Terminology

Coronavirus - Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. 

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. 

Confirmed Cases - are those confirmed positive by the National Microbiology Lab (NML) in Winnipeg. 

Community Face Masks (non -medical masks) - To help combat the community spread of COVID-19, WEARING A COMMUNITY FACE MASK IS REQUIRED in public when physical distancing can’t be maintained. This measure is to protect people around the person wearing the face mask, in case they are infected but do not have symptoms.  Community face masks are not a substitute for proper hand hygiene or physical distancing.
How to safely put on and remove your community face mask

For more information about community masks please watch Dr. Russell's video on "How to Put on Your Mask".

Eye ProtectionEye protection is recommended to protect the mucous membranes of the eyes during case/PUI care or activities likely to generate splashes or sprays of body fluids including respiratory secretions.

Hand HygieneHand hygiene refers to hand washing or hand sanitizing and actions taken to maintain healthy hands and fingernails. It should be performed frequently with soap and water for at least 15-20 seconds.

Medical or procedural Masks - Face masks (medical or procedural) provide a physical barrier that may help prevent the transmission of the virus from an ill person to a well person by blocking large particle respiratory droplets propelled by coughing, sneezing and talking. However, using a mask alone is not guaranteed to stop infections and should be combined with other prevention measures including respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene.

Negative Cases - are those found to have a negative confirmation by the NML lab in Winnipeg.

Physical Distancinginvolves taking steps to limit the number of people you come into close contact with.  Ottawa's public health website offers more information on on physical distancing.

Probable Cases - are those found to have a presumptive positive by the George Dumont Lab but have not yet received a confirmed positive by the NML.

Respiratory EtiquetteRespiratory etiquette describes a combination of measures intended to minimize the dispersion of respiratory droplets when coughing, sneezing and talking.

Self-Monitor, Self-Isolate & Isolate - learn more.

Quarantine – as instructed by 811, if you have symptoms and testing has confirmed Covid-19

Sources - Public Health Agency of Canada,  World Health Organization,  NB Office of the Chief Medical Officer Health (Public Health).