Golden Shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas





The golden shiner, as the name suggests, has a bronze to golden colour.  Its body is strongly laterally compressed.  The head is small, pointed or triangular and its mouth is angled upward.  The lateral line is strongly decurved, and has 44 - 54 scales along its length.  The origin of the dorsal fin is behind the pelvic fin origin.  Ithas a scaleless keel between the pelvic and anal fins.   Anal fin rays count 12 or 13.  The average size of golden shiners is 2 - 4 inches but can grow to sizes greater than 6 inches.Biology:


The golden shiner is a schooling fish that inhabits the vegetated areas of lakes and slow moving areas of rivers and streams.  The food of this species includes plankton, vegetation (algae), aquatic insects, and sometimes molluscs.  Golden shiner spawning period is from June to August, likely spawning several times.  The female releases her adhesive eggs randomly where they stick to vegetation and bottom.  This fish is considered an important forage fish for species such as smallmouth bass.  It is also widely used as bait used by anglers.