Journal Articles

May, B, and R Plummer. 2011. Accommodating the challenges of climate change adaptation and governance in conventional risk management: Adaptive collaborative risk management (ACRM). Ecology Soc. 16(1): 47.

Kreutzwiser, R, R de Loë, K Imgrund, MJ Conboy, H Simpson, and R Plummer. 2011. Understanding stewardship behavior: Factors facilitating and constraining private water well stewardship. J. Environ. Manage. 92(4): 1104-1114.         

Plummer, R, C Kulczycki, J FitzGibbon, J Velaniskis, and M Luck. 2010. Exploring the implications of successful fisheries management in southern Ontario, Canada: A decade of experience with the upper Grand River tail-water fishery.  J. Rural Com. Devel. (Special Issue on Rural Recreation and Tourism in Canada). 5(1/2): 128-149.

Lundholm, C, and R Plummer. 2010. Resilience and learning: A conspectus for environmental education. Environ. Edu. Res. 16(5-6): 475-492.

Plummer, R. 2010. Social-ecological resilience and environmental education: Synopsis, application, implications. Environ. Edu. Res. 16(5-6): 493-510.

Krasny, M, C Lundholm, and R Plummer. 2010. Environmental education, resilience, and learning: Reflection and moving forward.  Environ. Edu. Res. 16(5-6): 665-672.

Plummer, R, J Velaniskis, D de Grosbois, R Kreutzwiser, and R de Loë. 2010. The development of new environmental policies and processes in response to a crisis: The case of the multiple barrier approach for safe drinking water. Environ. Sci. Policy. 13: 535-548.

Fresque, J, and R Plummer. 2009. Accounting for consumption related to outdoor recreation: An application of ecological footprint analysis. Leisure/Losier. 33(2): 589-614.

Plummer, R. 2009. The adaptive co-management process: An initial synthesis of representative models and influential variables. Ecology and Society: 14(2): 24.

Young, S, R Plummer, and J FitzGibbon. 2009. What can we learn from exemplary groundwater protection programs?  Can. Water Res. J. 61-78.

Plummer, R, and D Fennell. 2009. Managing protected areas for sustainable tourism: Prospects for adaptive co-management. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 17(2): 149-168.

Armitage, D, R Plummer, F Berkes, R Arthur, I Davidson-Hunt, A Diduck, N Doubleday, D Johnson, M Marschke, P McConney, E Pinkerton, and L Wollenberg. 2009. Adaptive co-management for social-ecological complexity. Front. Ecol. Environ. 2(7): 95-102.

Summers, R, R Plummer, A Spiers, and J FitzGibbon. 2008. Accounting for precautionary measures in agriculture through pathway analysis:  The case of the Ontario environmental farm plan. Int. J. Agri. Res., Gov. Eco. 7(6): 437-449.

Fennell, D, R Plummer, and M Marschke. 2008. Is adaptive co-management ethical? J. Environ. Manage. 88(1): 62-75.

Armitage, D, M Marschke, and R Plummer. 2008. Adaptive co-management and the paradox of learning. Global Environ. Chang. 18: 86-98.

Plummer, R, A Spiers, R Summers, and J FitzGibbon. 2008. The contributions of stewardship to managing agro-ecosystem environments. J. Sustain. Agr. 31(3): 55-84.

Plummer, R, and D Armitage. 2007. Charting the new territory of adaptive co-management: A delphi study. Ecol. Soc. 12(2): 10.

Plummer, R, and D Fennell. 2007. Exploring co-management theory: Prospects for sociobiology and reciprocal altruism. J. Environ. Manage. 85(4): 944-955.

Plummer, R, and D Armitage. 2007. Crossing boundaries, crossing scales: The evolution of environment and resource co-management.  Geography Compass.(1/4): 834-849.

Plummer, R, and D Armitage. 2007. A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: Linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world. Ecol. Econ. 61: 62-74.

Plummer, R, C Kulczycki, C Stacey. 2006. How are we working together? A framework to assess collaborative arrangements in tourism.  Curr. Iss. Tour. 9(6): 499-515.

Plummer, R. 2006. Sharing the management of a river corridor: A case study of the co-management process. Soc. Nat. Res. 19: 1-13.

Plummer, R, D Telfer, and A Hashimoto. 2006. The rise and fall of the Ale Trail. A case study of collaboration within the hospitality industry. Curr. Iss. Tour. 9(3): 191-205.

Plummer, HR, and JE FitzGibbon. 2006. People matter: The importance of social capital in the co-management of natural resources. Nat. Res. Forum. 30: 51-62.

Plummer, HR. 2006. Managing for resource sustainability: The potential of civic science. Environ. Sci. 3(1): 5-13.

Plummer, HR. 2006. The evolution of sustainable development strategies in Canada: An assessment of three federal natural resource management agencies. Sustain. Dev. 14: 16-32.

Plummer, R, and SM Arai. 2005. Co-management of natural resources: Opportunities and barriers of working with citizen volunteers. Environ. Prac. 7(4): 221-234.

Spiers, A, and R Plummer. 2005. An exploratory study of conflict in Ontario provincial parks: Developing a framework for conflict management. Leisure/Loisir. 29(2): 329-353.

Plummer, R, A Spiers, J FitzGibbon, and J Imhof. 2005. The expanding institutional context for water resources management: The case of the Grand River Watershed. Can. Water Res. J. 30(3): 227-244.

Plummer, R. 2005. A review of sustainable development implementation through local action from an ecosystem management perspective. J. Rural Environ. Health. 4: 33-40.

Plummer, R, D Telfer, A Hashimoto, and R Summers. 2005. Beer tourism in Canada along the Waterloo-Wellington Ale Trail.  Tour. Manage. 26: 447-458.

Plummer, HR, and JE FitzGibbon. 2004. Co-management of natural resources:  A proposed framework. Environ. Manage. 33(6): 876-885.

Plummer, R, and J FitzGibbon. 2004. Some observations on the terminology in co-operative environmental management. J. Environ. Manage. 70(1): 63-72.

Summers, R, R Plummer, and J FitzGibbon. 2003. The influence of sub-watershed plans on the Ontario planning process. Can. Water Res. J. 28(3): 375-394.

Plummer, HR, and CL Stacey. 2000. A multiple case study of community-based water management initiatives in New Brunswick. Can. Water Res. J. 25(3): 293-307.


Krasny, M, C Lundholm, and R Plummer (editors). 2011. Resilience in social-ecological systems: The role of learning and education. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.*

Armitage, D, and R Plummer (editors). 2010. Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.

Plummer, R. 2009. Outdoor recreation: An introduction. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.**

Plummer, R. 2005. Outdoor recreation:  An interdisciplinary perspective. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt.

*This is a special issue of the journal Environmental Education Research that has also been endorsed for publication as a book.
**This book has a different title and was extensively re-written, but was based on my 2005 volume and therefore should be considered a revised edition.

Book Chapters

Plummer, R, Stone-Jovicich, and E Bohensky. (In press). Adaptive co-management: A new frontier for nature-based tourism. In The Routledge Handbook of Tourism and the Environment. Editors: A Holden, and DA Fennel. Routledge.

Plummer, R, and D Armitage. 2010. Integrating perspectives on adaptive capacity and environmental governance. In Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. Editors: D Armitage, and R Plummer. Springer-Verlag. pp: 1-9.

de Loë, R, and R Plummer. 2010. Climate change, adaptive capacity and drinking water governance in Canada. In Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. Editors: D Armitage, and R Plummer. Springer-Verlag. pp: 157-178.

Fennell, D, and R Plummer. 2010. Sociobiology and adaptive capacity: Evolving adaptive strategies to build environmental governance. In Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. In D Armitage, and R Plummer. Springer-Verlag. pp: 243-261.

Armitage, D, and R Plummer. 2010. Adapting and transforming: Governance for navigating change. In Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. Editors: D Armitage, and R Plummer. Springer-Verlag. pp: 287-302.

Fresque, J, and R Plummer. 2009. The St. John River Society: Lessons from managing a volunteer board. In Managing Volunteers in Tourism: Attractions, Destinations and Events. Editors: K Smith, and K Holmes. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. pp: 185-194.

Plummer, R, and JE FitzGibbon. 2007. Connecting adaptive co-management, social learning and social capital through theory and practice. In Adaptive Co-Management: Collaboration, Learning and Multi-Level Governance. Editors: D Armitage, F Berkes, and N Doubleday. UBC Press. pp: 38-61.

FitzGibbon, J, and R Plummer. 2004. Drinking water and source water protection: A challenge for integration in watershed management. In Canadian Perspective on Integrated Water Resources Management. Editor: D Shrubsole. Canadian Water Resources Association. pp: 84-103.

FitzGibbon, J, RJ Summers, and R Plummer. 2004. A farming systems approach to evaluating the environmental farm plan.  In Farming Systems Analysis. Editors: G Filson. UBC Press (Adjudicated by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada). pp: 162-177.

Plummer, R, and J FitzGibbon. 2004. Outdoor recreation in the Grand River watershed. In Towards a Grand Sense of Place. Editor: JG Nelson. University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre. pp: 243-260.

General, P, M Isaac, R Plummer, and J FitzGibbon. 2004. A way forward for Six Nations of the Grand River: Haudenashaunee. In Towards a Grand Sense of Place. Editor: JG Nelson. University of Waterloo Heritage Resource Centre. pp: 177-190.


Klenk, NL, R Plummer, B May. 2011. Niagara Climate Change Project: Workshop 1 Results. (Available from the Brock Environmental Sustainability Research Unit, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2S 3A1).

Brown, D, J Middleton, and R Plummer. 2006. Management of species-at-risk habitat in the Niagara Glen and Gorge. (Available from The Niagara Parks Commission, Box 150 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, L2E 6T2).

Plummer, R, J Fresque, J Middleton, and D Brown. 2006. Riparian area management: An analysis of the Niagara Parks Commission. (Available from The Niagara Parks Commission, Box 150 Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, L2E 6T2).

Bowie, D, and R Plummer. 2004. The transfer experience: An evaluation of articulation agreements with colleges of applied arts and technology and student transition to the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Brock University. Submit to the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies (Available from the Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Ave., St Catharines, Ontario, Canada, L2S 3A1).