Research

Areas of expertise within the CCJSCCJS students and Dr. Campbell

  • Evaluation of criminal justice-related programs
  • Strategies for safe and humane prison environments
  • Best practices for forensic assessment and rehabilitation 
  • Credibility assessment and lie detection strategies
  • Political science and criminal justice issues
  • Theoretical criminologogical views "from below"
  • Historical criminal justice perspectives
  • Police psychology
  • Addictions/gambling
  • Violence

Examples of Ongoing Projects at the CCJS

  • Assessing the predictive validity of risk assessment instruments for use with justice-involved youth in the Maritime region of Canada
  • Examination of the role of resiliency as a potential mediator of recidivism risk in adolescent offenders
  • Evaluation of bullying prevention initatives for youth
  • Understanding the impact of youth diversion from the criminal justice system on recidivism outcomes and criminogenic needs
  • Exploration of police responses to intimate partner violence calls, and the impact of utilizing a structured risk assessment instrument (i.e., ODARA) to facilitate response decision-making.
  • Developing best practices for the integration of the Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR) model of offender assessment and rehabilitation stategies with case plans aimed at mental health recovery amongst justice-involved individuals with mental health disorders. 
  • Assessment of "buy-in" for use of evidence-based practices in crime prevention and reduction, and barriers to this uptake.

Funding

Funding for our projects have come from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the University of New Brunswick, the New Brunswick Inovation Fund, and specific research contracts with various government, policing, and community agencies. 

Publications

Journal Articles

Morrison, K. B., Brunelle, C., Campbell, M. A., Christie, T. K. S., & Hildebrandf, J. (2017, accepted). Diversity in the needs and outcomes of low-threshold/high-tolerance methadone maintenance therapy clients: A retrospective study. Canadian Journal of Addiction

Ballucci, D., Gil, C., & Campbell, M.A. (2017, in press). The power of attitude: The role of police culture and receptivity of risk assessment tools in IPV calls. Policing: A journal of Policy and Practice.

Ennis, A. R., McLeod, P., Watt, M. C., Campbell, M. A., & Adams-Quackenbush, N. (2016). The role of gender in Mental Health Court admission and completion. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 58, 1-30.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cjccj.2015.E08

Campbell, M.A., Canales, D. D., Wei, R., Totten, A., Macaulay, W.A.C., & Wershler, J. L. (2015). Multidimensional evaluation of a mental health court: Adherence to the risk-need-responsivity model. Law and Human Behavior, 39(5), 489-502. doi:10.1037/lhb0000135. 

Secco, L., Letourneau, N., & Campbell, M.A. (2014). Stresses, Strengths and experiences of mothers engaged in Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT). Journal of Addictions Nursing, 25(3), 139-147.

Canales, D., Campbell, M.A., Wei, R., & Totten, A. (2014). Prediction of General and Violent Recidivism among Mentally Disordered Adult Offenders: Test of the Level of Service/Risk-Need-Responsivity (LS/RNR) Instrument. Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 4(8), 971-991.

MacNeill, A. L. & Bradley, M. T.Cullen, M. C. & Arsenault, A. M. (2014) Cognitive and emotional reactions to questions in the Comparison Question Test. Peceptual and Motor Skills 118, 429-445.

Letourneau, N., Campbell, M.A., Woodland, J., & Colpitts, J. (2013).  Supporting mothers’ engagement in a community-based Methadone Treatment Program. Nursing Research and Practice, Article ID 987463, 1-11.

Dyck, H., Campbell, M.A., Schmidt, F., & Wershler, J. (2013). Youth psychopathic traits and their impact on long-term offending trajectories. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 11(3), 230-248.

Bradley, M. T. & Brand, A. (2013). Sweeping recommendations regarding effect size and sample size can miss important nuances: A comment on: A comprehensive review of reporting practices in psychological journals: Are effect sizes really enough? Theory and Psychology, 23, 797-800.

Bradley, M. T. & Brand, A. (2013) Alpha values as a function of sample size, effect size, and power: Accuracy over inference. Psychological Reports: Measures & Statistics, 112(3), 1-10.

Marquis, G. (2013). Constructing an Urban Drug Ecology in 1970s Canada, Urban History Review, XLI (2), 27-40.

McDougall, A., Campbell, M.A., & Santor, D. (2012). Institutional offence patterns in adolescent offenders: The Role of Antisocial and Mental Health Indicators. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 11(2), 99-114.

McDougall, A., Campbell, M.A., Smith, T., Burbridge, A., Doucette, N., & Canales, D. (2012).  An analysis of general public and professional’s attitudes about Mental Health Courts: Predictors of a positive perspective.  International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 11(3), 203-217.

Schmidt, F., Campbell, M.A., & Houlding, C. (2011). Comparative analysis of the YLS/CMI, SAVRY, and PCL:YV in adolescent offenders: A 10- year follow-up into adulthood. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 9(1), 23-42.

Woodworth, M., Porter, S., Doucette, N. L., Peace, K., & Campbell, M. A. (2009). A comparison of memory for homicide, non-homicidal violence, and positive life experiences. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 32(5), 329-34.

Campbell, M. A., Doucette, N.L., & French, S. (2009). Validity and stability of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory in a non-forensic sample of young adults. Journal of Personality Assessment. 91(6), 1-9.

Campbell, M. A., French, S., & Gendreau, P. (2009). The predictors of violence in adult offenders: A meta-analytic comparison of instruments and methods of assessment. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(6), 567-590.

Government Documents and Reports

Campbell, M. A., Canales, D. D., & McTague, J. (2016). Problem Solving Courts: An Evaluation Guide and Template. Report prepared for the Canadian Council of Chief Judges by the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, Canada. 

Campbell, M. A., Canales, D. D., & McTague, J. (2017). Problem Solving Court Evaluation: Survey Results AddendumReport prepared for the Canadian Council of Chief Judges by the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, University of New Brunswick, Saint John, Canada.

deJong, E., & Campbell, M.A. (2016). The impact of bullying prevention: An examination of change in participants of the Canadian Red Cross Beyond the Hurt Program. Report submitted to the Canadian Red Cross, Fredericton, NB.

Dyck, H., & Campbell, M. A. (2016). An implementation review of the Youth Intervention & Diversion Strategy in New Brunswick. Report submitted to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police – J Division, Fredericton, NB.

Campbell, M.A., Adams-Quackenbush, Ennis, A., & Canales, D. D. (2015, April). Prospective evaluation of the Nova Scotia Mental Health Court: An examination of short term outcomes. Report submitted to the Nova Scotia Mental Health Court and Nova Scotia Department of Justice, Halifax, NS.

Beauregard, R., Campbell, M.A., & Roy, F. (2015). An exploration of police employee attitudes towards intelligence-led policing: A qualitative and survey-based analysis. Report submitted to the Saint John Police Force, Saint John, NB.

Canales, D.D., Beauregard, R., & Campbell, M.A. (2015). A jurisdictional scan of open custody practices in Canada. Reported submitted to the New Brunswick Department of Public Safety, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.

Campbell, M.A., Dyck, H., & Wershler, J. (2014). An evaluation of the integration of motivational interviewing and Risk-Need-Responsivity Model in the case management of community supervised offenders. Report submitted to the New Brunswick Department of Public Safety, Fredericton, Canada. 

Canales, D., Campbell, M.A., & Brunelle, C. (2014). A multidimensional examination of short and long-term outcomes of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program. Report submitted to the Saint John Police Force, Saint John, Canada.

Canales, D., Macaulay, A., McDougall, A., Wei, R. & Campbell, M.A. (2013, May). A Brief synopsis of risk assessment screening tools for frontline professionals responding to intimate partner violence. Report prepared for the Women’s Equality Brach of the Government of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.

Moser, A., & Campbell, M.A. (2012, March). Validation and expansion of the Ontario Domestic Assault Risk Assessment (ODARA) instrument: An early warning system. Report submitted to the Saint John Police Force, Saint John, Canada.

Canales, D., & Campbell, M.A. (2012). Evaluation report of the youth diversion: Drug and Alcohol Misuse, Addictions and Mental Health Tips, Tactics and Tools for the Front Line Training. Report prepared by the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, University of New Brunswick and submitted to the RCMP J Division, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Burbridge, A., & Campbell, M.A. (2012). Evaluating methadone maintenance treatment outcomes in an Atlantic Canadian milieu. Report submitted to Addiction and Mental Health Services, Horizon Health Network, New Brunswick Department of Health, Saint John, New Brunswick. 

Campbell, M.A., & Goggin, C. (2011). Partnering for safer communities: Evidence-based solutions for contemporary community policing and crime prevention/reduction: Trainer Manual. New Brunswick Department of Public Safety, Fredericton, Canada.

Campbell, M.A., & Goggin, C. (2011). Partnering for safer communities: Evidence-based solutions for contemporary community policing and crime prevention/reduction: Participant Handbook. New Brunswick Department of Public Safety, Fredericton, Canada.

Lane, S., & Campbell, M.A. (2008). Representing the client perspective of the Saint John Mental Health Court. Report submitted to the Saint John Mental Health Court, Saint John, Canada.

Campbell, M.A., French, S., & Gendreau, P. (2007). Assessing the Utility of Risk Assessment Tools and Personality Measures in the Prediction of Violent Recidivism for Adult Offenders. User Report 2007-04. Ottawa: Public Safety Canada Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada.

Carter, R. A., Blood, L., & Campbell, M. A. (2001, June). Youth justice feasibility study: A proposal for an integrated assessment and treatment service for Conduct Disorder/Antisocial youth in Nova Scotia. Children and Youth Action Committee of Nova Scotia and Justice Canada (File No. 6133-5-23), Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. 

Books and Chapters in Books          

Marquis, G. (2016). Truth and Honour: The death of Richard Oland and the trial of Dennis Oland. Halifax, NS: Nimbus Publishing

Marquis, G. (2016). The Vigilant Eye: Policing Canadafrom 1867 to 9/11. Halifax, Nova Scotia; Fernwood Publishing. 

Campbell, M.A., Schmidt, F., & Wershler, J. (2016). Juvenile Risk Assessment: Best practice in adolescent risk assessment. In R.J.R. Levesque (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Adolescence (second edition) (pp. 1-21). Switzerland; Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-32132-5_127-2

Campbell, M. A., Beauregard, R., & Schmidt, F. (2015). Stability of psychopathic traits in youth:  Long-term trends and comparisons with the stability of the Five Factor Model of personality. In M. Fitzgerald (Ed.)., Psychopathy: Risk Factors, Behavioral Symptoms and Treatment Option. Nova Publishers (e-bool).

Cafferty, S. & Marquis, G (2013). Alcohol Consumption in Canada. In D.F. Fahey & J. S. Miller (Eds). Alcohol and Drugs in North America: A Historical Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO, 2013), 15-18.

Schmidt, F., & Campbell, M.A. (2012). Juvenile Risk Assessment: Best practice in adolescent risk assessment. In R.J.R. Levesque (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Adolescence (pp.1519-1527). New York: Springer.

Porter, S., Campbell, M. A., Woodworth, M., & Birt (2002). A new psychological conceptualization of the sexual psychopath. In F. Columbus, (Ed.). Advances in Psychology Research, vol. 7, (pp. 71-87). New York: Nova Science.