Matthew Betts

Books

Matthew Betts 2008 Subsistence and Culture in the Western Canadian Arctic: A Multicontextual Approach. Mercury Series 169, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau.

Edited Volumes

Matthew Betts, Katherine Reedy-Maschner, and Owen K. Mason (editors) 2009 North by West: Environmental and Cultural Diversity in the Western Arctic. Special edition of the Alaska Journal of Anthropology 7(2).

Refereed Publications

Matthew Betts and T. Max Friesen (In press). Archaeofaunal Signatures of Specialized Bowhead Whaling in the Western Canadian Arctic: A Regional Study. Anthropozoologica.

Matthew Betts (In press) Zooarchaeology and the Reconstruction of Ancient Human-Animal Relationships in the Arctic. Oxford Handbook of Archaeology: Arctic, edited by T. Max Friesen. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

 Herbert Mascher, Andre Trites, Katherine reedy-Maschner and Matthew Betts (In Press) The Decline of Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in the North Pacific: Insights from Indigenous People, Ethnohistoric Records and Archaeological Data. Fish and Fisheries.

Matthew Betts, Susan Blair, and David Black 2012 Perspectivism, Mortuary Symbolism, and Human-Shark Relationships on the Maritime Peninsula. American Antiquity 77(4): 621–645

M. Gabriel Hrynick, Matthew Betts, and David Black 2012 A Late Maritime Woodland Period Dwelling Feature from Nova Scotia’s South Shore: Evidence for Patterned Use of Domestic Space. Archaeology of Eastern North America 40:1-25

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, Corey Schou, Robert Schlader, Jonathan Holmes, Nicholas Clement, Michael Smuin 2011 VZAP: An Online Comparative Collection for Archaeofaunal Research. Journal of Archaeological Science. 38(4):755-762.

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, and Donald Clark 2011 Zooarchaeology of the ‘Fish that Stops’: Using Archaeofaunas to Construct Long-term Time Series of Atlantic and Pacific Cod Populations. In The Archaeology of North Pacific Fisheries, edited by M. Moss, and A. Cannon, pp. 171-195. University of Alaska Press, Anchorage.

Konrad Gajewski, K Gajewski1, Sam  Munoz, Matthew Peros, Andre Viau, Richard Morlan, and Matthew Betts 2011 The Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database (CARD): Archaeological 14C Dates in North America and their Paleo-environmental Context. Radiocarbon 53(2):371-394.

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, and Veronica Lech 2011 A 4500 Year Time-Series of Otariid Abundance on Sanak Island, Western Gulf of Alaska. In Sea Dogs of the North Pacific: The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Seals, Sea Lions, Sea Cows, and Sea Otters, edited by T. Braje and T. Rick, pp. 93-110. University of California Press, Berkley.

Veronica Lech, Matthew Betts, and Herbert  Maschner 2011 An Analysis of Seal, Sea Lion, and Sea Otter Consumption Patterns on Sanak Island, Alaska: A 4500 Year Record of Aleut Consumer Behaviour. In Sea Dogs of the North Pacific: The Archaeology and Historical Ecology of Seals, Sea Lions, Sea Cows, and Sea Otters, edited by T. Braje and T. Rick, pp. 111-128. University of California Press, Berkley.

Matthew Betts 2009 Chronicling Siglit Identities: Economy, Practice, and Ethnicity in the Western Canadian Arctic. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 7(2)1-28. Includes introduction by editors.

Herbert D. G. Maschner, Matthew W. Betts, Joseph Cornell,4 Jennifer A. Dunne, Bruce Finney, Nancy Huntly, James W. Jordan, Aaron A. King, Nicole Misarti, Katherine L. Reedy-Maschner, Roland Russell, Amber Tews, Spencer A. Wood, and Buck Benson. 2009 An Introduction to the Biocomplexity of Sanak Island, Western Gulf of Alaska. Pacific Science 64(4):673-708.

Herbert Maschner, Matthew Betts, Katherine Reedy-Maschner, and Andrew Trites 2008 A 4500 Year Time Series of Pacific Cod (Gadus macrocephalus): Archaeology, Regime Shifts, and Sustainable Fisheries. Fisheries Bulletin 106(4):386-394.

Matthew Betts 2007 The Mackenzie Inuit Whale Bone Industry:  Raw Material, Tool Manufacture, Scheduling, and Trade. Arctic 60(2):129-144.

Matthew Betts and T. Max Friesen 2006 Declining Foraging Returns from an Inexhaustible Resource? Abundance Indices and Beluga Whaling in the Western Canadian Arctic. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 25(1):59-81.

T. Max Friesen and Matthew Betts 2006 Archaeofaunas and Architecture: Zooarchaeological Variability within an Inuit Semi-Subterranean House, Arctic Canada. In Integrating Zooarchaeology, edited by M. Maltby, pp. 65-76. Oxbow Press, Oxford.

Matthew Betts 2005 Seven Focal Economies for Six Focal Places: The Development of Economic Diversity in the Western Canadian Arctic. Arctic Anthropology 42(1):47-87.

Matthew Betts and T. Max Friesen 2004 Quantifying Hunter-Gatherer Intensification: A Zooarchaeological Case Study from Arctic Canada. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 23(4):357-384.

Lisa Maher, Matthew Lohr, Matthew Betts, Carla Parslow, and Edward Banning 2001 Middle Epipalaeolithic Sites in Wadi Ziqlab, Northern Jordan. Palaeorient 27(1):5-19.

Matthew Betts 2000 Augmenting Faunal Quantification Procedures through the Incorporation of Historical Documentary Evidence:  An Investigation of Faunal Remains from Fort George. Ontario Archaeology 69:19-38.

Matthew Betts and Martha A. Latta 2000 Rock Surface Hardness as an Indication of Exposure Age: An Archaeological Application of the Schmidt Hammer. Archaeometry 42:209-223.

Conference Papers

Matthew  Betts, Herbert D.G. Maschner, Corey Schou, Robert Schlader, and Jonathan Holmes 2012 Virtual Zooarchaeology of the Arctic Project (VZAP) Phase II:  Building a Comprehensive Digital Vertebrate Reference Collection. 77th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis Tennessee.

Karen Ryan, Vanessa Oliver-Lloyd, Matthew Betts, Nicholas Clement, and Robert Schlader 2012 Determining the Cause of Trauma on a Pre-Contact Inuit Woman’s Skeleton Using 3D Scanning Technology and a Comparative Virtual Zooarchaeological Reference Collection. 77th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis Tennessee

Corey Schou, Jon Holmes, Michale Smuin, Herbert Maschner, and Matthew Betts 2012 Flexible Visual Data Systems for Data Democratization and Sharing. 77th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis Tennessee

Matthew Betts 2011 Shell Midden Archaeology in Port Joli, Nova Scotia: Preliminary Findings from the E’se’get Archaeology Project. 44th Annual Canadian Archaeological Association Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Michael Deal, Sara Halwas, Candace Loder, and Matthew Betts 2011 Recent Paleoethnobotanical Research at Western Nova Scotia Shell Midden Sites. 44th Annual Canadian Archaeological Association Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Martin Gabriel Hrynick,  Matthew Betts, and David  Black 2011 Woodland Period Domestic Architecture on the Coast of the Maritime Peninsula: A Case Study from Nova Scotia’s South Shore.  44th Annual Canadian Archaeological Association Conference, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Matthew Betts and T. Max Friesen 2010 Archaeofaunal Signatures of Specialized Bowhead Whaling in the Western Canadian Arctic: A Regional Study. 11th International Council for Archaeozoology Conference, Paris, France.

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, Corey Schou, Robert Schlader, Jonathan Holmes, Nicholas Clement, Michael Smuin 2010 VZAP: An Online Comparative Collection for Archaeofaunal Research. 11th International Council for Archaeozoology Conference, Paris, France.

Herbert Maschner, Matthew Betts, Nicole Misarti, Amber Tews, Veronica Lech, and Julie Kramer 2010 The Zooarchaeology of Sanak Island, Alaska: Integrating Climate, Marine Productivity, and the Technologies of Complex Forager Economic Systems. 11th International Council for Archaeozoology Conference, Paris, France.

Matthew Betts, David W. Black, and Susan E. Blair 2010 Ancient Men and the Sea: Shark Remains in Prehistoric Mortuary Contexts on the Maritime Peninsula 75th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, St. Louis, Missouri.

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, Corey Schou, Robert Schlader, Jonathan Holmes, Nicholas Clement 2009 Virtual Zooarchaeology: Building a Web-Based Reference Collection for Northern Archaeofaunal Research and Education. 17th Annual Arctic Conference, Boulder, Colorado.

Matthew Betts and Herbert Maschner 2008 Zooarchaeology of the ‘Fish that Stops’: Using Archaeofaunas to Construct Long-term Time-Series of Atlantic and Pacific Cod Populations.  73nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Veronica Lech, Matthew Betts, and Herbert Maschner 2008 An Analysis of Seal, Sea Lion, and Sea Otter Consumption Patterns on Sanak Island, Alaska: A 4500 Year Record of Aleut Consumer Behaviour. 73nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, and Nancy Huntley 2007 Archaeofaunas and the Reconstruction of Long-Term Ecosystem Dynamics. 1st  Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society for America / Society for Ecological Restoration, San Jose, California.

Herbert Maschner, Matthew Betts, Nancy Huntley, Katherine Reedy-Maschner, Bruce P. Finney, and James Jordan 2007 Why There Are No "Natural" Ecosystems: Humans in the North Pacific Landscape. 1st Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society for America / Society for Ecological Restoration, San Jose, California.

Joseph D. Cornell, Aaron King, Matthew Betts, Nancy Huntley, and Herbert Maschner 2007 Modeling the Ecological Effects of Long-Term Aleut Occupation of Sanak Island Using Archaeological Data. 1st Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society for America / Society for Ecological Restoration, San Jose, California.

Matthew Betts 2007 Chronicling Hunter-Gatherer Ethnicity: Economy and Identity in the Western Canadian Arctic. 40th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, St. John’s, Newfoundland.

Matthew Betts and Amber M. Tews 2007 4500 Years of Aleut Economic and Ecosystem Change on Sanak Island, Alaska. 72nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas.

Matthew Betts 2006 Faunal Remains from Sanak Island: Assessing Long-Term Human / Ecosystem Interaction. 15th Annual Arctic Conference, Eugene, Oregon.

Matthew Betts 2005 A Multicontextual Approach to Zooarchaeology: Pattern Recognition, Systematics, and the Analysis of Regional Faunal Assemblages. 70th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Karen Ryan and Matthew Betts 2005 Straight Minds and Bowed Taboos: Material Culture and the Reconstruction of Dorset Social Ideology. 70th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Matthew W. Betts 2004 Seven Focal Economies for Six Focal Places: Towards an Understanding of Regional Subsistence Diversity in the Mackenzie Delta Region. Joint NABO / SILA Conference, Dynamics of Northern Societies, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Matthew W. Betts and T. Max Friesen 2003 The Evolution of Inuit Subsistence Economies in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories. 36th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Archaeological Association, Hamilton, Ontario.

T. Max Friesen and Matthew W. Betts 2002 Archaeofaunas and Architecture: Zooarchaeological Variability within an Inuit Semi-Subterranean House, Arctic Canada. International Council for Archaeozoology Annual  Meeting, Durham, England.

Matthew Betts 2001 An Application of Optimal Foraging Theory to Thule Subsistence Strategies on Herschel Island, Yukon Territory, Canada. 66th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Matthew Betts 1999 The Avadlek Spit Site: Late Western Thule Adaptations on Herschel Island, Yukon Territory. University of Toronto Interdisciplinary Symposium on Arctic Research.

Newsletter Reports

Matthew Betts, Herbert Maschner, Corey Schou, Robert Schlader, Jonathan Holmes, Nicholas Clement, Michael Smuin, and Nick Holmer 2011 The Virtual Zooarchaeology of the Arctic Project: A User’s Guide. Canadian Archaeology Association Newsletter 29(1):16-25.

Michael Deal, Sara Halwas, Candace Loder, and Matthew Betts 2011 Recent Paleoethnobotanical Research at Western Nova Scotia Shell Midden Sites. Archaeology in Nova Scotia 2: 30-40.

Matthew Betts 2011 E’se’get Archaeology Project, 2010 Field Season. Archaeology in Nova Scotia 2: 8-17.

Herbert Maschner, Matthew Betts, Corey Schou 2011 Virtual Zooarchaeology of the Arctic Project (VZAP). The SAA Archaeological Record 11(1):41-43.

Matthew Betts 2010 E’se’get Archaeology Project. Archaeology in Nova Scotia 1:6-8.

Popular Writing

Matthew Betts and Herbert Maschner (In Press) Animal Remains: 4500 Years of Human-Animal Interactions on Sanak Island. In The Archaeology of Sanak Island, edited by Kate Reedy-Maschner and Herbert Maschner

Matthew Betts 2010 Tales from the Shell Heap. In Underground Nova Scotia: Stories of Archaeology, edited by Paul Erikson and Jonathan Fowler. Nimbus Publishing, Halifax.