Profile page for: Shirley Cleave | UNB

Shirley Cleave

Associate Professor (Retired)


Kinesiology, Faculty of

LB Gym A117A


Other titles

Associate Vice-President Academic

Research interests

  • Leadership from theoretical and applied perspectives
  • Volunteerism
  • Serious leisure


Dr. Cleave is interested in the “people side” of management in recreation and sport organizations. Her research interests grew out of her administrative experiences as the Campus Recreation Director at UNB for 12 years, and as the Associate Vice-President (Academic) at UNB for 9 years. In her dissertation research, she considered how job design impacts on senior administrators in sport and recreation. She has expanded this line of research to investigate the nature of the volunteer experience of volunteers in leadership roles in special events and the consequences for satisfaction and motivation. She has used the concept of Serious Leisure to frame some of her analyses.

Selected publications / presentations

Inglis, Sue & Cleave, Shirley, L (2006). Motivations associated with non-profit boards of directors: Development of a framework. Nonprofit Management and Leadership Journal 17(1).

Cleave, S. L. & Doherty, A (2005). “Understanding volunteer and non-volunteer constraints: A mixed-method approach”. 11th Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, May 17-20, 2005 Nanaimo, BC

Bent Richard, J & Cleave, S.(2005). “The experiences of executive level special event volunteers” 11th Canadian Congress on Leisure Research, May 17-20, 2005 Nanaimo, BC

Cleave, S. L. & Doherty, A (2004). “A comparison of constraints to event volunteering as perceived by volunteers and non-volunteers” Canadian Parks and Recreation Assoc Annual Conference, Halifax, NS, Oct 20-23, 2004

Cleave, S.L. & Doherty, A. (2004). “An exploration of attitudes and constraints to event volunteering from the perspective of non-volunteers” North American Society of Sport Management Annual Conference, Atlanta GA, Jun 2-5, 2004

Rand, L. & Cleave, S. L. (2003). “The leadership practices of residence student leaders” International Leadership Assoc Annual Conference, Guadalajara, MX, Nov 6-8, 2003

Cleave, Shirley L. (1995). Residence retention: Reasons students choose to return or not return. College Student Journal 30 (2), 187 – 200.

Cleave, Shirley L. (1993). Applicability of Job Diagnostic Survey to administrative positions in university physical education and sport. Journal of Sport Management 7(2), 141-150.

Cleave, Shirley L. (1993). A test of the Job Characteristics Model with administrative positions in physical education and sport. Journal of Sport Management 7(3), 228-242.