Biology Option

Department of Biology

General Office:  Bailey Hall, Room 29
Mailing Address: Department of Biology, 
University of New Brunswick,
P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, N.B.,
Canada, E3B 5A3
Phone: (506) 453-4583
Fax: (506) 453-3570
Email: biology@unb.ca
Website: http://www.unb.ca/fredericton/science/depts/biology/index.html

Faculty

  • Addison, Jason A., BSc, PhD (Dal.), Assoc Prof - 2008
  • Bailey, Robert C., BSc, MSc, PhD (Western), Adjunct Prof - 2010
  • Baird, Donald J., BSc, PhD (Glasgow), Visiting Res Prof - 2003
  • Barbeau, Myriam A., BSc (McG.), PhD (Dal.), Prof - 1999
  • Barclay, Katherine D., BSc (UNB), MSc (Wat.), PhD (Guelph), Sr Teaching Assoc (Joint Kinesiology and Nursing) - 2001
  • Barker, Duane, BSc, MSc (Memorial), PhD (Dal.), Adjunct Prof - 2016
  • Benfey, Tillmann J., BSc (McG.), MSc (Memorial), PhD (Br.Col.), Prof - 1989
  • Burridge, Leslie, BSc (Dal.), PhD (UNB), Adjunct Prof - 2016
  • Chambers, Patricia A., BSc Honours (Trent), PhD (Scotland), Adjunct Prof - 2006
  • Clark, Denise V., BSc (Br.Col.), PhD (S. Fraser), Prof - 1994
  • Courtenay, Simon C., BSc, MSc (Western), PhD (Br.Col.) Adjunct Prof - 2014
  • Crawford, Bryan D., BSc (Alta), MSc (Vic.BC), PhD (S.Fraser.) - Prof 2006
  • Cunjak, Richard A., BSc (Guelph), MSc (Nfld.), PhD (Wat.), - Prof (Joint Forestry) - 1997
  • Curry, R. Allen, BES (Wat.), MSc (Trent), PhD (Guelph), Prof, Recreational Fisheries (Joint Forestry) - 1997
  • Cwynar, Les C., BSc, MSc, PhD (Tor.), Prof - 1988
  • Diamond, Antony W., BA (Cambridge), MSc, PhD (Aberdeen), Emeritus Prof, Atlantic Laboratory for Avian Research (Joint Forestry) - 1994
  • Didyk, Andy S., BA, PhD (UNB), Sr Teaching Assoc, (Joint Nursing) - 1999
  • Duffy, Michael, BSc (Hons), PhD (UNB), Assoc Prof - 2005
  • Durnford, Dion G., BSc (Dal.), PhD (Br.Col.), Prof - 1997
  • Forbes, Graham J., BA (York), MA, PhD (Wat.), Prof (Joint Forestry) - 1997
  • Heard, Stephen B., BSc (Wat.), PhD (Pennsylvania), Prof - 2002
  • Jesson, Linley, BSc (Auckland), MSc (Hons) (Canterbury), PhD (Tor), Adjunct Prof - 2006
  • Johns, Robert, BSc (St.FX), PhD (UNB), Adjunct Prof - 2012
  • Kubien, David S., BScFor (Br.Col.), MSc (Car.), PhD (Tor.), Adjunct Prof - 2005
  • Lawrence, Janice E., BSc, PhD (Dal.), Assoc Prof - 2003
  • Linnansaari, Tommi, BSc, MSc (Helsenki), PhD (UNB), Assoc Prof, Salmon Chair - 2017
  • MacLellan, Shawn R., BSc (Guelph), MSc (Guelph), PhD (McMaster), Assoc Prof - 2010
  • Malenfant, Rene M., BSc (St.Fx), BSc, PhD (Alberta), Instructor - 2016
  • Martel, Veronique, BSc (Montreal), MSc (McG.), PhD (McG.), Adjunct Prof - 2015 
  • Mayes, Charlene F., BSc, MS (S.Fraser), BCIDP (Vancouver Community College), Sr Teaching Assoc - 1997
  • Miles, Kelly, BSc (Dal.), MSc (Dal.), Sr Instructor - 2012
  • Nedelcu, Aurora M., BSc (Romania), PhD (Dal.), Prof - 2002
  • Parachnowitsch, Amy, BSc (S Fraser), MSc (Guelph), PhD (Cornell) Assist Prof - 2018
  • Patten, Cheryl L., BSc, PhD (Wat.), Assoc Prof 2004
  • Peake, Stephan J., BSc General, BSc Honors (Guelph), MSc (Wat.), PhD (S. Fraser), Assoc Prof - 2002
  • Pureswaran, Deepa, BSc, MSc, PhD (S.Fraser), Adjunct Prof - 2010
  • Rendell, Drew, BSc (Calg.), MSc (California), PhD (California), Prof - 2015
  • Reyes Prieto, Adrien, BSc, PhD (Mexico), Assoc Prof - 2009
  • Sacobie, Charles F., BSc, MSc, PhD (UNB), Sr Instructor - 2013
  • Saunders, Gary W., BSc, MSc (Acad.), PhD (S. Fraser), Prof, UNB Chair in Molecular Systematics & Biodiversity, and Chair - 1995
  • Sharp, Lisa, BSc (Br.Col.), MSc (Vic. BC), BCIDP (Vancouver Community College), Sr Teaching Assoc - 2001
  • van den Heuvel, Michael R., BSc, PhD, (Wat.), Adjunct Prof - 2016

General Information

Biology Goal

The educational goal of the Department of Biology at UNB is to foster a fascination with and an ability to learn about progress in the biological sciences, and appreciate the importance of these fields to society. This is achieved through teaching within the department that emphasises the questions of contemporary biology, and how they are asked.  Our graduates understand that the sub-disciplines of 21st century biology are interrelated, ask questions at a range of spatial and temporal scales, with a broad taxonomic scope, and that these dynamic disciplines have a strong quantitative foundation.

Our aim is to provide students with a foundation upon which they can build in future professional or postgraduate training, and as scientifically literate citizens of our society.

Programs in Biology

The Department of Biology offers the following programs: Honours (by Thesis or by Course), Major and Minor.

Either of the Honours programs provides students with the preparation required for graduate work in Biology or admission to many professional schools.*

The Major program is designed to provide concentrated study in Biology while maximizing a student's access to the offerings of other Departments and Faculties. It will therefore be of use to students with interdisciplinary educational and career objectives. With care, students should be able to use this to satisfy prerequisites to many professional schools.*

Both the Honours and the Major programs have Pre-Health Profession (PHP) Concentrations designed to help students prepare for health-professional schools. The program requirements for these concentrations are the same as for the regular Honours and Major programs, but additional courses are recommended as electives. Students interested in the PHP Concentration must discuss their intentions with their Biology advisor early in their program to ensure appropriate timetabling of these electives.*

The Minor program is structured to meet the individual needs of the student and will complement his/her major program.
Admission to these programs is by application to the Chair of Biology or Director of Undergraduate Studies. Minimum cumulative grade point average (CGPA) requirements and prerequisites may be required for admission.

An advisor, assigned to each successful applicant, must approve course selections according to the guidelines given below.

Students are reminded that courses offered by other Departments form an important complementary part of the overall program of studies. A minimum of 12 ch of electives selected from the course offerings of the Faculty of Arts are required in the Honours and Major programs.

NOTE:* In addition to their Biology advisor, pre-professional students must consult the Assistant Dean of Science for information about prerequisites and advice on program planning.

Program Requirements 

Major Program (132 ch total)

Level I

  1. BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012, BIOL 1017; CHEM 1001, CHEM 1006, CHEM 1012, CHEM 1017; MATH 1003 or MATH 1053 and one of MATH 1013, MATH 1063 or STAT 2264.
  2. 2 more term courses of first year science lectures (Physics or Earth Sciences).

Level II

  1. BIOL 2003, BIOL 2008, BIOL 2013, BIOL 2018, BIOL 2023, BIOL 2028, BIOL 2063, BIOL 2068; CHEM 2401 (3 ch) and STAT 2264 (3 ch) * (See Note 2)

Levels III and IV

Upper level (Level III or IV) Biology courses totalling a minimum of 34 ch, including a minimum of 10 ch of laboratory or field courses (denoted by the course designation “L” in the course description). Courses considered toward the laboratory and field experience requirement include BIOL 3058, BIOL 3083, BIOL 3102, BIOL 3113, BIOL 3173, BIOL 3207, BIOL 3293, BIOL 3301, BIOL 3383, BIOL 3441, BIOL 3541, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3883, BIOL 3908, BIOL 3933BIOL 3943, BIOL 4182, BIOL 4211, BIOL 4221, BIOL 4368, BIOL 4443, BIOL 4533, BIOL 4581BIOL 4641, BIOL 4688, BIOL 4691BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4746, BIOL 4851, BIOL 4863, BIOL 4981, and BIOL 4991 (but do not include BIOL 3149, BIOL 4149, or BIOL 4090). 

Electives

  1. 12 ch of Arts courses.
  2. 24 ch of other courses (in almost any field including Biology) * (see Note 4).

Notes: (*)

  1. A C grade or better is required in all courses for Biology degree programs. Students in all Biology programs will not be allowed to take any third or fourth level Biology courses, until they have passed (C minimum) all first level requirements for Biology programs.
  2. If STAT 2264 is counted as a first year requirement, then an extra 3 ch of Level III/IV courses must be taken.
  3. Students are urged to register early (by the end of classes, Winter term) for courses they plan to take in the next academic year that are required for their program and that have limited enrollment.
  4. Some courses offered in other Faculties will not be considered for credit toward a BSc; so, students should see their advisor for course approval. 

Honours Program (144 ch total):

There are two honours programs: Honours by Course and Honours by Thesis. Students must have (and maintain) a minimum CGPA of 3.0 to be accepted in and remain in either program.

Application to the Honours by Thesis program is initiated by writing a letter of intent to the Chair of Biology before preregistration at the end of year 3. Students must make arrangements to complete their dissertation research with a Faculty member in the Department of Biology before applying to the Program. BIOL 4090 (Honours Thesis Project) is required and the course description should be consulted for further information and specific procedures. As well, a general research skills course, either BIOL 3933BIOL 3943BIOL 4463 or BIOL 5473, is required (note that a student can do more than one of the general research skills courses).

Level I

  1. BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012, BIOL 1017; CHEM 1001, CHEM 1006, CHEM 1012, CHEM 1017; MATH 1003 or MATH 1053 and one of MATH 1013, MATH 1063 or STAT 2264.
  2. 2 more term courses of first year science lectures (Physics or Earth Sciences).

Level II

BIOL 2003, BIOL 2008, BIOL 2013, BIOL 2018, BIOL 2023, BIOL 2028, BIOL 2063, BIOL 2068; CHEM 2401 (3 ch) and STAT 2264 (3 ch)* (see Note 2).

Levels III and IV

Upper level (Level III or IV) Biology courses totalling a minimum of 46 ch, including a minimum of 10 ch of laboratory or field courses (denoted by the course designation “L” in the course description). Courses considered toward the laboratory and field experience requirement include BIOL 3058, BIOL 3083, BIOL 3102, BIOL 3113BIOL 3173, BIOL 3207, BIOL 3293, BIOL 3301, BIOL 3383, BIOL 3441, BIOL 3541, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3883, BIOL 3908, BIOL 3933, BIOL 3943, BIOL 4182, BIOL 4211, BIOL 4221, BIOL 4368BIOL 4443, BIOL 4533BIOL 4581BIOL 4641, BIOL 4688BIOL 4691, BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4746, BIOL 4851, BIOL 4863BIOL 4981, and BIOL 4991 (but do not include BIOL 3149, BIOL 4149, or BIOL 4090). For the Honours by Thesis, the minimum of 46 ch also includes BIOL 4090 and one of the general research skills courses (BIOL 3943, BIOL 3933, BIOL 4463 or BIOL 5473).

Electives

  1. 12 ch of Arts courses.
  2. 24 ch of other courses (in almost any field, including Biology)* (see Note 4). 

NOTES:(*)

  1. A C grade or better is required in all courses for Biology degree programs. Students in all Biology programs will not be allowed to take any third or fourth level Biology courses, until they have passed (C minimum) all first year requirements for Biology programs.
  2. If STAT 2264 is counted as a first year requirement, then an extra 3 ch of Level III/IV courses must be taken.
  3. Students are urged to register early (by the end of classes, Winter term) for courses they plan to take in the next academic year that are required for their program and that have limited enrollment.  
  4. Some courses offered in other Faculties will not be considered for credit toward a BSc; so, students should see their advisor for course approval. 
  5. The Honours student (by course or by thesis) must achieve a minimum final CGPA of 3.7 to obtain First Class Honours standing upon graduation. A student completing all course requirements for Honours but with a CGPA below 3.0 will be given a Majors degree.

Minor Program:

The Minor in Biology is designed for students in other Departments of the Faculty of Science, and outside the Faculty of Science, who are interested in a coherent package of Biology courses. The Minor follows section V in the “University Wide Academic Regulations” of the Undergraduate Academic Calendar and consists of BIOL courses, totalling at least 24 credit hours with a grade of C or better, approved by the Biology Director of Undergraduate Studies. The Level II BIOL courses and the Concentrations can be used as guidelines. Students requiring BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012 and BIOL 1017, or other BIOL courses for their Major are not eligible to also count these courses towards a Biology Minor. Students not requiring Biology courses for their Major must take, and can count, BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012 and BIOL 1017 as part of their Biology Minor. Also, see Note 2 below.

*Additional Notes:

  1. Some upper level courses (3000 and 4000 level) have limited enrollment. Students should register in the Winter term for these courses, since assignments will be made in May following pre-registration. Priority for admission is as follows: Year IV Honours, Year IV Majors, Year III Honours, Year III Majors. Within each category, students will be selected based on CGPA (and at the discretion of the instructor). If space permits, students in a Minor program may also enroll in these courses.
  2. Some Biology courses are designed for non-Science students. Students enrolled in Biology programs may take these courses, but they can only be considered as electives for the purposes of the Biology programs. Permission of the instructor may be required. Such courses include: BIOL 1711, BIOL 1719BIOL 1782, 1789, BIOL 1846, BIOL 2251, BIOL 2259BIOL 2501, BIOL 2509, BIOL 2513, BIOL 2519, BIOL 2721, BIOL 2761, BIOL 2769, BIOL 2792, BIOL 2812, and BIOL 2819

Co-operative Work Experience in Biology

The Faculty of Science seeks to provide opportunities for students and employers to develop relationships that enhance the learning experience for students and present employers with skilled, motivated employees looking to make a career connection. To achieve this, the Faculty, through the Department of Biology and other Science departments and programs, operates a Co-operative Education Program. Co-op opportunities are available for qualified students; please refer to the Science section of this calendar for detailed information.

Concentrations

Upper level Honours and Major students in Biology can choose from many Biology courses (see requirements for Levels III and IV, above). Concentrations are optional and designed to guide students who want more focused education in a specific area, and will be indicated on the final transcript at graduation if a student successfully completes a minimum of 24 ch from the Concentration. The majority of these 24 ch should come from the “Recommended courses” list, and the remaining ch from the “Other Relevant courses” list. Note that BIOL 3933, BIOL 3943 and BIOL 5473 can count towards any of the Concentrations. Selection must be approved by an academic advisor.

Aquatic Biology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3383, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4746 or BIOL 4981, BIOL 4773, BIOL 4863, BIOL 4991, BIOL 6183.
Other Relevant courses: BIOL 3603, BIOL 3801, BIOL 3908, BIOL 4443ENR 2531, ENR 3201; also see Marine Biology Concentration; FOR 3457, FOR 4576.
Biological Diversity Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 1846, BIOL 3083, BIOL 3207BIOL 3261, BIOL 3301, BIOL 3493, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3673, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4221, BIOL 4233, BIOL 4351, BIOL 4443, BIOL 4581BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4746 or BIOL 4981.
Other Relevant courses: BIOL 3162, BIOL 3383BIOL 3633, BIOL 3801, BIOL 4043BIOL 4182, BIOL 4368, BIOL 4533BIOL 4691, BIOL 4823, ESCI 3271.
Cell and Molecular Biology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3013, BIOL 3031, BIOL 3043 , BIOL 3058, BIOL 3073, BIOL 3207, BIOL 3261, BIOL 4043, BIOL 4302BIOL 4533, BIOL 4581; CHEM 2421, CHEM 2422.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3102, BIOL 3133, BIOL 3162, BIOL 3242, BIOL 3311, BIOL 3493, BIOL 3593BIOL 3673, BIOL 3812, BIOL 4123, BIOL 4182, BIOL 4272.
Environmental Biology Concentration
Students interested in environmental biology should take ESCI 1001, ESCI 1006 and ESCI 1012.
Recommended courses: BIOL 4863; BIOL 3261 and BIOL 3207 or BIOL 3801 and BIOL 3908; BIOL 3441, BIOL 3633, BIOL 4191, BIOL 4233, BIOL 4351, BIOL 4773; CHEM 2121 and CHEM 2136; ENVS 2003, ENVS 2023; FOR 2281.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 1846, BIOL 3083; BIOL 3173, BIOL 3293, BIOL 3301, BIOL 3383, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4302, BIOL 4368, BIOL 4423 , BIOL 4443, BIOL 4563, BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4746; ENVS 4001, ENVS 4002; ESCI 3271ESCI 3442, ESCI 4452; FOR 4545, FOR 4721; PHIL 3206; see also Marine Biology Concentration.
Evolutionary Biology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3013BIOL 3113, BIOL 3242, BIOL 3293,  BIOL 4123, BIOL 4533, BIOL 4563.
Other Relevant courses: BIOL 3083BIOL 3301, BIOL 3423, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3873, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4221, BIOL 4581BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4823.
General Zoology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3801, BIOL 3908.
Suggested field courses: BIOL 3173, BIOL 3383.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3162, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3673, BIOL 3812BIOL 3873, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4182, BIOL 4691BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4746 or BIOL 4981.
Pre-Health Profession Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 1711 or BIOL 1719, BIOL 2761 or BIOL 2769, BIOL 2792 or BIOL 1789, BIOL 2812 or BIOL 2819BIOL 3207BIOL 3261, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3833.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3013, BIOL 3031, BIOL 3043, BIOL 3058, BIOL 3073, BIOL 3162BIOL 3311BIOL 3493, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3673, BIOL 3801, BIOL 3812, BIOL 3833, BIOL 3908, BIOL 4043, BIOL 4123BIOL 4182, BIOL 4953; PHIL 1201, PHIL 3203; PHYS 1091, PHYS 1092.
Marine Biology Concentration
Students should complete the Level II requirements prior to entering this concentration. The Marine Block Semester offers four of the recommended courses in the Fall term in a block format, where the courses are offered consecutively over the term.
Recommended course: BIOL 3633.
Marine Block courses (recommended; taken together in the Fall term): BIOL 4221, BIOL 4221, BIOL 4641, BIOL 4691 or BIOL 4851 or BIOL 4981, BIOL 4991
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3173, BIOL 3603,  BIOL 4233, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4746, BIOL 4773, BIOL 4863.
Parasitology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3593, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3673, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3801BIOL 4688, BIOL 4691.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3031, BIOL 3043BIOL 3207BIOL 3261BIOL 3311, BIOL 3493BIOL 3873, BIOL 3883BIOL 4191, BIOL 4863, BIOL 4991; BIOL 6671/BIOL 6672.
Physiology Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3031BIOL 3043BIOL 3162BIOL 3207, BIOL 3261, BIOL 3593, BIOL 3801, BIOL 3812BIOL 3908, BIOL 4043BIOL 4182, BIOL 4823.
Other relevant courses: BIOL 3083BIOL 3133, BIOL 3311, BIOL 3603, BIOL 3703BIOL 3673, BIOL 4688, BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741.
Wildlife, Ecology and Conservation Concentration
Recommended courses: BIOL 3083, BIOL 3113, BIOL 3293, BIOL 3441, BIOL 3541, BIOL 3603BIOL 3673, BIOL 3703, BIOL 3873, BIOL 3883, BIOL 4191, BIOL 4233, BIOL 4351, BIOL 4423, BIOL 4723, BIOL 4732, BIOL 4741, BIOL 4773BIOL 4863.
Relevant field courses: BIOL 3173, BIOL 3383, BIOL 4443; also see Marine Biology Concentration.