My research programme attempts to blend applied andbasic science with the goal of generating a better understanding of human impacts on riverine ecosystems. My primary areas of reseach include (1) investigating the effects of multiple stressors (including nutrient-contaminant interactions and dissolved oxygen dynamics) on benthic food webs of large rivers; (2)developing and applying novel experimental streams for use in environmental effects assessment; (3) applying stable isotope technologies to trace pollution impacts in food webs; (4) investigating the effects of forest harvesting on benthic communities in stream ecosystems; and (5) understanding the role of benthic predator-prey interactions in structuring riverine communities.
-Project Chief and Senior Scientist, Cumulative Effects on Aquatic Biodiversity, National Water Research Institute, Environment Canada
-Research Professor, UNB Fredericton and Saint John
-Fellow, Canadian Rivers Institute http://www.unb.ca/cri/
-Past President, North American Benthological Society http://www.benthos.org/index.htm
-Member, Science Committee, National Environmental Effects Monitoring Committee
Dubé, M.G., J. M. Culp, D.L. MacLatchy, G. Gillis, W. R. Parker, S. Courtenay and C. Gilman. 2002. Utility of mobile, field-basedartificial streams for assessing effects of pulp mill effluents on fish in the Canadian environmental effects monitoring (EEM) program. J. Aquat. Ecosystem Stress Recovery 9:85-102.
Glozier, N.E., J.M. Culp, T.B. Reynoldson, R.C. Bailey, R.B. Lowell and L. Trudel. 2002. Assessing metal mine effects using benthic invertebrates for Canada's Environmental Effects Program. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 37:251-278.
Podemski, C.L. and J. M. Culp. 2001. Toxicant interactions with food algae: a missing link between laboratory and field effects. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality 16:31-42.
Baird, D.J., T.C.M. Brock, P.C. de Ruiter, A.B.A. Boxall, J.M. Culp, P. Eldridge, U. Hommen, R.G. Jak, K.A. Kidd and T. Dewitt. 2001. The food web approach in the environmental management of toxic substances. pp 83-122 In: Baird DJ & Burton GA (Eds.) Ecological Variability: Separating Anthropogenic from Natural Causes of Ecosystem Impairment. SETAC Press, Pensacola, USA.
Culp, J.M., R.B. Lowell and K.J. Cash. 2000 Integrating in situ community experiments with field studies to generate weight-of-evidence risk assessments for large rivers. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19:1167-1173.
Culp, J.M., K.J. Cash and F.J. Wrona. 2000. Integrated assessment of ecosystem integrity of large northern rivers: the Northern Rivers Basins Study example. J. Aquatic Ecosytem Stress and Recovery 8: 1-5.
Culp, J.M., C.L. Podemski and K.J. Cash. 2000. Interactive effects of nutrients and contaminants from pulp mill effluents on riverine benthos. J. Aquatic Ecosytem Stress and Recovery 8: 67-75.
Culp, J.M., K.J. Cash and F.J. Wrona. 2000. Cumulative effects assessment for the Northern River Basins Study. J. Aquatic Ecosytem Stress and Recovery 8: 87-94.
Lowell, R.B., J.M. Culp and M.G. Dubé. 2000. A weight-of evidence approach for northern river risk assessment: integrating the effects of multiple stressors. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19:1182-1190.
Lowell, R.B. and J.M. Culp. 1999. Cumulative effects of multiple effluent and low dissolved oxygen stressors on mayflies at cold temperatures. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56:1624-1630.
Culp, J.M., C.L. Podemski, K.J. Cash and R.B. Lowell. 2000. A research strategy for using stream microcosms in ecotoxicology: integrating single population and community experiments with field data. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery 7:167-176.
Dubé, M. G., J. M. Culp, and G. J. Scrimgeour. 1997. Nutrient limitation and herbivory: processes influenced by bleached kraft pulp mill effluent. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 2584-2595.
Culp, J. M., G. J. Scrimgeour and G. D. Townsend. 1996. Habitat enhancement for rainbow trout fry by addition of small organic debris bundles. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 125: 472-479.
Dubé, M. G., and J. M. Culp. 1996. Growth responses of periphyton and chironomids exposed to biologically treated bleached kraft pulp mill effluent. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 15: 2019-2027.
Scrimgeour, G. J. and J. M. Culp. 1995. Feeding while evading predators by a lotic mayfly: linking short-term foraging behaviours with long-term fitness consequences. Oecologia 100: 128-134.
Culp, J.M. and G.J. Scrimgeour. 1993. Size-dependent diel foraging periodicity of a mayfly grazer in streams with and without fish. Oikos 68: 242-250.
Culp, J.M., N.E. Glozier and G.J. Scrimgeour. 1991. Reduction of predation risk under the cover of darkness: Avoidance responses of mayfly larvae to a benthic fish. Oecologia 86: 163-169.
Scrimgeour, G.J., J.M. Culp, M.L. Bothwell, F.J. Wrona, and M.H. McKee.1991. Mechanisms of algal patch depletion: importance of consumptive and non-consumptive losses in mayfly-diatom systems. Oecologia 85: 343-348.
Beers, C.E. and J.M. Culp. 1990. Plasticity in foraging behaviour of a lotic minnow (Rhinichthys cataractae) in response to varying light intensity. Can. J. Zool. 68: 101-105.
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Last Update: 23 August 2004
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