Bachelor of Science in Forestry

The Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Management offers the degrees of Bachelor of Science in Forestry and Bachelor of Science in Forest Engineering.

Faculty of Forestry & Environmental Management


General Office: I.U.C.-Forestry, Room 101
Mailing Address: Faculty of Forestry & Environmental Management,
University of New Brunswick,
P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, N.B.,
Canada, E3b 5A3 
Phone: (506) 453-4501
Fax: (506)453-3538


Dean: Don Floyd, PhD
Assistant Dean:
Thom A. Erdle, PhD 

  • Arp, Paul A., BSc (Car), PhD (McG), Prof - 1978
  • Beckley, Thomas, AB (Boudoin), MS, PhD (Wisconsin-Madison), Prof - 2000
  • Benoy, Glenn, BSc (Tor), MSc (McGill), PhD (Guelph), Adjunct Prof - 2009
  • Bourque, Charles, BSc (Dal), BSc (Alta), MScF, PhD (UNB), Prof - 1994
  • Cameron, Stewart BSc (Mount Allison), MScF (SUNY College of Forestry at Syracuse), PhD (Griffith Univ.), Adjunct Prof -2010
  • Chui, Ying Hei, BSc (S'ton), PhD (Brighton Poly), PEng, Prof - 1993
  • Cunjak, Richard, BSc (Guelph), MSc (Nfld), PhD (Wat), Prof, Meighen-Molson Prof. in Atlantic Salmon Res. and Can. Res. Chair in River Ecosystem Science (Joint Biology) - 1997
  • Curry, Allen, BES (Wat), MSc (Trent), PhD (Guelph), Prof , Recreational Fisheries, (Joint Biology) - 1997
  • Diamond, Antony W., BA (Cantab), MSc, PhD (Aberd.), Prof and Chair, Atlantic Coop Wildlife Ecology Res Network (Joint Biology) - 1994
  • Erdle, Thom, BScF (UNB), MF (UBC), PhD (UNB), Prof - 1995
  • Eveleigh, Eldon, BSc, MSc (Nfld.), PhD (Tor.), Adjunct Prof - 1992
  • Floyd, Donald, BA (Humboldt State), MS (Wisconsin-Madison), PhD (Arizona- Tucson), Prof and Dean
  • Forbes, Graham, BA (York), MA, PhD (Wat), Prof, Sir James Dunn Wildlife Research Centre (Joint Science) - 1994
  • Golding, Jason, BScBiol (Dalhousie), MScFE (UNB), BScF (UNB), Senior Instructor - 2005
  • Gong, Meng, BScE, MScE (Nanjing, China), PhD (UNB), Research Associate – 2007
  • Jaeger, Dirk, MSc, PhD (Goettingen), Assoc Prof - 2002
  • Keppie, Daniel M., BS (Wis), MS (Ore), PhD (Alta), Prof (Joint Biol) - 1974
  • Kershaw, John A., BS, MS (Purdue), PhD (Wash), Prof - 1991
  • Kosny, Jan, Eng (Rzeszow), MSc (Rzeszow), PhD (Polish Acad. of Sciences) - Adjunct Prof - 2004
  • Krasowski, Marek, BSc (Academy of Agricultural Sciences), MSc, PhD (Vic), Prof - 1999
  • Lantz, Van, BA (Car.), MA (Dal), PhD (S.Fraser), Prof (Joint Economics) - 2000
  • LaRocque, Armand, BSc, MSc, (Sherbrooke), PhD (Montreal), Research Assoc - 2012
  • Leblon, Brigitte, Dip Agricultural Eng (Universite Catholique de Louvain), PhD (Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Agronomie), Prof - 1994
  • Li, Xiu-Qing, BSc (Shandong Argiculture), MSc, PhD (Paris), Adjunct Prof - 1998
  • Loo, Judy, BSc (UNB), MS, PhD (Oklahoma State), Adjunct Prof - 1994
  • MacLellan, James, BSc, MSc, PhD (Tor), Sr. Research Assoc - 2011
  • MacLean, David, BSc, PhD (UNB), Prof - 1999
  • Meng, Fan-Rui, BS, MS (Northeast Forestry Univ.), PhD (UNB), Assoc Prof and Dir, Ctr for Watershed Mgmt & Conversation Research - 1995
  • Methven, Ian, BScF (UNB), PhD (Duke), Prof & Dean Emeritus - 1999
  • Needham, Ted, BScF, MScF, PhD (VPI & SU), Prof - 1987
  • Ni, Chun, BSc, MSc (Shanghai), PhD (UNB), Adjunct Prof - 2010
  • Park, Yill Sung, BScF (Seoul), MSc, PhD (Penn State), PhD - Adjunct Prof - 1994
  • Powell, Graham R., BSc (Edin), MSc (UNB), PhD (Edin), Prof Emeritus - 1996
  • Quiring, Daniel T.W., BSc (S.Fraser), PhD (Laval), Prof - 1986
  • Rajora, Om. BSc, MSc, LLB (India), PhD (Tor) – 2004
  • Richards, Evelyn, BA, MA (UNB), DPhil (Dal Tech), Assoc Prof - 1999
  • Savidge, Rodney A., BScF, MScF (Tor), PhD (Wales), Prof - 1985
  • Sergeant, Brian, BScF (UNB), Sr Teaching Assoc and Asst Dean - 1986
  • Smith, Ian, BSc (Sund Polyt), MSc (Durh), PhD, (Polyt S Bank), DSc (S Bank), PEng, Univ Research Prof - 1986
  • Smith, Ron, BScF (UNB), MScF (Wisconsin), PhD (Maine) - Adjunct Prof - 2012
  • Sweeney, Jonathan D, BSc (S.Fraser), PhD (UNB), Adjunct Prof - 1999
  • Wang, Brad, BSc, MEng (Nanjing), MSc, PhD (UBC), Adjunct Prof - 2008
  • Wang, Xiang-Ming, BSc (Northeast Forestry University), MScF (Wales), PhD (Laval) - Adjunct Prof - 2009
  • White, Barry, BScF, MScF (UNB), PhD (UBC) - Adjunct Prof - 2009
  • Whitney, Norman, BSc (Alta), MSc (UWO), PhD (Tor), Prof Emeritus - 1994

General Information

Forests are a source of environmental, economic and social values for all of society. Continued maintenance of these values requires knowledge of natural dynamics at the scale of landscapes, and design skills that extend to large land areas over very long time horizons. The BScF program prepares professionals to work in complex situations where the goals of management must be determined by present society, and the actions to reach these goals must be designed for implementation over time horizons of centuries, in order that future societies will have continued enjoyment of values from forest landscapes. Graduates have the necessary skills to:

a. interact with society to define goals for the forest environment;

b. take a leadership role in the design and implementation of plans to ensure achievement of those goals;

c. help resolve social conflicts associated with issues of environmental and forested landscape management, and

d. assess changes in forested landscapes over time and present this information for public evaluation of progress and review of goals.


Students are strongly advised to read the General University Regulations, Section B of this Calendar, for information not covered in the following:

  1. A minimum of 148 credit hours is required for the BScF degree.
  2. All entering students of the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental management are required to attend the orientation program organized by the faculty.
  3. Students must consult with the Student Services Coordinator to receive advice on course selection. Students may only register for 22 or more credit hours in a semester if they have a GPA of 3.0 or higher in the previous assessment period and have obtained permission from the Assistant Dean.
  4. FOR 1001 , FOR 2006 , FOR 3006 , FOR 4096 , and FOR 4020 cover subject matter that is delivered in increasing degree of complexity; these courses must be taken in sequence.
  5. Degree requirements must be successfully completed in not more than 16 terms during a period of 8 consecutive calendar years from the date of first registration in the program.
  6. A minimum assessment grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 is required at the end of each year. Refer to the University Regulations section of this calendar, for regulations regarding the Calculation of Grade Point Averages, and standing and promotion requirements.
  7. A student who has been required to withdraw from the program for academic reasons once, and who reapplies for admission following the withdrawal period, may be re-admitted to the program. If re-admitted, the student will automatically be on academic probation. Failure to meet the normal academic requirements at the next time of assessment will result in final dismissal from the program. Further applications for re-admission will not be considered.
  8. C grade minimum is required for all prerequisite and core courses used for credit towards the BScF degree.

Honours Program

Students intending to take the Honours Program must declare their intent to the Assistant Dean prior to the end of the third year of their program and have a CGPA of at least 3.0. All students in the Honours Program are required to complete FOR 4991 Honours Research Project.

To graduate in Honours, students must meet certain minimum standards in the course work beyond second year.

  1. Maintain a CGPA of at least 3.0
  2. Achieve a minimum grade of B- in FOR 4991


The core program focuses on forest ecosystem management with a blend of courses in basic, biophysical, social, and management sciences. Opportunity for students to pursue an education of substantial personal choice is provided by elective courses that can be organized in areas of concentration leading to minors. Students may also elect to follow minors offered by other faculties, or they may take a general variety of courses that does not lead to a minor. Twenty-four credit hours are required for a minor in the BScF program.

Core courses are listed below. Students are advised to incorporate electives to balance work loads to a normal load of five or six courses per term.

Observations and experimentation in a forested environment are critical to the education of professional foresters so work in natural settings is an important part of many courses. Extensive use is made of University forests which total 3,000 hectares in area, including the UNB Woodlot, adjacent to the Fredericton campus. To work in these and other areas, students are advised that they will need an approved hard hat (approximate cost $10.00) and approved safety-toed work boots (approximate cost $100.00).

Students will be required to pay for a portion of costs of extended field trips.

The Canadian Forest Service and the headquarters of the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources and Energy are also adjacent to the campus. Scientists and managers at these institutions commonly undertake collaborative projects with students which provide opportunities for students to learn from the experience of others beyond their professors.

Core Course Requirements

BIOL 1001 Biological Principles, Part I
BIOL 1006 Applications in Biology, Part I
BIOL 1012 Biological Principles, Part II
BIOL 1017 Applications in Biology, Part II
CHEM 1001* General Chemistry I
CHEM 1006* General Chemistry Laboratory I
ENR 1001 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications I
FOR 1001 Introduction to Forestry
ENR 1002 Resource Management Issues, Ethics and Communications II
ENR 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENR 2531 Introduction to Hydrometerological Systems
ESCI 1001* Social and Cultural Systems
ESCI 1036* Geology Lab for Foresters
ENR 1611 Engineered Systems in Natural Resources
FOR 2006 Management of Natural Systems
FOR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 2505 Soils for Plant Growth
FOR 2281 GIS in Forestry I
FOR 2282 GIS in Forestry II
FOR 2416 Structure and Development of Woody Plants
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 2432 Forest Inventory and Growth
FOR 2435 Physiological Processes in the Forest
FOR 2973 Intro to Computer Software for Data Analysis
FOR 3005 Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design
FOR 3006 Forest Management
FOR 3101 Forest Economics
FOR 3303 Photogrammetry, Photo-interpretation, and Remote Sensing
FOR 3445 Forest Ecology: Populations and Communities
FOR 4020 Management Practicum
FOR 4096 Forest Landscape Design and Management
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi
FOR 4973 Forestry Field Camp
FOR 2703 Forest Operations
FE 2803 Wood Technology
MATH 1823 Calculus for Management Science
MATH 1833 Finite Mathematics for Management Sciences
STAT 2253* Intro Statistics for Forestry Students

*Alternative equivalents for course may be available with approval of the Student Services Coordinator or designated advisor.


1. Forest Environment Minor: The Forest Environment Minor is a formal way to receive recognition for completing a concentrated, introductory study on forestry issues, forest measurements, forest ecology, social values and policy, and forest management. It is available to students in all degree programs excepting BScF. It prepares students for an awareness of the multiple values that forests provide to society, as well as the processes that conserve and sustain the use of forests for habitat and biological diversity. The Minor requires 24 credit hours (approximately 8 courses) of approved courses as listed below. Credit hours of core courses in the student's major may not be counted towards the credit hour requirement of this minor. Substitutions may be made at the discretion of the faculty advisor.

FOR 1001 Introduction to Forestry
FOR 2006 Management of Natural Systems

Choose one of the following two:
ENVS 2004 Social and Cultural Systems
ENVS 4002 Stakeholder Approaches to Problem Solving

Choose one of:
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management

The remaining credit hours may be selected from the following list. Additional courses may be added to this list at the discretion of Faculty Advisor.

ENR 2113 Introduction to Forest Wildlife Ecology
FOR 2425 Autecology of Forest Vegetation
FOR 2432 Forest Inventory and Growth
FOR 2505 Soils for Plant Growth
FOR 2281 GIS in Forestry I
FOR 2282 GIS in Forestry II
FOR 3005 Silviculture and Stand Intervention Design
FOR 2703 Forest Operations Concepts
FOR 3006 Forest Management
FOR 3101 Forest Economics
FOR 3445 Forest Ecology: Populations and Communities
FOR 3456-1 Water and Fire Management
FOR 4013 Basic Woodlot Management
FOR 4412 Methods in Forest Regeneration
FOR 4425 Resource Conservation Genetics
FOR 4545 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
FOR 4625 Integrated Management of Insects and Fungi

2. Computer Applications Minor: This minor develops a working level of computer literacy in data handling for geographic information systems and remote sensing as applied to forest inventory and management design.

Required courses:
One of the following two:
CS 1073 Intro to Computer Programming I (in Java)
CS 1003 Introduction to Computer Programming

FOR 2282 GIS in Forestry II
FOR 3313 Digital Image Processing in Remot Sensing

In addition, students must choose 3 credit hours from among -
CS 1083 Intro to Computer Programming II (in Java)
CS 2685 C++ Programming for Programmers
CS 2043 Software Engineering I
CS 3043 Software Engineering II
CS 3703 Multimedia Design
CS 5735 Geographical Application Design & Development
FE 3233 Introduction to Operations Research
FOR 4205 Quantitative Forest Characterization
FOR 4303 Optical, Thermal Infrared and Radar Remote Sensing
FOR 4304 Image Processing Methods for Radarsat-2 and Polarimetric Images
GGE 4403 Geographic Information Systems
GGE 2413 Mapping Concepts and Techniques

3. Wildlife Conservation Minor: The Wildlife Conservation Minor is a formal way to receive recognition for focusing your education on wildlife species, their biological characteristics, management, and current environmental issues; all these areas are of increasing importance to the ways society progresses. Requirements for the Wildlife Conservation Minor are listed under the Environment and Natural Resources Program.

The Wildlife Conservation Minor is also designed to facilitate a student's ability to acquire professional certification by The Wildlife Society, the principal North American organization overseeing the wildlife profession. Certification requires courses from each of the categories indicated in the following list and we encourage students to consult with the Student Services Coordinator early, and on an on-going basis, to obtain advice about selecting courses that help to meet Wildlife Certification requirements.

4. Wood Products Minor: The Wood Products minor concentrates on the knowledge and skills that are important in wood structural design or in wood products manufacturing and marketing. The minor also provides a foundation for postgraduate studies in wood and timber science.

The minor consists of the following courses (24 ch):
ADM 3375 Marketing of Technological Services and Products
ADM 3685 Total Quality Management
CHEM 2401 Organic Chemistry for the Life Sciences
FE 3873 Physical and Mechanic Properties of Wood
FE 3853 Processing of Wood Products
FE 5873 Performance of Structural Wood Systems
FOR 4881 Kiln Drying and Preserving Wood
FOR 4910 Directed Studies in Forestry (related to wood products)

5. Forest Science Minor:
The Forest Science Minor provides students the opportunity to complement their forest ecosystem management core program with courses in the general field of of forest-related science. Two courses are required. Students may then select a stream of related courses or a more varied range of courses that will give insight into more than one area. Examples of areas include ecology, biodiversity, biotechnology, or the biophysical environment. Students are advised to consult their advisor for guidance in course selection.

The required courses to be taken in years 2 or 3 are:

BIOL 2053 Genetics
FOR 2345 Meteorology and Hydrology

A minimum of 17 credit hours of courses are to be selected from the following list, or approved alternatives (courses offered by the Faculties of Engineering, Forestry or Science). At least three courses are to be at the 3000 level or higher.

BIOL 2073 Fundamentals of Microbiology
BIOL 2093 Zoology
BIOL 3301 Taxonomy of the Flowering Plants
BIOL 3321 Plant Anatomy
BIOL 3332 Plant Growth & Development
BIOL 3342 Comparative Morphology of Vascular Plants
BIOL 3459 Economic Botany
BIOL 4723 Ornithology
FOR 3425 Forest Tree Genetics and Genomics
FOR 4303 Optical, Thermal, Infrared and Radar Remote Sensing
FOR 4438 Biochemistry of Trees
FOR 4466 Advanced Studies in Forest Plants
FOR 4506 Advanced Studies in Forest Soils and Hydrology
FOR 4602 Ecology of Forest Insects
FOR 4911 Directed Studies