Earth Science Facilities
UNB Earth Sciences maintains a suite of sample preparation and analytical tools that are routinely used for fundamental research in geochemical, geophysical, mineralogical, crystallographic, structural and microstructural investigations of earth and planetary materials.
- Agilent 7700x quadruple ICP-MS
- Resonetics M50-LR
- Resonetics Geostar
- Bruker M4 Tornado
- Spectro CIROS CCD Automated ICP-OES
- Bruker AXS D8 XRD
- Ion chromatography
- Renishaw inVia Raman spectroscopy Raman spectroscopy for chemical identification, characterization of molecular structures, effects of bonding environment and stress on a sample.
- Hitachi SU-70 Field Emission Gun (FEG) SEM for ultra-high resolution scanning electron microscope for imaging and materials characterization at the nanometre scale. This instrument is equipped with a variety of detectors for compositional, textural, and crystallographic imaging.
- Geometrics Geode 36 channel, 24 bit exploration seismograph
- Custom-made preampliers and cables for seismoelectric measurements
- Sensors and Software PulseEKKO Pro Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) (with 50 MHz, 100 MHz, and 250 MHz antennas)
- Lippmann electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) system (resistivity meter with eight 24-electrode switchboxes)
- Three Leica VIVA GS10 and GS15 RTK GNSS receivers
- GEM Systems GSM19W Overhauser-type magnetometer/gradiometer
- Geometrics G-856A proton precession magnetometer/gradiometer
- APEX Parametrics MaxMin I-9 Horizontal Loop EM system
- Geonics EM31 terrain conductivity meter
- Sodin gravity meter
Geophysical Software including:
- OASIS Montaj (for gravity and magnetic data processing/interpretation)
- VISTA for Windows (for seismic and seismoelectric data processing)
- Kingdom Suite seismic reflection interpretation package
- EKKO_View Deluxe (ground penetrating radar data processing)
- RES2DINV (inverse modelling for 2D resistivity ERI surveys)
- DCIP3D (inverse modelling for 3D resistivity surveys)
- Surfer (for general purpose gridding and mapping)
Research in the Earth Sciences Department is supported by in-house electron microbeam instrumentation and a large collection of microanalysis infrastructure centrally located and managed by UNB Microscopy and Microanalysis, a regional facility providing microanalytical and spectroscopic services.
- JEOL 733
- EOL JSM6400 Digital SEM
- JEOL 2011 Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope
The UNB MMF lso supports a range of confocol (laser scanning) and digital light microscopes for materials characterization.
- Piston-Cylinder apparatus for high-P/high-T (to 25 kbar, 2000 C) phase equilibrium studies
- High temperature, controlled atmosphere furnace (1 bar, 1600 C)
- Hydrothermal lab for 1 bar to 2 kbar, 0-850 C phase equilibrium studies
- Rocking Bomb lab for 0-0.5 kbar, 0-300 C high volume solution geochemistry studies
- Various 1 bar 1000-1200 C ovens for sample preparation
- Low P (1-100 bar), room temperature flow through reactor for reactive transport studies
- Hand splitting, jaw crushing, disc milling, and mineral separation facilities
- Slabbing, grinding, and slab polishing and staining
- Wet chemical labs
- Sample dissolution facilities
Thin section preparation
- UNB Earth Sciences maintains one of the best thin section preparation facilities in Canada (S. Delahunty & C. Nash)
- Covered, polished, doubly-polished, large-format, and thick sections are routinely produced at exacting standards
Our experienced in-house machinist (J. Chessie) is supported by a variety of tools that can be used for custom fabrication, modification, and prototyping.