- Biology-Chemistry Option
- Biology-Mathematics/Statistics Option
- Biology-Physics Option
- Chemistry-Physics Option
- Earth Sciences-Economics Option
- Earth Sciences-Physics Option
- Mathematics/Statistics-Economics Option
- Mathematics-Physics Option
- General Science Option
Eight interdepartmental programs are available based on existing courses in the Science Faculty to meet the needs of students proceeding into an interdisciplinary area. These Majors programs are not truly interdisciplinary but are extracted from the specialized offerings of two Departments in each case.
These programs are administered jointly by the two departments concerned, and students should refer to specified program advisors for counseling.
Note: In individual cases certain modifications to these programs may be recommended by the Chairs of the Departments concerned, or their delegates.
Honours in Interdepartmental Programs
Application for Honours in the interdepartmental programs is made prior to registration in the final year to the appropriate Department Chairs or their delegates. The Honours content of interdepartmental programs consists of content in addition to that prescribed for the corresponding Majors program, usually in the final year. Normally this will be in the form of one of the departmental honours or senior research projects (i.e. BIOL 4090 , CHEM 4000 , ESCI 4900, MATH 4100, PHYS 4338, STAT 4100). Requirements for qualified students will be approved by the two Departments responsible for the program, in consultation.
Note: Requirements for Honours programs generally exceed those for Majors programs. In light of this, students may need to take on a heavier course load than would otherwise be the case to finish the degree in four years. Alternatively, students may need to extend the time needed to finish the degree.
The interdepartmental Biology-Chemistry Program provides a comprehensive curriculum covering various aspects of biochemistry, molecular biology, and health-relevant chemistry disciplines. It combines courses from Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics, as well as electives from other disciplines. A minimum of 12 ch of electives must be from courses offered by the Faculty of Arts. Students will normally enter the Biology-Chemistry program after completing the first year science curriculum (32 ch). Students must consult with one of the Biology-Chemistry advisors in order to enter the program.
Two Biology-Chemistry program streams are offered. The Pre-Health Profession stream is recommended for students who may enter a professional health program upon graduation (i.e. medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, veterinary medicine, etc.). The Comprehensive stream is recommended for students who may consider graduate studies or careers in the biochemistry/molecular biology/pharmaceutical sectors. Both program streams are offered at the Majors and Honours level. For the final year of the Honours program, students may choose between Honours by course and Honours by thesis. Entry into either of the Honours program streams is allowed after first year provided that a minimum CGPA of 3.0 has been attained (a CGPA of 3.0 must be maintained in subsequent years). Upon graduation, Honours students must achieve a minimum final CGPA of 3.0 (3.7 for a First Class Honours standing). A student completing all the course requirements for Honours but with a CGPA below 3.0 will be given a Majors degree.
First Year (common to all Biology-Chemistry programs)
BIOL 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , MATH 1003 or 1053 , 1013 or 1063 , PHYS 1061 or 1071 , 1062 or 1072 .
Pre-Health Profession stream, Majors program (132 ch):
- 12 ch of Arts courses.
- 15 ch of upper level Biology (3000 or 4000 level courses) including a minimum of 2 laboratory or field courses (denoted by the course designation "L" in the course description).
- 15 ch of 2000-4000 level Chemistry courses including a minimum of 10 ch in a discipline other than Organic Chemistry (i.e. Analytical, Physical or Inorganic Chemistry).
- Other electives to total a minimum of 132 ch.
Pre-Health Profession stream, Honours program (144 ch):
BIOL 1711 , 2013 , 2018 , 2023 , 2028 , 2792 , 2812 , CHEM 2421 , 2422 , 2601 , MATH 2003, 3 ch elective.
Third and Fourth Years
BIOL 2063, 2068, 2761, CHEM 2416, 3421, 3857, 4523, STAT 2264. By fourth year, students must choose between Honours by course and Honours by thesis. For Honours by thesis add BIOL 4090 or CHEM 4000.
- 12 ch of Arts courses.
- For Honours by thesis, 15 ch of upper level Biology (3000 or 4000 level courses) including a minimum of 2 laboratory or field courses (denoted by the course designation "L" in the course description).
- For Honours by thesis, 18 ch of 2000-4000 level Chemistry courses including a minimum of 10 ch in a discipline other than Organic Chemistry (i.e. Analytical, Physical or Inorganic Chemistry).
- For Honours by course, 21 ch of upper level Biology (3000 or 4000 level courses) including a minimum of 2 laboratory or field courses (denoted by the course designation "L" in the course description).
- For Honours by course, 21 ch of 2000-4000 level Chemistry courses, including a minimum of 10 ch in a discipline other than Organic Chemistry (i.e. Analytical, Physical or Inorganic Chemistry).
- Other electives to total a minimum of 144 ch.
Comprehensive Stream, Majors Program (135 ch)
BIOL 2013, 2018 , 2023 , 2028 , one of CHEM 2201 or 2121, one of CHEM 2222 or 3122, CHEM 2421 , 2422 , 2601, MATH 2003, STAT 2264.
BIOL 2063, 2068, 3031 , 3242 , CHEM 2416 , 3421 , 3857 , one of CHEM 3621, PHYS 3993 or PHYS 3892.
BIOL 3043 , 3013, 4272 , 1 Group B course**, CHEM 3003 , 4513 , 4523 1 Group A*.
- 12 ch of Arts courses.
- 4 ch from either electives or Group A courses must be from upper year CHEM labs (CHEM 2136/3137/2237/3236/3637/4616)
- Other electives to total a minimum of 135 ch.
By fourth year, students must choose between Honours by course and Honours by thesis and add the following to their program:
i. Honours by course: add 3 Group A courses*.
ii. Honours by thesis: add BIOL 4090 or CHEM 4000 . Please see the course descriptions for BIOL 4090 and CHEM 4000 for details regarding admission to the thesis research courses.
- 12 ch of Arts courses.
- 4 ch from either electives or Group A must be from upper year CHEM labs (CHEM 2136/3137/2237/3236/3637/4616)
- Other electives to total a minimum of 144 ch.
* Group A courses:
** Group B courses:
***Note that students can only receive credit for either BIOL 4149 or BIOL 4090.
Requirements for the Majors Program
First year required courses are listed under the BSc general regulations. BIOL 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , MATH 1003 or 1053 , 1013 or 1063 must be included. Suggested electives are STAT 2264 and CS 1003 or CS 1073 . CS 1003 or CS 1073 , and STAT 2264 , if not taken in first year must be taken later in the program.
BIOL 2013, 2018, MATH 2003, 2013, 2203 , 2213, plus 6 ch in Biology or Math/Stat , plus approved electives totalling at least 6 ch.
Note: Biology is a quantitative discipline and mathematics underpins all sub-disciplines in Biology. Students with a strong quantitative background are better positioned for graduate research. Areas in which Math/Stat are used extensively include all areas of ecology and evolution, bioinformatics, genomics and systems biology. Students interested in more molecular aspects of biology and hoping to direct the component of their program towards biochemistry, biophysics, etc. may be given permission to take BIOL 2023, 2028. Careful planning of the program will be required to avoid timetable problems in this case.
Third and Fourth Years
Approved Biology courses (mostly at the 3000 and 4000 level) for a total of 24 ch in Biology, MATH 3003 , 3213 , 4563 , STAT 3083 , 3093 , plus a total of 9 ch approved Math/Stat courses, plus additional approved electives totalling 12 ch. A minimum of 12 ch of electives must be from the Faculty of Arts.
A minimum of 129 ch is required for completion of this program.
- Students should consider the following courses in selecting Mathematics/Statistics courses.
Analytical Orientation: MATH 3043 , 3073 , 3413 , 4503
Statistical Orientation: STAT 4053 *, 4073 , 4083 , 3373 *, 3383 *
(Courses marked with an * are particularly recommended)
- Students should consider BIOL 2003 , 3293 and 3943 in selecting Biology courses.
- MATH 4563 (cross-listed as BIOL 4563) is offered in alternate years. Special care is required in scheduling.
Requirements for the Honours Program
There are two Honours programs (Honours by Course and Honours by Thesis). Students must have (and maintain) a minimum CPGA of 3.0 to be accepted in and remain in either program. Upon graduation, the Honours student must achieve a minimum final CGPA of 3.7 for a First Class Honours standing and a final CGPA of at least 3.0 for Honours. A student completing all the course requirements for Honours but with a CGPA below 3.0 will be given a Majors degree.
i. Honours by Course (141 ch): In addition to the requirements for the Majors degree listed above, the student must complete 12 ch of approved Biology or Mathematics/Statistics courses at the 3000 or 4000 level (with at least one from each of the Biology and Mathematics/Statistics Departments).
ii. Honours by Thesis (141 ch): Refer to the requirements for an Honours by Course degree listed above. In addition, students intending to complete an Honours by Thesis degree must arrange to complete their dissertation research with a faculty member in either the Department of Biology or Department of Mathematics and Statistics before applying to the program. (Joint supervision with a co-supervisor from each department is also possible.) Once an appropriate supervisor is found, the student must then write a letter to the Chair of the appropriate Department requesting entrance into the thesis course (one of BIOL 4090 or MATH 4100 or STAT 4100) as part of the additional 12 ch required by the Honours program. A reader from the second department must also oversee the research project (unless the project is co-supervised by a member from each department).
Physical principles constrain the evolution and diversity of life. Current areas where Physics features most prominently in Biology include ecosystem ecology and global change biology, interactions of organisms with their physical environment, studies of metabolism and energy flux, and the physical principles of biological systems. Methodological applications such as isotope biology, and imaging also rely heavily on physical principles. Students interested in these areas will benefit from a strong background in both disciplines. To ensure necessary prerequisites are met when planning an individual program, students must consult with advisors from both departments, ideally prior to Second Year.
Requirements for the Majors Program (138 ch)
BIOL 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , MATH 1003 or 1053, 1013 or 1063 , PHYS 1061 or 1071, 1062 or 1072, 1091 and 1092.
BIOL 2013, 2018, plus 6 ch in Biology (second-year core courses) , plus PHYS 2311 , 2312 , 2341 , 2351 , MATH 2003 and 2013 or 1503 and 2513 , STAT 2264 or 2593.
Third and Fourth Years
24 ch of approved Biology courses (mostly at the 3000 and 4000 level), plus 30 ch of approved Physics courses, plus 12 ch of approved Arts electives.
Requirements for the Honours Program (150 ch)
To receive Honours in Biology-Physics, a student must complete a total of 150 ch, including the requirements for the Major Program, plus an additional 12 ch of approved Biology or Physics courses at the 3000 or 4000 level. Students must have (and maintain) a minimum CGPA of 3.0 to be accepted in and remain in the Honours program. Application to the Honours program is initiated by writing a letter of intent to the Chair of Biology or Physics before preregistration at the end of Year III. BIOL 4090 (Honours Thesis Project) or PHYS 4338 (Advanced Research Project) is required and the course descriptions should be consulted for further information and specific procedures. Students must make arrangements to complete their dissertation research with a Faculty member in the Department of Biology or of Physics before applying to the Program. In each case, a reader from the second department must also oversee the research project.
The Honours student must achieve a minimum final CGPA of 3.7 to obtain First Class Honours standing upon graduation. A student completing all course requirements for Honours but with a CGPA below 3.0 will be given a Majors degree.
The Chemistry-Physics Option offers a challenging program for strong students. This interdepartmental program provides a solid core of courses in both Chemistry and Physics. It is set up in such a way that a student may opt for the single disciplines of Chemistry or Physics after the second year. A BSc in this joint program would allow students to continue studies at the graduate level in either Physics or Physical Chemistry.
Careful choice of electives in first and second year will make any change from the joint program into a single discipline program easier.
CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , PHYS 1061 or 1071, 1062 or 1072, 1091 and 1092, MATH 1003 or 1053, 1013 or 1063 , plus two more term lecture courses chosen from BIOL 1001 , 1012 , ESCI 1001 , 1012 , plus 6 ch electives.
Note: Students must have a minimum AGPA of 3.0 to enter second year of this program and they must maintain the 3.0 AGPA at the end of second year to proceed to third year. Students must have passed MATH 1013 or MATH 1063 before entering the second year of this program. Because of the challenging nature of the program, some students may plan to spread the required courses over five years.
CHEM 2601 , or PHYS 2341 , CHEM 3637 , MATH 2003 , 2013 , 2213 , PHYS 2311 , 2312 , 2327 , 2331, 2351, CS 1003 or CS 1073, plus 3 ch approved electives.
CHEM 2002 , 2201 , 2222 , 2421 , 2422 , 3621 , PHYS 2372 , 3336 , 3331 , 3351 , CS 3113 or MATH 3413 or equivalent plus 3 ch approved electives.
CHEM 3201 , 3222 , 3622 , 4616 , 4622 , CHEM 4601 or PHYS 3752, PHYS 3322 , 4332, 4351 , plus 6 ch approved electives. Students in Honours add PHYS 4338 or CHEM 4000 and must have a minimum AGPA of 3.0 entering fourth year.
Students follow the first year Science curriculum. MATH 1003 or 1053, 1013 or 1063 must be taken. ECON 1014 , 1024 or ECON 1013 , 1023 may be taken in the first or second year. ESCI 1001 , 1012 must be included; ESCI 1703 is recommended. One of ESCI 1006 or 1017 must be included; it is recommended that students take both laboratory courses.
ESCI 2131 , 2142 , 2212 , 2321 , 2703 , STAT 2263, one of MATH 2003 and 2013 or 1503 and 2513 , plus ECON 1013 , 1023 if not taken in the first year. ECON 3013 and 3023 should be taken in the second year if ECON 1014 , 1024 or ECON 1013 , ECON 1023 were taken in the first year.
Third and Fourth Year
ESCI 3131 , 3322 , 3482, 4312 , 4461 , 4472 , 4442 , ( ESCI 4900 is required in addition for honours), ECON 3013 , 3023 , 3665 , 3755 , 3794 , 4013 , 4023 , plus a minimum of 2 term courses in economics, CS 1003 and a minimum of 4 additional approved term courses.
The program totals 162 ch for Major and 170 ch for Honours. This includes 12 ch of Earth Sciences field schools which take place outside of regular fall and winter terms. The fourth year has a lighter credit hour course load than third year to accommodate the addition of an Honours Project in fourth year. Students in a Major program may prefer to move some of the courses listed under third year into fourth year to even out the course load.
ESCI 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , PHYS 1061 or 1071, 1062 or 1072, 1091 and 1092, MATH 1003 or 1053, 1013 or 1063 , CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012 , 1017 , plus at least 2 ch of electives.
Note: Students must have already completed MATH 1013 or equivalent before entering the second year of this program.
ESCI 2131 , 2142 , 2211, 2321 , 2703 , PHYS 2311 , 2312 , 2372 , MATH 2003 , 2013 plus 5 ch approved electives in Science or Computer Science.
ESCI 3131 , 3322 , 3703 , PHYS 2327 , 2331 , 2341 , 2351 , 3331 , 3336 , CS 3113 or MATH 3413 or equivalent plus 2 ch approved electives in Science or Computer Science.
ESCI 4501 , 4512 , PHYS 3322 , 3342 , 3351 , 4332, 4722 or 4823 , plus 5 ch approved electives in Science or Computer Science.
Students in the Honours program add an honours project, PHYS 4338 or ESCI 4900 .
The combination of mathematics, statistics and economics is a natural one as students will see practical applications of mathematics and statistics in their economics courses and the rigorous techniques from mathematics will aid students in their problem-solving skills. Requirements for a Science degree are listed below. Requirements for an Arts degree are available from either the Department of Mathematics and Statistics or the Department of Economics.
First year required courses are listed under the BSc general regulations. MATH 1013 or 1063 must be included. CS 1003 or 1073 , one of ECON 1014 and 1024 or ECON 1013 and 1023 may be taken in first or second year.
MATH 2003 , 2013 , 2203 , 2213 , ECON 1013 , 1023 , CS 1003 or 1073 (if not taken in first year), plus approved electives to bring the course load to a minimum of 30 ch.
Third and Fourth Years
- MATH 3003 , 3043 , and two courses chosen from MATH 3033 , 3073 , 3213 , 3243 , 3373, 3473 , 3803 , 3843, 4423 , 4433 or 4853 .
- STAT 3083 , 3093 , 4443 , and three courses chosen from STAT 4083, 3383 , 4053 , 4073 or 3373.
- ECON 3013 , 3023 , 4013 , 4023 , 4625 , 4665 , plus at least 3 additional term courses in Economics.
- An additional 9 ch of electives so that the total in third and fourth year is 66 ch. The minimum total number of credits for the degree is 135 ch.
Recommended electives: MATH 3413 , MATH 3813 , and any of the courses listed above.
MATH 3103 and 3113 must be taken and MATH 3003 becomes an elective course. Honours students must take a total of 33 ch of upper level MATH/STAT courses. The minimum GPA for an honours degree from the Faculty of Science is 3.0.
Note: Some year-to-year variation in Economics course selection is possible. For example a student taking ECON 1014 , 1024 in year 1 may wish to take ECON 3013 , 3023 in year 2.
Both the Major and Honours versions of this option are demanding programs intended for strong students. The Honours Mathematics-Physics Program includes all the required courses of both an Honours Physics program and an Honours Mathematics program.
MATH 1003 or 1053, 1013 or 1063 , PHYS 1061 or 1071, 1062 or 1072, 1091 and 1092 , CHEM 1001 , 1006 , 1012, 1017 , plus two more term courses chosen from BIOL 1001 , 1012 , ESCI 1001 , 1012 , plus 6 ch of electives.
HONOURS PROGRAM (160 ch)
MATH 2003 , 2013 , 2203 , 2213 , PHYS 2311 , 2312 , 2327 , 2331 , 2341 , 2351 , 2372 , CS 1003 plus 3 ch Physics elective.
MATH 3033 , 3103 , 3113 , 3243 , 3213 , 3342 , 3413 , 3073 , PHYS 3322 , 3336 , 3351 , plus 3 ch Physics elective.
MATH 3043 , STAT 3083 , PHYS 4321 , 4332, 4351 , 4371 , plus 3 ch Mathematics elective, plus 6 ch other electives; and finally either Math 4100 or Physics 4338 (6 ch or 8 ch). (In either case, the research project will be jointly supervised by a reader from each Department.)
MAJOR PROGRAM (152 ch)
MATH 2003 , 2013 , 2213 , PHYS 2311 , 2312 , 2327 , 2331 , 2341 , 2351 , 2372 , 3342 , CS 1003 , plus 3 ch elective.
Third and Fourth Years
MATH 3243 , 3413, 3503 , STAT 3083 , PHYS 3322 , 3336 , 3351 , 4321 , 4332, 18 ch Mathematics electives*, 15 ch Physics electives , plus 6 ch electives.
* It is recommended that students choose MATH 3003 and 3213 in Yr 3. Other suggested Math electives would be MATH 2203 and 3033 .
This option presents students with the opportunity to get a broader science exposure by concentrating on two areas of science while taking many electives. While General Science does not give a major in any discipline, it will have to meet the minimum requirement equivalent to the minor programs in two of the selected science disciplines beyond first year. This degree has largely been used by students who planned to follow it with a second degree, e.g. in education, or a health profession.
First Year (38 ch)
The first year in General Science follows the regulations for First Year Science given in the Curriculum Section under “BACHELOR OF SCIENCE”, but students must include MATH 1003 or 1053 and at least a term of lectures in each of Biology, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics and Economics or Psychology. Eight credit hours of coherent First year laboratory courses are chosen to meet future prerequisite requirements.
Second, Third and Fourth Years (96 ch minimum)
A student must choose two science disciplines from Biology, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Mathematics/Statistics, Physics and Economics or Psychology for areas of concentration. Courses chosen must be consistent with the requirement of the minor programs of the two selected disciplines above first year. The remainder of the 96 credit hours will be used for approved electives and courses required to meet the prerequisite for the core courses. The guidelines given below should be followed for choosing electives. Course selections must be pre-approved and reviewed annually by a General Science advisor.
Guideline for choosing electives:
- A minimum of 12 ch of courses must be chosen from those offered by the Faculty of Arts, 6 ch of which must have a substantial writing component as designated with a [W] in the calendar description. Courses in History of Science and ENGL 1103, 1144 are strongly recommended electives.
- Courses from disciplines outside of the selected concentrations that are used as prerequisites for the core courses are regarded as electives.
- Also acceptable as electives are additional science courses (except for those that cannot be taken for credit by Science students) and approved courses from other faculties.
DISTINCTION IN GENERAL SCIENCE
The BSc with Distinction in General Science will be awarded to students who attain a cumulative grade point average of 3.7 or greater in the General Science option.
Note: The General Science options on the Fredericton and Saint John campuses are different from each other. For regulations governing the General Science option offered on the Saint John campus, see the Saint John Academic Programs section of this Calendar.