History

HIST1001Past into Present (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

History starts here, with the news and public debates of today. This general interest course examines how our understanding of the world we live in is shaped by our knowledge of history. The course is divided into two or three modules (depending on available instructors), which will vary from year to year, and will range in focus from world crises to popular culture.

HIST1004War in the Modern World (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course analyzes the history of a current conflict by exploring the domestic and international contexts and options for ending the conflict. Combines lectures, discussion and simulations, to examine the role of allies, armies, paramilitaries, agents provocateurs, multinational corporations, non-government organizations and the United Nations.

HIST1007History of the Body (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course examines how the body has been imagined, experienced, controlled, and understood, both historically and today, by art, medicine, technology, religion, science and popular culture. Considers the sexualized and pregnant body, the sinful and diseased body, the aesthetic and the medicalized body, and the body as machine from Galen and Descartes to the age of the computer, the cyborg and the gene.

HIST1008Religion, Magic and Witchcraft in the Medieval World (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course introduces students to the complex and fascinating realm of religious and scientific beliefs and magical practices maintained by people living during the high and late Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East, from about 1200 AD to 1600 AD. Considerable attention will be paid to the development of the Inquisition against heresy, the growing fear over supposed diabolical conspiracies and the development of the diabolical witch stereotype in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

HIST1009Epidemic Disease from the Middle Ages to the Present (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course explores the changing perceptions of epidemic disease from the fourteenth century through to the present day. By focusing on infectious illnesses such as plague, smallpox, cholera, and influenza, this course considers the various socio-cultural, medical, and governmental responses to epidemics throughout this lengthy period of history. Particular attention is given to both change and continuity over time, posing (and seeking answers to) questions such as: how have responses to epidemic disease changed over time? how have they remained the same?

HIST1133Rome: The Eternal City II (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course provides an introduction to the history of Rome from the Baroque period to the modern age. Normally taught on location. May not be taken by students who have taken HIST 2133 or HIST 3133.

HIST1305Prohibition and Rum-running in Canada, 1827-19483 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course introduces the historical method while exploring the controversial theme of prohibition. Examines both protagonists in the struggle: prohibitionists, whose ideology was rooted in evangelical religion and an early strain of feminism, and the "Rummies" who fought to preserve a recreational drinking culture and the economic opportunities that it made possible.

HIST1315Canadian History on Film 3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course introduces the challenges of studying history on film by examining selected themes in Canadian history and their representation in documentary and dramatic films.

HIST1325Canada since 1945 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course addresses the major issues of contemporary Canadian history, including post-war reconstruction, the emergence of the welfare state, the Quiet Revolution in Quebec, Canadian external relations, immigration policy, regional disparity, political leadership, and national identity. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2325 . 

HIST1715Looking at the Past3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course is designed to acquaint students with the use of visual sources as historical evidence. Studies a broad range of visual culture, from paintings to advertisements to television, according to their historical meanings. Considers how historical images accrue meaning for the contemporary. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST2715 . 

HIST1415"Cowboys and Indians?" A History of Native People in Canadian and American Popular Culture3 ch (3C) [W]
This general interest course examines the conflict between Native people and the Canadian and US settler societies by focusing on how Native people have been and are still being portrayed within the popular culture of those settler societies through film, television, literature, music, material culture, sports, etc This course will examine the underlying beliefs and values of these portrayals and how they have changed over time as well as the various responses by Native people. The course also explores the concept of "popular culture", the relationship between stereotypes and racism, the romanticization of Native Cultures, and the extent to which the "Cowboys and Indians" ideology continues to manifest itself in the rhetoric of resource development. Normally taught online.
HIST1815Military History from Plato to NATO3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course provides an introduction to the study of tactics, technology, battle control, logistics and management. Developments will be examined by studying selected campaigns and battles. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST2815. 

HIST1002The World Since 1945 (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

This general interest course examines major themes in global history since the end of the Second World War. Topics to be examined include the origins, evolution, and end of the Cold War; the emergence of new nations in Africa and Asia; comparative social change; cultural revolutions and the status of women; and recent responses to globalization and armed conflict. 

HIST2013Medieval History Part I: Europe to 12003 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, provides a survey of Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire and the appearance of the German peoples until the end of the twelfth century. Focuses especially on the major political and social developments of medieval Europe, such as feudalism, the revival of towns, the conflict between Popes and Emperors, the crusades, the flourishing of medieval thought and the role of both women and men in medieval society. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1010 or HIST1005 . 

HIST2014Medieval History Part II: Europe 1200-15003 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry-level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, continues the survey of the history of Medieval Europe, beginning c. 1200 and ending with the Renaissance. Focuses especially on the several crises facing Europeans during the later Middle Ages: popular uprisings, famine, the Black Death, the 100 Years War, Papal schism and the new heretical and intellectual challenges to orthodoxy. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1010 or HIST1006 . 

HIST2023Early Modern Europe Part I, 1300-1600 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry-level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys Western European history by examining aspects of the Italian and Northern Renaissances, early contact with Non-Western peoples, the Protestant and Catholic Reformations and the growth of nation states. Emphasizes developments in the economy and society, education, religion, culture and government. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1020 . 

HIST2024Early Modern Europe Part II: 1600-1800 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second-year students, continues the survey of Western European history by examining aspects of the rise of absolutist states, the Scientific Revolution, the Witch Hunts, the Enlightenment, overseas expansion and the French Revolution. Stresses developments in the economy and society, government, secular thought, culture, international relations and war. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1020 . 

HIST2103Modern Europe Part I: 1789-1914 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second-year students, surveys European history from the era of the French and Industrial Revolutions to the eve of the First World War. Topics to be covered include: the French Revolution and Napoleon; the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the working class; evolving political ideologies and movements; the forging of new nation states; changing class and gender relations; cultural upheaval; the motives for imperialism; the origins of the First World War. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST1100 or HIST2100 . 

HIST2104Modern Europe Part II: 1914 to Present (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys European history from the First World War to the present. Topics to be covered include: the First World War; the Russian Revolution; interwar cultural and social change; the Great Depression and political upheaval; the origins and course of the Second World War; Europe and the Cold War; social change after 1945; the impact of decolonization; the rise of the European Union; European debates over national identity. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST1100 or HIST2100 . 

HIST2403Understanding 'America' I: The United States to the Civil War 3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry-level course, which is recommended for both first-and second-year students, surveys American history from the earliest European settlement through the Civil War. Topics include exploration and expansion, the European-Aboriginal encounter, colonization and Christianity, revolutionary ideas and independence, the early Republic, the frontier experience, slavery and resistance, antebellum culture, and sectional discord and conflict.

HIST2404Understanding 'America' II: The United States since the Civil War3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This entry-level course which is recommended for first-and second-year students, surveys the modern history of the United States. The course considers national reconstruction following the Civil War, late nineteenth century industrial and geographic expansion, social unrest and progressive reform in the early twentieth century, the "roaring twenties", the "dirty thirties", the New Deal, the "Good War" of the 1940s, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, liberalism and conservatism, the "Bad War" in Vietnam, the rebellions of the sixties, the Reagan era and beyond. Completion of HIST2403 recommended but not required. 

HIST2301Canadian History Part I3 ch (2C 1T) [W]
This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second year students, is a general study of Canadian political, economic, social, and cultural development from the pre-contact period to Confederation. Topics include Native societies, New France, British North America, and Confederation. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1300 or HIST2300.
HIST2302Canadian History Part II3 ch (2C 1T) [W]
This entry level course, which is recommended for both first- and second year students, continues the general study of Canadian political, economic, social, and cultural development from Confederation to the twenty-first century. Topics include western expansion, industrialization, political evolution, and cultural expression. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST1300 or HIST2300.
HIST2603The Caribbean: from Caribs to Castro Part I3 ch
This survey course introduces students to a history of the Caribbean region from the indigenous era, beginning around 6000BC, to the late-eighteenth century. Topics covered include: indigenous politics, cosmology, and culture; European conquest and indigenous responses and resistance to conquest; variations in politics and culture between empires; the Middle Passage; plantation and urban slavery; the everyday lives of the enslaved.
HIST3001West Meets East in the Middle Ages, 1050-1450 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines contact and conflict among the Latin Kingdoms of Europe, the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Empire. Considers the crusades, crusader states, the position of the Jews, and the role of trade and intellectual development in the period.

HIST3006The Protestant Reformation (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Considers the religious, social and political transformations of northern Europe, especially Germany, in the sixteenth century. Emphasizes the various "Protestant" religious reform movements and their relation to political developments, social unrest and popular revolt in the sixteenth century.

HIST3011European Imperialism, 1815-1914 (O) 3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the evolution of European imperialism in Africa and Asia from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the outbreak of the First World War. Topics to be covered include: causes of the revival of imperialism; the French conquest of Algeria; British expansion in South Africa; the evolution of British rule in India, French rule in Indochina, and Dutch rule in Indonesia; the European powers and informal imperialism in China; the expansion of European control in Africa; theories and practices of colonial rule; the role of explorers and missionaries; race, gender, and class in colonial societies; the promotion of imperialism in popular culture; and resistance to imperialism. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3008. 

HIST3012European Imperialism, 1914-1975 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the evolution of European imperialism after the outbreak of the First World War, and ends with a detailed examination of post-1945 decolonization. Topics to be covered include: the impact of the First World War on European empires; gender, race, and class relations in colonial societies; cultures of imperialism in the 1920s and 1930s; the evolution of imperial systems of control; the rise of anti-colonial nationalist movements; the impact of the Second World War; counter-insurgency and colonial wars after 1945; the causes and dynamics of decolonization; and the legacies of empire. 

Prerequisite: prior completion of HIST3011 an asset but not required. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3008. 

HIST3015Racism in the West from Antiquity to the Enlightenment (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Explores how many populations, including the ancient Greeks, Romans, medieval and early-modern Europeans, molded their particular identities by constructing negative images of the “foreigner” or “other” based on perceived religious or ethnic differences. It examines in particular the formation and dissemination of religious and racial stereotypes and the inflaming of prejudicial passions that have led to violence. Particular emphasis will be placed on the long history of anti-semitism, and comparisons will be made with Byzantine and Muslim cultures. While it will focus on the subject primarily as a historical problem, the course will be interdisciplinary in approach, involving specialists from a range of disciplines. 

HIST3016Racism in the West from the Enlightenment to Today (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Building upon HIST 3015 , this course explores how, in the era of the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, the growth of religious tolerance, the rise of nationalism, and the increasing secularization of western society, racism and anti-semitism continued not only to spread, but to be given a pseudo-scientific foundation, resulting in a variety of conspiracy theories and ultimately leading to the horrific Holocaust and racial and ethnic cleansing of the twentieth century. While it will focus on the subject primarily as a historical problem, the course will be interdisciplinary in approach, involving specialists from a range of disciplines. 

HIST3025History and Sexuality: Europe and the World (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
This course offers students a transnational history of the changing ideas, identities, and practices associated with sexuality in the modern era, c. 1750 – present. Topics will include: religious belief and moral regulation, science, medicine, and the construction of homosexual, heterosexual and inter-sexual identities, the legal regulation of prostitution, birth control, and abortion, and sexual violence in war and genocide. We will consider the effects of competing ideologies (capitalism, communism, fascism, imperialism) on sexual life and highlight the complex interplay between gender, race, class, and intimate practices. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 3325.
HIST3033France in the Twentieth Century (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the political, social, and cultural history of France during a century of upheaval. Topics to be covered include the Dreyfus Affair; the First World War; culture and society between the wars; the Great Depression and the era of the Popular Front; the rise of French fascism; the Second World War and the Vichy regime; collaboration and resistance; postwar social and cultural change; intellectuals and politics; the government of General de Gaulle; and recent debates over immigration and identity. France’s role as a colonial and postcolonial power is also a central theme in the course.

HIST3055The Generation of the Great War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Offers a comprehensive introduction to the First World War, examining its causes, course, and aftermath within a military, political and social context. It focuses on how the war was experienced on both the war and home fronts, by soldiers and civilians alike.

HIST3063History of Modern Greece (O) (Cross-Listed: CLAS 3463)3 ch (3C) [W]
An introductory survey course of the history of Modern Greece from the Greek War of Independence in 1821 to the Second World War. Special attention is paid to events and themes such as the Asia Minor Catastrophe in 1922 and the Greek Diaspora by utilizing literature and other historical sources and documentaries in order to present the society, culture and politics of Greece and gain a better understanding of the modern Greek identity. There are no prerequisites.
HIST3065The Generation of the Second World War (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines the Second World War from a social and political perspective and in an international context. Topics to be covered include: the origins of the war in Europe and Asia, home fronts, the experience of occupation, collaboration and resistance, wartime atrocities and genocide, the diplomacy of the war, and the impact of the war on social relationships and political systems in Europe and Asia.

HIST3085Modern Germany 1871-1945 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Beginning with the 1871 unification of Germany, and ending with the Third Reich’s defeat in the Second World War, this course explores numerous themes, including: political and cultural innovation, diplomacy, violence, gender relations, everyday life under democracy and dictatorship, memory and commemoration, war and genocide, and the changing place of Germany within Europe. We discuss the fractures and divisions within Imperial German society, the home and fighting fronts of the First World War, the short-lived but influential Weimar Republic, the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Volksgemeinschaft of the Third Reich, and the Nazi “Final Solution to the Jewish Problem” in Occupied Europe. 

HIST3095Modern Germany, 1945 to the Present (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course examines German history from the end of the Second World War to the present. Beginning with the Allied occupation of Germany in 1945, the course investigates the formation of two separate states: the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany. Using the tools of social, cultural, political, and gender history, the course considers themes such as: everyday life under communism and capitalism, Cold War politics, protest and terrorism, the memory of Holocaust crimes, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the many challenges facing Germany in the post-unification era. 

HIST3125The Cold War: An International HIstory (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the evolution of the Cold War from 1945 to 1991. Topics to be examined include: the debate over the origins of the Cold War; the creation of opposing alliance systems in Europe; the Asian dimensions of the Cold War; the significance of the Cold War for Africa and Latin America; the rise and fall of détente; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet bloc. Attention is paid to the social and cultural impact of the Cold War. 

HIST3133Rome: from the Baroque to the Modern Era (1527 to the Present) (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Studies the impact of the Catholic Reformation on Baroque Rome, the end of Papal Rome with the unification of the Italian nation, the urban expansion of the late nineteenth century, and Rome's emergence as the capital of Mussolini's New Empire. The creation of the Vatican City State is studied, and contemporary Roman life and politics will be experienced. Normally taught on location.

HIST3134Romanticism and Revolution in Rome (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

As the decades of faith in Enlightenment reason gave way to the emotional backlash of the Romantics, Rome provided a context for many of the aims of the new generation: the balance between Classicism and Romanticism, between the ruins of civilization and the struggle for a new political order, between nature and the imagination, between the past and the future. Designed as an interdisciplinary exploration of these subjects as they manifested themselves in late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Rome, this course considers literature, music, art and philosophy as forces of innovation that helped shape the experience of social and cultural transformation. By visiting, seeing, reading and listening to the new styles of expression embodied by Romanticism, we explore the political issues central to the new aesthetic that inspired poets and patriots in Rome’s Revolution of 1848. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3135Contemporary Italy (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the politics, society and culture of Italy from 1945 to the present. Normally taught on location.

HIST3136Rome and the Papacy in the Age of Reformation (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Beginning with an examination of the late medieval and Renaissance papacy, this course focuses on the role of the papacy in and its response to the Protestant and Catholic Reformations. The course gives special attention to Rome as the catalyst, locus and expression of reform. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3203Early Modern London (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Early modern London was an exceptional city in many ways and it played a unique and pivotal part in the history of England, Europe and increasingly during this period, in a global context. This is an advanced level course designed to explore the nature of London and Londoners from 1485-1714. Normally taught on location.

HIST3215Early Modern British History Part 1: 1485-16883 ch (3C) [W]

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1485-1688. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England (and, to a lesser extent, Wales, Scotland and Ireland) during the Tudor and Stuart eras. Topics include: the rise of the Tudor state; the nature of English society; the English Reformation; overseas exploration, trade, and settlement; the coming of the Stuart monarchy; the Scientific Revolution; the Civil Wars and Interregnum; the Glorious Revolution. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3170, 3202, 3204, or 3242 . 

HIST3216Early Modern British History Part 2: 1688-18303 ch (3C) [W]

Surveys major governance, social and cultural themes of British history for the period 1688-1830. Explores religious, political, dynastic, economic, intellectual, and social transformations in England, Scotland, and Ireland during the reign of Stuart and Hanoverian monarchs. Topics include: the Glorious Revolution; the unions of England, Scotland, and Ireland; the Enlightenment; industrialization; eighteenth-century politics; the quest for empire; the American and French Revolutions; the Napoleonic Wars. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 3170 or HIST 3242 . 

HIST3226Medicine and Society in the Early Modern British World (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
Examines the social history of health and medicine in the early modern British world, c. 1500 -1800. Focuses on the relationship between medicine and society to explore how social, cultural, intellectual, and political factors helped to shape experiences of health, illness, and healing in early modern Britain and its Empire. The perspectives of patients will be considered alongside those of practitioners in the investigation of topics such as: early modern notions of the body, health, and environment; the role of religion, medical knowledge, authority, and the marketplace; the nature of the patient-practitioner exchange; public health responses; military and imperial medicine; the rise and function of medical institutions; medical ethics and professionalization. Evaluates such topics in relation to both continuity and change over the course of three centuries.
HIST4001Heretics and Witches in Europe, 1350-1650 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines popular religion and magic in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe and official efforts to transform "popular culture". Emphasizes the medieval inquisitions against heresy (twelfth to fifteenth centuries) and especially the phenomenon of European witch-hunting (fifteenth to seventeenth centuries). Explanations of the causes of the witch-hunt, its victims and eventual decline are highlighted.

HIST4002Renaissance Society (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Studies society and culture in the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Europe. Focuses on developments in art, ideas and education (humanism, the occult sciences and medicine), commerce, familial and social relations, religious practice and cultural contacts with the "New World". 

HIST4003Women in the Early Modern Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the ways in which the lives of women from Europe, Africa, and the Americas were shaped by "Atlantic World" experiences from the sixteenth through early nineteenth centuries. Considers how race and socio-economic/legal status influenced female experiences of patriarchy, sexuality, work, and agency by placing them into the broader social, cultural, political, and religious contexts of the early modern Atlantic World. 

HIST4006The Mental World of Europeans, 1600-1800 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This course explores the fresh emphasis that early modern Europeans placed on learning, the exploration of nature, and new critiques of the societies in which they lived.  The Scientific Revolution, social activism (such as the antislavery movement and early feminism), and the rise of republicanism are examined in the light of contemporary thought and social currents.

HIST4007The French Revolution and Napoleon (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]
Examines the history of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. Topics include: the origins of of the Revolution; the fall of the French monarchy; the Great Terror; Revolutionary culture; the impact of the Revolution upon women, religion, and slavery; the rise of Napoleon; and the impact of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic War upon Europe.
HIST4012Home Fronts at War (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Focuses on the European home fronts of the First World War, a conflict George Kennan termed the seminal catastrophe of the twentieth century. Historians increasingly refer to the First World War as the first “total war”, as entire societies were scaled toward supporting the massive armies on the fighting fronts. The course takes students deep into the everyday experiences of European men and women on the home fronts.

HIST4013The Holocaust: Victims, Perpetrators, Bystanders (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Provides a thematic survey of the Nazi destruction of the European Jews. Examines the ideological underpinnings of the genocide, the policies leading up to and including the so-called “Final Solution” of the “Jewish problem”, perpetrator motivations, Jewish responses to persecution and survival strategies in the camps. Also explores how the Holocaust unfolded in various European countries and the responses of nations, institutions and individuals to the mass murder of the Jews. Concludes with an examination of the post-war trials of war criminals and considers the definition of genocide after the Holocaust. Primary documents are discussed in the lectures, and several on-going historiographical are debates examined during class discussions. 

HIST4015The Origins of the Second World War (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the international history of the period between 1919 and 1941. Topics to be covered include the Paris Peace Settlement of 1919; the attempt to rebuild the international system in the 1920s; the impact of the Great Depression; the evolution of alliances in the 1930s; the role of ideology in international relations; military and strategic influences on foreign policy; and the significance of both intelligence-gathering and public opinion. The course will focus on the foreign policies of Great Britain, France, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the United States.

HIST4105Italy in the Twentieth Century (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

From the crisis of Liberal Italy in the First World War, this course studies the rise and decline of Mussolini's Fascism and the establishment of the Christian Democratic hegemony after 1945. The challenge of Italian Communism is examined as are the policies of the Vatican in the twentieth century.

HIST4247Eighteenth-Century British Society and Culture (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the changing meanings and representations of social status in Britain during the ‘long eighteenth century,’ circa 1688-1832. Considers whether (and to what degree) Georgian Britons may be regarded as “a polite and commercial people”. Topics include: rank and status; gender roles; manners, politeness, and emulation; consumerism and consumption; mercantilism, trade, and the pursuit of wealth; the ‘middling sort’ and the rise of the middle class; urbanization and non-landed elites; early industrialization.

HIST3053Berlin: From Empire to Republic (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
This course uses the city of Berlin to examine Modern German history. In visits to key historical sites, we will discuss the royal history of the Imperial period, soldiers and civilians in the two world wars, cultural innovation in the Weimar Republic, and the crimes of National Socialism. We will use the city landscape to talk about communism and capitalism during the Cold War, the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, and the challenges and opportunities of European Union in the twenty-first century. Normally taught on location.
HIST3316Immigration and Identity in Canadian History3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines the changing pattern of immigration to Canada from the early seventeenth century to the present, and the contribution of the various immigrant groups to the creation of a sense of Canadian identity.

HIST3326Gender, Health and Medicine (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Explores the social history of health, disease, caregiving, and medical practice from a gender perspective. Will focus on nineteenth- and twentieth-century Canada and the United States. Classes will be arranged to allow for the thematic discussions on the topics such as changing beauty ideals and their link to "wellness", notions of physical "fitness" and health promotion, the medicalization of life cycle events such as puberty and child bearing/rearing, as well as the gendered experiences of a wide variety of health care-providers and patients involved in clinical encounters over the last two centuries. Intended for a multi-disciplinary cohort of students.

HIST3327Science, Medicine and Health Care in Canada (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course explores the history of health and health care in Canada, from the era of the First Nations' initial contact with Europeans, to the present day. Topics include: Aboriginal and European conceptions of health and illness; the impact of western infectious diseases on First Nations society; the health implications of rapid industrialization in the nineteenth century; the role of the state in sanitary reform and public health; the emergence of the medical and nursing professions; Canadian scientific research in medicine; the Canadian eugenics movement; and the origins and development of universal health care in the twentieth century. Race, class, gender, alternative medicine, and regional inequality will feature in small group discussions.

HIST3331The Canadian Worker to 19143 ch (3C) [W]

The working-class experience in the age of Canada's industrial revolution, focusing on the transformation of the workplace and the rise of the labour question.

HIST3332The Canadian Worker since 19143 ch (3C) [W]

The working-class experience in Canada since the time of the Great War, focusing on the changing relationships between labour, capital and the state.

HIST3364History of Canadian-American Relations (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Surveys the evolving relationship between Canada and the United States from the American Revolution to the Free Trade Agreement. Stresses the twentieth century when Canada gained autonomy over external affairs. Beside the major political and economic components of the relationship, the course also examines cultural, social and environmental issues. Restriction: Credit may not be obtained for both HIST 3364 and POLS 3242 (Canadian-American Relations). 

HIST3374Native People and the State: From the Indian Act to the Royal Commission on Aboriginal People (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the complex relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian state from the mid-1800s to the present. Emphasizes Canadian attempts to assimilate Aboriginal peoples and the means by which Aboriginal peoples have resisted these measures and sought to preserve their collective identities. Topics include: the Indian Act, residential schools, the rise of native political organizations, and the quest for Aboriginal rights and self-government. 

HIST4313A History of Women in Canadian Society3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

A course in social history focusing on the changing roles of women in the public and private spheres in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with special emphasis on the role of women in the work force.

HIST4322Canadian Business History (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Explores the development of a Canadian business community in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries through examination of the pre-Confederation business system, the industrial revolution, the role of business in Canadian development strategies, and the growth of big business.

HIST4341History of the Atlantic Provinces to Confederation3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Surveys the region from before the advent of written records to its entry into Confederation. It treats the impact of immigrant cultures, struggles for empire, the development of a cultural mosaic, the emergence of distinctive provincial societies and the forces that led to union.

HIST4342History of the Atlantic Provinces after Confederation3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Surveys the history of the region from Confederation to the present day, with focus on the vicissitudes of the Maritimes within Confederation and movements for social, economic and political reform.

HIST4351New Brunswick, 1784-18603 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Emphasizes social and administrative history. Topics include the establishment of government (especially administrative and legal systems); Loyalist, British, Acadian and Native interaction; church-state relations; education and schooling; management of Crown lands and the economy; family, household and society. (This course is recommended for students in the Law in Society Program.)

HIST4352New Brunswick, 1860 to the Present3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Emphasizes the changing role of government in provincial life. Topics include the background of Confederation; religion, language and education; transformations in local government; the politics of railways, energy and highways; transfer payments and social welfare; the growth of the provincial bureaucracy; and the emergence of Acadian and Native issues. (This course is recommended for students in the Law in Society Program.)

HIST3355Nature, Culture and the Canadian Environment (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the relationship of humans in their environment from the end of the last glacial period to the late 20th century. Topics include the impact of climate on the development of Canadian society, the evolution of human-animal relationships, changing ideas about nature, and political discourse on and regulatory solutions to pollution and other forms of environmental degradation. 

HIST3475Removal, Allotment, Termination, Self-Determination: American Indian Policy, 1824-2004 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the nature and evolution of American policies toward the Native peoples within its borders. Topics include the forcible seizure of Indian lands through war, the treaties and the creation of reserves, the drastic reduction of the reserves by the mid-20th century through “allotment,” subsequent federal government attempts to end its trusteeship of Indian lands and relocate Native people to the cities, and how – beginning in the 1960s – Native people began to assert significant control over their lives and lands. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3375. 

HIST3378First Nations and Canadian Settler Society I: Pre-Contact to the 1876 Indian Act (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the complex relationship between First Nations and Canadian settler society, including in New France, in British North America, and during the first years after Confederation. Emphasizes the efforts of First Nations people to preserve their cultures and independence in the face of an increasingly powerful colonial state. Topics include pre-contact First Nation and European societies, early contact, the fur trade, treaties of peace and friendship, the Royal Proclamation of 1763, land surrender treaties, and the policy of the assimilation of First Nations people into Canadian settler society. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3374.

HIST3379First Nations and Canadian Settler Society II: The 1876 Indian Act to the 2008 Apology for Residential Schools (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the complex relationship between First Nations and Canadian settler society, and emphasizes the federal government’s attempts to assimilate First Nations people into Canadian settler society and the resistance by First Nations people to these efforts through such means as court cases, protests, and cultural revitalization movements. Topics include the Indian Act and subsequent amendments, Indian residential schools, government agricultural policies, First Nations political organizations, the 1969 White Paper, the push for First Nations rights and self-government, land claims, and the federal government’s apology for residential schools. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST3374.

HIST3651Growing up: Histories of Children, Youth and Family (A)3 ch (3C)
Explores various historical aspects of childhood, adolescence and family life that may include education, health, child labour, child migration, juvenile delinquency, amusements, and/or institutionalization. Discusses changes over time in both adult perceptions of childhood and the lived experience of growing up, as well as the intersections of race, class, gender, and  age-based identities. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 3351.
HIST3402The American Revolution (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the causes, results and nature of the American Revolution. Themes include imperial relations, the internal development of the colonies and states, the development of revolutionary ideas, and the formation of the federal government.

HIST3403The Loyalists (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Studies the American Loyalists before, during and after the American Revolution. The first half deals with their emergence, 1763-1776, their role in the War of Independence, their treatment by the rebels, and the Peace Treaty of 1783. The second half deals with their exile in Britain, Sierra Leone, the West Indies, the Bahamas, Bermuda and what became Canada, to about 1814. An epilogue traces their myths, revivals and long-term effects down to the present.

HIST3407The United States: Civil War and Reconstruction (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Deals with the political, economic, diplomatic, and military dimensions of the civil War. Discusses the development of reconstruction policies both during and after the war and their implementation in the South.

HIST3408American Radicalism and Reform (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

A survey of American social and political movements for change from the founding of the United States to the present. Considers the radical legacy of the revolutionary era, the women's suffrage and abolitionist movements, utopianism, populism, progressivism, radical unionism, anarchism, socialism, communism, African American struggles for civil rights, the new social movements of the sixties, identity politics, and recent resistance to capitalist globalization. 

HIST3413African America (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

A survey of African American history from slave times to the present, the course will focus on culture and politics. Among the themes we explore are ideologies of racism, systems of domination, the nature of resistance, movement building, liberation strategies, African American identity, and the intersection of racial, class, and gender politics.

 

HIST3414Imperial America (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Surveys the history of the foreign relations of the United States from its emergence as a world power late in the nineteenth century to its current global pre-eminence. Topics include the "New Imperialism", Wilsonian idealism, inter-war isolationism, the "Good War", the Cold War, Vietnam, "realpolitik", the "New World Order", globalization, and the "War on Terror". 

HIST3415America at the Movies (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

An exploration of films as reflections of American history and of American history as it is projected in films. Students learn to "read" films as historical documents and  consider the role of films in shaping understandings of history. The course will concentrate on a small number of themes, genres, and problems, and endeavour to illuminate these through the critical analysis of select films in historical context. 

HIST3416Urban North America3 ch (3S) [W]

Addresses developments within and among North American cities and explores changes in the conceptions of cities in North American thought and culture. Using New York City as a case study, examines some historical literature of cities and enters the debates among historians over the significance of class, ethnicity/race, gender and region in urban history. Also studies the lives of urban dwellers, and chart shifts in the way people organized their lives in cities. Major themes for this course include the changing physical structure and form of cities over time; processes of urbanization and sub-urbanization; city planning; the economies of cities; urban institutions; urban populations; and city politics. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3419New York City: From Colony to World Capital (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the development of New York City from its establishment by the Dutch as New Amsterdam in the 1600s, through its development as one of a handful of "world" cities whose influences extend around the globe today. Will consider such historical themes as urban form and architecture, city people and populations, culture and recreation, city politics and social movements, the environment, and economics of cities. Will explore the history of New York City in comparative perspective, using this city as our main case study. Normally taught on location.

HIST3418North American Slavery (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the cultures and economies of Black slavery in North America and the Caribbean, and the role of the American Revolution in creating a slavery diaspora in such disparate locations as Nova Scotia, London, Sierra Leone, and Australia. Particular attention is given to slavery in Canada, including Canada’s role in the Underground Railroad movement, and the larger legacy of slavery and anti-Black racism in Canada and in North America more generally. A central theme is slave resistance, embodied in such actions as talking back, running away, committing arson, and participating in slave revolts and insurrections.

HIST3455The Harlem Renaissance (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Begins by considering some of the major themes, controversies and personalities in African American history, 1865-1920, in an attempt to contextualize the surge of Black cultural production known as the Harlem Renaissance. The course then focuses on the Renaissance itself, and particularly on the racial, class and gender politics that informed the creation of literature, music and art by African Americans in New York City in the 1920s and 1930s. Normally taught on location in New York City. Restriction: Students cannot obtain credit for both HIST 3455 and HIST 4455.

HIST4495The United States during the Vietnam Era (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This investigation of American culture, politics, and foreign relations during the third quarter of the twentieth century focuses, in particular, on the origins, nature, and consequences of the conflict that came to dominate the epoch. Topics include Cold War doctrine and ideology, the military-industrial complex, the freedom movement and black power, the new left and the counterculture, women's liberation, nation building and counterinsurgency, the anti-war movement, the conservative backlash, Watergate, and the "Vietnam syndrome".

Prerequisite: HIST 2404 or permission of instructor.

HIST3457Culture and Modernity in Twentieth - Century America (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
Explores the emergence and spread of modern American culture in historical context. In addition to considering cultural forms and practices such as music, literature, film, television, the visual arts, comedy, advertisement, shopping, driving, dating, play childrearing, exercise, and nightlife, the course will examine such pervasive themes as the rise of a culture of consumption, the 'therapeutic' culture, culture and violence, the cultural construction of gender, minority and resistance cultures, culture and ideology, and culture globalization.
HIST3417Dark Artifacts: Film Noir and the Other America, 1940-1965 (O) 3C [W]
Dark artifacts is a social and cultural history of the United States using visual culture, especially film noir, as a means of exploring a set of themes that were central to the period.  It will include lectures, readings, discussion, and public service films focused on such themes as race, class, gender, infidelity, organized crime, and nuclear bomb anxiety.  Each week a film noir from the period will be watched and discussed. This is not a film course per se; nor is it designed to showcase the best films of the so-called ‘noir cycle.’ The films have been chosen for their articulation of alternative viewpoints and/or the anxieties of the post-war decades.  Most of the films that will be shown provide a counter-narrative to the prevailing view of America projected by mainstream Hollywood, the establishment press, and the government.
HIST3615History of Slavery (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Studies ways in which Western slavery and emancipation were experienced, perceived, explained, symbolized and related to European attitudes. Focuses on the lives of African slaves.

HIST3616Caribbean History to 1886 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
This course is a survey of the history of the Caribbean region from the indigenous era, beginning around 6000BC, to the final abolition of slavery in Cuba in 1886. Topics include the society, politics, and culture of the indigenous Caribbean; European trade and settlement; indigenous responses and resistance to conquest; variations in European imperial systems; the transatlantic slave trade; slave law; creolization, plantation slavery and slave society; the politics and culture of the enslaved; enslaved resistance; the Haitian Revolution; agriculture and society beyond the plantation; and slave emancipation. 
HIST3701The Cultural Turn: Cultural Studies in Historical Context (O) (Cross-Listed: CCS 3701)3 ch (3C) [W]

Traces the history of cultural studies from its debated foundation through the Birmingham school in post-war Britain, to its reshaping by post-Marxist, postmodernist, feminist, postcolonial, and diasporic perspectives. Analyzes the key debates in cultural studies at the onset of the twenty-first century, which include the field’s reorientation towards the study of popular culture, activism through cultural politics, the politicization of knowledge and of the academy, and “the cultural turn” of the humanities and social sciences.

HIST3735The History of Modern Art (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the development of painting, sculpture and architecture from 1863 until approximately 1950 in Europe and the United States.

HIST3736Art for a Nation? Visualizing Twentieth-Century Canada3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the production, diffusion, and consumption of visual and material culture in Canada from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day. Topics include the state use of art for nation-building; modernity and antimodernism; indigenous self-representation and sovereignty; the intersections of public history with cultural “difference” and racialization; video art and cultural performance as a site of resistance; and the framing of the local through artistic practice. From year to year, this course draws on such visual resources as the permanent collection and temporary exhibitions of the Beaverbrook Art Gallery and documentary film and video art.

HIST3765History of Music in Medieval and Renaissance Periods (A) (Cross-Listed: MUS 3765)3 ch (3C) [W]

Introduction to music between 800 and 1600, studying representative styles and putting this music in a historical perspective.

HIST3775History of Music in the Late Baroque and Classical Period (A) (Cross Listed: MUS 3775)3 ch (3C) [W]

Begins with an examination of the stylistic background of music of the Baroque Period, and follows the development of musical form and style through the late Baroque and Classical eras, i.e., from c. 1700 - c. 1830. Some attention will be given to the role of the musician in the context of the social history of the time.

HIST3785History of Music in the Romantic Era (A) (Cross Listed: MUS 3785)3 ch (3C) [W]

Traces musical development in nineteenth century Europe in its cultural-historical milieu, mainly in France and Germany. Examines the development of the orchestra, and the French and Austro-German contribution to that development, the role of nationalism in music and the role of the opera.

HIST3795A History of Music in the Twentieth Century (O)(Cross Listed: MUS 3785)3 ch (3C) [W]

Begins with an examination of the Post-Romantic composers, particularly Mahler and Strauss. Studies Debussy and the Impressionists, the Second Viennese School (Berg, Schoenberg, Webern) and its impact on twentieth-century music and the tonalist composers of the first half of the century. Examines music as an art form in North America.

HIST3796History of the Music Dramas of Richard Wagner (O) (Cross-Listed: MUS 3796)3 ch (3C) [W]

An examination of the theoretical constructs behind Wagner's music dramas, the compositional histories of some of the dramas of the 1840's, and then of the Ring Cycle itself. Some attention will be given to the performance history of the dramas as well.

HIST4705Art, Tourism and Modernity3 ch (3C) [W]

Considers the relationship between artistic practice, tourism, and modernity. Examines objects of art and culture as they intersect with the structuring of social relations, such as those between centre and periphery, First and Third Worlds, “developed” and “developing” areas, metropolis and countryside. Makes significant use of historical film and contemporary video art as visual resources. Note: a field trip may be required. Cost varies to a maximum of $30.

HIST4606Topics in History of Disability (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
Explores a selection of themes and issues in the history of the concept and experience of disability.  How have understandings of disability (and ability) changed over the years? What has been the role of colonialism, slavery, labour, corporal punishment, health care, social welfare, human rights, and advocacy in shaping this history?
HIST3725Baroque Art and Culture in Rome (O)3 ch (3C) [W]
Explores the art and architecture of the 15th to the 17th centuries in Rome. Through visits to churches, palaces, galleries, museums, and public spaces such as fountains, monuments, and piazzas, participants consider a range of key issues including artistic styles and techniques, the display of religious belief, the assertion of social and political authority, the status of female artists, and the representation of the body. Normally taught on location.
HIST3803War Through Film (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines how selected themes in the history of war have been represented in both documentary and dramatic films, how film has shaped our understanding of the nature of war, and how it is used as an historical document by military historians.

HIST3805Master and Commander - Royal Navy History Through its Ships, Museums and Archives (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

This course introduces students to Royal Navy history through touring the surviving ships and dockyards, study of naval artifacts in museums, and archival research. Tours will be supported by a limited amount of class-room instruction in London. Normally taught on location. 

HIST3806The Mediterranean in the Second World War: Strategic Crossroad of a Global War (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

Introduces the military and diplomatic history of the Second World War through an in-depth look at the Mediterranean campaigns, intrigues and deception conducted by the Western Allies against Italy and Germany. These campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, Italy and the Balkans generated a mixture of tension and compromise between American, British and Russian decision makers as well as the 27 separate contributing nations from Commonwealth Canada and India to free Poland, France and lesser known Brazil and Palestine. Focuses on the formulation of grand strategy, the links between civil and military war objectives, the problems of multi-national coalition warfare, and the planning and execution of combat operations in some of the most difficult and rugged terrain of the war.

HIST3810The Second World War in Italy (O)6 ch (6S) [W]

This team-taught course explores the rise of Fascist Italy, its alliance with Nazi Germany and the bitter struggle waged against them by the Allies and anti-fascist Italians from 1943-45. Will be taught on location throughout Italy, and centres on visiting historic sites, monuments and battlefields. Italy's unique geography made the campaign especially difficult for its participants and provides students with the subject for much of their study. Although the course addresses the campaign as a whole, special attention is paid to the highly successful, yet little-known, Canadian contribution to the battles at Ortona, the Liri Valley and the Gothic Line. 

HIST3811Unconventional War in the Modern World (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course explores the rise to prominence of unconventional warfare since 1945. It discusses the reasons for dominance of these forms of warfare and the implications of it for governments, military forces and civilian populations. The course introduces students to the concepts of revolutionary war, guerrilla warfare, terrorism, covert action, and counter-insurgency, the theories and their theorists. These themes will be illustrated through a series of case studies, from the insurgencies of the post-1945 anti-colonial period to the ethnic conflicts and genocides of the post-Cold War era.

HIST3812War and Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1914-84 (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the sources and conduct of warfare in the modern Middle East from the First World War to the Persian Gulf Conflict, against the background of emerging nationalism and new states, and great power intervention and diplomacy.

HIST3814 Conventional War since 1945 (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course examines the causes, conduct, and consequences of the major conventional wars fought since 1945. It will explain reasons for the shift of war from Europe to the non-European world; changes in the way war has been conducted, with particular emphasis on technological change and the impact on the battlefield and on non-combatants; and changes in the way military forces are created, commanded and used. These themes will be illustrated through a series of case studies from the Korean War to the war in Iraq. 

HIST3825The Nature and Limits of Military Power, 1500-20003 ch (3C) [W]

Explores the uses, abuses and development of military power within Western society since 1500. Focuses on how military power is shaped and limited by the technological, social, political, ideological and economic factors of the day. Restriction: Credit will not be given for both HIST 1004 and HIST 3825; and this course is not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2825. 

HIST3835Canada and the Experience of War, 1600-20003 ch (3C) [W]

Examines how Canadian history has been shaped by military action or the threat of it. Studies Canada as a battleground for European empires in the colonial period, later as an element of British imperial defense policy against the United States, and finally Canada's emergence as an independent player in the major conflicts of the twentieth century. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2835 . 

HIST4801War and Society in the Age of Black Powder 1550-1865 (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines the nature of warfare in Europe and North America in the Early Modern period.

HIST4803The First World War (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

A military history of the First World War, relating events on the various fronts to their social, political and strategic contexts and looking at tactical, technological and doctrinal developments in the use of arms.

HIST4804The Second World War: The Sea, Land and Air Campaigns (O)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines the campaigns, their technical and tactical developments, and principal personalities.

HIST4807History of the Canadian Forces, 1867-1953 (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

After sketching the period of British military responsibility, this course traces the development of Canadian defence policy and the emergence of Canada’s military forces from Confederation to the Korean War. The primary focus of the course is on the way in which hastily mobilized citizen armies fought the two world wars of the twentieth century and developed a high degree of professionalism in the process.

HIST4808History of the Canadian Forces, 1953-Present (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

This course traces the evolution of Canadian defence policy and the Canadian Forces through the Cold War and its aftermath. Special attention is paid to Canada’s role in conflict zones around the world as part of the United Nations, NATO and other international coalitions, and to the often vexed relationship between Canada and its professional Armed Forces

HIST4815Seapower and Empires, 1400-18503 ch (2C 1T) [W]

The use of seapower as an instrument of state policy during the period 1500 to ca. 1850. Examines institutional, theoretical, economic, political, social, and technological factors that shaped seapower over the period, with particular attention to Britain's experience.

HIST4825Seapower and World Wars3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Focuses on the use of seapower and navies as instruments of state policy in the modern world since 1850. Emphasis will be placed on technological, political and strategic use of the sea in peace and war, with particular concentration on the use of seapower in the two world wars of the twentieth century.

HIST4835Soldiering Through the Ages (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines the military experience of the soldier from the Greek hoplite to the modern warrior. Focuses on such subjects as recruitment, training and preparation for battle and wartime experience, through the vast primary literature that chronicles the life of the soldier.

HIST4841The Spy in History: Intelligence in War and Diplomacy (A)3 ch (2C 1T) [W]

Examines the growth and function of national intelligence communities in Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union in the twentieth century. Explores the tradecrafts of intelligence and its impact on decision-makers, on military operations, and on diplomacy.

HIST4851Law and War (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines legal restraints on armed combat since circa 1500. Explores, among other topics, the recent influence of international legal regimens on military strategy, on land, sea and air action, and on peace-keeping. 

HIST4861Terrorism in History (O)3 ch (3C) [W]

This course examines the use of terrorism as an agent of political change and repression in history. It introduces students to the debates over the definition and nature of terrorism and over the causes of the phenomenon. It explores the use of terrorism by institutional and state apparatus and by non-state groups, and the theories and theorists which underpinned its use. The course also discusses the impact on victims and societies, and efforts by nation-states and the international community to deal with the issue. Cases used to illustrate the course themes will cover the span of history, but will concentrate primarily on the 20th century. 

HIST3925Technology and Society (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Examines contemporary ideas about how technology shapes and is shaped by society and culture, historically and today. Considers theories of technological determinism, technology and religious thought, the role of innovation in industrialization and economic growth; the problems of regulating risky technologies; the impact of Information Technology, and the shaping of Canadian science and technology policy. Restriction: Not open to students who have taken HIST 2925. 

HIST3975History of the Life Sciences (A)3 ch (3C) [W]

Explores the struggle between vitalistic and mechanistic conceptions of life in the development of biology, the emergence of evolutionary theory and its social and religious consequences, and the technological influence of the life sciences on the rise of modern medicine and genetic engineering. No scientific background expected. Restriction: Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 2915. 

HIST3550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST3554Directed Reading Courses/Practicum3 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST4550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements. 

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST4554Directed Reading Course/Practicum3 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST5550Directed Reading Course/Practicum6 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements.

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST5554Directed Reading Course/Practicum3 ch (3C) [W]

A detailed study of a specific historical topic. Working under the direction of a member of the Department or an associate of the Department, the student will complete directed readings, written assignments and/or practicum requirements. 

Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and the Department.

HIST5005Diplomatic History, 1929-1941 (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the history of international relations in the decade preceding the Second World War. Particular attention is paid to the social, economic and cultural impact of the Great Depression on the shaping of national foreign policies.

HIST5007Gender and Sexuality in Twentieth-Century Europe (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
Discusses themes and theories in the history of gender and sexuality in twentieth-century Europe.  Examines such topics as “deviant” sexualities at the fin-de-siècle; gender upheaval in the First World War; the “New Woman” of the 1920s; gender and race in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy; sexual violence in war and genocide; the evolution of the homosexual rights movement; prostitution and the international sex trade; and debates over birth control and maternalism in modern society.
HIST5011Reform and Revolt in Europe, 1500-1555 (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the motives behind and relationships between the various movements of reform and popular revolt which convulsed Northern Europe in the sixteenth century. Topics include the learned reform proposals of Erasmus of Rotterdam, Martin Luther and Jean Calvin; the transmission of ideas in the sixteenth century; the rise of popular movements of reform; the role of women in early reform agitation; the Peasants' Revolt of 1524-26; the beliefs of the radical reformers (Anabaptists and Spiritualists) and their suppression; the rise of Catholic Counter-Reformation movements; and the political developments leading to the Peace of Augsburg in 1555. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 5010. 

HIST5012The Late Reformation and the Rise of Witch-hunting in Europe, 1550-1648 (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Focuses on the broader effects of the European Reformation(s) upon religion, society and the beliefs and practices of people in the second half of the sixteenth century. Examines in particular the relationship between the religious changes and conflict of the Reformation and developments in the governance and regulation of religion, views about women, new ideas about science and magic, the increase in the fear of the devil, and the rise of witch-hunting. Not available for credit to students who have taken HIST 5010 . 

HIST5028Fascism (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the rise of fascist movements and the development of fascist regimes in twentieth-century Europe. Topics to be covered include: the social and cultural roots of fascism, the impact of the First World War, the structures of dictatorship, society and culture under the fascist regimes, racial policy, foreign policy and war, and neo-fascism after 1945. While the course pays particular attention to Italian Fascism and German Nazism, other movements and regimes will be considered. Students who have taken HIST 5026 and HIST 5027 may not take this seminar for credit. 

HIST5029Issues in Contemporary Italy (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Students explore topics and issues in the politics, society and culture of contemporary Italy through study in Rome and meeting representative Italians from various walks of life. Normally restricted to History Honours students and students from other Honours programs. Normally taught on location.

HIST5032France in Crisis, 1930 - 1945 (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
Examines the history of France during the "Dark Years", when the country was beset with sharp political divisions and faced Nazi invasion and occupation. Topics to be covered include: political conflict in the 1930s; explaining the defeat of 1940; the rise of the Vichy Regime and the National Revolution; collaboration with the Third Reich and the persecution of minorities; the lives of women and men under foreign occupation; the fate of the French colonial empire; the rise of the Resistance; and the Liberation of France and its aftermath.
HIST5035The Holocaust (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

A study of "the Final Solution to the Jewish Problem", the program of genocide developed by German National Socialists against the Jews of Europe from 1933 to 1945.

HIST5102The Mental World of Europeans, 1300-1600 (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the "mental world" of late medieval/early modern Europeans using the most recent research in the field. Introduces students to the latest studies of popular culture, mentalité, and the "new social history", as applied to Europe. Topics of interest include: the debate over popular vs. elite culture; the universe as conceived by both learned and unlearned; the differences between "popular" Christianity and official religion; the relationship between magic, religion and science; beliefs about illness, health and medicine; views of death and the afterlife; and others.

HIST5103Gender, Race and Disease in the Early Modern Atlantic World (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Investigates early modern gender, race and disease through the movements, interactions, and exchanges between peoples of the Atlantic World (specifically, Europe, Africa, and the Americas) during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Themes include: disease and "the body"; climates and geographies of ill health; trade, empire, and disease environments; constitution, complexion and "race"; gender and sexuality. 

HIST5104Atlantic Revolutions, 1763-1848 (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
Between 1763 and 1848 social and political upheavals – including the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Haitian Revolution, and revolutions in the Spanish and Portuguese Empires – shook the Atlantic World. Slave revolts in the Caribbean and North America fed debates on slavery, and reformers in British North America debated local democracy and responsible government. This course focuses on the revolutions and reform movements that transformed the Americas, the imperial circumstances that engendered them, and the diverse communities and constituencies that shaped them and were in turn shaped by them:  rebels and loyalists, reformers and conservatives, indigenous nations, and enslaved Africans and their descendants.
HIST5275Health and Medicine in Early Modern England (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Investigates the social, intellectual, and economic dimensions of early modern English health and medicine, circa 1500-1800. Themes include: knowledge and practice; medical expertise (lay and commercial); the medical marketplace; patient-doctor relationships; the role of the hospital. Considers how factors such as age, gender, and socio-economic status, as well as family and community, shaped various aspects of health and healthcare in England from the sixteenth through eighteenth centuries. 

HIST5312Native Peoples and Canadian and American State Policy, 1824-1982 (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the different ways in which the Canadian and American governments have attempted to deal with Native peoples living inside their borders. Particular attention is paid to the ideological underpinnings of government policy, the various legislative acts defining the relationship between the immigrant societies and Native peoples, and the responses of Native peoples to government initiatives. 

HIST5331Film and History in Canada (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the uses of visual history in the representation and popularization of the Canadian past. Case studies involve both documentary and feature productions from several periods in the history of Canadian film.

HIST5332History of Labour in New Brunswick (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the history of the labour question in New Brunswick. Places the provincial experience in the context of national and international labour and working-class history. 

HIST5335A History of the Canadian Left3 ch (3S) [W]

A course in social, political and intellectual history examining the history of the left in Canada from the eighteenth century to the present. Topics include the origins of the radical tradition, utopian and cooperative reform, early socialism and feminism, the Communist Party, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, the New Democratic Party, the New Left and other alternatives.

HIST5342Environmental History of North America (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the interaction of the peoples of Canada and the United States with the natural environment. Topics include the theory and methodology of environmental history, changing patterns of land use, resource depletion and industrial migration, the environmental implications of urbanization, and the intellectual and institutional development of the conservation/environmental movement.

 

HIST5345Natural Resources, Industrialization and the Environment in Atlantic Canada (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Explores the political, economic and environmental implications of the dependence on natural resources in Atlantic Canada, through an examination of the historical development of the forest, fishing, agricultural and mining industries from the eighteenth century to the post-Second World War period.

HIST5353Canadian Women's History (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

This seminar is designed to encourage students to think about relevant topics and approaches to the history of women in Canada. Using both primary and secondary materials, the seminar focuses on themes drawn from the 19th and 20th century. Themes include, but are not limited to: major approaches to Canadian women’s history; historiography; women’s work and family lives; women and politics, migration/immigration; aboriginal women’s lives; women’s experiences of war; social reform movements; women in professions; women and health; feminism. 

HIST5381Health and Disease in Historical Perspective (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Focuses on nineteenth and twentieth century understandings of health and disease in North America. Stresses how gender, class, race/ethnicity affect historical understandings of disease. 

HIST5388Understanding the Virtual Past; Making Digital History (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Introduces students to the emerging fields of digital history and virtual museum studies by combining theoretical readings with practical content on the creation and maintenance of digital archives and web design. At the end of this course students will be familiar with the ways in which historical documents, artifacts and other materials can be framed and reframed digitally to allow for new readings and interactions between them. Depending on enrollments from year to year, this course will have students digitize historical sources; create interactive websites; and prepare written assignments on the digitization process and the ways in which new media create and shape historical consciousness.

HIST5403The Loyalists3 ch (3S) [W]

Studies the Loyalists during the American Revolution and in exile in British North America, Great Britain, Sierra Leone, Bermuda, the Bahamas, the British West Indies and Central America. Also considers their long-term political and social role particularly in Canada, including the Loyalist myth. One week devoted to local Loyalist remains such as - houses, and museum and art gallery holdings, etc.

HIST5445The United States in the Progressive Era, 1890-19203 ch (3S) [W]

Examines themes in the history of the United States at the turn of the nineteenth century, including the development of Populism, Progressivism, imperialism, anti-imperialism, and the impact of America's entry into the First World War. Explores the social, cultural, and political consequences of industrialization and modernization.

Prerequisite: HIST 2404 or permission of instructor. 

HIST5475Modernist Manhattan (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Explores the innovations and institutions that made New York City the epicentre of North American modernism. Considers a range of cultural products and processes, including bohemianism, literary and visual culture, the cross-fertilization of "black" and "white" forms and traditions, improvisation and the jazz scene, the grounding of critical authority, the politics of authenticity, and the interplay between the avant-garde and the popular. 

HIST5702Folk-Mass-Popular: Locating Culture in the Shadow of Capital (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the historical debates surrounding such key terms in cultural studies as “folk,” “mass,” and “popular” culture, through the lens of late-capitalist visual cultural production and cultural politics. Analyzes the modern implications of folk culture’s invention through Western European philosophy and its historical ties to Romantic nationalism; the creation of mass culture as a commodity form through the modern and global culture industries; and the modern and contemporary framing of popular culture as a contested terrain between state and corporate domination, subaltern resistance, and integral component of everyday life.

HIST5725The Art of Public History (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the concept of “public history” as the work that history professionals engage in outside the academy. Each year, this course will focus on a particular aspect of the intersection of public history with disciplinary knowledge and cultural institutions. Topics covered from year to year include the historical development of the modern public museum; the relationship between non-Western cultural production and Western cultural institutions; the modern tourism and heritage industries; and video and performance art as a site of social activism. Note: a field trip may be required. Cost varies to a maximum of $50.

HIST5800War: Themes and Theorists6 ch (3S) [W]

An in-depth look at the major developments in the theory and practice of war since the fifteenth century. Examines important theorists from Machiavelli to Kahn and such major themes as command, the industrialization of war, logistics and the impact of changing social and political patterns.

HIST5803The First World War (O)3 ch (3S) [W]

Reviews the key points of controversy surrounding the origins, personalities and conduct of the war on the Western Front. Particular attention will be paid to the role of the British Expeditionary Force, of which the Canadian Expeditionary Force was an increasingly important part.

HIST5804The Second World War (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines key events and issues of the military campaigns of the Second World War, and wrestles with how historians and writers of memoirs have portrayed them. Provides a survey of the major historical problems surrounding the conduct of the war, including: the collapse of the West, the German invasion of Russia, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, area bombing, Normandy, and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

HIST5805Seapower3 ch (3S) [W]

Themes in naval history. Uses selected problems to explore the role of naval power in shaping the modern world

HIST5812Themes of War and Diplomacy in the Modern Middle East (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Explores major themes relating to the history of war and diplomacy in the region in the twentieth century, including Zionism, pan-Arabism, decolonization, the super powers, the Palestinians, and fundamentalist Islam.

HIST5815The Study of War since 1945 (A)3 ch (3S) [W]

Examines the conduct of war since 1945 through an exploration of the literature on war in theory and practice. Course will focus on the interaction of strategic theory and doctrine, technology, and society in conventional and revolutionary war.

HIST5901The Nature of History3 ch (3S) [W]

This course is compulsory for third-year Single Honours students. It introduces them to the nature of historical discipline, examining the evolution of historical writing and method, research skills and techniques, questions relating to the philosophy of history and the application of history in the community. Normally open to History Honours students only. Not available for credit to students who have completed HIST 5900. 

HIST5910Fourth Year Reading/Research6 ch (R) [W]

A reading research course for fourth year students to be supervised by a professor with whom the student is enrolled in a 3 or 6 ch seminar. The supervisor's permission must be obtained prior to 1 October. This course is for fourth year students who are enrolled in at least 12 ch of seminars.

HIST5920Honours Thesis6 ch (R) [W]

A reading and research course open to exceptional Honours students in their fourth year which should be used to produce an Honours Thesis. Permission to take this course must be sought from the professor in the desired field and the project must be approved by the Department. This course may be used as an alternative to a seminar in the fourth year. It requires a CGPA of at least 3.6 in History courses for admission.

HIST5555Directed Research Seminar (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
This Honours Seminar provides an in-depth introduction to primary source research in a field of history using a body of documents from the professor's area of specialization and of his or her choosing.
HIST5915Fourth-Year Advanced Seminar3 ch (3S) [W]
The advanced seminar allows select students to participate in one of the seminars offered to History graduate students for Honours credit. Normally open to History Honours students in the final year of the their studies with the approval of the course instructor and the Department.
HIST5606The African Diaspora and the Atlantic World, 1492-present (O)3 ch (3S) [W]
 What is the African Diaspora? What is the Atlantic World? How do these approaches to the histories of colonialism, slavery, and trade complement and/or differ from each other? Is the Black Atlantic synonymous with the African Diaspora? This Honours seminar will engage with critiques of the concepts of the ‘Atlantic World’ and ‘Black Atlantic’ and question whether such terms are useful in conceptualizing blackness in transnational and global terms. The course will introduce students to thinking about the relationship between historiography on the one hand, and the context for the production of that historiography: 20th- and 21st-century political struggles and the race, class, and gender transformations of academia.