Prevention & When to Seek Medical Help

How Coronavirus Infection Spreads

Human coronaviruses cause infections of the nose, throat and lungs. They are most commonly spread from an infected person through:

  • The air by coughing and sneezing
  • Close personal contact such as touching or shaking hands
  • Touching something with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands

Preventing Coronavirus Infection

There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against human coronavirus infection.

YES, COVID-19 spread can be significantly reduced with the following tips:

  • caution hand sanitizer is flammable imageWash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.  Use hand sanitizer (min 60% alcohol base) when soap and water is not available.  
  • Use cough and sneeze ettiquete:
    • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze
    • Put your used tissue in a lined garbage can
    • If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve/elbow, not your hands
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
  • Clean and disinfect regularly, common areas such as light switches, phones, remotes, etc. more frequently
  • Practice physical distancing
  • Stop handshaking
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick 
  • If you use a tissue or paper towel to open doors, or sneeze in - throw it away immediately
  • Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care
  • If you are sick or in public spaces, use a mask to protect others around you - watch Dr. Russell's video on "How to Put on Your Mask" or GNB's How to safely put on and remove a community face mask.
  • Learn more about why outbreaks like coronavirus spread exponentially, and how to "flatten the curve"
  • Learn how to safely care for a person with COVID-19 at home

When to Seek Medical Help

If you have any of the following symptoms:

  • fever,
  • new cough or worsening chronic cough,
  • runny nose, headache,
  • sore throat,
  • new onset of fatigue,
  • new onset of muscle pain,
  • diarrhea,
  • vomiting,
  • loss of taste or smell

Visit the Goverment of New Brunswick's COVID-19 self assessment page for more information. 

In an emergency, or if you are experiencing severe symptoms, please call 911 or call ahead to your local Emergency Department so they can prepare for your arrival.

Community Face Masks

In light of new data about how COVID-19 spreads, along with evidence of widespread COVID-19 illness in communities across the country, masks are now mandatory in all indoor public spaces in New Brunswick:

  • retail businesses and shopping centres
  • personal service businesses like hair salons, barber shops, spas, etc. (except during services that require removing a mask)
  • restaurants and bars (except while eating or drinking)
  • places of worship and faith gatherings
  • places for cultural or entertainment activities (movie theatres, theatre performances, dance recitals, festival, concerts, etc)
  • places for sports and recreational activities, including gyms, yoga studios, pools, etc.(except during physical activity)
  • municipal and provincial government locations that offer services to the public
  • common areas such as lobbies, elevators and hallways

For more information about community masks please watch Dr. Russell's video on "How to Put on Your Mask" or GNB's How to safely put on and remove a community face mask.

GNB's Mandatory Masks FAQ

Why should I wear a community face mask (non-medical mask)?

Wearing a face mask can be a way of covering your mouth and nose to prevent respiratory droplets from contaminating others or landing on surfaces. A community face mask is not intended to protect the wearer, but it may prevent the spread of virus from the wearer to others. This would be especially important if someone is infected but does not have symptoms.  It is not a substitute for physical distancing, frequent hand washing and not touching your face, which are all proven measures that will reduce transmission of COVID-19.


Source: Public Health Agency of Canada, and Goverment of New Brunswick