Chemical Engineering

Note:  See beginning of Section H for abbreviations, course numbers and coding.  L* denotes labs held alternate weeks.

CHE1001Introduction to Chemical Engineering1 ch (1C)
Provides an overview of the chemical engineering profession and chemical process industries. The use of unit operations to convert raw materials into useful products is introduced. Students receive a foundation in unit systems, dimensional analysis, processes and process variables in the context of engineering calculations. A framework for the remainder of the program curriculum is developed.  Note: this course may not be taken for credit if previous credit has been given for CHE 2003 (or equivalent).
CHE2003Fundamentals I - Mass Balances3 ch (3C)

Introduces the discipline of Chemical Engineering and develops fundamental skills of unit conversion and material balancing. Systems of units for parameters such as concentration, flow, pressure and temperature are explained. Skills for solving steady-state material balance problems on reactive and non-reactive systems. An understanding of the chemical engineering discipline is gained through examples of major industries such as petroleum, pulp and paper, mining, power production, etc.

 Co-requisite: MATH 1503

CHE2004Fundamentals II - Mass & Energy Balances3 ch (3C 1T)

Fundamentals such as vapor-liquid equilibrium, partial saturation and real gas relationships are introduced and integrated into material balance problems. The concepts of enthalpy and energy balances on open systems. Unsteady-state and simultaneous mass and energy balance systems are modeled and solved using computer packages.

Prerequisite: CHE 1004 .

CHE2012Engineering Thermodynamics3 ch (3C 1T)

The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and their application to practical problems; properties of liquid and vapours; ideal gas relationships; steam and gas power cycles and their application to steam power plants, internal combustion engines and gas turbines; combustion characteristics; compressible flow; refrigeration and heat pumps. 

Prerequisites: CHEM 1982/1987 or equivalent.

CHE2301Transport Phenomena in Chemical Engineering3 ch (3C)
Foundational analogies between fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer, and the applications of those analogies to practice; Navier-Stokes, Fouriers Law, Fick's Law and Chilton-Colburn J-Factor. Turbulence: boundary layers, scaling, dispersion. Graphical techniques for solving unsteady-state systems. Emperical corelations for estimating heat and mass transfer coefficients.Prerequisites: Math 1013.
CHE2412Chemical Engineering Laboratory I3 ch (1C 3L) [W]

Covers bomb and flow calorimetry, material and energy balance study of the University heating plant, fluid mechanics experiments including flow meter calibrations and pressure drop measurements in pipes and fittings. Interpretation of experimental data, group dynamics, safety issues, report writing and oral presentations. Students work under close supervision.

Co-requisites: CHE 2004CHE 2012 (or equivalent); CHE 2703.  

CHE2501General Materials Science3 ch (3C)

Principles relating the properties and behaviour of engineering materials to their structure; atomic bonding forces and strength of interatomic and intermolecular bonding forces, atomic arrangements in solids, structural imperfections and atom movements in solids; principles of phase diagrams and their application to multiphase materials, with particular reference to the iron-carbon system; mechanical and electrical properties of engineering material; semiconductors, polymers and ceramics; and their relation to internal structure. 

Prerequisites: (CHEM 1982/1987 or equivalent), MATH 1013 

CHE2506Materials Science Laboratory1 ch (3L*)

Laboratory experiments are conducted to illustrate behaviour of materials and other concepts covered in CHE 2501.

Co-requisite: CHE 2501

CHE2525Fundamentals of Chemical Process Design4 ch (3C 1T) [W]

Introduces principles of chemical process design strategy and decision making. Fundamental Chemical Engineering concepts such as material and energy balances, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and materials science are integrated into the design process. Flowsheet preparation, chemical process safety, loss prevention and project planning; codes and standards, responsible care and environmental stewardship. Engineering economics and profitability.

 Prerequisites: CHE 2012, ENGG 1003, ENGG 1015

Co-requisite: CHE 2004, CHE 2703.

CHE2703Fluid & Fluid Particle Mechanics4 ch (3C 1T)

Introduction to fluid practical mechanics, including fluid properties, statics and kinematics, and fluid momentum and energy. Emphasis on internal flows: laminar/turbulent flows, friction factor, loss coefficients for fittings and valves, and pipe networks. Design of piping networks and pump selection using pump curves. Motion of particles in fluids. Theory and design of industrial equipment for clarification/sedimentation and cyclone separation.

Prerequisite: MATH 1013.
CHE3123Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics3 ch (3C)

Development of thermodynamic work functions and application to chemical and phase equilibria; chemical potential and other partial molar properties, First and Second Law applications in flow processes.

Prerequisite: CHE 2012 (or equivalent), MATH 2513.

CHE3304Heat Transfer4 ch (3C 1T)

A comprehensive first course in heat transfer. Thermal conductivity and unsteady state conduction. Convection heat transfer coefficients: forced convection, free convection. Boiling , evaporation, and condensation. Heat exchanger design. Radiation heat transfer.

Prerequisites: CHE 2004 , CHE 2703 (or equivalent) or permission of the instructor. 

CHE3324Unit Operations I 4 ch (3C 1T)

Analysis and design procedures for mass transfer operations based on equilibrium stage concept. Graphical procedures for simple systems. Numerical stagewise procedures. Distillation, gas absorption and liquid extraction. Flow through porous media and fluidization.

Prerequisite: CHE 2004; CHE 2301.

CHE3332Mass Transfer3 ch (3C)
Fundamentals of the theory of mass transport; diffusion in gases, liquids, solids, and between phases. Effect of reactions on mass transfer. Mass transfer rates by convection and dispersion.Prerequisite: CHE 2004.
CHE3418 Numerical Methods & Modeling for Chemical Engineering Processes3 ch (3C)
Numerical methods and their applications to chemical engineering. Root finding techniques , data interpretation, least-squares regression and numerical integration. Modeling of physical and chemical processes in the steady and unsteady states. Analytical and numerical solutions of model equations.Prerequisites: CS 1003 or equivalent;Co-requisite: MATH 3503.
CHE3424Chemical Engineering Laboratory II3 ch (1C 3L) [W]

Experiments in heat transfer. Emphasis on interpretation of experimental data, group dynamics, experimental design, and report writing. Students will work under limited supervision.

Prerequisite: CHE 2412 ;

 Co-requisites: CHE 3304

CHE3434Chemical Engineering Laboratory III3 ch (1C 3L) [W]

Experiments in fluid-particle interactions. Emphasis on interpretation of experimental data, group dynamics, safety issues, and report writing. Students will work under minimal supervision. 

 Prerequisites: CHE 2412 ;

Co-requisites: CHE 3314

CHE3505Chemical Process Design4 ch (3C 1T) [W]

Preliminary sizing of equipment, optimization techniques, estimation of capital and operating costs, heat-exchanger networks, pressure vessels, and computer-based process design tools. Students work individually and in teams on process design projects that draw on knowledge gained in previous courses, concepts taught in class and information available in the literature.

Prerequisites: CHE 2525 , CHE 3123 ;

Co-requisite: CHE 3314

CHE4101Chemical Reaction Engineering3 ch (3C 1T)

Application of principles of chemical kinetics to the design of chemical reactors. Simple idealized isothermal rectors (batch, plug flow, continuous stirred tank reactor) for single and multiple reactions. Adiabetic and non-isothermal reactors. Optimal choice of temperature. Residence time distribution and non-ideal flow systems. 

co-requisite: CHE 3123CHEM 3621 or equivalent. 

CHE4225Chemical Plant Design8 ch (3C 5T)

Full-year capstone course in chemical process design. Under academic and industrial supervision, students complete conceptual design of large chemical plant in simulated engineering consulting environment. Working individually and as part of a team, students must demonstrate ability to integrate fundamental, advanced and researched chemical engineering principles into innovative and practical design that produces sellable commodity. Design strategy and scheduling are stressed alongside client satisfaction. Students complete a comprehensive report that includes design specifications on equipment, engineering drawings, and economic analysis of the concept. Formal presentations of design work are required.

 Prerequisites: CHE 3304CHE 3314 , CHE 3505

Co-requisites: CHE 2501CHE 3601CHE 4101CHE 4341.
CHE4341Unit Operations 24 ch (3C 1T)

Theory and design of industrial equipment for drying, humidification, absorption and stripping. Adsorption, ion exchange and membranes, are covered in detail.

Prerequisites: CHE 3332.
CHE4404Chemical Engineering Laboratory IV3 ch (6L*) [W]

Experiments to characterize feedback control systems, gas absorption columns, chemical reactors, distillation columns and other unit operations, which underlie the practice of chemical engineering, will be conducted. Students will apply their knowledge of interpretation of experimental data, group dynamics, laboratory safety and report writing throughout this course. Experiments will be conducted independently.

 Prerequisites: CHE 3424, CHE 3434;

Co-requisites: CHE 3601, CHE 4101, CHE 4341, one of CHE 3424 or CHE 3434 may be taken as a co-requisite with permission of instructor. 

CHE4601Process Dynamics and Control4 ch (3C 1T)
Basic techniques for the dynamic analysis of elementary processes; the characteristics of controllers, control valves, measurement devices and transmitters; feedback control loops; stability of loop from the viewpoint of the roots of the characteristic equation and root locus techniques.Prerequisites: MATH 3503, CHE 2703 (or equivalent), CHE 3304.
CHE5114Chemical Engineering Reaction II3 ch (3C)

Prediction of conversion in non-ideal flow reactors (segregated flow, bypassing and dead space, axial dispersed plug flow). Taylor dispersion in pipes and packed beds. Stability and control of nonisothermal reactors. Effects of heat and mass transfer in heterogeneous catalytic reactors. Detailed analysis of some industrially important reactor systems.

CHE5124Adsorption and Adsorption Processes3 ch (3C)

Surface forces, physical adsorption and chemisorption, thermodynamics of adsorption and derivation of simple model isotherms (Langmuir, Volmer, B.E.T., virial, B.L.R., Freundlich, etc.), adsorption of mixtures. Characterization of adsorbents and catalysts. Adsorption kinetics, intracrystalline diffusion in zeolites, dynamics of adsorption columns and adsorption processes.

CHE5224Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering3 ch (3C)

Overview of the principles of petroleum engineering. Topics include fluid and rock properties, oilwell drilling, reservoir types, review on wettability, capillary pressure, relative permeability, multiphase flow in porous media, volumetric estimates and recoverable reserves, radial flow analysis of well performance, reservoir performance analysis, secondary and tertiary oil recovery. Offshore development and production of hydrocarbon resources. 

CHE5234Oil Refining and Natural Gas Processing3 ch (3C)

An introduction to the physical, chemical, and engineering principles used in the processing of natural gas, petroleum, and bitumen. The nomenclature, common processes, basic designs, and relevant regulations will be covered.

 Prerequisites: CHE 2004, CHE 3123 or approval by the instructor. 

CHE5244Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes3 ch (3C)

Overview of the secondary and tertiary enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes commonly applied in Canada and worldwide. The fundamental EOR principles are described and examples in Canadian fields are analyzed. Some of the subjects presented include waterflooding, gas flooding, miscible flooding, chemical treatments, mobility control applications, steam injection, microbial and mining operations such as oil sands production. 


CHE5254Polymer Reaction Engineering and Polymer Processing3 ch (3C)

Basic polymer concepts. Polymer structural characteristics and properties. Mechanisms, kinetics and reactors for polymerization. Polymer rheology and transport processes. Processing applications and the effects of processing on polymer properties.

Prerequisites: CHE 2501 , CHE 2703 , MATH 3503

 Co-requisite: CHE 3304 or equivalent.

CHE5264Oil Sands Technology3 ch (3C)

Fundamental principles of oil sands technology: bitumen and rock properties, origins of oil sands, types of oil sand accumulations, volumetric estimates and recoverable reserves, oil sand mining, bitumen separation and processing for production of synthetic oil, production of in-situ oil sands, description of the different processes for in-situ oil sands production currently applied or under evaluation, current research and process development, and a review of the environmental challenges of oil sands production. This course is intended for senior level students and graduate students. 


CHE5313Energy and The Environment3 ch (3C)

Explores generation and use of energy; extraction of raw materials through product production. Includes: survey of known energy reserves, emerging technologies, discusses the thermodynamic and regulatory constraints to energy conversion. Fossil fuels, nuclear power and renewable energy sources are described.

Prerequisites: CHE 2012 or equivalent; CHEM 1982/1987 or permission of the instructor.

CHE5314Chemical Process Industries3 ch (3C)

A technical overview of selected chemical industries with consideration of their impact on the environment. Emphasis is on current process technology and pollution control methods. Environmental guidelines and regulations are also presented. Five modules, each covering a specific chemical industry, taught by Chemical Engineering faculty.

CHE5344Combustion3 ch (3C)

Survey of energy sources and the present means of conversion; laminar and turbulent diffusion flames; premixed flames; combustion kinetics and explosion mechanisms; ignition characteristics of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels; conflagration and detonation waves; fluid dynamics in combustion systems; analysis of practical problems associated with each of the above topics.

CHE5413Air Pollution Control3 ch (3C)

Sources of air pollution; modeling atmospheric dispersions; pollution control in combustion; particulate control methods; control of gaseous emissions; industrial odour control; indoor/in-plant air quality. 

 Prerequisite: CHE 3314;

Co-requisite: CHE 4341

CHE5416Bioseperations Science and Engineering3 ch (3C)
The first part of the course will provide basic information on biochemistry (small biomolecules and macromolecules) and engineering analysis, such as analysis of biological activity and purity. The second part will cover a number of separation techniques, such as extraction, crystallization and drying in a more general way. This emphasis in this part of the course will be on liquid chromatography and absorption.
CHE5423Chemical Engineering Practice School4 ch [W]

A two week industrial practice school in selected industrial process plants scheduled after spring examinations. Groups of students, with Faculty supervisors, are assigned to engineering projects to be carried out on industrial process units. Students are required to present an oral report to plant operating and technical personnel at the end of the practice session. A written report is also required. As there will be practical limitations to the number of students in any one practice school, application for positions in this course will be treated on a first-come, first-served basis. This course is strongly recommended as a technical elective for students not planning to complete either the co-op or professional experience programs. 

Prerequisites: CHE 2004, CHE 2412

CHE5434Transport Phenomena3 ch (3C)

Foundational analogies between fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer, and the applications of those analogies to practice. Derivation of differential and partial differential transport equations. Turbulence: boundary layers, scaling, dispersion. Core and optional models also cover key aspects of related topics such as dimensional analysis, mixing in pipe flows, reverse osmosis, ion transport, polymer rheology, and evaporation/condensation processes. Prerequisites: CHE 3304 and Math 2513, or equivalents.


CHE5515Advanced Surface Characterization3 ch (3C 1L*) [W]
This course covers the basic principles and practical aspects of several advanced surface analysis techniques which include (i) X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA), (ii) secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), (iii) confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), (iv) atomic force microscopy (AFM), and (v) scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Demonstrations will be given on most of these facilities. Students will propose a research method for tackling their interested problems by using one or two surface analysis techniques they have learned from this course.Prerequisite: CHE 2501 and CHE 2506.
CHE5522Nanotechnology3 ch (3C)

Studies the science of Nanotechnology and surveys current and emerging applications of nanomaterials and nanodevices in many engineering disciplines. The unique physical properties of materials at the nano-meter scale are discussed and explained. Fabrication methods and advanced instrumentation for the construction, manipulation and viewing of nanometer-sized materials are presented.

Pre-requisite: CHEM 1982/1987 or equivalent, plus 100ch of degree credit. Restricted to science and engineering students. 

CHE5524Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering3 ch (3C)

Solution of the ordinary and partial differential equations encountered in heat, mass, and momentum transport as well as in reactor design. Perturbation solutions and stability analysis are applied to simple systems and adiabatic reaction. Extensive analysis of simple heat and mass transfer via separation of variables and Green=s functions. Assignments involve solutions to specific problems encountered in Chemical Engineering.

 Co-requisites: CHE 3304 , MATH 3503 .

CHE5534Process Identification for Advanced Control4 ch (3C 3L*)

A practical course that emphasizes design of experiments, time series analysis, system model identification, statistical process control, basic multivariable controls, and constrained and unconstrained optimization, all in the context of controlling industrial processes.

Prerequisites: STAT 2593 , CHE 5614 or ME 5643 or EE 4343. 

CHE5614Chemical Process Control3 ch (3C)

Frequency response of processes, control hardware, open and closed control loops. Nyquist diagrams. Experimental determination of frequency response data. Control loop tuning procedures. Multivariable control, open loop and feed forward control. Cascade control, adaptive control. Direct digital control.

Prerequisite: CHE 3601 or equivalent. 

CHE5714Electrochemical Engineering3 ch (3C)

Electrochemical flux equations. Reversible cells. Energy producing cells. Energy consuming cells. Corrosion. Applications to include discussion of primary and secondary batteries, electrolytic processes, corrosion suppression.

CHE5724Special Topics in Chemical Engineering1 ch (1C)
CHE5725Special Topics in Chemical Engineering2 ch (2C)
CHE5726Special Topics in Chemical Engineering3 ch (3C)
CHE5734Chemical Engineering Report3 ch (6L) [W]

The major requirement of this course is a report on a subject approved by the Department. Suitable topics include experimental studies, design projects, literature surveys, feasibility studies and computation projects. Oral presentations of the work will be required.

CHE5735Thesis6 ch (12L) [W]

The thesis is a research project done under the supervision of a faculty member. Progress depends largely on the initiative and diligence of the individual. A detailed report is submitted on completion of the project to gain credit for the course. An oral presentation is also required.

CHE5744Steam Supply Systems3 ch (3C)

Historical and descriptive introduction to fossil fuel fired boilers. Introduction to different reactor types. Complex Rankine cycles. Steam plant efficiencies. Energy and exergy analysis. Heat transfer in fossil fuel fired boilers. Coal firing systems. Thermal transport and steam generation. Steam plant heat exchangers. Analysis of real plant data. This course requires some background in thermodynamics. Note: credit will not be given for both CHE 5744 and ME 5744

CHE5754Steam and Gas Turbines3 ch (3C)

Development of steam turbines and review of steam cycles. Turbine thermodynamics and energy conversion. Impulse and reaction blading. Mechanical configuration of turbine components and operational considerations. Efficiency calculations. Review of gas cycles. Gas turbine thermodynamics. Combined cycle systems. This course requires some background in thermodynamics. Note: credit will not be given for both CHE 5754 and ME 5754

CHE5764Special Topics in Power Plant Engineering3 ch (3C)
CHE5804Nuclear Chemical Processes3 ch (3C)

Actinide properties; uranium, thorium, zirconium ore extraction processes; uranium, deuterium separation processes; nuclear fuel production; fuel reprocessing. Reactor constructional materials; coolant chemistry; chemical control systems. Decontamination. Radioactive waste management.

CHE5824Corrosion Processes3 ch (3C)

Introduction: corrosion and its costs, corrosion measurement, general materials and environment affects. Types of corrosion: uniform, galvanic, crevice, pitting, intergranular, selective leaching, erosion-corrosion, stress-corrosion, hydrogen effects. Corrosion testing: materials selection. Electrochemical principles: thermodynamics, electrode kinetics, mixed potentials, practical applications. High temperature corrosion. Nuclear plant corrosion, fossil plant corrosion, other industrial environments.

Prerequisites: CHE 2501 , CHEM 1982/1987

CHE5834Nuclear Engineering3 ch (3C)

Radio-active decay, fission energy, nuclear interactions, neutron scattering and absorption. Neutron diffusion elementary reactor theory, four and six factor formulae, neutron flux variation. Reactor kinetics, source multiplication, decay heat, reactor start-up and shut down. Fuel burnup, fission product poisoning, refuelling. Temperature and void effects on reactivity, reactor control. Fuel handling and waste disposal. This course is intended for senior level students.

Prerequisites: CHE 2012 or ME 3413 ; CHE 2703 or equivalent. 

CHE5844Nuclear Safety and Reliability4 ch (3C 1L)

The philosophy of safety design and operation of nuclear power reactors, responsibilities for safe operation. The role and place of regulatory agencies. The concept of risk, quantitative risk assessment. Methods for calculation of frequency and consequences of reactor accidents and evaluation of the safety level of a nuclear station. Case studies of past reactor accidents, lessons learned, and effect on future operation.

CHE5854Nuclear Heat Removal3 ch (3C)

Reactor types and coolant systems, fuel element design and coolant characteristics. Reactor heat generation, heat transfer from reactor fuel, heat transport in coolant, boiling characteristics, two-phase flow, elementary thermal hydraulics. Steam generator design and operation. Reactor operational limits, transient conditions. Other two-phase phenomena. Loss-of-coolant accidents.

Prerequisites: CHE 2012 or ME 3413 ; CHE 2703 or equivalent. 

CHE5877Advanced Nuclear Systems3 ch (3C)

Evolution of thermal and fast fission reactors. Different coolant types - gas, water, organic, liquid metal. Nuclear breeding; advanced fuel cycles. Nuclear fusion processes. Fusion reactor concepts.

Prerequisites: CHE 2012 or ME 3413 ; CHE 2703 or equivalent. 

CHE5913Pulp Production3 ch (3C)

Wood and chip requirements; overview of pulping processes; mechanism and variables in mechanical and chemimechanical pulping, general principles of chemical pulping, kraft cooking, sulphite cooking, extended and oxygen delignification, pulp washing, pulp bleaching, recovery of pulping chemicals.

Prerequisites: MATH 1013 , CHEM 2401, CHE 3304 or permission of the instructor. 

CHE5923Papermaking3 ch (3C)

Overview of pulping and papermaking processes; pulp and paper properties; requirements for different grades of paper and board; stock preparation; applications of fluid mechanics; wet-end chemistry; dry-end operations.

Prerequisites: MATH 1013 ; CHE 2703 or equivalent, or permission of the instructor. 

CHE5933Biorefining: Principles, Processes and Products3 ch (3C)

This course discusses various bio-refining processes, placing emphasis on fundamental process chemistry and biology in the conversion of biomass to engineered products. Pathways for the use of wood resources are described in detail; exemplary processes, such as gasification, pyrolysis, pre-extraction and bio-diesel production are discussed. Industrial fermentation, including sugar fermentation to produce ethanol, will be explored. The modeling concept for integrated pulp manufacturing and bio-refining will also be discussed.

Pre-requisite: CHEM 1982/1987, CHEM 2401 and a minimum of 80 credit hours.