Inland Fish Species of New Brunswick

Key to Families


FAMILY

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Acipenseridae

Atlantic sturgeon

Acipenser oxyrhynchus 


Shortnose sturgeon

Acipenser brevirostrum


 


Anguillidae

American eel

Anguilla rostrata


 

 

Catostomatidae

Longnose sucker

Catostomus catostomus


White sucker

Catostomus commersoni


 


Centrarchidae

Pumpkinseed

Lepomis gibbosus


Redbreast sunfish

Lepomis auritus 


Smallmouth bass

Micropterus dolomieui


Largemouth bass

Micropterus salmoides


 

 

Clupeidae

Alewife (Gaspereau)

Alosa pseudoharengus


American shad

Alosa sapidissima


Blueback herring

Alosa aestivalis


 

 

Cottidae

Slimy sculpin

Cottus cognatus


 

 

Umbridae

Central mudminnow

Umbra limi


 

 

Cyprinidae

 Blacknose dace

Rhinichthys atratulus


 Blacknose shiner

 Notropis heterolepis


 Common shiner

 Notropis cornutus


 Creek chub

 Semotilus atromaculatus


 Fallfish

 Semotilus corporalis

Cyprinidae Key

 Fathead minnow

 Pimephales promelas


 Finescale dace

 Chrosomus neogaeus


 Golden shiner

 Notemigonus crysoleucas


 Goldfish

 Carassius auratus


 Lake chub

 Couesius plumbeus


 Northern redbelly dace

 Chrosomus eos


 Pearl dace

Semotilus margarita


 

 

Cyprinodontidae

Banded killifish

Fundulus diaphanus


Mummichog

Fundulus heteroclitus


 

 

Esocidae

Chain pickerel

Esox niger


Muskellunge

Esox masquinongy


 

 

Gadidae

Atlantic tomcod

Microgadus tomcod


Burbot

Lota lota


 

 

Gasterosteidae

Blackspotted stickleback

Gasterosteus wheatlandi


Brook stickleback

Culaea inconstans

Stickleback Key

Fourspine stickleback

Apeltes quadracus

 

Ninespine stickleback

Pungitius pungitius


Threespine stickleback

 Gasterosteus aculeatus


 

 

Ictaluridae

Brown bullhead

Ameiurus nebulosus


 

 

Osmeridae

Rainbow smelt

Osmerus mordax


 

 

Percichthyidae

Striped bass

Morone saxatilis


White perch

Morone americana


 

 

Percidae

Yellow perch

Perca flavescens


 

 

Petromyzontidae

Sea lamprey

Petromyzon marinus


 

 

Salmonidae

 

 

Salmoninae 

Arctic char

Salvelinus alpinus


Atlantic salmon

Salmo salar


Brook trout

Salvelinus fontinalis

Salmonidae Key

Brown trout

Salmo trutta


Lake trout

Salvelinus namaycush


Rainbow trout

Oncorhynchus mykiss


Tiger trout

Salmo trutta  X   Salvelinus fontinalis


Splake

Salvelinus fontinalis  X  S. namaycush

Coregoninae

Lake whitefish

Coregonus clupeaformis


Round whitefish

Prosopium cylindraceum