What is Anthropology?

Anthropology is the study of humankind, past and present. Anthropology examines the evolutionary history of all human kind: its global cultural manifestations and its patterns of social organization. The discipline of anthropology is considered a social science; however, anthropologists draw upon information and techniques from a broad range of humanities including, social sciences, natural sciences, and physical sciences, in their studies of humankind.

Traditionally, Anthropology has been divided into four subfields:

  1. Social and Cultural anthropology
    Social and cultural anthropology examines contemporary and recent cultures around the world
  2. Biological and Medical Anthropology
    Biological anthropology is the study of human biological diversity in the framework of human evolution, our biocultural interactions.
    Biomedical anthropology is the study of how human cultural practices influence the spread of infectious diseases, including the long-term evolutionary consequences of disease on human populations, and the effects of urbanized lifestyle on people who have lived until recently under more traditional conditions.
  3. Archaeological Anthropology
    Archaeology is the study of human cultures through material remains.
  4. Linguistic Anthropology
    Linguistics is the study of how language is constructed and the ways it effects thought.

The Anthropology Department of the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton, offers its students a rich education in the first three of these sub-fields.