Ecology/Evolutionary, Organismal, Environmental/Conservation
I became fascinated by birds around the age of seven. Early training in bird-banding at several British bird observatories fed this addiction, which was not significantly diminished by studying Zoology at Cambridge, nor by graduate work at Aberdeen on tropical seabirds in the Indian Ocean. I went on to a post-doctoral fellowship on West Indian birds with David Lack at the Edward Grey Institute of Ornithology in Oxford, which became home base, between work periods in the Seychelles Islands, Kenya (University of Nairobi), the Cayman Islands, and Trinidad and Tobago. Shortly before completing a popular book on bird conservation (Save the Birds, - published in nine languages in 14 countries), I emigrated with my family to Canada. I worked for the Canadian Wildlife Service in Ottawa (first as a researcher, later as Coordinator of the Acid Rain Program) and in Saskatoon (as a research manager, and Adjunct Professor in Biology at the University of Saskatchewan) before moving to UNB in 1994.
Research interests centre on the evolutionary ecology of birds, especially in relation to conservation, roles in ecosystems, and as indicators of ecosystem health. My graduate students and I carry out research on bird ecology in both forested and marine ecosystems. Secondary interests concern the evolutionary ecology of island birds, monitoring bird populations through banding during migration, and the impacts of climate change on birds and other wildlife.
I have worked for at least a year in each of the Seychelles (including Aldabra Atoll), Jamaica, and Kenya; and for shorter periods in Trinidad and Tobago, the Lesser Antilles, India, and the Cayman Islands. I have participated in international meetings in Tanzania, the Seychelles, Venezuela, Scotland, Australia and Japan.
Articles published or accepted in peer-reviewed journals (since 2010):
Fayet, A., Freeman, R., Anker-Nillsen, T., Diamond, A., Erikstad, K.E., Fifield, D., Fitzsimmons, M.G., Hansen, E.S., Harris, M.P., Jessopp, M., Kouwenberg, AL., Kress, S., Mowat, S., Perrins, C.M., Petersen, A., Petersen, I.K., Þórarinsson, Þ.L. , Reiertsen, T.K., Robertson, G.J., Sigurðsson, I.A., Shoji, A., Wanless, S. and Guilford, T. 2017. Species-wide drivers and fitness consequences of non-breeding movements in a migratory bird. Current Biology 27:1-8. doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.11.009
Scopel, L.C, Diamond, A.W., Kress, S.W. and Shannon, P. In Press. Seabird diets as bioindicators of Atlantic herring stock size: a new tool for ecosystem-based fisheries management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2017-0140
Scopel, L.C. and Diamond, A.W. 2017. Predation and food-weather interactions drive colony collapse in a managed seabird metapopulation. Canadian Journal of Zoology 96: 13–22 https://doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2016-0281
Mallory M.L., Boadway K.A., Davis S.E., Maftei M. and Diamond A.W. 2017. Breeding biology of Arctic Terns (Sterna paradisaea) in the Canadian High Arctic. Polar Biology. DOI 10.1007/s00300-016-2072-1
Scopel, L.C. & Diamond, A.W. 2017. The Case for Lethal Control of Gulls on Seabird Colonies. Journal of Wildlife Management 81(4):572-580. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21233
Hunnewell, R. W., A. W. Diamond and S. C. Brown. 2016. Estimating the migratory stopover abundance of phalaropes in the outer Bay of Fundy, Canada. Avian Conservation and Ecology 11 (2):1. http://www.ace-eco.org/vol11/iss2/art11/
Trefry S.A. and Diamond A.W. 2017. Exploring hypotheses for sexual dimorphism in frigatebirds. Evolutionary Ecology Research 18:225-252.
Bond, A.L. & Diamond, A.W.2016. Aberrant colouration in Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica), Common Murre (Uria aalge), and Thick-billed Murre (U. lomvia) from Atlantic Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist 130(2): 140-145.
Bond, A.L., Standen, R.A., Diamond A.W. & Hobson, K.A. 2016. Sexual size dimorphism and discriminant functions for predicting sex of Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica. Journal of Ornithology 157:875-883.
Robertson, G.J, Roul, S., Allard, K.A., Pekarik, C., Lavoie,R., Ellis, J., Perlut, N., Diamond, A. W., Benjamin, N., Ronconi, R.A., Gilliland, S.G. and Veitch, B.G. 2016. Morphological Variation Among Great Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls in eastern North America. Waterbirds 39 (Special Publication 1):253-268.
Kelly, K.G, Diamond, A.W., Holberton, R.L. and Bowser, A.K. 2015. Researcher handling of incubating puffins Fratercula arctica has no effect. Marine Ornithology 43: 77-82.
Diamond, A.W. and Otorowski, C. 2016. Discriminating between Eggs of Herring Gulls (Larus argentatus) and Great Black-backed Gulls (L. marinus) in eastern Canada. Waterbirds 39 (Special Publication 1): 269-277.
McKinnon, E.A., Askanas, H. and Diamond, A.W. 2014. Nest Patch Characteristics of Bicknell’s Thrush in Regenerating Clearcuts and Implications for Precommercial Thinning. Northeastern Naturalist 21(2): 259-270.
Bowser, A.K., Diamond, A.W. & Addison, J.A. 2013. From puffins to plankton: a DNA-based analysis of a seabird food chain in the northern Gulf of Maine. PLoS ONE 8(12): e83152. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083152.
Breton, A.R. and Diamond, A.W. 2014. Annual survival of adult Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) is positively correlated with Herring (Clupea harengus) availability. Ibis 156(1): 35-47.
Trefry, S.A., Diamond, A.W., Spencer, N.C. and Mallory, M.L. 2013. Contaminants in magnificent frigatebird eggs from Barbuda, West Indies. Marine Pollution Bulletin 75:317-321.
Diamond, A.W. 2012. Managing for migrants. pp. 311–320 in Stephenson, R.L., Annala, J.H., Runge, J.A. and Hall-Arber, M. (eds.) Advancing an ecosystem approach in the Gulf of Maine. American Fisheries Society Symposium 79. Amer. Fisheries Soc., Bethesda, MD.
McKinnon, E.A., Fraser, K.C., Diamond, A.W., Rimmer, C.C. and Townsend, J.M. 2012. Stable-hydrogen isotope turnover in red blood cells of two migratory thrushes: application to studies of connectivity and carry-over effects. Journal of Field Ornithology 83(3): 306–314. DOI: 10.1111/j.1557-9263.2012.00380.x
Trefry, S.A., Diamond, A.W. and Jesson, L.K. 2013. Wing marker woes: a case study and meta-analysis of the impacts of wing and patagial tags. Journal of Ornithology154:1–11. DOI 10.1007/s10336-012-0862-y.
Addison, J.A. and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Population genetics and effective population size of the critically endangered Nihoa Millerbird (Acrocephalus familiaris kingi). Auk 128(2):265−272.
Fraser, K.C., Diamond A.W., and Chavarría, L. 2011. The influence of microhabitat, moisture, and diet on stable-hydrogen isotope variation in a Neotropical avian food web. Journal of Tropical Ecology 7:563–572.
Friars, K.A. and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Predicting the Sex of Atlantic Puffins, Fratercula arctica, by Discriminant Analysis. Waterbirds 34(3): 304-311.
Bond, A.L. and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Recent Bayesian stable-isotope mixing models are highly sensitive to variation in discrimination factors. Ecological Applications 21(4):1017-1023.
Zitske, B.P., Betts, M.G. and Diamond, A.W. 2011. Negative effects of habitat loss on survival of migrant warblers in a forest mosaic. Conservation Biology 25(5): 993-1001.
Dunn, E.H., Brewer, A.D., Diamond, A.W., Woodsworth, E.J. and Collins, B.T. 2011. Canadian Atlas of Bird Banding. Vol.4: Shorebirds, 1921-1995. Can. Wildlife Serv. Spec. Publ., Ottawa. 116pp.
Bond, A.L. and Diamond, A.W. 2010. Nutrient allocation for egg production in six Atlantic seabirds. Canadian Journal of Zoology 88(11):1095-1102.
Clarke, T.C., Diamond, A.W. and Chardine, J.W. 2010. Origin of Canadian Razorbills (Alca torda) wintering in the outer Bay of Fundy confirmed by radio-tracking. Waterbirds 33(4): 541-545.
Fraser, K.C., Diamond A.W., and Chavarría, L. 2010. Evidence of altitudinal moult-migration in a Central American hummingbird, Amazilia cyanura. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26:645–648.
Books and conference proceedings:
Diamond, A.W. and Nettleship, D.N. (Eds.). 1999. BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION OF FOREST BIRDS. Society of Canadian Ornithologists Special Publication No.1, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.
Diamond,A.W. (Ed.). 1987. STUDIES OF MASCARENE ISLAND BIRDS. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 458pp.
Diamond,A.W. and Filion,F.L. (eds.). 1987. THE VALUE OF BIRDS. I.C.B.P. Tech. Pub. No. 6. Cambridge: I.C.B.P. 267pp.
Diamond,A.W. & Lovejoy,T.E. (Eds.). 1985. CONSERVATION OF TROPICAL FOREST BIRDS. I.C.B.P. Tech. Pub. No. 4. Cambridge: I.C.B.P. 318pp.
Britton, P.L., Backhurst, G.C., Britton, H.A., Diamond, A.W., Gerhart, J.D., Mann, C.F., Meadows, B.S., Pearson, D.J., Reynolds, J.F. and Turner, D.A. 1980. Birds of East Africa: their habitat, status and distribution. Nairobi: East Africa Natural History Society. 271pp.