Forklift Trucks

UNB Reference Number: 7821
Authorized by: J. M. Anderson, President,
Effective Date: December 1, 1978
Revised: September 2001
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To outline the hazards and regulations related to forklift trucks.


All persons required to operate forklift trucks.



  • Only authorized and trained personnel shall operate a forklift truck.
  • Forklift trucks shall not be loaded beyond the truck capacity rating (t.c.r.), which must be indicated on the vehicle.
  • Forklift trucks shall not be operated in enclosed areas containing flammable liquids or explosive mixtures of combustible dust.
  • Passengers shall not be permitted on forklift trucks. Personnel shall not be elevated on the forks except when the truck is steadied with a platform designed for this purpose.
  • When it is necessary to leave a forklift truck unattended, the engine shall be stopped, the brakes applied, operating controls locked, the wheels blocked if on an incline and the forklift mechanism lowered to the floor.


  • All forklift trucks shall be serviced on a regular basis.
  • Daily checks shall be made by the operator or person in charge of a forklift truck and all defects, e.g., fuel or hydraulic oil leaks, brakes, horn and steering malfunctions, etc., shall be reported and the appropriate steps taken to have the vehicle repaired before it is used.

Safety Devices

  • All forklift trucks shall be equipped with a horn which shall be maintained in working order at all times.
  • All forklift trucks shall be equipped with a canopy guard to protect the operator.
  • All forklift trucks shall be equipped with a sound device which signals when vehicle is operated in reverse.