Geology is the study of the Earth, its origin, structure and composition. Rocks are a key component of our landscape. They give us clues as to how and when it formed, and the materials it contains.
Their structures help unravel the secrets of what the Earth was like in the past. To a geologist, our modern-day landscape speaks volumes.
The goal of geology as a science is to better understand the processes that acted upon the Earth’s system in the past to help us foresee how geologic events and processes will affect us in the future.
Geology is used every day. Many of us don’t take the time and stop to think about just how much geology affects our surroundings.
What you'll learn
Geology encompasses many parts of the Earth's system. In studying about the Earth’s origins and evolution, you will learn about the formation of the planet, how the continents and oceans are formed and how they grow or are destroyed, and how all this was discovered. By studying fossils, you'll learn how our climate has changed over time and what that means for our environment.
You will learn about minerals, how they form and grow, and under what conditions this happens. We explore how minerals come together and form rocks, and examine how looking at a rock tells you something about the environment in which it formed. We will talk about volcanoes, landslides, earthquakes, glaciers, deserts and rivers - all of which shape the surface of the planet.
At the University of New Brunswick Saint John, we teach first-year courses in the geology and geo-engineering programs. Some second year courses are also available with an emphasis on paleontology and the environment, of particular interest to biology students.