C grade minimum is required for all prerequisite and core courses used for credit towards the BScF degree.

Honours Program

Students intending to take the Honours Program must declare their intent to the Assistant Dean prior to the end of the third year of their program and have a CGPA of at least 3.0. All students in the Honours Program are required to complete FOR 4991 Honours Research Project.

To graduate in Honours, students must meet certain minimum standards in the course work beyond second year.

  1. Maintain a CGPA of at least 3.0
  2. Achieve a minimum grade of B- in FOR 4991


The core program focuses on forest ecosystem management with a blend of courses in basic, biophysical, social, and management sciences. Opportunity for students to pursue an education of substantial personal choice is provided by elective courses that can be organized in areas of concentration leading to minors. Students may also elect to follow minors offered by other faculties, or they may take a general variety of courses that does not lead to a minor. Twenty-four credit hours are required for a minor in the BScF program.

Core courses are listed below. Students are advised to incorporate electives to balance work loads to a normal load of five or six courses per term.

Observations and experimentation in a forested environment are critical to the education of professional foresters so work in natural settings is an important part of many courses. Extensive use is made of University forests which total 3,000 hectares in area, including the UNB Woodlot, adjacent to the Fredericton campus. To work in these and other areas, students are advised that they will need an approved hard hat (approximate cost $10.00) and approved safety-toed work boots (approximate cost $100.00).

Students will be required to pay for a portion of costs of extended field trips.

The Canadian Forest Service and the headquarters of the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources and Energy are also adjacent to the campus. Scientists and managers at these institutions commonly undertake collaborative projects with students which provide opportunities for students to learn from the experience of others beyond their professors.

Core Course Requirements

BIOL 1001 Biological Principles, Part I
BIOL 1006 Applications in Biology, Part I
BIOL 1012 Biological Principles, Part II
BIOL 1017 Applications in Biology, Part II
CHEM 1303 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry
CHEM 1006* General Chemistry Laboratory I
ENR 1001 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications I
ENR 1002 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications II
ENR 1611 Engineered Systems and Structures in Natural Environments
ENR 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENR 2531 Introduction to Hydrometerology Systems
ESCI 1001* Social and Cultural Systems
ESCI 1036* Geology Lab for Foresters
FOR 1001 Introduction to Forestry
FOR 2006 Management of Natural Systems
FOR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 2281 GIS in Forestry I
FOR 2282 GIS in Forestry II
FOR 2416 Structure and Development of Woody Plants
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 2432 Forest Inventory and Growth
FOR 2435 Fundamentals of Forest Tree Physiology and Genetics
FOR 2505 Soils for Plant Growth
FOR 2703 Forest Operations
FOR 2803 Wood Technology
FOR 3005 Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design
FOR 3006 Forest Management
FOR 3101 Forest Economics
FOR 3303 Photo-interpretation, Photogrammetry, and Remote Sensing in Forestry
FOR 3445 Ecology of Populations and Communities
FOR 3456 Forest Watershed and Forest Fire Management
FOR 4020 Management Practicum
FOR 4096 Forest Landscape Design and Management
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi
FOR 4973 Forestry Field Camp II
MATH 1823 Calculus for Management Science
MATH 1833 Finite Mathematics for Management Sciences

STAT 2264* Intro Statistics for Biology Students

*Alternative equivalents for course may be available with approval of the Student Services Coordinator or designated advisor.

Urban Forestry Major

The Urban Forestry Major is a 2+2 BScF degree program offered in conjunction with Sir Sanford Fleming College (SSFC) in Lindsay, Ontario. Students who have successfully completed the Urban Forestry Technician Program at SSFC (with a 70% or higher average grade) will be eligible to enroll in a BScF Urban Forestry Major at UNB.

Urban forestry is a specialized branch of forestry focused on the care, protection and maintenance of trees, forests, and green spaces in and around populated areas. Urban forestry emphasises the social, public, health and environmental links and interactions associated with urban and community spaces. The objective of the Urban Forestry Major is to educate professionals so they are well-equipped to interact with the public, and to design, evaluate, and implement management of forests and green spaces in urban environments.

After attaining a Urban Forestry Technician diploma at SSFC, students with a satisfactory standing must complete  82 credits at UNB. The required courses are:

BIOL1001; BIOL1006       Biological Principles I + Lab

FOR1001               Introduction to Forestry

FOR2006               Management of Natural Systems

FOR2505               Forest Soils

FOR3101               Forest Economics

BIOL1012; BIOL1017       Biological Principles II + Lab 

ENR1611              Engineered Systems and Structures in Natural Environments

MATH1823           Calculus for Management Sciences

FOR3006              Forest Management

ENR3201              Urban Watershed Management

ENR4785              Urban Forest Conservation and Management

FOR2282              GIS in Forestry II

FOR3005              Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design

FOR3445              Ecology of Populations and Communities

FOR4020              Forest Management Practicum

FOR4545              Biodiversity and  Ecosystem Management

FOR4973              Forestry Field Camp

FOR2703              Forest Operations

FOR2803              Wood Technology

FOR4721              Urban Land Use Policy, Planning and Procedures

2 Electives


1. Forest Environment Minor: The Forest Environment Minor is a formal way to receive recognition for completing a concentrated, introductory study on forestry issues, forest measurements, forest ecology, social values and policy, and forest management. It is available to students in all degree programs excepting BScF. It prepares students for an awareness of the multiple values that forests provide to society, as well as the processes that conserve and sustain the use of forests for habitat and biological diversity. The Minor requires 24 credit hours (approximately 8 courses) of approved courses as listed below. Credit hours of core courses in the student's major may not be counted towards the credit hour requirement of this minor. Substitutions may be made at the discretion of the faculty advisor.

FOR 1001 Introduction to Forestry
FOR 2006 Management of Natural Systems

Choose one of the following two:
ENR 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENVS 4002 Stakeholder Approaches to Environmental Problem Solving

Choose one of:
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management

The remaining credit hours may be selected from the following list. Additional courses may be added to this list at the discretion of Faculty Advisor.

FOR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 2432 Forest Inventory and Growth
FOR 2505 Soils for Plant Growth
FOR 2281 GIS in Forestry I
FOR 2282 GIS in Forestry II
FOR 3005 Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design
FOR 2703 Forest Operations
FOR 3006 Forest Management
FOR 3101 Forest Economics
FOR 3445 Ecology of Populations and Communities
FOR 3456 Forest Watershed and Forest Fire Management
FOR 4013 Basic Woodlot Management
FOR 4412 Forest Nursery Practices
FOR 4425 Conservation Genetics
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi

Computer Applications Minor: This minor develops a working level of computer literacy in data handling for geographic information systems and remote sensing as applied to forest inventory and management design.

Required courses:
One of the following four:
CS 1073 Intro to Computer Programming I (in Java)
CS 1003 Programming and Problem-Solving for Engineers
FOR 3313 Digital Image Processing in Remote Sensing

In addition, students must choose 3 credit hours from among -
CS 1083 Intro to Computer Programming II (in Java)
CS 2685 C++ Programming for Programmers
CS 2043 Software Engineering I
CS 3043 Software Engineering II
CS 3703 Multimedia Design
FOR 4205 Quantitative Forest Characterization
FOR 4303 Optical, Thermal Infrared and Radar Remote Sensing
FOR 4304 Image Processing Methods for Radarsat-2 and Polarimetric Images
GGE 4403 Geographic Information Systems
GGE 2413 Mapping Concepts and Techniques

2. Wildlife Conservation Minor: The Wildlife Conservation Minor is a formal way to receive recognition for focusing your education on wildlife species, their biological characteristics, management, and current environmental issues; all these areas are of increasing importance to the ways society progresses. Requirements for the Wildlife Conservation Minor are listed under the Environment and Natural Resources Program.

Wildlife Certification: Students who take a specific suite of additional courses could apply to the Wildlife Society to become a certified Associate Wildlife Biologist. The additional courses would require an extra term or two. Contact the Faculty representative for details. 

3. Forest Science Minor:The Forest Science Minor provides students the opportunity to complement their forest ecosystem management core program with courses in the general field of of forest-related science. Two courses are required. Students may then select a stream of related courses or a more varied range of courses that will give insight into more than one area. Examples of areas include ecology, biodiversity, biotechnology, or the biophysical environment. Students are advised to consult their advisor for guidance in course selection.

The required courses to be taken in years 2 or 3 are:

BIOL 2013 Evolutionary Genetics
FOR 2345 Meteorology and Hydrology

A minimum of 17 credit hours of courses are to be selected from the following list, or approved alternatives (courses offered by the Faculties of Engineering, Forestry or Science). At least three courses are to be at the 3000 level or higher.

BIOL 1846 Introduction to Vascular Plants of New Brunswick
BIOL 2073 Fundamentals of Microbiology
BIOL 2093 Zoology
BIOL 3301 Taxonomy of the Flowering Plants
BIOL 3521 Plant Function: Physiology and Metabolism
BIOL 3459 Economic Botany
BIOL 4413 Environmental Plant Physiology
FOR 3425 Forest Tree Genetics and Genomics
FOR 4303 Optical, Thermal Infrared and Radar Remote Sensing
FOR 4438 Biochemistry of Trees
FOR 4466 Advanced Studies in Forest Plants and Their Environment
FOR 4506 Advanced Studies in Forest Soils and Hydrology
FOR 4602 Ecology of Forest Insects
FOR 4723 Ornithology
FOR 4911 Directed Studies in Forestry