Note-taking strategies

A lecture can contain quite a bit of information, and taking notes helps you to retain that information and identify which points are most significant. Notes are not a substitute for going to class. Instead, taking notes during a lecture can greatly enhance your learning.

General tips

  • Instead of trying to write down everything your professors say, take notes that summarize important components of lectures. Create abbreviations for frequently used words so you don’t spend as much time writing.
  • Don’t worry about your writing style when taking notes. Only you need to understand it; the important thing is getting it down.
  • Make sure that you still listen to lectures while you write. Notes should be brief and plainly written so that they do not distract you from understanding concepts.
  • Review your notes within 24-48 hours. If you find your notes incomplete or confusing, don’t be shy to ask a friend or your professor for clarification of course concepts. This will help you learn the material as well as identify any gaps in your notes.
  • If notes are available online, use them, but don’t rely on them. Bring a printout of notes to class and add any extra comments that might come up over the course of the lecture.
  • If you type faster than you write, try bringing a laptop to class.
  • While reviewing your notes, highlight the most significant points and make jot notes in the margins. If you’re a visual learner, you may want to try reinforcing ideas using diagrams or concept maps.

Be patient. Taking good notes requires practice. The more you use your notes for studying, the more you will understand how to take notes that benefit your way of learning.

The Cornell or 2-column method

  1. Divide your page into two columns, with the one on the right being a little more than twice as large as the one on the left.
  2. Use the right column to take notes during class, starring the points that you find most significant.
  3. After class, write cue words in the left column for every significant point. Each cue should connect to content in the right column. For example, if you took notes for a lecture on the laws of derivatives, you might have cues like “power rule” or “quotient rule.”

Example of the Cornell Method

Tips:

  • When studying, cover up the information in the right column. Try to recall this information by using the cues in the left column.
  • If you can say the information aloud, then you probably know it. To be sure, try to come up with different ways of reciting what you are learning.