Anthropology

ANTH1001The Human Experience: Socio-Cultural Approaches3 ch (3C)

What makes us different from each other? What makes us similar? Exploring and comparing practices of kinship, politics, economics and religion in societies from around the world give us powerful insights into the unique human capacity to create cultures, and into the ways in which culture is fundamental and essential to our shared human experience. 

ANTH1002Everything Biological: Evolution, Fossils, Genes, and Diversity3 ch (3C)
This course introduces the discipline of biological anthropology. The mechanisms of micro- and macroevolution are taught in order to understand the evolution of all primates including humans. This includes the study of living and extinct primates, human evolution, the advent of agriculture, and human diversity.
ANTH1300Archaeology Summer Camp (A) (Cross-Listed: ARCH 1300 )6 ch (3S)

This course offers an overview of the hands-on components of archaeology by providing students with an introduction to experimental archaeology, human material culture, and the archaeological record, as well as basic archaeological recovery methods. These are presented in two broad components, one focused on creating and using ancient tools and technology and exploring past ways of life, and the other on excavating these with formal archaeological techniques.

ANTH1303The Human Past: Archaeological Approaches (Cross-Listed: ARCH 1303)3 ch (3C) [W]
This course traces the historical development of Archaeology from its earliest beginnings to recent advances in archaeological science, and introduces the theories and methods used by archaeologists to investigate and understand past human cultures. Examples are drawn from studies of Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Indigenous and Historical cultures.
ANTH2114Human Systems of Exchange: Nature and Culture3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines foragers, horticulturalists, pastoralists, and peasants and investigates their systems of exchange with each other and with the environment. 

Prerequisite: Any introductory anthropology course or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH2144Organising Society3 ch (3C) [W]

Explores diverse small-scale societies, with a focus on their kinship and political systems. 

Prerequisite: Any introductory anthropology course or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH2174Society and the Sacred3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines a wide range of belief systems in order to introduce students to the study of religions from an anthropological perspective. 

Prerequisite: Any introductory anthropology course or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH2302Prehistoric Archaeology: Paleolithic Cultures 3 ch (3C) [W]

Introduces archaeological methods and theories through an examination of the paleolithic cultures of Africa, Europe and Asia. 

Prerequisite: ANTH/ARCH 1303 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH2303Exploring the World of Archaeology (Cross-listed: ARCH 2303)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course addresses central dynamic tensions in Archaeology and their impact on archaeological practice, including culture history versus cultural process; materialist versus idealist approaches to the past; processual versus post-processual archaeologies; archaeology as a study of the archaeological record versus archaeology of as a study of past human cultures; academic archaeology versus cultural resource management; archaeology and Aboriginal peoples. 

ANTH2313Archaeological History of New Brunswick (A)3 ch (3C)

People have lived in what is now New Brunswick for at least 10,000 years. This course presents an archaeological perspective on the rich and fascinating past of the province, from the earliest archaeological evidence through to the nineteenth century. It is intended for a general audience, as well as students of anthropology. 

ANTH2504Introduction to Medical Anthropology3 ch (3C) [W]
This course is designed to introduce students to the discipline of medical anthropology, which is accomplished by focusing on the ways in which illness, health, and healing are embedded within social, political, and cultural systems. Selected case studies are used to examine i) how different medical systems define health and illness, and how they treat categories of disease? ii) What happens when western medicine confronts folk understandings of illness in such a way that the two clash? iii) How anthropologists investigate and respond to the study of pain, illness, suffering, and healing in specific contexts? iv) How do seemingly local and global cultural processes shape aspects of our bodies, such as illness, sex, and death? This course also explores biomedicine as a powerful cultural belief system that is global in its scope, creates disease categories, and produces authoritative knowledge. Finally, medical pluralism and pertinent case studies are examined to understand the integration of western and traditional medical systems.
ANTH2505Biological Anthropology and the Human Skeleton3 ch (3C) [W]
Biological anthropologists attempt to reconstruct the lives of people using human remains from both forensic and archaeological contexts. In this course, students are introduced to the application of biological anthropology to past human populations through analysis of their biological remnants (bones, teeth and preserved soft tissues). Topics include: determining and understanding population demographics (age, sex, ancestry, and stature), health and disease, chemical and genetic analysis, and quantitative methods and population studies.
ANTH3014Issues in Anthropological Theory (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines landmark theories and enduring debates in order to encourage students to evaluate anthropological theories and to think more critically about the nature of theory in the social sciences.

Prerequisites: Any 2000-level anthropology course or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH3051Work-Study in Anthropology (O)3 ch (3L)

This course allows students to receive university credit for experience in social science research gained under the supervision of a university-seated researcher or from a non-university organization. Registration: Students may only register after making arrangements for supervision and grading with the department.

ANTH3052Anthropological Statistics and Methods3 ch (2L 1S) [W]

This course addresses quantitative anthropological research design and statistical analysis. The course guides students through the process of anthropological research: formulating a research question, choosing a methodology, collecting and analysing data, and producing a project report. Students can incorporate archaeology, social anthropology and medical anthropology, research interests into their research projects. 

Prerequisites: Any 2000-level anthropology course or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH3114Gender, Sex and Culture3 ch (3C) [W]

How do human gender roles vary from culture to culture and over time? How has anthropology attempted to explain these variations? What are the implications for the nature/nurture debate? Examples are drawn from archaeology, biological anthropology, and socio cultural studies.

Prerequisite: Any 2000-level anthropology course, or permission of the instructor.

ANTH3284Rules, Social Order, and Conflict (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines how human societies have solved disputes, regulated sexuality, and organized property, including the changes brought about under colonialism and globalization. 

ANTH3301The Prehistory of North America (A)3 ch (3C) (LE) [W]

This course surveys of the cultural history of North America through an in-depth examination of the origins and development of the Native cultures of North America, from the earliest traces to European contact. 

Prerequisite: ANTH 2303 or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH3303The Archaeological Traditions of North America (A)3 ch (3C) (LE) [W]

This course presents a detailed examination of the historical, theoretical and methodological development of Americanist archaeology.

Prerequisite: ANTH 2303 or permission of the instructor 

ANTH3341Work-Study in Museum Studies and Material Culture Analysis (O)3 ch (3L)

Allows students to receive university credit for experience gained in museum studies, collections management and/or material culture analysis gained outside the university setting. 

Prerequisite(s): 3 ch of Archaeology.

Registration: Students may register only after making arrangements for supervision and grading with the department.
ANTH3342Archaeological Lab School I (O)3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

The lab school offers an introduction to archaeological analytical techniques through participation in a lab-based research project. This section emphasizes systematic approaches to research, recognition and cataloguing of archaeological materials, and basic data recovery. 

Prerequisite: 3 ch of third-level Archaeology and permission of the instructor. 

Offered concurrently with ANTH 3343. Students who receive credit for ANTH 3340 cannot receive credit for ANTH 3342.
ANTH3343Archaeological Lab School II (O)3 ch (3L) (LE) [W]

The lab school offers an introduction to archaeological analytical techniques through participation in a lab-based research project. This section emphasizes quantitative methods, data manipulation and presentation, and technical analyses.

Prerequisite: 3 ch of third-level archaeology and permission of the instructor. 

Offered concurrently with ANTH 3342. Students who receive credit for ANTH 3340 cannot receive credit for ANTH 3343.
ANTH3344Ancient Technology (O)3 ch (3L) (LE)

This course explores ancient technologies from the view of experimental archaeology and replication of specific tools. Various materials, such as stone, clay, metal and cloth are examined, and particular tool classes, such as weapons, containers, and transport vessels are considered. 

ANTH3345Acquiring an Archaeological Perspective (O) 3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

This seminar examines the domain and nature of archaeological inquiry, and the relationships among archaeology and other disciplines in the social, physical and natural sciences.

Prerequisite: 3 ch of third-level archaeology and permission of the instructor.

ANTH3346Public Archaeology (A)3 ch (3S) (LE)
This course offers an introduction to public and community-based archaeology and provides an overview of archaeology as public outreach. Topics include public engagement and education, the role of museums, universities, and field projects, and the ethical issues around public education focused on excavation. Students participate in the development and implementation of a public archaeology project, including creating a display or showcase on archaeological practices. The course also involves interacting with the public, with other students, and with the university community, and involves mentoring and teaching others about archaeological practice.Prerequisites: ANTH/ARCH 1303, ANTH/ARCH 2303 or permission of instructor.
ANTH3351Work-Study in Archaeological Field Research (O)3 ch (3L)

Allows students to receive university credit for experience gained in archaeological field research outside the university setting.

Prerequisite(s): 3 ch of archaeology.

Registration: Students may register only after making arrangements for supervision and grading with the department.
ANTH3352Archaeological Field School I (O)3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

The field school offers an introduction to archaeological field techniques through participation in a field research project. This section emphasizes safety in the field, systematic approaches to research, site survey, recording, testing and excavation techniques.

Prerequisite: 3 ch of third-level Archaeology and permission of the instructor. 

Offered concurrently with ANTH 3353. Students who receive credit for ANTH 3350 cannot receive credit for ANTH 3352.
ANTH3353Archaeological Field School II (O) 3 ch (3L) LE

The field school offers an introduction to archaeological field techniques through participation in a field research project. This section emphasizes recognition and recovery of archaeological materials, recording of basic field procedures and recovery of materials for technical analyses.

Prerequisite: 3 ch of third-level archaeology and permission of the instructor. 

Offered concurrently with ANTH 3352. Students who receive credit for ANTH 3350 cannot receive credit for ANTH 3353.
ANTH3502Medical Anthropology and Public Health3 ch (3C) [W]

Medical anthropology is playing an increasingly important role in public health. This course builds on basic concepts introduced in ANTH 2504 with an emphasis on the contributions of medical anthropological theories and concepts towards an understanding of complex health-related behavior. This course examines why public health policies and interventions are more likely to be effective if the beliefs and behavior of people are understood and taken into account. Some examples of particular health problems are examined, such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, malaria and other communicable and non-communicable diseases to show how an anthropological approach can contribute to both a better understanding of health and illness and to more culturally appropriate public health measures. 

Prerequisite: ANTH 2504 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH3521Exploring the World of Primates (O)3 ch (2C 1L) (W)
In this course students are introduced to the major primate taxa (i.e. prosimians, New World monkeys, Old World Monkeys, and apes) to illustrate the great variety in the anatomy, physiology, behaviour, and ecology within the Primate Order. The biological and social adaptations of primates are explored as well as basic evolutionary concepts, current trends and theories in primatology. The following topics are addressed: evolutionary history, taxonomic classification, diet, predation, communication, social systems, kin selection, reproductive strategies, cognition, and conservation.Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH3522Human Variation and Adaptation3 ch (2C 1L) [W]

This course explores our biocultural evolution. It introduces students to human biological diversity, our similarities and differences and why these exist. How did humans in different parts of the world adapt and survive in their specific environments? What selective pressures were exerted on population genetics to produce modern variations? Topics include human adaptations: micro- and macro-evolution, skin pigmentation, growth and development,  demography, aging and senescence, genetic variations, disease prevention and susceptibility.

 Prerequisite: ANTH 2505 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH3523Forensic Anthropology: Identifying the Missing and Mudererd (A)3 ch (1.5C 1.5L) (W)
This course introduces the field of forensic anthropology, which involves the application of biological anthropology methods to a medico-legal context. To identify human remains, forensic anthropologists assist law enforcement by determining age, sex, ancestry, stature, and unique features from the skeleton. Using decomposition rates, they can provide an estimate of the postmortem interval. Course topics include: establishing a forensic context, methods of scene recovery, estimating the postmortem interval, reconstruction of demographic information, and identification of bone pathology and trauma.Prerequisite: ANTH 3521 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH3524Paleopathology: Ancient Disease and Origins (O)3 ch (2S 1L) (W)
This course focuses on the study of ancient human diseases and their origins through examination of their remains in the archaeological record. Only a few diseases leave their marks on bone and tooth enamel, the most common remnants of ancient populations. Students are taught how to identify these abnormalities and assess their potential implications for the health of a living person/population, and to interpret the bioarchaeological evidence to gain insight into the health of past populations.

Prerequisite: ANTH 3520 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH3525Bones: The Human Skeleton (A)3 ch (1C 2L)

Human skeletal anatomy and biology are fundamental to the study of forensics and biological anthropology. This course emphasizes a hands-on learning process for the identification of individual bones, and their morphological features, siding, and anatomical orientation. Relevant techniques for the reconstruction of past populations and the assessment of human biological variation are introduced (age at death, sex, growth and development).

Prerequisite: ANTH 2505 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH 3525 cannot be taken for credit as well as ANTH 3520.

ANTH3662Canada's First Nations (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Explores the distinctiveness of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples through their varied societies and cultures and how these have withstood centuries of colonial impact to confront the many shared challenges of living in contemporary Canadian society.

ANTH3665The Circumpolar World (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Nunavut has grown out of an intensive debate about Inuit self-governance. A large part of this debate has been shared with Inuit and Eskimoic groups living in other parts of the Arctic whose cultures and societies often reflect similarities with Canadian Inuit, yet whose administrative and political experiences have differed widely. Here, the cultural world of the Arctic becomes the starting point for understanding the various management strategies adopted by different countries in relation to the circumpolar north and the peoples who live there.

ANTH3694Latin America3 ch (3C) [W]

Relates specific ethnographic studies of Latin American societies to the analysis of colonialism, imperialism and underdevelopment.

ANTH3704South Asia3 ch (3C) [W]

Introduces basic concepts for the analysis of South Asian society, including class, caste, ethnic groups, local and national state and economic relations, in an historical context of colonialism and underdevelopment. Debates surrounding these issues are addressed.

ANTH4024Anthropology and Ethics (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

The ethical codes of many national anthropological associations recommend that teachers impress upon students the ethical challenges involved in every phase of anthropological work, as well as encouraging them to reflect upon available ethical codes. They also encourage dialogue with colleagues on ethical issues. This seminar provides a forum for extended discussions of complex ethical challenges that face anthropologists in their professional work.

 Pre-requisite: Any introductory anthropology course or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4114Culture and Environment3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines how culture mediates the relationship between humans and their environment, including traditional ecological knowledge and/or local knowledge systems. 

Prerequisite: ANTH 2114 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4202Selected Topics in Social Anthropology (O) 3 ch (3S) [W]

Offers an in-depth analysis of one of a range of potential topics in socio-cultural studies. 

Prerequisite: Any 2000-level anthropology course or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4204Gender, Kinship, and Marriage (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the wide diversity of gender roles, kinship forms and marital arrangements in human cultures of all scales. 

Prerequisite: ANTH 3114 or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH4224Religion in Practice (A)3 ch [W]

Explains the cultural and social roots of religious beliefs as well as the diversity of religious understandings and practices throughout the world.

Prerequisite: ANTH 2174 or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH4244Ethnopolitics and Identity (O)3 ch 3S [W]

Identity is often as much as about politics as it is about cultural heritage. Current and classic examples of the politicization of cultural heritage and ethnic identity are explored in light of political action.

Prerequisites: ANTH 2144 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH4304Archaeology of Atlantic Canada (A)3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

In this seminar, students examine the 11,000 years of prehistory in the Atlantic region, emphasizing changes in material culture, ecological adaptations, and social interaction.

Prerequisite: ANTH 3303 or permission of the instructor. 

ANTH4305-9Selected Topics in Archaeology (A)3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

This courses provides an in-depth examination of an archaeological topic selected by the instructor. Examples of topics that may be selected include: geoarchaeology, prehistoric human ecology, hunter-gatherer studies, consulting archaeology, or diet and subsistence. 

 Prerequisite: ANTH 3303 or permission of the instructor. Students who received credit for ANTH 5314 cannot receive credit for ANTH 4305; students who receive credit for ANTH 5353 cannot receive credit for 4506. 

ANTH4308Consulting Archaeology
In-depth examinations of archaeological topics, geoarchaeology, prehistoric human ecology, hunter-gatherer studies, consulting archaeology, or diet & subsistence.
ANTH4502Issues in Medical Anthropology (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

A course designed to evaluate the application of medical anthropology in understanding and improving human health problems. A selection of case studies reflecting the various dimensions of medical anthropology in different cultural contexts are considered. The course begins with an introduction to the research methods used in medical anthropology. The important theoretical constructs that have influenced the field of medical anthropology and their application in research problems are examined.

Prerequisite: ANTH 2504 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4522Human Evolution (O)3 ch (3L) [W]

Examines the genetic basis of human evolution. With the advent of modern genetic technologies, it has been possible to compare and contrast evolutionary relationships at the genetic level. The current debate in biological anthropology surrounds the origin of anatomically modern Homo sapiens based on DNA evidences. An in-depth examination of fossil evidences along with the genetic picture are considered.

Prerequisites: ANTH 1002 or ANTH/ARCH 1303 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4523Forensic Analysis of Human Teeth (O)3 ch (2C 1L) (W)
This course provides students with a detailed introduction to the methodology used in the study of human teeth in forensics, biological anthropology, and archaeology. Students are taught how to use teeth in establishing a biological profile for human remains using anatomical aspects of human dentition as well as morphological variation, pathology, and changes with age and development. Topics selected for study represent areas of current research that address important questions in the study of forensic identification, human biological variation, bioarchaeology, and human origins.Prerequisite: ANTH 2505 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH4524Bioarcheology: Archeological Human Remains (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
In this course students are introduced to the discipline of bioarchaeology, the application of biological anthropological techniques to reconstruct the lives of past populations from an archaeological context using their skeletal remains. Specific topics include patterns of subsistence, diet, disease, demography, and physical activity.Prerequisite: ANTH 2505 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH4602Genes and People: Anthropological Applications (O)3 ch (3L) [W]

This course introduces the basic concepts of human genetics and examines its application in anthropological research. Topics covered include: human genetic variability and its role in disease prevention and susceptibility; the use of DNA in reconstructing the biological profile of human remains from forensic contexts; and using ancient DNA to trace population migrations and resolve issues of human origins. Ethical questions and implications pertaining to the human genome project and human genetic research are also addressed.

ANTH4603Selected Topics in Biological Anthropology (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
This course provides an in-depth examination of a biological anthropological topic selected by the instructor. Examples of such topics include: human demography and human growth and development.Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH4702Gender and Health (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

A course designed to evaluate the gender dimension of health and disease, and addresses the articulation of gender roles and ideology with health status, the organization of health care, and health policy in a cross-cultural perspective. Gender is a cultural construct, and cultural ideas about women’s health and women’s bodies differ between social groups and historical periods. Gender issues pertain to men as well, and male gender roles and expectations are also culturally constructed. There are biomedical consequences to the cultural constructions of gender differences. The course examines how expressions of gender and power can play a role in prevention and treatment strategies.

Prerequisite: ANTH 2504 or permission of the instructor.

ANTH4704Selected Topics in Biomedical Anthropology (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
This course provides an in-depth examination of a biomedical anthropological topic selected by the instructor. Examples of such topics include: infectious diseases and biomedical genetics.Prerequisite: ANTH 1002 or permission of the instructor.
ANTH5303Theory and Method (Archaeology)3 ch (3S) (LE) [W]

Students explore the research process through conducting individual archaeological research projects developed in conjunction with the instructor. 

Prerequisite: Open only to honours students, or with permission of the instructor.

ANTH5701Doing Anthropology: Method and Theory3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines contemporary theoretical approaches and develops research skills in socio-cultural anthropology.

Prerequisite: Open only to anthropology honours or qualifying students, or with permission of the instructor.
ANTH5704Biological Anthropology (Theory and Method) (O)3 ch (2S 1L) (W)
This course explores the research process through conducting individual biological anthropology research projects developed in conjunction with the instructor.Prerequisite: Open only to honours or qualifying students, or with permission of the instructor.