By-Law R2

(Maintenance and Occupancy Standards for Residential Properties)

Cleanliness

Every floor, wall, ceiling, furnishing, and fixture in a dwelling or dwelling unit shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.

Heat

Every dwelling shall be provided with a heating system capable of maintaining a room temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) at five feet above floor level in all habitable rooms, bathrooms, and toilet rooms when the temperature outside the dwelling is -20 degrees Fahrenheit (-29 degrees Celsius).

Space Requirements

In a dwelling unit in which the occupants prepare food for their own consumption, or are intended to or are permitted to prepare food, a suitable and convenient cupboard for storage of food, containing at least four cubic feet of space, shall be maintained in good repair.

  • A dwelling unit shall have at least 74 square feet of habitable room floor area for each person resident therein.
  • A habitable room used for sleeping purposes shall have a floor area of at least 50 square feet.
  • A habitable room shall be at least 7 feet in height over at least one half of the floor area.

Structure/Protection for the Elements

Every part of the dwelling shall be maintained in a structurally sound condition so as to be capable of safely sustaining its own weight and any additional weight that may be put on it through normal use.

  • A foundation wall of a dwelling shall be maintained so as to prevent the entrance of moisture, insects, and rodents.
  • Every interior wall and ceiling in a dwelling shall be maintained so as to be free of holes or cracks and loose plaster or other material, the collapse of which might cause injury.
  • Windows, exterior doors and basement or cellar hatchways of a dwelling shall be maintained so as to prevent the entrance of wind and precipitation into the dwelling.
  • A roof of a dwelling shall be maintained in a watertight condition so as to prevent leakage into the dwelling.
  • Every floor in a dwelling shall be maintained so as to be free of loose, warped, protruding, broken or rotted boards that might cause an accident, or admit rodents into the dwelling.
  • A bathroom floor or toilet floor shall be maintained so as to be reasonably impervious to water and to permit easy cleaning.
  • Every chimney, smoke pipe and flue servicing a dwelling shall be maintained so as to prevent gases from leaking into the dwelling.
  • Every habitable room, bathroom, and toilet room shall have adequate ventilation.

Safety

  • On an open side of a stairway, balcony, landing or stairwell, a handrail or banister shall be installed so as to provide reasonable protection against accident or injury.
  • An inside or outside stair or a porch shall be maintained so as to be free of holes, cracks, and any other condition that may constitute an accident hazard.
  • Steps, walks, driveways, parking spaces, and similar areas of a yard shall be maintained so as to afford safe passage under normal use and weather conditions.
  • Dangerous accumulations of snow or ice or both shall be removed from the roof of a dwelling.
  • All electrical wiring, equipment, and appliances located or used in a dwelling shall be installed and maintained in good working order so as not to cause a fire or electrical shock hazard.

Rodents and Insects

  • A dwelling shall be kept free of rodents and insects at all times, and methods used for exterminating rodents or insects or both shall conform with generally accepted practice.
  • A basement or cellar window used or intended to be used for ventilation, and any outside opening in a basement or cellar that might let in rodents shall be screened with wire mesh or such other materials as will effectively exclude rodents.
  • During the time of year when insects may enter a dwelling, each other side door shall be equipped with a self-closing device, and every opening that opens to outdoor space, used or intended to be used for ventilation, shall be appropriately screened with wire mesh or such other material as will effectively exclude insects.