Discussants and Mentors

Lieutenant-Commander (retired) Karen D. Davis is the senior defence scientist at the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute. She holds a Master of Arts in Sociology from McGill University and is a Ph.D. candidate at the Royal Military College of Canada. She joined the CF in 1978 as an oceanographic operator, was commissioned in 1989 as a Personnel Selection officer, and retired from the CF in 2000. She has published numerous papers, book chapters, and journal articles related to culture, diversity, gender, and leadership in the Canadian Forces. Some of her most recent activities include: contributing writer and project lead for Leadership in the Canadian Forces: Leading the Institution (2007); contributing writer and editor for Women and Leadership in the Canadian Forces: Perspectives and Experience (2007); contributing writer and editor for Cultural Intelligence and Leadership: An Introduction for Canadian Forces Leaders (2009); and contributing writer and co-editor for Transforming Traditions: Women, Leadership & the Canadian Navy, 1942-2010 (2010).

Dr. Barbara J. Falk holds a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Victoria, an M.A. and Ph.D. from York University, and an MSL (Master of Studies in Law) from the University of Toronto. Dr. Falk joined the academic staff of the Department of Defence Studies at Canadian Forces College (CFC) and the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) as Associate Professor in September 2006, after teaching for over 10 years in a number of post-secondary contexts, most recently at the Munk School for Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, where she is also a Fellow of the Centre for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies. In 2003, she published the first thorough and comparative account of dissident theory and activism under communism, entitled The Dilemmas of Dissidence in East-Central Europe: Citizen Intellectuals and Philosopher-Kings. She is currently completing a book on the trial of the 1949 Communist Party leadership of the United States, provisionally titled Dennis et al: The Forgotten Political Trial that Made the Domestic Cold War Possible, as part of a larger research project which examines the politicization of justice and the prosecution of dissent at times of domestic and international conflict.

Noemi Gal-Or (B.A., Tel Aviv University, Ph.D., Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, LL.B. University of British Columbia, Vancouver) is Director of the Institute for Transborder Studies (ITS) and professor at the Department of Political Science, Kwantlen Polytechnic University. She has published extensively in matters of security and strategic studies (specifically terrorism), international law and organizations (trade & investment, dispute resolution, humanitarian law, terrorism, and conflict resolution), international political economy (cross-border integration), public policy, regional integration (EU, NAFTA, FTAA), and migration. She consulted the Solicitor General of Canada and the Government of Israel in some of these areas. Prof. Gal-Or is a licensed sole practitioner in British Columbia, Canada. She is an active member of the Law Society of BC and the Canadian Bar Association (CBA) and other legal professional and academic associations, where she has served in various positions.

Rhoda E. Howard-Hassman, Ph.D., FRSC, is Canada Research Chair in International Human Rights at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada, where she holds a joint appointment in the Department of Global Studies and the Balsillie School of International Affairs. She is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2006 the Human Rights section of the American Political Science Association named Dr. Howard-Hassmann its first Distinguished Scholar of Human Rights. Among many other published works on human rights, she is co-editor of the 2007 volume, The Age of Apology and author of Reparations to Africa (2008) and Can Globalization Promote Human Rights? (2010). Her article, "Human Security: Undermining Human Rights?" can be found on her website under Research Publications, or in the Human Rights and Human Welfare Working Paper Series and has been accepted for publication in Human Rights Quarterly.

Jula Hughes, M.A., Ph.D., LL.B. of the Ontario Bar, Associate Professor. Professor Hughes teaches Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Wrongful Convictions as well as Labour Law and Collective Bargaining. She joined the Faculty of Law at the University of New Brunswick in 2006 after practicing labour, employment and human rights law in Ottawa and teaching at the University of Ottawa and Queen's law schools. Prior to her call to the bar, she clerked for Justice Ian Binnie of the Supreme Court of Canada. She was the co-chair of a review of New Brunswick's legal aid system commissioned by the provincial Minister of Justice in 2007 and counsel for the New Brunswick Human Rights Commission before the Supreme Court of Canada in New Brunswick (Human Rights Commission) v. Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc., 2008 SCC 45. She researches and writes in the area of judicial ethics, particularly judicial disqualification. Further, she is currently working on a critical edition of James Fitzjames Stephen's "History of the Criminal Law of England," to be published by Oxford University Press, as well as a multi-disciplinary research project that follows Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission on Indian Residential Schools. 

Antoinette Issa is senior counsel with the Public Prosecution Service of Canada where she prosecutes drug-related offences involving conspiracies, importations and drug distributions. Some of these cases involve criminal organizations. She was called to the bar in 1997 and she has worked as either a federal crown or an International prosecutor for her entire career. From 2003 to 2008, she worked as a prosecutor for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. She worked as both trial counsel and appeals counsel. She worked on a number of cases involving genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes that occurred during the Balkan wars in the 1990s. Notably, she worked on the genocide trial of commanders and generals from the Bosnian Serb Army who participated in the commission of the genocide against the Bosnian Muslim men and boys of Srebrenica. She holds both the civil law and common law degrees from McGill University and she completed an LL.M. from OsGoode Hall, York University.

Diana Juricevic was appointed as a full-time Member of the British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal on March 3, 2011 for a temporary six-month term. She holds a Juris Doctor and Master of Economics degree from the University of Toronto (2004). She also holds an Honours Bachelor of Arts degree (with high distinction) from the University of Toronto (2001).

Prior to joining the Tribunal, Ms. Juricevic practiced international criminal law before tribunals in The Hague, Netherlands, and Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Ms. Juricevic was also the Acting Director of the International Human Rights program at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law where she taught courses on international criminal law and human rights advocacy. Ms. Juricevic is also a visual artist and was recognized by the Women's Executive Network in 2007 as one of the 100 Most Powerful Women in Canada.

Anessa L. Kimball has been an assistant professor of political science at Universityé Laval since 2006 and effective June 1, 2011 she will be an associate professor. She employs principally quantitative methods in the study of international security cooperation and the design of security institutions using rationalist and institutionalist approaches. She teaches courses on international relations theory, international institutions, US foreign policy, and security issues. A native of western New York, she received her B.A. in International Relations with a minor in North Atlantic Security Studies from Kent State University, OH (USA) in 2000 and worked in Washington, DC at the Atlantic Council of the United States in the Office of Education before returning to graduate studies. She received her M.A (2004) and Ph.D. (2006) in political science from Binghamton University, SUNY with specializations in world politics and comparative politics. Her research on international alliances has appeared in the Journal of Peace Research (2007 & 2010) and since 2007 she has also co-authored chapters on such topics as US foreign policy and international organizations as conflict actors in the annual book Conflits dans le Monde (Presses ULaval), edited by G. Hervouet and M. Fortmann.

Veronica M. Kitchen is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Waterloo and in the Balsillie School of International Affairs. Her main research project concerns counter-terrorism institutions which integrate professionals across levels of government and between various parts of the security field (police, military, intelligence, and planning) in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. This research is supported by a SSHRC Standard Research Grant (2010-2012). Related to this project is a smaller study of security, ethics, and bureaucracy at mega-events, focusing on the 2010 Olympics and G8/G20 Meetings.

She has also done extensive research on questions of identity and security in the context of NATO and Canadian-American relations. Her recent publications include The Globalization of NATO: Intervention, Security, and Identity (Routledge, 2010). Prior to joining the University of Waterloo, she was a SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Centre of International Relations at the University of British Columbia. She completed her Ph.D in political science at Brown University, where she was a Fulbright Scholar, in 2006. She has an undergraduate degree in International Relations from Trinity College at the University of Toronto.

Shawna McGraw is currently employed as a Security & Intelligence Analyst with the Security Directorate, New Brunswick Department of Public Safety. After graduating from the University of New Brunswick in 2004 with a Biology degree, Shawna went on to pursue a Master's degree in Forensic Biology at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. For the past two years she has worked with the Department of Public Safety on public security issues. The Security Directorate acts as the primary link between the Provincial Government and the security, law enforcement and intelligence communities.

Melanie Mohammed is a Policy Analyst with Policy and Issues Management at the National Cyber Security Directorate, Public Safety Canada. Ms. Mohammed joined Public Safety Canada in July 2009 as the Policy Coordinator to the Assistant Deputy Minister for Emergency Management and National Security. In August 2010, she joined the National Cyber Security Directorate, where she develops policies and programs to support the implementation of Canada's Cyber Security Strategy. Prior to taking on her roles at Public Safety Canada, Melanie supported the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, and the Deputy Minister of Justice as a Briefings Officer, and had previously worked at the Privy Council Office in Economic and Regional Development Policy.

Student Presenters

Lauren Marie Balasco is a doctoral student in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Delaware. Her research interests include international law, human security, and global governance. Her dissertation topic explores the relationship regarding the implementation of transitional justice mechanisms and the practice of human security initiatives in Latin America and Africa. She has also written on just war theory, the International Criminal Court, and global governance. This summer (2011), she will participate in the Institute for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research at the Maxwell School of Syracuse University and attend the Hague Academy of International Law. She has also served as a teaching assistant in courses related to American law and legal theory.

Dianne Balraj received an Honours B.Sc. from the University of Toronto, majoring in Psychology and Political Science. After a six-month overseas position with a local NGO in Cameroon, West Africa, she commenced the M.A. program in Political Studies at Queen's University in September 2010. At Queen's, her field of specialization has been International Relations with her major research paper exploring cooperation and conflict over water resources in the Nile Basin. Her research interests are quite broad, including political theory, psychology and political behaviour, African politics and development, hydropolitics, and security studies.

Béatrice Châteauvert-GagnonCandidate à la maîtrise en Relations Internationales avec concentration en études féministes à l'Universityé du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Béatrice Châteauvert-Gagnon s'intéresse principalement aux théories féministes de la sécurité internationale. Son mémoire porte sur la logique de protection masculine à travers sa mise en scène dans les récits de guerre au cinéma. Également instructrice d'autodéfense féministe, les questions entourant la sécurité et les rapports de genre sont une préoccupation centrale tant dans ses recherches académiques que dans ses implications professionnelles.

Master's student in International Relations and feminist studies at the Universityé du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Béatrice Châteauvert-Gagnon's research interests are mainly related to feminist perspectives on international security. More specifically, she works on the masculinist logic of protection and its depiction through war stories in cinema. Also a feminist self-defense instructor, concerns about security and gender relations permeate her academic work as well as her professional interests.



Joanne Collins received her Master's degree in Political Science from the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa in 2009. She is currently completing her Juris Doctor at the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law. She is particularly interested in the international legal status, significance and prospects for implementation of the Responsibility to Protect. This summer Joanne will be interning with the Geneva for Human Rights Training Centre.

Caylee Hong is entering her third year in McGill's joint LL.B./B.C.L. program. Prior to attending McGill, Caylee completed a B.A. (Hons.) in law and anthropology at Utrecht University and an LL.M. specializing in migration and ethnic minority law at the University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS). Last summer Caylee was a McGill Human Rights Intern at Amnesty International Canada and in 2008-2009 she interned with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT. Her research interests include Islamic jurisprudence, migration studies and sexual difference theory.

Susan Khazaeli is a Ph.D. student in the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. Her research interests include nuclear proliferation, diplomatic conflict resolution, and international security, specifically in the Middle East. She has presented papers on these topics at a number of academic conferences across Canada. She earned her B.A. (Honours) from the University of Toronto and M.A. from the University of Windsor.

Priya Kumar is a first-year doctoral student at the School of Oriental African Studies–University of London (SOAS London). Her dissertation, entitled "Wireless Platforms and Borderless Grievances", focuses on cyberspace in the context of new transnational security challenges and identity reconciliation. A native of Ottawa, Canada, she obtained her M.A. at the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa. Her research interests broadly defined concentrate on (im)migration, transnationalism, digital technologies and social networking.

Karena KyneKarena Kyne has a background in philosophy. Her undergraduate degree was completed at the University Of Wales, Lampeter. She was awarded the Commonwealth Scholarship in 2006 and completed a master's degree in Theory, Culture and Politics. She then won an international scholarship in Social and Political Thought, a doctoral program at York University, where she is now in her third year. Her current focus is researching military spaces and the normalization of violence within those spaces and their relationship to local community. She has funding to visit military bases and prisons where she will be looking at what security "looks like" and what logics underlie notions of violence.


Fanny Leveau is currently pursuing her LL.M. degree at the University of Western Ontario Faculty of Law (UWO). She is writing a thesis on the topic of liability under international criminal law for the crimes committed by child soldiers. Previously, she obtained her "licence" of law and her "Master 1" of International Law at the University Jean Moulin Lyon III in France. She also clerked at the Court of Appeal in Lyon and worked in a law firm. She is interested in international law, human rights law and gender issues. She is currently a member of the Transitional Justice colloquium organized by the Political Science department at UWO.

Branka Marijan is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the Balsillie School of International Affairs at Wilfrid Laurier University. Branka received her BA (Hons.) from McMaster University with a double major in German and Peace and Conflict Studies. She completed her M.A. in Globalization Studies also at McMaster University. Her research interests include issues related to studies of conflicts, diasporas and refugees.

Shoghig Mikaelian joined the Ph.D. program in Political Science at Concordia University in September 2010. Her core subfields are International Relations and Comparative Politics. She received her Specialized Honours B.A. degree from York University in Toronto, where she majored in English Literature. She received her M.A. in International Relations from the Lebanese American University in Beirut, Lebanon. Her M.A. thesis examined Israeli security doctrine, strategies, and tactics vis-à-vis three insurgent movements, the PLO, Hamas, and Hezbullah. While completing her M.A. degree, Shoghig took on the positions of Project Manager as well as Researcher for a project funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Ottawa, which she continued to occupy until August 2010. The project examines international efforts to promote electoral reform and civil society reinvigoration in four post-conflict societies: Iraq, Sudan, West Bank/Gaza Strip, and Lebanon. Shoghig has also authored and co-authored a number of publications. Shoghig is fluent in English, Arabic, and Armenian, and has intermediate knowledge of French.

Gloria Okemuo is a Ph.D. student at the Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham. She previously received both a B.A. in History and a Master's of International Law and Diplomacy from the University of Lagos, as well as an LL.B. from the University of Birmingham. She is also a member of the Bar of England and Wales and a Salzburg Fellow (Session 417: Strengthening Democracy and Governance: Women and Political Power). Her research interest is the law of EU external relations and EU security policy, especially with regards to Sub-Saharan Africa both within and outside the legal framework of the Cotonou Partnership Agreement.

Rebecca Sanders holds a B.A. and M.A. in political science from McGill University and is currently a doctoral candidate in the Department of Political Science at the University of Toronto. She is working towards completing her dissertation, Exceptional Security Practices, Human Rights Abuses, and the Politics of Legal Legitimation in the American "War on Terror," which explores the role of legal and normative constraints in shaping post-9/11 American counterterrorism policy. Rebecca hopes to defend her dissertation in the coming year and against the statistical odds, secure a tenure track teaching position.

Louise Tardif holds a B.Phil. in Interdisciplinary Leadership Studies from the University of New Brunswick and Master's of Arts in Conflict Studies from the University of Ottawa. Her principal research interests include, among others, Japanese foreign and defense policy, Canadian foreign and defense policy, human security, mediation, and religious/non-religious dialogue.

Khat Valimahomed has recently completed study at Osgoode Hall Law School and the Schulich School of Business where she pursued both a J.D. and M.B.A. designations. As a law student Khat has focused on international, commercial, and national security law. In her M.B.A. studies she has focused on the development of public policy and entrepreneurship in post-conflict environments.