Environment and Natural Resources

The section contains course descriptions for students entering the Bachelor of Science in Environment & Natural Resources program.

NOTE: See the beginning of Section H for abbreviations, course numbers and coding.

ENR1001Professional Skills in Forestry and Environmental Management3 ch (3C 2L) [W]

Develop professional abilities essential for a successful academic and professional career through direct study, research, report writing and giving presentations on current environmental issues, solving system design problems, developing a resume, and practicing interviewing skills. Learning outcomes include introductory level information acquisition and management, oral and written communication, critical thinking, structured problem solving, and time management.

ENR1002Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communication3 ch (3C 3L)

Following on Resource Management Issues I, this course will increase students ability to detect and describe breadth, depth, and complexity of contemporary resource management and environmental issues. This course, in addition to building on oral and written communication skills, will provide students with opportunities to explore the use and abuse of a variety of communication tools: visual media, the role of art in contemporary environmental discourse, writing and producing video documentaries, doing radio spots, and interacting with journalists. Focus will be on the theoretical and technical aspects of environmental communication. Ethical issues in science, social science, communications and resource

Prerequisite: ENR 1001.


ENR2004Social and Cultural Systems3 ch (3C)

In this course students will learn how to describe and measure the structure and function of human communities; and determine how different social and ethnic groups perceive and relate to the physical environment. We will discuss major environmental movements and describe social values, how they change, what influences them and how they result in policy reform and behavioral change. We will cover basic sociological theory including topics such as institutions, the nature of capitalism, and the philosophical underpinnings of resource management (e.g. property rights, religious traditions). The course will also cover basic political theory, with a focus on democracy and democratic processes. This course draws on methods and readings from a variety of disciplines, including social ecology, environmental sociology, rural sociology, social network theory, history, and anthropology.

ENR2021Natural Resource Management, Institutions, Policy and Governance3 ch (3C)

This course examines how resource and environmental management systems and tools are developed in cultural and institutional contexts and how these contexts shape the definitions of problems and the management systems proposed as solutions. Included will be analysis of different management regimes and decision-making processes: technocratic, community-based, co-management, network governance, etc. In each case, we will examine the scale of the management issue (local, regional, national, international) and in that context, who has authority, legitimacy, power, accountability, and why; how they obtain, maintain, and enhance them; and implications of each in terms of different management contexts (e.g. common pool resources). Traditional policy-making models will be presented, as well as analytical tools for policy evaluation. Students will develop, defend, and critique a variety of different types of natural resource management plans that involve large-scale environmental changes (including water, air, and land issues), and develop adaptive management strategies that simultaneously account for human and natural systems. 

ENR2114Water Sustainability: Practice and Technology (O)3 ch (3C)

The theme of this course is how humans impact the environment with our developing technologies. The course examines how aquatic ecosystems are altered by the activities of agriculture, forestry, aquaculture, solid waste disposal, our demands for industry, e.g., pulp and paper, manufacturing, and mining, and our basic needs for clean drinking water, e.g., water and sewage treatment. The course appraises evolving, alternative technologies, with visits to some of these operations to learn how new technologies are reducing impacts and protecting water resources for the future.

ENR2531Introduction to Hydrometeorology Systems3 ch (2C 3L)

This course provides an introduction to the principles of environmental hydro-meteorology. Topics to be covered include energy transfer, radiation laws, energy balance, wind generation, evaporation and precipitation, climatology, snow cover and snow melt processes, the hydrological cycle and water budget, surface runoff, flow routing, and atmosphere-land surface processes associated with land use. These are addressed from small, localized to regional scales. 

Prerequisites: ESCI 1063, ESCI 1036

ENR3000Indigenous Issues and Perspectives in Natural Resources Stewardship3 ch (1C)
This course introduces students to Indigenous culture, knowledge and worldviews as these relate to both Indigenous and western traditions of natural resource management. The course will cover Indigenous understandings of relationships with nature and basic  to institutional and policy issues. The course will treat the dynamics introduction of Indigenous institutions and how these relate to and interact with institutions of western society.
ENR3002Applied Environmental Management 4 ch (3C 3L)

This course is designed to help students strengthen their skills in: (a) environmental management decision-making, (b) problem-solving, (c) teamwork and project management, and (d) articulating environmental awareness, with strong commitment to environmental sustainability. The course builds on professional and natural resource basics and management competencies developed in earlier courses and will focus on decision making by examining financial, political, and stakeholder acceptability factors, as well as conducting environmental risk assessment and trade-off analyses making appropriate use of models.

Prerequisite: FOR 2006.

ENR3111Estuary & Ocean Ecosystems (O)3 ch (3C)

A course focusing on the structure of the juncture of rivers and oceans, the animals that live there, how they are adapted to the highly variable but not necessarily unpredictable conditions of water depth, direction of movement, salinity, temperature and water chemistry. Estuaries serve also as corridors for the exchange of nutrients, energy and pollutants between inland areas and the ocean. Estuaries and the coastal environment are where most of us live and work and we are the largest single impact on estuarine and coastal ecology. These impacts, how coastal environments are being changed by them, how we measure these changes and what can be done to mitigate these impacts will be examined by students through individual and team projects, debates, and presentations.

Prerequisites: BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012, BIOL 1017

ENR3112Water Resources Management3 ch (3C)

An Introduction to Integrated Water Resources Management, this is a broad examination of critical concepts and knowledge needs including essential human and institutional capacities. Topics include: impacts of anthropogenic alterations on the water cycle; changes and impacts that occur as a result of land use change and development; aquatic ecosystem health and impact assessment; water use (quality and quality issues); wastewater issues including impacts, methods of treatment and mitigation, the urban water cycle and methods to evaluate and choose appropriate technologies; governance and capacity building in communities; and building and maintaining water management infrastructure. 

Prerequisites: BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012, BIOL 1017, ENR 1532. 

ENR3201Urban Hydrology and Water Management 3 ch (2C 3L)

This course focuses on hydrological theories and tools needed for urban watershed management, involving water supply, conservation and treatment. Topics include storm-water retention on and flow through porous and impervious surfaces, and subsequent run off generation. Students will learn about urban water management systems and best -management engineering approaches dealing with flood control and point to non-point residential, industrial and traffic-induced pollution issues.

ENR3261Data Analysis for Natural Resources3 ch (2C 3L)
Develop a foundation in statistical data analysis with a focus on application in natural resources sciences. Build upon concepts introduced in STAT 2264/2263 and explore how researchers and managers move from formulating questions to collecting data to analyzing results. Investigate approaches to study design with review of a range of statistical tests including t-tests, ANOVA, ANCOVA, correlation, and different forms of regression, with examples based in natural resources science. Gain valuable hands-on experience in statistical analysis in R.

Prerequisite: STAT 2264 or STAT 2263.
ENR3532Ecohydrology3 ch (3C)

An expansion of the introduction to hydrological principles and processes offered in first year. Students develop their comprehension of the hydrological cycle, and dynamics and prediction of flow of water in rivers, lakes, and as groundwater. Hydrological processes at the landscape level are emphasized to demonstrate the connections among hydrology, biology, and the exploitation of water resources by humans.

PrerequisitesESCI 1001 or ESCI 1063, ESCI 1036

ENR3888Individual Project I3 ch

Credit for an individual project can be granted. The student arranges each project with a client and a Faculty advisor. Your Programme Director must approve each project prior to beginning. A signed agreement including assessment criteria amongst the student, client, Faculty Advisor and Programme Director is required. 

ENR4020Management Practicum8 ch (3C 3L)

The course provides students with an opportunity to pool their resources and demonstrate their expertise. Working in multidisciplinary teams, students will develop and integrated solutions to a real world environmental or natural resource management problem. In addition, students will learn how to manage work plans, projects and planning process. 

Prerequisite: ENR 3002

ENR4101Professional Internship in Forestry and Environmental Management3 ch (3C) (LE) [W]
Under the supervision and mentorship of a senior manager with an industrial, government, environmental non-governmental organization (ENGO) or community agency, students will observe supervision, supervise others, get feedback, critically reflect on their experience by combining academic and experiential supervision knowledge, and present it in a written report and oral presentation. In addition to supervision, students will enhance their formal and informal critical thinking and communication abilities. Enrolment is limited and students need to contact the Faculty's Student Services Co-ordinator before registering. Students cannot receive credit for both ENR 4101 and FOR 4101.

Prerequisite: Prior work experience and either ENR 3002 or FOR 3000.
ENR4111Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Techniques3 ch (3C)

Students will gain knowledge in techniques used commonly in fisheries and aquatic science, getting practical experience in various sampling and analysis techniques, including: water quality assessment, macroinvertebrate collections, fish collections (e.g., seining, trapping, electrofishing), and laboratory methods for sample preparation and analysis. All field collections will be followed by appropriate data evaluation learning database management techniques, descriptive and analytical statistics, and summary report writing. 

Prerequisites: BIOL 1001, BIOL 1006, BIOL 1012, BIOL 1017

ENR4888Individual Project II3-5 ch

Credit for an individual project can be granted. The student arranges each project with a client and a Faculty advisor. Your Programme Director must approve each project prior to beginning. A signed agreement including assessment criteria amongst the student, client, Faculty Advisor and Program Director is required. Number of credit hours will be determined by the Faculty and based on the nature, duration, and complexity of the project. Credit hours assigned to the course must be determined prior to the student initiating the project. 

ENR4973Environmental Management Field Camp2 ch (6 Days)

An intensive 6-day series of field exercises, site visits, and on-site discussions before the start of Fall term courses. This course involves low student/faculty ratios and is designed to improve integrative, observational, and interpretive skills with respect to environmental conditions, including water, wildlife, and forest resources, and the social context in which they are valued and used. Evening sessions provide opportunity for debate and discussion of challenging contemporary environmental issues. Students are charged for food, lodging and part of travel costs.

Prerequisite: Completion of least 80 credit hours of core courses.

ENR4991Honours Project6 ch [W]

ENR honours students must complete a thesis project that is approved by the Faculty and supervised by a Faculty member. This course involves submitting a detailed project report and an oral defense in a seminar-style presentation. Students should consult with a faculty advisor prior to the end of third year to discuss project requirements and potential topics. NOTE: Minimum CGPA for acceptance is 3.0