Publications

Peer-reviewed journal articles - plant ecology

Staniforth, R.J. and K.A. Frego.  1980.  Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus) in the Canadian prairies.  Can. Field-Nat. 94: 333-336.

Frego, K.A. and R.J. Staniforth.  1985.  Factors determining the distribution of Opuntia fragilis in the boreal forest of southeastern Manitoba.  Can J. Bot. 63: 2377-2382.

Frego, K.A. and R.J. Staniforth.  1986.  Distribution and habitat of Opuntia fragilis in the boreal forest of southeastern Manitoba.  Can. Field-Nat. 100: 229-236.

Frego, K.A. and R.J. Staniforth.  1986.  Vegetation sequence on three boreal Manitoban rock outcrops, and seral position of Opuntia fragilis.  Can. J. Bot. 64: 77-84.

Shay, J.M., A.J. Macaulay and K.A. Frego.  1988.  A morphological comparison of Scirpus acutus and S. validus in southern Manitoba.  Can. J. Bot. 66: 2331-2337.

Frego, K.A. and T.J. Carleton.  1995.  Microsite conditions and spatial pattern in a boreal bryophyte community.  Can. J. Bot. 73: 544-551.

Frego, K.A. and T.J. Carleton.  1995.  Microsite tolerance of four bryophytes in a mature black spruce stand:  Reciprocal transplants.  The Bryologist 98(4): 452-458.

Frego, K.A.  1996.  Regeneration of four boreal bryophytes: Colonization of experimental gaps by naturally occurring propagules.  Can. J. Bot. 74: 1937-1942.

Staniforth, R.J. and K.A. Frego.  2000.   Ecological history and population dynamics of a remote, disjunct population of Opuntia fragilis (Cactaceae) in eastern Ontario.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 114: 98-105.

Sollows, M.C., K.A. Frego, and C. Norfolk.  2001.  Recovery of Bazzania trilobata following desiccation.  Bryologist 104: 421-429.

Staniforth, R.J., W.J. Cody and K.A. Frego.  2002. Bill Dore’s notes on the Kaladar cactus (Opuntia fragilis).  The Canadian Field-Naturalist 116(4): 547-550.

Ross, A.L. and K.A. Frego.  2002.  Comparison of three managed forest types in the Acadian forest:  diversity of forest floor bryophyte community and habitat features.  Canadian Journal of Botany 80: 21-23.

Mulligan, R.C., L.D. Gignac, R.C. Amyotte and K.A. Frego.  2002. Determination of bryophyte growth: a weight method allowing for transplant of small groups of shoots.  Journal of Bryology (in press).

Fenton, N.J., K.A. Frego, and M.R. Sims.  2003.  Changes in forest floor bryophyte (moss and liverwort) communities four years after forest harvest.  Can. J. Bot. 81(7): 714-731.

Ross-Davis, A.L. and K.A. Frego.  2004.  Propagule sources of forest floor bryophytes:  Spatiotemporal compositional patterns.  The Bryologist 107(1): 88-97.

Fenton, N.J. and K.A. Frego.  2005. Bryophyte (moss and liverwort) conservation under remnant canopy in managed forests.   Biological Conservation 122:417-430.

Roberts, M.R., Frego, K.A., and A.L. Ross-Davis. 2005. Plantations and high impact forestry practices. Pages 79-84 in Forest Management to Protect Native Biodiversity in the Greater Fundy Ecosystem, Betts, M. and Forbes, G. (Eds.).  University of New Brunswick Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Fredericton.

Frego, K.A., N.J. Fenton and M. Betts.  2005. Coarse woody debris.  In Forest Management to Protect Native Biodiversity in the Greater Fundy Ecosystem, Betts, M. and Forbes, G. (Eds.).  University of New Brunswick Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Fredericton.

Frego, K.A.  2007.  Bryophytes as potential indicators of forest integrity.  Forest Ecology and Management (Special Issue) 242(1):65—75.

Schmalholz, M., K. Hylander, and K.A. Frego.  2011.  Bryophyte species richness and composition in young forests regenerated after clear-cut logging versus after wildfire and spruce budworm outbreak. Biodiversity and Conservation 20 (12): 2575-2596.

Peer reviewed publications - teaching

Lasenby, D., E. Nol and K.A. Frego.  1993.  From hypothesis to manuscript:  Small group research projects in Ecology for Introductory Biology and Ecology courses (mini-workshop).  Tested Studies for Laboratory Teaching. Proceedings of Association of Biology Laboratory Educators 15:360.   University of Toronto, June 8-12, 1993

Frego, K.  1996.  The student-professor relationship:  what do they want from us?  Teaching Matters @UNBSJ 2(1):1-2

Lasenby, D., E. Nol and K.A. Frego.  1993.  From hypothesis to manuscript:  Small group research projects in Ecology for Introductory Biology and Ecology courses (mini-workshop).  Tested Studies for Laboratory Teaching. Proceedings of Association of Biology Laboratory Educators 15:360.   University of Toronto, June 8-12, 1993

Frego, K.  2005.  Strategies to empower students.  Teaching Options 9(1): 8-10.

Frego, K.  2006. Authenticity and relationships with students.  Chapter 4 in Authenticity in Teaching (eds. P. Cranton and E. Carusetta); New Directions for Continuing and Adult Education No. 111.  pp. 41-50.

Frego, K.  2006.  Establishing agreement on expectations and responsibilities between supervisor and graduate student. Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin 39(3):55-56.

Other publications - plant ecology

Betts, M., Diamond, A.W., Forbes, G.J., Frego, K., Loo, J., Matson, B., Roberts, M., Villard, M.-A., Wissink, R., and Wuest, L. 2005.  Plantations and biodiversity: A comment on the debate in New Brunswick Forestry Chronicle 81(2):265-269.

Frego, K.A., A.L. Ross-Davis, and M.R. Roberts. 2005. Plantations and high impact forestry practices. In Forest Management to Protect Native Biodiversity in the Greater Fundy Ecosystem, Betts, M. and Forbes, G. (Eds.).  University of New Brunswick Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Fredericton.

Frego, K.A., N.J. Fenton and M. Betts. 2005. Coarse woody debris.  In Forest Management to Protect Native Biodiversity in the Greater Fundy Ecosystem, Betts, M. and Forbes, G. (Eds.).  University of New Brunswick Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Fredericton. 

Conference presentations - plant ecology

Frego, K.A.  1981.  "Vegetative propagation in Opuntia fragilis."  Prairie Universities Biological Seminars.  Calgary, Alberta. 

Frego, K.A.  1981.  "Opuntia fragilis:  A cactus in the boreal forest."  Canadian Botanical Association.  Guelph, Ontario.

Frego, K.A.  1982.  "The autecology of Opuntia fragilis in the boreal forest of eastern Manitoba."  Prairie Universities Biological Seminars.  Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

Shay, C.T., J.M. Shay, J.J. Zwiazek, and K.A. Frego.  1983.  "Charcoal identification."  Manitoba Association of Archaeologists.  Brandon, Manitoba.

Shay, C.T., J.M. Shay, J.J. Zwiazek, and K.A. Frego.  1984.  "What can charcoal tell us?"  American Institute of Archaeology.  Toronto, Ontario.

Frego, K.A. and T.J. Carleton.  1994.  Reciprocal transplants of four boreal bryophytes.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Calgary, Alberta.

Frego, K.A. and T.J. Carleton.  1995.  Gap dynamics in the feather moss community.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Guelph, Ontario.

Frego, K.A., R.J. Staniforth, and L.L. Consaul.  1996.  Status of the disjunct population of Opuntia fragilis near Kaladar, eastern Ontario.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Charlottetown, P.E.I.

Frego, K.A.  1996.  Regeneration in the feather moss community.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Charlottetown, P.E.I.

Frego, K.A.  1996.  Regeneration in the feather moss community.  Invited symposium: "The regeneration niche: Dispersal and establishment of bryophytes and lichens."  American Bryological and Lichenological Society and A.I.B.S.  Seattle, Washington.

Frego, K.A., R.J. Staniforth, J. Peterson, and M.R. Roberts.  1997.  Role of natural soil forest vegetation propagule banks in regeneration: A collaborative study in Manitoba and Fundy Model Forests.  People Growing with Forests: The Model Forest Network Forum.  Winnipeg, MB (May 12-15, 1997).

Peterson, J. and K.A. Frego.  1998.  Characterizing forest harvest disturbance and its effects on bryophytes in a managed New Brunswick forest. Canadian Botanical Association.  Saskatoon, SK.

Hovey, A.M., K.A. Frego and M.R. Roberts.  1998.  Composition of the herbaceous community in a mixed forest in the Hayward Brook Watershed, New Brunswick.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Saskatoon, SK.

Caissie, A., K.A. Frego, and S. Flemming.  1998.  Long term effects of snowmobile traffic on the vegetation of a coastal plain Sphagnum bog in Gros Morne National Park, western Newfoundland.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Saskatoon, SK.

Caissie, A., K.A. Frego and S.  Flemming.  2000.  Effects of various amounts of snowmobile traffic on the plant species composition of a coastal plain Sphagnum bog in Gros Morne National Park, western Newfoundland.  SAMPAA conference.

Fenton, N.  and K.  Frego.  2000.  Remnant canopy as potential refugia for forest floor bryophytes within a harvested forest.  Canadian Botanical Association.  London, ON.

Ross, A.  and K.  Frego.  2000.  Comparison of bryophyte communities in spruce plantations vs naturally regenerating forests in New Brunswick, Canada.  Canadian Botanical Association.  London, ON.

Frego, K.A.  2001.  An integrated approach to scientific communication in 2nd-year botany. Canadian Botanical Association (Teaching Section).  Kelowna, BC.

Ross, A.L.  and K.A. Frego.  2001.  Forest floor bryophyte community and its propagule sources: implications for conservation and sampling protocol.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Kelowna, BC.

Fenton, N. and K.A. Frego.  2001.  Bryophyte community change and reassembly four years after harvest.  Canadian Botanical Association.  Kelowna, BC.

Peterson, J. and K.A. Frego.  2001.  Characterizing forest harvest disturbance and its effects on bryophytes in a managed New Brunswick forest.   Manomet Forest Ecosystem Information Exchange.  Orono, Maine.

Hovey, A.M., K.A. Frego and M.R. Roberts.  2001.  Composition of the herbaceous community in a mixed forest in the Hayward Brook Watershed, New Brunswick.    Manomet Forest Ecosystem Information Exchange.  Orono, Maine.

Ross, A. and K.  Frego.  2001.  Comparison of bryophyte communities in spruce plantations vs naturally regenerating forests in New Brunswick, Canada.  Manomet Forest Ecosystem Information Exchange.  Orono, Maine.

Roberts, M.R., K.A. Frego, and A.M. Hovey. 2002.  Composition of the herbaceous community in a forested watershed in southern New Brunswick, Canada.  Paper presented (by Roberts) at 87th annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, August 4-9, Tucson, AZ.

Mathieson, K., K.A. Frego, and M.R. Roberts.  2004.  Hayward Brook Permanent Quadrats: Monitoring the forest floor plant communities, 1995-present.  Paper presented at Knowledge for Management: Fundy Model Forest Project Forum.  17 February, 2004.  Fredericton, NB.

Frego, K.A., M.R. Roberts, A. Ross-Davis and B. Ramovs.  2004.  Comparison of plantations and naturally regenerated clear-cut forests: Plant communities and habitat features.  Paper presented at Knowledge for Management: Fundy Model Forest Project Forum.  17 February, 2004.  Fredericton, NB.

Frego, K.A., M.R. Roberts, K. Mathieson and M. Pokorski.  2004.  Conservation potential of “tree islands” for the forest floor plant community.  Paper presented at Knowledge for Management: Fundy Model Forest Project Forum.  17 February, 2004.  Fredericton, NB.

Pokorski, M., K. Frego, M. Roberts.  2005.  Un-deserted islands:  conserving forest plant biodiversity using aggregated variable retention harvesting.  Paper presented (by Pokorski) at Canadian Botanical Association.  Edmonton, AB.

Mathieson, K. and K. Frego.  2005.  Tracking bryophyte community reassembly in the Acadian forest 9 years after forest harvest.  Paper presented (by Mathieson) at Canadian Botanical Association.  Edmonton, AB.

Fang, Z. and K. Frego.  2005.  Responses of understory plants to selection harvest in an Acadian forest.  Paper presented (by Fang) at Canadian Botanical Association.  Edmonton, AB.

Frego, K.A.  2005.  Bryophytes as indicators of forest integrity.  Organized oral session, Ecological Society of America annual meeting, Montreal QC.

Roberts, M.R., K. A. Frego, and A.M. Hovey.  2006.  Herbaceous layer composition in relation to environment within a forested watershed.  ECANUSA Forest Science Conference, Université Laval, Québec.  October 19-21, 2006

Bao, W.K., B. Lei, Y. Jia, and K.A.  Frego.   2006.  Compositions and structures of bryophyte communities under young coniferous plantations.  Poster presented at Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006.

Fang, Z. and K.A. Frego.  2006.  Distribution pattern of bryophyte community in relation to environmental features in two Acadian forest stands.  Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006

Mathieson, K. and K.A. Frego.  2006.  Long-term responses of bryophytes to forest harvesting and natural variability in the Acadian forest.  Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006.

Pokorski, M., Mudge, J., Frego, K., and Roberts, M.  2006.  Gimme shelter: Forest floor plant responses within tree islands one year post-harvest. Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006.

Fang, Z. and K. Frego.  2006.  What aspects of Acadian forest bryophyte community can we predict from stand characteristics?  Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006.

Witkowski A.,  Mathieson K., O'Neill R., Johnson J., and Frego K.  2006. Phyte Club: Endophytic compositions of bryophytes and overstory spruce needles.   Annual Meeting of Canadian Botanical Association, Concordia University, Montreal; June 25-29, 2006.  Poster.

Mathieson, K. and K. Frego.  2006.  “Impacts of two forest harvest operations on the forest floor bryophyte community”.  CONFOR 2006 – Duparquet, PQ. Oral presentation in public-invited section: Researchers-users Knowledge Transfer Workshop

Pokorski, M., Mudge, J., Frego, K., and Roberts, M.  2007.  Gimme shelter: Forest floor plant responses within tree islands one year post-harvest.  Acadian Forest Science Conference.  Fredericton, October 11-13.  Poster.

Mudge, J., K. Frego and M. Pokorski.  2007.  Livin’ on the edge: Short-term bryophyte responses to microclimatic edge effects within “tree islands” in upland Acadian forests.  Acadian Forest Science Conference.  Fredericton, October 11-13.  Poster.

Mathieson, K., K. Frego and M. Pokorski.  2007.  “What’s growing on?  Bryophyte-substrate relationships in mixedwood Acadian forests”.  Acadian Forest Science Conference, Fredericton, October 11-13.  Oral presentation.

Witkowski A., and Frego, K.  2007.  Effects of pre-commercial thinning on forest floor bryophytes. Northeast Biological Graduate Student Conference Dalhousie, Halifax, NS February 2007.  Presentation.

Witkowski A., Mathieson K., O'Neill R., Johnson J., and Frego K.  2007. Phyte Club: Endophytic compositions of bryophytes and overstory spruce needles.   Northeast Biological Graduate Student Conference Dalhousie, Halifax, NS February 2007.   Poster.

Fernandez-Mendoza, F., Frego, K.A., Balaguer, L., and Crespo, A.  2008. The edge is……about one tree height, isn’t it? Early estimates of edge size using Chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv:Fm) measurements in Parmelia sulcata Taylor.  International Association of Lichenologists (IAL) and American Bryological and Lichenological Society (ABLS) Joint Meeting.  Asilomar, CA. July 13-19, 2008.   Poster presentation.

Jansson, K.U. and Frego, K.A.  2008.  Does edge aspect affect edge effects in a lichen community in eastern Canada?  International Association of Lichenologists (IAL) and American Bryological and Lichenological Society (ABLS) Joint Meeting.  Asilomar, CA. July 13-19, 2008.   Poster presentation.

Mathieson, K. and K. Frego.  2008.  Bryophyte-substrate associations in the Acadian Forest of southern New Brunswick.  Botany without Borders:  Joint meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association, Botanical Society of America and others.  Vancouver, BC.  26-30 July.  Invited symposium presentation.

Frego, K., M. Pokorski, and J. Mudge.  2008.  Safe inside?  Tree islands to conserve bryophytes in the Acadian Forest.  Botany without Borders:  Joint meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association, Botanical Society of America and others.  Vancouver, BC.  26-30 July.  Invited symposium presentation.

Dalrymple, L. and K. Frego.  2009.  "Bryophytes and decaying wood: are all rotting logs equal?", Canadian Botanical Association AGM, May 19-21, 2009, Wolfville, NS  Presentation.

Witkowski, A, K. La France, K. Frego, and M. Roberts.  2010.    Bryophytes and herbaceious species in plantations and pre-commercially thinned stands.  Implications of Intensive Silviculture and Mixedwood Dynamics on Forest Management.  Conference sponsored by Sustainable Forest Management Network, Fundy Model Forest, and J.D. Irving Ltd.  28 January 2010, Fredericton, NB.

Dalrymple, L. and K. Frego.  2010.  "Wood you be mine? Forest conservation implications of bryophyte rotting log associations", Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution (CSEE) AGM, May 9-12, 2010, Quebec City, QC.

Dalrymple, L. and K. Frego.  2010.  "Bryophyte - coarse woody debris (CWD) associations in softwood-dominant forest stands in north-western New Brunswick", ECANUSA Forestry Conference,  October 14-16, 2010, Edmundston NB.

Haughian, S. and K. Frego.  2011.  “Which synthetic substrates are substitutable for coarse woody debris?  Growing moss on foam to figure out why it grows on wood.”  Annual meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association.  June 2011, Halifax, ON.

Frego, K.  2013.  Bryophytes in the managed Acadian forest.  Invited symposium presentation, Annual meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association.  June 2013, Kamloops, BC.