Diabetes is characterized by an inability to regulate glucose metabolism. Glucose is found in foods like fruit, milk, some vegetables, starchy foods, and sugar. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas after we eat. The role of insulin in the body is to increase glucose uptake by muscle and fat tissue.

There are two major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that prevents the pancreas from producing insulin, thereby resulting in uncontrolled glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin or losses the ability to use the insulin it makes. This results in elevated glucose levels in the blood.

The Canadian Diabetes Association is an excellent resource for information on diabetes. You will find Meal Planning Tips, Fibre FactsCarbohydrate Counting Tips, and much more.

For additional information, check out The Public Health Agency of Canada’s Guide to Diabetes.

Canadian Diabetes